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DUTCHESS. A woman enjoyed with her pattens on, or by a

man in boots, is said to be made a dutchess. DIE HARD, or GAME, To die hard, is to shew no signs of

fear or contrition at the gallows; not to whiddle or squeak. This advice is frequently given to felons going to suffer the law, by their old comrades, anxious for the honour of the gang:

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ENS EARNEST. A deposit in part of payment, to bind a bargain. EARTH BATH. A Grave. Easy. Make the cull easy or quiet; gag or kill him. As

easy as pissing the bed. Easy VIRTUE. A lady of easy virtue : an impure or prostitute. Eat. To eat like a beggar nian, and wag his under jaw; a jocular reproach to a proud man. To eat one's words ; to

retract what one has said. To EDGE. To excite, stimulate, or provoke; or as it is vul

garly called, to egg a man on, Fall back, fall edge; i. e. let what will happen. Some derive to egg on, from the

Latin word, age, uge. Eight Eyes. I will knock out two of your eight eyes; a

common Billingsgate threat from one fish nymph to another: every woman, according to the naturalists of that society, having eight eyes; viz. two seeing eyes, two bubeyes, a bell-eye, two pope's eyes, and a ***-eye. He has fallen down and trod upon his eye; said of one who has a

black eye.

ELBOW GREASE. Labour. Elbow grease will make an oak

table shine. Elbow Room. Sufficient space to act in. Out at elbows;

said of an estate that is mortgaged. ELBOW SHAKER. A gamester, one who rattles Saint Hugh's

bones, i. e. the dice. ELLENBOROUGH Lodge. The King's Bench Prison. Lord

Ellenborough's teeth; the chevaux de frize round the top

of the wall of that prison. ELF. A fairy or hobgoblin, a little man or woman. EMPEROR. Drunk as an emperor, i. e. ten times as drunk as

a lord. ENGLISH BURGUNDY. Porter. ENSIGN BEARER. A drunken man, who looks red in the face, or hoists his colours in his drink.


EQUIPT. Rich; also, having new clothes. Well equipt;

full of money, or well dressed. The cull equipped me with a brace of meggs; the gentleman furnished me with

a couple of guineas. Essex Lion. A calf; Essex being famous for calves, and

chiefly supplying the London markets. Essex STILE. A ditch; a great part of Essex is low marshy

ground, in which there are more ditches than stiles. ETERNITY Box. A coffin. Eves. Hen roosts. Eve's Custom-HOUSE, where Adam made his first entry.

The monosyllable. Eves DROPPER. One that lurks about to rob hen-roosts ;

also a listener at doors and windows, to hear private con

versation. Evil. A halter. Cant. Also a wife. EwE. A white ewe; a beautiful woman. An old ewe, drest

lamb fashion; an old woman, drest like a young girl. EXECUTION Day. Washing day. EXPENDED. Killed: alluding to the gunner's accounts,

wherein the articles consumed are charged under the title

of expended. Sea phrase. Ére. It's all my eye and Betty Martin. It's all nonsense, all

mere stuff. EYE-SORE. A disagreeable object. It will be an eye-sore as

long as she lives, said by a man whose wife was cut for a fistula in ano.

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FACE-MAKING. Begetting children. To face it out; to

persist in a falsity. No face but his own: a saying of one who has no money in his pocket or no court cards in his

hand. Facer. A bumper, a glass filled sò full as to leave no room

for the lip. Also a violent blow on the face. Fadge. It won't fadge ; it won't do. A farthing. To Fag. To beat. Fag the bloss; beat the wench.

Cant. A fag also means a boy of an inferior form or class, "who acts as a servant to one of a superior, who is said to fag FAS him, he is my fag ; whence, perhaps, fagged out, for jaded or tired. To stand a good fag ; not to be soon tired. FAGGER. A little boy put in at a window to rob the house. Faggot. A man hired at a muster to appear as a soldier.

To faggot in the canting sense, means to bind : an allusion to the faggots made up by the woodmen, which are

all bound. Faggot the culls ; bind the men. FAITHFUL. One of the faithful; a taylor who gives long

credit. His faith has made him unwhole ; i. e. trusting

too much, broke him. FAIR. A set of subterraneous rooms in the Fleet Prison. FAKEMENT. A counterfeit signature. A forgery. Tell

the macers to mind their fakements ; desire the swind

lers to be careful not to forge another person's signature. FALLALLS. Ornaments, chiefly women's, such as ribands,


A saying on one grown fat. FAMILY Man. A thief or receiver of stolen goods. FAMLAY. Going into a goldsmith's shop, under pretence

of buying a wedding ring,and palming one or two, by daub

ing the hand with some viscous matter. FAMS, or FAMBLES. Hands. Famble cheats ; rings or

gloves. Cant. To FAMGRASP. To shake hands: figuratively, to agree

or make up a difference. Famgrasp the cove; shake hands

with the fellow, Cant. FAMILY OF Love. Lewd women; also, a religious sect. FANCY Man. A man kept by a lady for secret services. To fan. To beat any one. I fanned him sweetly; I beat

him heartily. FANTASTICALLY DRESSED, with more rags than ribands. FART. He has let a brewer's fart, grains and all ; said of one who has bewrayed his breeches.

Piss and fart,
Sound at heart.
Mingere cum bumbis,

Res saluberrima est lumbis.
I dare not trust my a-se with a fart : said by a person troue

bled with a looseness. FART CATCHER. A valet or footman, from his walking be

hind his master or mistress. FARTING CRACKERS. Breeches. FARTLEBERRIES. Excrement hanging about the anus. FASTNER. A warrant, FASTNESSES. Bogs.




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Far. The last landed, inned, or stowed, of any sort of nier

chandise : so called by the water-side porters, carmen, &c. All the fat is in the fire; that is, it is all over with us: saying used in case of any miscarriage or disappointment in an undertaking ; an allusion to overturning the frying pan into the fire. Fat, among printers, means void

As FAT AS A HEN IN THE FOREHEAD. . A saying of a mea-

gre person.
FAT CULL. A rich fellow.
FAULKNER. A tumbler, juggler, or shewer of tricks ; per-

haps because they lure the people, as a faulconer does . is

hawks. Cant. FAY TORS, or FATORS.. Fortune tellers. Fawney Rig. A common fraud, thus practised: A fellow

drops a brass ring, double gilt, which he picks up before the party meant to be cheated, and to whom he disposes of it for less than its supposed, and ten times more than

its real, value. See Money Dropper. FAWNEY. A ring. FEAGUE. To feague a horse; to put ginger up a horse's

fundament, and formerly, as it is said, a live eel, to make
him lively and carry his tail well; it is said, a forfeit is in-
curred by any horse-dealer's servant, who shall shew a
horse without first feaguing him. Feague is used, figura.

tively, for encouraging or spiriting one up.
FEAK. The fundament.
TO FEATHER ONE'S NEST. To enrich one's self.
FEATHER-BED LANE. A. rough or stony lane.
FEE, FAW, FUM. Nonsensical words, supposed in childish

story-books to be spoken by giants. I am not to be fright

ed by fee, faw, fum ; I am not to be scared by nonsense. FEEDER. A spoon.

To nab the feeder ; to steal a spoon. Feet. To make feet for children's stockings ; to beget

children. An officer of feet ; a jocular title for an officer

of infantry. Feint. A sham attack on one part, when a real one is meant

at another, FELLOW COMMONER. An empty bottle: so called at the

university of Cambridge, where fellow commoners are not in general considered as over full of learning. At Oxford an empty bottle is called a gentleman commoner for the same reason. They pay at Cambridge 250l. a year for the privilege of wearing a gold or silver tassel to their caps. The younger branches of the nobility have the

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privilege of wearing a hat, and from thence are denomi.

nated Hat FELLOW COMMONERS. FEN. A bawd, or common prostitute. Cant. To FENCE. To pawn or sell to a receiver of stolen goods.

Thekiddey fenced his thimble for three quids ; the young fellow pawned his watch for three guineas. To fence

invariably means to pawn or sell goods to a receiver. FENCING KEN. The magazine, or warehouse, where sto

len goods are secreted. FERME. A hole. Cunt. FERMERDY BEGGARS. "All those who have not the sham

sores or clymes. FERRARA. Andrea Ferrara; the name of a famous sword

cutler : most of the Highland broad-swords are marked with his name; whence an Andrea Ferrara has become the common name for the glaymore or Highland broad

sword. See GLAYMORE. FERRET. A tradesman who sells goods to young unthrift

heirs, at excessive rates, and then continually duns them for the debt. To ferret ; to search out or expel any one from his hiding-place, as a ferret drives out rabbits; also

to cheat. Ferret-eyed ; red-eyed : ferrets have red eyes. FETCH. A trick, wheedle, or invention to deceive. FEUTERER. A dog-keeper : from the French vautrier, or

vaultrier, one that leads a lime hound for the chase. To Fib. To beat. Fib the cove's quarron in the rumpad

for the lour in his bung; beat the fellow in the highway

for the money in his purse. Cant.--A fib is also a tiny lie. FICE, or FOYSE. A small windy escape backwards, more

obvious to the nose than ears; frequently by old ladies

charged on their lap-dogs. See Fizzle. FID OF TOBACCO. A quid, from the small pieces of tow

with which the vent or touch hole of a cannon is stopped.

Sea term.
FIDDLE FADDLE. Trifling discourse, nonsense.

A inere fiddle faddle fellow; a trifler. FIDDLESTICK's End. Nothing ; the end of the ancient fid

dlesticks ending in a point; hence metaphorically used

to express a thing terminating in nothing. FIDGETS. He has got the fidgets; said of one that cannot

sit long in a place. FIDLAM Ben.. General thieves; called also St. Peter's sons,

having every finger a fish-hook. Cant. FIDDLERS MONEY. All sixpences: sixpence being the

usual sum paid by each couple, for music at country wakes and hops. Fiddler's fare; meat, drink, and money. Fiddler's pay; thanks and wine.


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