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QUAIL-PIPE. A woman's tongue; also a device to take birds of that name by imitating their call. Quail pipe

boots; boots resembling a quail pipe, from the number of plaits; they were much worn in the reign of Charles II. QUAKERS. A religious sect so called from their agitations in preaching.

QUAKING CHEAT. A calf or sheep.

QUANDARY. To be in a quandary: to be puzzled. Also one so over-gorged, as to be doubtful which he should do first, sh---e or spew. Some derive the term quandary from the French phrase qu'en dirai je? what shall I say of it? others from an Italian word signifying a conjuror's circle. QUARREL-PICKER. A glazier: from 'the small squares in casements, called carreux, vulgarly quarrels. QUARROMES, Or QUARRON. A body. Cant. QUARTERED. Divided into four parts; to be hanged, drawn, and quartered, is the sentence on traitors and rebels. Persons receiving part of the salary of an office from the holder of it, by virtue of an agreement with the donor, are said to be quartered on him. Soldiers billetted on a publican are likewise said to be quartered on him.

TO QUASH. To suppress, annul or overthrow; vulgarly pronounced squash: they squashed the indictment.

QUEAN. A slut, or worthless woman, a strumpet.

QUEEN DICK. To the tune of the life and death of Queen Dick. That happened in the reign of Queen Dick; i.e.


QUEEN STREET. A man governed by his wife, is said to live in Queen street, or at the sign of the Queen's Head. QUEER, OF QUIRE. Base,roguish, bad, naught or worthless. How queerly the cull touts; how roguishly the fellow looks. It also means odd, uncommon. Cant.

QUEER AS DICK'S HATBAND. Out of order, without knowing one's disease.

TO QUEER. To puzzle or confound. I have queered the old full bottom; i.e. I have puzzled the judge. To queer one's ogles among bruisers; to darken one's day lights. QUEER WEDGES. Large buckles.

QUEER BALL. Insolvent sharpers, who make a profession of bailing persons arrested: they are generally styled Jew bail, from that branch of business being chiefly carried on by the sons of Judah. The lowest sort of these, who borrow or hire clothes to appear in, are called Mounters, from their mounting particular dresses suitable to the occasion. Cant.

QUEER BIRDS. Rogues relieved from prison, and returned to their old trade.


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QUEER BITCH. An odd, out-of-the-way fellow.

QUEER BLUFFER. The master of a public-house the resort of rogues and sharpers, a cut-throat inn or alehouse keeper.

QUEER BUNG. An empty purse.

QUEER CHECKERS. Among strolling players, door-keepers who defraud the company,by falsely checking the num ber of people in the house.

QUEER COLE FENCER. A putter off, or utterer, of bad


QUEER COLE MAKER. A maker of bad money.

QUEER COVE. A rogue. Cant.

QUEER CUFFIN. A justice of the peace; also a churl. QUEER DEGEN. An ordinary sword, brass or iron hilted. QUEER KEN. A prison. Cant.

QUEER KICKS. A bad pair of breeches.

QUEER MORT. A diseased strumpet. Cant.

A felt hat, or other bad hat.

QUEER PLUNGERS. Cheats who throw themselves into the water, in order that they may be taken up by their accomplices, who carry them to one of the houses appointed by the Humane Society for the recovery of drowned persons, where they are rewarded by the society with a guinea each; and the supposed drowned persons, pretending he was driven to that extremity by great necessity, is also frequently sent away with a contribution in his pocket.

QUEER PRANCER. A bad, worn-out, foundered horse; also a cowardly or faint-hearted horse-stealer.

QUEER ROOSTER. An informer that pretends to be sleeping, and thereby overhears the conversation of thieves in night cellars.

QUEER STREET. Wrong. Improper. Contrary to one's wish. It is queer street, a cant phrase, to signify that it is wrong or different to our wish.

QUI TAM. A qui tam horse; one that will both carry and draw. Law wit.

TO QUIBBLE. To make subtle distinctions; also to play upon words.

QUICK AND NIMBLE. More like a bear than a squirrel. Jeeringly said to any one moving sluggishly on a business or errand that requires dispatch.

QUID. The quantity of tobacco put into the mouth at one time. To quid tobacco; to chew tobacco. Quid est hoc? hoc est quid; a guinea. Half a quid; half a guinea.


The swell tipped me fifty quid for the prad; the gentie man gave fifty pounds for the horse.

QUIDS. Cash, money. Can you tip me any quids ? can you lend me some money?

QUIFFING. Rogering. See To ROGER.

QUIDNUNC. A politician: from a character of that name in the farce of the Upholsterer.

QUILL DRIVER. A clerk, scribe, or hackney writer.
QUIM. The private parts of a woman: perhaps from the
Spanish quemar, to burn. (Cambridge) A piece's furbelow.
QUINSEY. Choked by a hempen quinsey; hanged.
QUIPPS. Girds, taunts, jests.

QUIRE, OF CHOIR BIRD. A complete rogue, one that has sung in different choirs or cages, i. e. gaols. Cant. QUIRKS AND QUILLETS. Tricks and devices. Quirks in law; subtle distinctions and evasions.

QUIZ. A strange-looking fellow, an odd dog. Oxford. QUOD. Newgate, or any other prison. The dab's in quod ; the poor rogue is in prison.

QUOTA. Snack, share, part, proportion, or dividend. Tip me my quota; give me part of the winnings, booty, or plunder. Cant.


RABBIT. A Welch rabbit; bread and cheese toasted, i. e. a Welch rare bit. Rabbits were also a sort of wooden canns to drink out of, now out of use.


RABBIT SUCKERS. Young spendthrifts taking up goods on. trust at great prices.

RACK RENT. Rent strained to the utmost value. To lie at rack and manger; to be in great disorder. RACKABACK. A gormagon. See GORMAGON.

RAFFS. An appellation given by the gownsmen of the university of Oxford to the inhabitants of that place.

RAG. Bank notes. Money in general. The cove has no rag; the fellow has no money.

RAG. A farthing.

TO RAG. To abuse, and tear to rags the characters of the persons abused. She gave him a good ragging, or ragged him off heartily.

RAG CARRIER. An ensign.

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RAG FAIR. An inspection of the linen and necessaries of a company of soldiers, commonly made by their officers on Mondays or Saturdays.

RAG WATER. Gin, or any other common dram : these liquors seldom failing to reduce those that drink them to rags.

RAGAMUFFIN. A ragged fellow, one all in tatters, a tatterdemallion.

RAILS. See HEAD RAILS. A dish of rails; a lecture, jobation, or scolding from a married woman to her husband. RAINBOW. Knight of the rainbow; a footman: from being commonly clothed in garments of different colours. A meeting of gentlemen, styled of the most ancient order of the rainbow, was advertised to be held at the Foppington's Head, Moorfields.

RAINY DAY. To lay up something for a rainy day; to provide against a time of necessity or distress.

RAKE, RAKEHELL, or RAKESHAME. A lewd, debauched fellow.


RAM CAT. A he cat.

RAMMISH. Rank. Rammish woman; a sturdy virago. RAMMER. The arm. The busnapper's kenchin seized my rammer; i. e. the watchman laid hold of my arm. Cant. To RAMP. To snatch, or tear any thing forcibly from the

person. RAMSHACKLED. Out of repair. A ramshackled house;. perhaps a corruption of ransacked, i. e. plundered. RANDLE. A set of nonsensical verses, repeated in Ireland by schoolboys, and young people, who have been guilty of breaking wind backwards before any of their companions; if they neglect this apology,they are liable to certain kicks, pinches, and fillips, which are accompanied with divers admonitory couplets.

RANDY. Obstreperous, unruly, rampant.

RANGLING. Intriguing with a variety of women.

RANK. Stinking, rammish, ill-flavoured ; also strong, great. A rank knave; a rank coward perhaps the latter may allude to an ill savour caused by fear.

RANK RIDER. A highwayman.


RANTALLION. One whose scrotum is so relaxed as to be

longer than his penis, i. e. whose shot pouch is longer that the barrel of his piece.

RANTIPOLE. A rude romping boy or girl; also a gadabout dissipated woman. To ride rantipole; the same as riding St. George. See ST. GEORGE. 7


RANTUM SCANTUM. Playing at rantum scantum; making

the beast with two backs.

TO RAP. To take a false oath; also to curse.

He rapped

out a volley; i. e. he swore a whole volley of oaths. To rap, means also to exchange or barter: a rap is likewise an Irish halfpenny. Rap on the knuckles; a reprimand. RAPPAREES. Irish robbers, or outlaws, who in the time of Oliver Cromwell were armed with short weapons, called in Irish rapiers, used for ripping persons up. RAPPER. A Swinging great lie.

RAREE SHEW MEN. Poor Savoyards, who subsist by shewing the magic lantern and marmots about London. RASCAL. A rogue or villain: a term borrowed from the chase; a rascal originally meaning a lean shabby deer, at the time of changing his horns, penis, &c. whence, in the vulgar acceptation, rascal is conceived to signify a man without genitals: the regular vulgar answer to this reproach, if uttered by a woman, is the offer of an ocular demonstration of the virility of the party so defamed. Some derive it from rascaglione, an Italian word signifying a nian without testicles, or an eunuch.

RAT. A drunken man or woman taken up by the watch, and confined in the watch-house. Cant. To smell a rat; to suspect some intended trick, or unfair design.

RATS. Of these there are the following kinds : a black rat and a grey rat, a py-rat and a cu-rat.

RATTLE, A dice-box. To rattle; to talk without consideration, also to move off or go away. To rattle one off; to rate or scold him.

RATTLE-PATE. A volatile, unsteady, or whimsical man or


RATTLE-TRAPS. A contemptuous name for any curious
portable piece of machinery, or philosophical apparatus.
RATTLER. A coach. Rattle and prad; a coach and horses.
RATTLING COVE. A coachman. Cant.
RATTLING MUMPERS. Beggars who ply coaches. Cant.
RAW HEAD AND BLOODY BONES. A bull beggar, or scare-
child, with which foolish nurses terrify crying brats.
READER. A pocket-book. Cant.

READER MERCHANTS. Pickpockets, chiefly young Jews, who ply about the Bank to steal the pocket-books of persons who have just received their dividends there.. READY. The ready rhino; money. Cant.

REBUS. A riddle or pun on a man's name, expressed in sculpture or painting, thus a bolt or arrow, and a tun, for Bolton; death's head, and a ton, for Morton. RECEIVER GENERAL. A prostitute.

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