Immagini della pagina
PDF
ePub

Ti Sempron. cum apud Romanos militaret, unus eum Romanus Clau-
Q.F.Max.3 dius Asellus gloria equestri æquaret'. tuncs Taurea cum
Claudius diu perlustrans 7 oculis obequitasset hostium turmis, tan-
Asellus.

dem facto silentio . ubi esset Claudius Asellus' quæsivit, “et
• quoniam verbis secum de virtute ambigere solitus esset,
* cur non ferro decerneret, daretque opimas spolia victus aut
• victor caperet.' hæc ubi Asello nuntiata sunt in castra, id 47
modo moratus ut consulem percunctaretur . liceretne extra
• ordinem in provocantem hostem pugnare,' permissu ejus
arma extemplo cepit, provectusque ante stationes equo Tau-
ream nomine compellavit, ' congredique ubi velleť jussit.
jam Romani ad spectaculum pugnæ ejus frequentes exi-
erant, et Campani non vallum modo castrorum sed mænia
etiam urbis prospectantes repleverant. cum jam ante fero-
cibus dictis rem nobilitâssent, infestis hastis concitârunt
equos; dein libero spatio inter se ludificantes sine vulnere
pugnam extrahere'. tum Campanus Romano " equorum"
inquit “ hoc, non equitum erit certamen, nisi e campo
“ cavam hanc viam demittimus equos. ibi nullo ad eva-
“ gandum spatio cominus conserentur manus.” dicto prope
citius equum in viam Claudius dejecit". Taurea, verbis
ferocior quam re, “ minime sis d” inquit “ cantherium in

“ fossamf;" quæ vox? in rusticum inde proverbium proæquarit conj. D. 8 em. WL.-hunc opt. Míss. ed. G. C. D.-hic pl. Mss. ant. Edd. pr. C. · em. G.--extraherebant P; combining two readings---ertrahebant cet. Mss.

$ 2, 3 P. 5 L. HV. L. cf. G, on Suet. ii, 13. The same as demittere. R. Cæs. B. C. I, 18; Stat. Th. vii, 429; Luc. iv, 745. G.-delegit opt. and pl. Mss.-egit 1, 3 L. D.-detraxit B 2d.duxit ant. Edd. C minime. SF, de R. V. ii, 2.

Pray,' DE.. if you pleise :' for si vis, a common colloquial expression in Plautus and others, as parce sis, xxxiv, 32 ; and also after abi, accipe, age, apage, cave, vide, Pers. i, 103; thus sodes for si audes, Juv. vi, 280 n. V. ST. ED.-Others suppose it to be from sim ; as ER, Ad. I, 6, 21: but cantherium is not a neuter noun, but the accusative masculine. ED.-siris (i. e. siveris, sinas) conj. SR, Lex-scis, 3, 4 L. B. conj. FA. PN. you know the story.' SF. e C thinks there is a play on Asellus the surname of Claudius, because ravéńasos signifies 'an ass' (as well as ' a pack-saddle'); the Latin word, however, has not this sense ; Ď. but signifies 'a gelding,' Varro R. R. ii, 7 ; 'a sorry nag,' Plaut. Au. iii, 5, 20; or. a prop for vines,' Pliny xvü, 21; Col. iv, 12 ; 6. R. RS. in the shape of n or a horse for towels. ED.-cancerium 3 L.- cuncherium HF.-cautherium R. f F. V. 1-4 L. GA. H. HV. al. Mss. V. ST. DE. R.-fossa al. Mss. ER. SF. ed. G. C. D. 7 D, on Sil. xvii, 518.

2 The meaning of the above expression is 8 These are properly the spoils taken very dubious. The deep road might not infrom the enemy's general, before any one has aptiy be termed · a ditch ;' and, by playing taken any other spoils from the enemy;'i, 10; on the equivocal word cantherium, Taurea iv, 20 ; P2, A. H. vii, p. 250. D. R. might seek to cover an inglorious retreat

, and T. Having given a certain notoriety to the to divert attention from his own disreputable transaction previously by fierce and blustering conduct by a smart saying. (1) Do not words.' C.

make yourself a mere vine-prop in a trench ;

ditas. Claudius cum ea" via longe perequitâsset, nullo TiSemprod. obvio hoste in campum rursum evectus, increpans igna

Q.F.Max.3 viam hostis, cum magno gaudio et gratulatione victor in castra redit. huic pugnæ equestri rem (quam' vera siti, communis existimatio' est 5) mirabilem certe adjiciunt quidam annales : cum refugientem ad urbem Tauream • Claudius sequeretur, patenti hostium portæ invectum per * alteram, stupentibus miraculo hostibus, intactum eva

• sisse.' 48 Quieta inde stativa fuere, ac retro etiam consul movit

castra, ut sementem Campani facerent“; nec ante violavit agrum Campanum quam jam altæ in segetibus herbæ pabulum præbere poterant. id convexit in Claudiana castra 31. super Suessulam, ibique hiberna ædificavit. M. Claudio proconsuli imperavit ut retento Nolæ necessario ad tuen

dam urbem præsidio ceteros milites dimitteret Romam, ne * oneri sociis et sumptui rei publicæ essent.' et Ti. Gracchus a Cumis Luceriam in Apuliam legiones cum duxisset, M. Valerium inde prætorem Brundisium cum eo quem Luceriæ habuerat exercitu misit, tuerique oram agri Sal-33; 37. • lentini et providere quod ad Philippum bellumque Mace- donicum attineret' jussit. Exitu æstatis ejus qua hæc gesta perscripsimus, litteræ Despatches

from Spain, a P. et Cn. Scipionibus venerunt, ' quantas quamque pro- speras in Hispania res gessissent, sed pecuniam in stipen

h

em.

[ocr errors]

& prodiit conj. ST.

P. ed. ST. cf. 48,k; D, on xl, 59, 8. R.ex Mss. ed. G. C. D.

qua

2 P. 4 L. quæ 3 L. de qua B. HF.—cujus N marg.quantæ conj. R. j em. G. pr. C-veram taceo conj. G Ist.-veram conj. Pž.~vetatis P. PE. F.-veritatis conj. R.-ætatis three P. ME. V. 3, 4 L. C. H. CO.L.N.ælate GA.-elutis al. Mss. R. --om. B. HF.-sutis certam conj. V. ed. G. C. D. k certe ad. pl. and opt. Mss.--certa I P.-per me conj. Pz. pr. D. R. Tæstimatio 1 P.-eistimulionis 3 L.-existimutione V. 1, 2 L. HV-eitimatio 5 L. a pabula GB. three P. [?] V. 2–5 L. H. B. GA. HV. L. N. but cf. i, 7. D.

affording another the means to climb and bear you leap; and do not throw down your fruit, while you yourself continue stationary gelding into a ditch.' DE. and fruitless. There were many sayings

3 Cf. existimatio communis omnibus est, iv, among the Romans derived, like this, from 20; every one is at liberty (as far as I am agricultural pursuits : G. as well as proper concerned) to form his own opinion' or 'to names, which owed their source to a similar think as he pleases :' G. P2. iv, 15. R. Tou origin. ED. The allusion, however, is in many idooloursóu úuiv dozów, riênus apño pece this place certainly not pertinent. C. (2) ές μέσον, γνώμην κελεύων υμίων τον βουλόμενον t'nd. dejiciam : ' By your leave, I must look opainsoda, Her. viii, 8, 4, n. 64; before I leap: I am not going to throw away Rep. p. 30. my gelding into a ditch.' ST. (3) Und. I Compare the concluct of Alyattes in the dejice· Pray be so good as w look before Milesian war, Her. i, 16 sq.

TiSempron..dium vestimentaque et frumentum exercitui et sociis Q.F.Max.3

navalibus omnia deesse. quod ad stipendium attineat, si ærarium inops esset, se aliquam rationem inituros quo ' modo ab Hispanis sumant. cetera utique ab Roma mit• tenda esse, nec aliter aut exercitum aut provinciam reti• neri posse.' litteris recitatis nemo omnium erat quino . et vera scribi et postulari æqua' fateretur: sed occurrebat animis quantos exercitus terrestres navalesque tuerentur,

quantaque nova classis mox paranda esset, si bellum Distress of Macedonicum moveretur. Siciliam ac Sardiniam, quæ the Romans.

ante bellum vectigales fuissent, vix præsides provin-
ciarum exercitus alere. tributosumptus suppeditari“.
* cum ipsum tributum' conferentium numerum tantis ex-
. ercituum stragibus et ad Trasimenum lacum et ad Cannas
imminutum; tum qui superessent pauci, si multiplici
• gravarentur stipendio 3, alia * perituros peste 5. itaque nisi
* fide staret res publica, opibus non staturam . prodeundum
in concionem Fulvio prætori esse, indicandas populo
• publicas necessitates ?, cohortandosque qui redempturis
6 auxissent patrimonia, ut rei publicæ, ex qua crevissent”,

b pl. Edd. cf. Flor. ii, 17, 8. DU.-ateneri P.-atteneri PE. P 2d. F. C.- attineri three [?] P. V. 1, 2 L. pr. cf. Tac. A. i, 35; iv. 5; xiii, 15. R.--om. GA.leneri 5 L. ant. Edd.-obtineri 4 L. H. L. VI. pr. C. c qui non B. HV. N. al. Mss. from gl. cf. Cic. V. iii, 59; v, 4 ; 22. R. d suppeditare H. as xxvi, 45; and Cic. often. G.tributum sumptibus superari, conj.

FB. adv. DU.-verum ad. G. [D. N. L.]? e eum five L. F. G. V. H. B. GA. HV. D. N. L. fillud or verum illud conj. and om. cum... tributum as gl. since there are no fewer than ten or eleven words close together ending in .um. R. & om. P. G. V.

2 • That sums to meet the expenditure ported [xxvii, 10; ED.] by credit, it could were supplied (refci impensas, Just. ix, 1) not sustain itself by ready money.' ego non by the tribute raised from among the citizens, rem familiarem modo, sed etiam fidem connow that the supplies from the provinces had sumpsi, Sall. ep. Pomp. S. cf. vi, 11, 8; CO, failed.' nullum ærarium, nullum vectigal hubet : on S. C. 24. D. Appii instituto tributa imperat ; Cic. At. vi, 1. 7 • The wants of the state.' nn, on Tac. A. G.

i, 11,9; ii, 27, 5. R. 3 For tributum, as ii, 9; xxxiii, 42; iv, 8. By contracts :' cf. xxii, 33, 8. ED. 60; xxiii, 31; xxv, 10; DU. xxxix, 7. Redemptores proprie et antiqua consuetudine R.

dicebantur, qui cum aliquid ad faciendum aut 4 · Different' yiz. ' from war.' R.

præbendum conduxerant effecerantque, tum 5 Pestis is applied to any calamity, espe- demum pecunias uccipiebant ; Fest. The pubcially such as is pernicious and destructive,' licans are here intended : redemptoribus vetitis », 28 ; xxv, 19; xxxv, 27; xxxviii, 21; frumentum parare, ac Romam dimissis, “bel(Cic. Am. 10. ED.) Venenum is used in lum" inquit se ipsum alet;" xxxiv, 9. DN. much the same sense, ii, 44; 52; iii, 67; 9. From which they had derived their

wealth and greatness ;''i, 46 sq; xxix, 37; 6. Unless the commonwealth were sup. xxv, 19; Ê, C. C. R.

V, 2. R.

. ad" tempusi commodarenti, conducerentque ea* lege TiSempron.

Q.F.Max,3 * præbenda 10 quæ ad exercitum Hispaniensem opus essent, ' ut, cum pecunia in ærario esset, iis primis solveretur.' hæc prætor in concione edixit", qua" die vestimenta fru

mentum Hispaniensio exercitui præbenda, quæque alia 49 opus essent navalibus sociis, esset locaturus. ubi ea dies The public venit, ad conducendum tres societates aderant hominum expenses

are defrayed undeviginti, quorum duo postulata fuere, unum ut by private militia" vacarent dum in eo' publicos essent",' alterum tions.

contribuut quæ in naves imposuissent, ab hostium tempestatis. que vi publico periculo' essent.' utroque impetrato conduxerunt, privataque pecunia res publica ? administrata est. hi mores eaque caritas patriæ per omnes ordines velut tenore uno pertinebat ? quemadmodum conducta omnia magno animo sunt, sic summa fide præbita, nec i

kem.

S. pr.

b

bom. pl. and opt. Mss. pr. G. ST. DE. adv. DU. meaning' an indulgence in point of time, and not a pecuniary sacrifice.' C. the peculiar difficulties of the times.' DE. i. For a time' i. e.. a short while ;' Just. xiv, 2 ; Flor. i, 6. DU.opes or impensas (om. au) conj. R. i viz. quæ opus essent. R.--considerarent conj. DE. G.c. cf. 47, h. R.-ex Miss. I hinc (i. e. ' agreeably to this edict,') conj. S. adv. D. Medixitque conj. G. pr. and und. pronuntiavit with hæc. c. n ut qua 2 P.-et qua or quaque conj. D.

Hispano B. N 2d. but cf. above; 28; xxxix, 20; 38; Flor. iv, 2, 23 : quum dicimus Hispanus," nomen nationis ostendimus ; quum autem " Hispanienses," cognomen eorum qui

provinciam Hispaniam incolunt etsi non Hispani ; Sosip. Char. Inst. Gr. ž, p. 82 ; Fest. “ Corinthienses.D. Her. iv, 137, n. 84. ED. * duorum conj. FA. PN. om. FA. PN. c uti GA.5 L. N.-om. P. F. V. 1, 4 L. H. D.-ne conj. V. pr. DJ.

G. pr. C. D. R.-miliiu P.-mihi F. V. 1, 4 L. H. D. in L.-om.al. Mss. FA. PN. -alü V. pr.

DJ. e em. G.-vocarent tum P.-Tarentum pl. Mss.—Tarentini B. HV. 3 L-talentum FA. PN.-om. V. DJ. f in vico HV triennio eo V. DJ. 8 'As long as they held the contract.' Publica are either the public revenues farmed out by government to the publicani,' or (as here). certain public works to be executed and services to be performed. G. C. λειτουργία, το δημόσιον, τελωνία, cf. nn, on Tac. A. XV, 51, 1; Suet. X, 1; R. pars hominum gestit conducere publica, Hor. E. i, 1, 77: ED. hencé publicum habere, Plaut. is the same as publicanum esse. RS.-publicani V. DJ. GA. 5 L. FA. PN. i tuta conj. ad. S. but cf. quia publicum periculum erat a vi tempestatis in iis quæ porturentur ad exercitus, xxv, 3; Cic. Fam. i, 4; id. At vi, 1; for Flac. 17. G. • Ensured, at the public risk, against capture by the enemy or loss by shipwreck.' C. RS. ST. i ne 4 L.-om. 3 L.

en.

h esset

_10 To be supplied,' below; xxxiv, 6, socii, imperii laus, res militaris, ærarium ; ST. The order is conducerentque (oninia). Cic. Sext. 46 ; or any affair of public moquæ...essent, prebenda lege [' on the con- ment and interest.' cf. xxvi, 12, 4; G, on dition') ut &c. R. ED.

viii, 31; E, C. C. R. 1 • The war,' ïi, 64; (D.) ii, 69 ; xxiv, 2 • Extended throughout all ranks.' E. 18; xxvii, 6; xxviii, 9; xxx, 2; 41; for xxv, 24, g; xxxiv, 28; Mela i, 3; 10; ii, l; res publica signifies not only the whole state,' Cic. Am. [4 ; ED.) 14 ; (GV.) G, on P1. but the different branches and departments of M. G. ii, 5, 58 ; D. xxvi, 38 ; GB. venæ in public business, religiones, auspicia, potestates omnes corporis partes pertinentes, Cic. N. D. ii, magistratuum, senatus auctoritus, leges, mos 55 ; i, 14 ; S. Cæs. G. i, 1; &c. Sall. J. 48, majorum, judicia, jurisdictio, fides, provincia, 6. (GT. CO.) G.

TiSempron. secus quam' si ex opulento ærario, ut quondam, aleQ.F.Max.3

rentur. Illiturgi be- Cum hi commeatus venerunt, Illiturgi 3 oppidum ab sieged by three car. Hasdrubale ac Magone et Hamilcare" Bomilcaris P filio ob thaginian defectionem ad Romanos oppugnabatur. inter hæc trina generals ; Pt. ii, 4; castra hostium Scipiones cum in urbem sociorum magno P. xi, 24 ; certamine ac strage obsistentium pervenissent, frumentum, .

cujus inopia erat, advexerunt; cohortatique oppidanos ut • eodem animo mænia tutarentur quo pro se pugnantem • Romanum exercitum vidissent,' ad castra maxima oppugnanda, quibus Hasdrubal præerat, ducunt. eodem et duo duces et duo exercitus Carthaginiensium, ibi rem summam agi cernentes, convenerunt. itaque eruptione e castris pugnatum est. sexaginta hostium millia eo die in pugna fuerunt, sexdecim circiter Romanis 5. tamen adeo haud dubia victoria fuit, ut plures numero quam ipsi erant Romani hostium occiderint, ceperint amplius tria millia homi

num, paullo minus mille equorum, undesexaginta militaria The Ro- signa, septem' elephantos, quinque in prælio occisis. trinisthree Car. que castris eo die potiti sunt. Illiturgi obsidione liberato thaginian ad Intibilio oppugnandum Punici exercitus traducti, supone day. pletis copiis ex provincia ut quæ maxime omnium belli Fr. 1, 30.; avida, modo præda aut merces esset, et tum juventute abunAl. p. 399.

dante. iterum signis collatis eadem fortuna utriusque partis pugnatum. supra tredecim millia hostium cæsa, supra duos

kem.

[ocr errors]

V.-sequius conj. G.-necessaria 3 L.-om. pl. Mss. 13 L, V.G.-quicquam pl. Mss.--quamquam V.-prætermissum ad. 3 P. HF. 5 L.-defuit ad. B. HV. ac si ihree P. V.F. GA. H. R. 1, 2 L. al. Mss. n Und. exercitus ST.-darentur conj. R. o et Hannibale pl. and opt. Mss. ed. ST.-Hamilcaris et Hasdrubale conj. cf. xxv ; GL. but only one Hasdrubal is mentioned below. D. p Gisgonis conj. GL. 9 rei conj. P. viii, 26, 6; but cf. xxvi, 10, 2; xxxviii, 50, 9. D. * signa, vii em, G. cf. 46. D.--signa vir P.-signavit V. F. s supra ir em. G.—suprati P.-supra 1 PE. -supraque V. F. C. 1-4 L. H. N.

:-supra quum (and ad. tria after capta) L.—supra triaque 5 L.supraque quinque B.--supra quinque HVsupra v HF. It is doubtful therefore whether we should read u or v D.

3 Cf. xxi, 24, b. This town, being in the on Ov. H. 9, 38. G. D. vicinity of Intibili (which follows Dertosa in 5 The ablative often occurs in this way, Anton. It.), is different from the town of the where a participle of the verb substantive is to same name near the Batis; Pliny iii, 1. be supplied; as incerto hoste, iii, 15; spe, DU. R.

xxvi, 39; cognomine Insubribus pago Æduo. 4 Cf. below; ED. ix, 43 ; xxv, 26;

rum, v, 34. R. v, 2 ; x, 18; xxii, 12, m; ii, 30, 7; xxxiv, 6 Now perhaps · San Mattheo :' MC, ii, 56, 8; Cæs. B. G. vii, 46; BU, on Ser. 8,7; CE, G. A. t. I, p. 110. R. cf. nn, on Sam. 32 ; and on Suet. ii, 74.; vi, l; and Front. ii, 3, 1, S.

« IndietroContinua »