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num Cirta oppido et ceteris urbibus agrisque, quæ ex Cn.C. Lent.
regno Syphacis in populi Romani potestatem venissent,

P. El. Pat.

adjectis donavit. Cn. Octavium classem in Siciliam The domi-

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xvi, 23;

⚫ ductam Cn. Cornelio consuli tradere' jussit, legatos Car- nions of
Syphax are
thaginiensium Romam proficisci, ut quæ ab se ex decem given to
⚫ legatorum sententia acta essent, ea patrum auctoritate
45 populique jussu confirmarentur.' pace terra marique
parta, exercitu in naves imposito, in Siciliam Lilybæum
trajecit. inde magna parte militum in navibus missa, ipse Scipio re-
per lætam pace non minus quam victoria Italiam, effusis turns in
triumph to
non urbibus modo ad habendos honores, sed agrestium Rome; P.
etiam turba obsidente vias, Romam pervenit, triumphoque (S.) AP.
omnium clarissimo urbem est invectus. argenti tulit in 65 sq.
ærarium pondo centum millia viginti tria. militibus ex
præda quadringenos æris divisit. morte subtractus specta-
culo magis hominum quam triumphantis gloriæ Syphax
est, Tibure haud ita multo ante mortuus, quo ab Alba AP. 28.
traductus fuerat. conspecta mors tamen ejus fuit, quia xxii, 24, 4.
publico funere est elatus. hunc regem in triumpho
'ductum' Polybius, haudquaquam spernendus1 auctor, tradit. P. xvi, 12.

a This phrase occurs, i, 39; xxiii, 11; xxxi, 15; 49; particularly in decreeing thanks-
givings to the gods, as xxxvii, 54; [59; ED.] xxxviii, 44; 48; xxxix, 38; xl, 35; xli,
6; 17; &c. D.-exhibendos 1 P. 5 L. from gl. D.-agendos 2, 3 L. but cf. iii, 14, 5; GT,
on S. ii, 8; BU, on S. ii, 35. D.
b em. as some copies [i. e. printed copies; but
none which I have consulted; D.] have. GL. conj. P. pr. HT, de R. N. p. 80.-quadra-
genos Mss. Edd. G. C. D. BD, de A. ii. But the soldiers of Livius had more than half as
much again, where the public prize money was much less and the triumph not on so grand a
scale; GL. see likewise xxxi, 20; xxxiii, 23; 27. DU.

1 Many censure our author for this cold
approval of Polybius; others defend him, and
shew that he is here using the figure called
AUTÓTns. To those named by FBC, B. G.
iii, 30, 5; add on the vituperative side, VC,
V. L. xxi, 1; PV, R. T. iv, 2; PER, C. F.
ii, 32, 301: on the exculpatory side, BA,
Adv. xxvi, 1; BCH, de C. R. D. i, 6;
BKH, on P. i, 12, 16; WS, on pr. to Thuc.
VO, de H. L. CS, on fr. Pol. p. 1547. Livy's
own words are sufficient to decide the ques-
tion; nos Polybium secuti sumus, non incertum
auctorem cum omnium Romanarum rerum, tum
præcipue in Græcia gestarum, xxxiii, 10. DU.
C, præf. p. xxx. The figure is also called
μείωσις, (for the words mean of the highest
authority,' as in iv, 20;) FB. and is of
frequent occurrence, as inutilis' most per-
nicious,' iii, 33; v, 5; äxenores En. Tact.
laudes haud immeritæ most richly deserved,'

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iv, 13; 57; non tutissimus most dangerous,'
xxviii, 25, y; non minimus the greatest,'
xxxiii, 6; Cic. Fam. iv, 12; Hor. O. iii,
19, 2; non omnes none,' v, 42; Rut. It. i,
393; 446; (BU.) où xãs St Matthew xxiv,
22; St Luke i, 13; cf. VR, H. N. T. 25,
102; GG, V. N. T. iii, 4, 12; D. minime
opportunus vir a most impracticable man,'
iv, 13; non ita æger by far too much dis-
ordered,' iii, 20; nullus vehementior none so
violent,' iii, 21; non magis not so much,'
xxv, 15; inutilis' noxious' Cic. Off. i, 10;
Virg. G. i, 88; "which cannot profit,'
1 Samuel xii, 21; (PK.) xenios, Her.
iii, 81, n. 52; ἀσύμφορος καὶ ἀνωφελὴς καὶ
αλυσιτελὴς καὶ ἀκερδής, Plato Crat. id. Rep.
ii; Xen. H. vi, 3, 1; Hes. O. D. 18; Æsch.
Ctes. où ouμgogos, Theog. 457; Soph. E. C.
585; àvágos, Her. i. 114, n. 35; iii, 10,
n, 32; 74, n. 87; v, 89, n. 7; ávibíàntos,

P. Æl. Pæt.

Cn.C. Lent. secutus Scipionem triumphantem est pileo capiti imposito Q. Terentius Culleo; omnique deinde vita, ut dignum xxiv, 16, 11. erat, libertatis auctorem coluit. Africanum cognomen militaris prius favor an popularis aura celebraverit, an, sicuti Felicis Sullæ Magnique Pompeii3 patrum memoria, cœptum ab assentatione familiari sit, parum compertum habeo. primus certe hic imperator nomine victæ ab se gentis est nobilitatus. exemplo deinde hujus nequaquam victoria pares insignes imaginum titulos claraque cognomina familiæ fecere.

e Africani 2-4 L. HV. but the name itself, if not put in apposition to the person, as mansit Silviis postea omnibus cognomen i, 3; cui Servio Tullio nomen fuit i, 39; cui Superbo cognomen facta indiderunt i, 48; 50; cui Appio Claudio nomen ii, 16; &c; [cui nomen Amello Virg. G. iv, 271. ED.] is usually put in apposition to nomen or cognomen, as Ascanium dixere nomen i, 1; L. Tarquinium Priscum edidere nomen i, 34; Flaccumque Potitumque cognomen invenio viii, 18; quidam Cæsonem, alii Caium nomen adjiciunt vii, 22; filiis duobus Philippum atque Alexandrum, et filia Apamian nomina imposuerat xxxv, 47. When the clan or family is signified the name becomes an adjective, as te nomen Tarquinium creat vocatque regem i, 47; invisum erat plebi Fabium nomen ii, 42 twice. G.

vii, 88, n. 47 ; οὐ φίλος, Thuc. i, 136; ἀβού-
λητος, Chrys. Sac. iii, 17, 138; ἄχαρις, Her.
i, 41, n. 17; vi, 9, n. 40; où xaxós, 108, n.
79 ; ἀνήκεστόν τι, Thuc. i, 132, 7; (ΒF.) οὐκ
ir ayat, id. i, 131; "not good," PK,
on 1 Sam. xxvi, 16; non bene Virg. E. iii,
94; disgracefully,' Hor. O. ii, 7, 10; où
narà xócμov, Hom. Il. 12; [cf. B 264;
TR.] CK, on B 269; "not convenient,"
Ephesians v,4; Romans i, 28; “not ashamed,"
ib. 16;
not far," Acts xvii, 27; non semel
' repeatedly,' Hor. O. iv, 2, 50; non unus
annus many a year,' ib. 9, 39; quantum non
⚫ far more than,' id. ii, 5, 17 ; oux loos. Æsch.
Th. 348; Thuc. i, 132; 143; oux

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ib. 140; μὴ πρὸς ὁμοῖον, ib. 141; οὐκ áduraráraTos, ib. 5, 4; (BF.) non levis, Hor. O. i, 18, 9; non humilis, ib. 37, 32; nec minimum, A. P. 286; οὐκ ἥκιστα, Her. vi, 210, n. 70; viii, 18; cf. also iii, 36, n. 81; vii, 88, n. 47; 101, n. 70; negantia verba pro contrariis affirmantibus" POL, S. C. ind. 2dus. Where this figure substitutes a mild for a harsh expression, it is called súpnusspès or agious. See, however, NI, i, 533, 1182. 2 Cf. lxxxix, ep. (nn.) R.

3 Cf. cili, ep. (nn.) R. Scipio had also the surname of Magnus. PZ, A. H. 1.

4 As L. Cornelius Scipio, his brother, had the surname of Asiaticus, xxxvii, 58.



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