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The swell tipped me fifty quid for the prad; the gentle man gave fifty pounds for the horse.

QUIDS. Cash, money. Can you tip me any quids? can you lend me some money?

QUIFFING. Rogering. See To ROGER.

QUIDNUNC. A politician: from a character of that name. in the farce of the Upholsterer.

QUILL DRIVER. A clerk, scribe, or hackney writer.
QUIM. The private parts of a woman: perhaps from the
Spanish quemar, to burn. (Cambridge) A piece's furbelow.
QUINSEY. Choked by a hemperi quinsey; hanged.
QUIPPS. Girds, taunts, jests.

QUIRE, OF CHOIR BIRD. A complete rogue, one that has sung in different choirs or cages, i. e. gaols. Cant. QUIRKS AND QUILLETS. Tricks and devices. Quirks in law; subtle distinctions and evasions.

QUIZ. A strange-looking fellow, an odd dog. Oxford. QUOD. Newgate, or any other prison. The dab's in quod; the poor rogue is in prison.

QUOTA. Snack, share, part, proportion, or dividend. Tip me my quota; give me part of the winnings, booty, or plunder. Cant.


RABBIT. A Welch rabbit; bread and cheese toasted, i. e. a Welch rare bit. Rabbits were also a sort of wooden canns to drink out of, now out of use.


RABBIT SUCKERS. Young spendthrifts taking up goods on trust at great prices.

RACK RENT. Rent strained to the utmost value. To lie at rack and manger; to be in great disorder. RACKABACK. A gormagon. See GORMAGON.

RAFFS. An appellation given by the gownsmen of the university of Oxford to the inhabitants of that place.

RAG. Bank notes. Money in general. The cove has no rag; the fellow has no money.

RAG. A farthing.

TO RAG. To abuse, and tear to rags the characters of the persons abused. She gave him a good ragging, or ragged him off heartily.

RAG CARRIER. An ensign.

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RAG FAIR. An inspection of the linen and necessaries of a company of soldiers, commonly made by their officers on Mondays or Saturdays.

RAG WATER. Gin, or any other common dram: these liquors seldom failing to reduce those that drink them to


RAGAMUFFIN. A ragged fellow, one all in tatters, a tatterdemallion.

RAILS. See HEAD RAILS. A dish of rails; a lecture, jobation, or scolding from a married woman to her husband. RAINBOW. Knight of the rainbow; a footman: from being commonly clothed in garments of different colours. A meeting of gentlemen, styled of the most ancient order of the rainbow, was advertised to be held at the Foppington's Head, Moorfields.

RAINY DAY. To lay up something for a rainy day; to provide against a time of necessity or distress.

RAKE, RAKEHELL, or RAKESHAME. A lewd, debauched. fellow.


RAM CAT. A he cat.

RAMMISH. Rank. Rammish woman; a sturdy virago. RAMMER. The arm. The busnapper's kenchin seized my rammer; i. e. the watchman laid hold of my arm. Cant. To RAMP. To snatch, or tear any thing forcibly from the

person. RAMSHACKLED. Out of repair. A ramshackled house; perhaps a corruption of ransacked, i. e. plundered. RANDLE. A set of nonsensical verses, repeated in Ireland by schoolboys, and young people, who have been guilty of breaking wind backwards before any of their companions; if they neglect this apology,they are liable to certain kicks, pinches, and fillips, which are accompanied with divers admonitory couplets.

RANDY. Obstreperous, unruly, rampant.

RANGLING. Intriguing with a variety of women.

RANK. Stinking, rammish, ill-flavoured ; also strong, great. A rank knave; a rank coward: perhaps the latter may allude to an ill savour caused by fear.

RANK RIDER. A highwayman.

RANTALLION. One whose scrotum is so relaxed as to be longer than his penis, i. e. whose shot pouch is longer that the barrel of his piece.

RANTIPOLE. A rude romping boy or girl; also a gadabout dissipated woman. To ride rantipole; the same as riding St. George. See ST. GEORGE. 7


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RANTUM SCANTUM. Playing at rantum scantum; making

the beast with two backs.

To RAP. To take à false oath; also to curse.

He rapped

out a volley; i. e. he swore a whole volley of oaths. To rap, means also to exchange or barter: a rap is likewise an Irish halfpenny. Rap on the knuckles; a reprimand. RAPPAREES. Irish robbers, or outlaws, who in the time of Oliver Cromwell were armed with short weapons, called in Irish rapiers, used for ripping persons up. RAPPER. A Swinging great lie.

RAREE SHEW MEN. Poor Savoyards, who subsist by shewing the magic lantern and marmots about London. RASCAL. A rogue or villain: a term borrowed from the chase; a rascal originally meaning a lean shabby deer, at the time of changing his horns, penis, &c. whence, in the vulgar acceptation, rascal is conceived to signify a man without genitals: the regular vulgar answer to this reproach, if uttered by a woman, is the offer of an ocular demonstration of the virility of the party so defamed. Some derive it from rascaglione, an Italian word signifying a man without testicles, or an eunuch.


A drunken man or woman taken up by the watch, and confined in the watch-house. Cant. To smell a rat ; to suspect some intended trick, or unfair design. RATS, Of these there are the following kinds a black rat and a grey rat, a py-rat and a cu-rat.


RATTLE, A dice-box. To rattle; to talk without consideration, also to move off or go away. To rattle one off; to rate or scold him.

RATTLE-PATE. A volatile, unsteady, or whimsical man or



A contemptuous name for any curious 'portable piece of machinery, or philosophical apparatus. RATTLER. A coach. Rattle and prad; a coach and horses. RATTLING COVE. A coachman. Cant.

RATTLING MUMPERS. Beggars who ply coaches. Cant. RAW HEAD AND BLOODY BONES. A bull beggar, or scarechild, with which foolish nurses terrify crying brats. READER. A Pocket-book. Cant.

READER MERCHANTS. Pickpockets, chiefly young Jews, who ply about the Bank to steal the pocket-books of persons who have just received their dividends there. READY. The ready rhino; money. Cant.

REBUS. A riddle or pun on a man's name, expressed in sculpture or painting, thus: a bolt or arrow, and a tun, for Bolton; death's head, and a ton, for Morton. RECEIVER GENERAL. A prostitute.

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RECKON. To reckon with one's host; to make an erroneous judgment in one's own favour. To cast up one's reckoning or accounts; to vomit.

TO RECRUIT. To get a fresh supply of money.

RECRUITING SERVICE. Robbing on the highway.

RED FUSTIAN. Port wine.

RED LANE. The throat. Gone down the red lane; swallowed.


RED LATTICE. A public house.

RED LETTER DAY. A saint's day or holiday, marked in the calendars with red letters. Red letter men; Roman Catholics from their observation of the saint days marked in red letters.


RED RAG. The tongue. Shut your potatoe trap, and give your red rag a holiday; i. e. shut your mouth, and let your tongue rest. Too much of the red rag; too much tongue,

RED SAIL-YARD DOCKERS. Buyers of stores stolen out of the royal yards and docks.

RED SHANK. A Scotch highlander.

REGULARS. Share of the booty. The coves cracked the swell's crib, fenced the swag, and each cracksman napped his regular; some fellows broke open a gentleman's house, and after selling the property which they had stolen, they divided the money between them.

RELIGIOUS HORSE. One much given to prayer, or apt to be down upon his knees.

RELIGIOUS PAINTER. One who does not break the commandment which prohibits the making of the likeness of any thing in heaven or earth, or in the waters under the earth.

THE RELISH. The sign of the Cheshire cheese.

RELISH. Carnal connection with a woman.

REMEDY CRITCH. A chamber pot, or member mug.. REMEMBER PARSON MELHAM. Drink about: a Norfolk phrase.

RENDEZVOUS. A place of meeting. The rendezvous of the beggars were, about the year 1638, according to the Bellman, St. Quinton's, the Three Crowns in the Vintry, St. Tybs, and at Knapsbury: there were four barns within a mile of London. In Middlesex were four other harbours, called Draw the Pudding out of the Fire, the Cross Keys in Craneford parish, St. Julian's in Isleworth parish, and the house of Pettie in Northall parish. In Kent, the King's Barn near Dartford, and Ketbrooke near Blackheath.


REP. A woman of reputation.

REPOSITORY. A lock-up or spunging-house, a gaol. Also livery stables where horses and carriages are sold by


RESCOUNTERS. The time of settlement between the bulls and bears of Exchange-alley, when the losers must pay their differences, or become lame ducks, and waddle out of the Alley.

RESURRECTION MEN. Persons employed by the students in anatomy to steal dead bodies out of church-yards. REVERENCE. An ancient custom, which obliges any person easing himself near the highway or foot-path, on the word reverence being given him by a passenger, to take off his hat with his teeth, and without moving from his station to throw it over his head, by which it frequently falls into the excrement; this was considered as a punishment for the breach of delicacy. A person refusing to obey this law, might be pushed backwards, Hence, perhaps, the term, sir-reverence.

REVERSED. A man set by bullies on his head, that his money may fall out of his breeches, which they afterwards by accident pick up. See HoISTING.

REVIEW OF THE BLACK CUIRASSIERS. A visitation of the clergy. See CROW FAIR.

RHINO. Money. Cant.

RIB. A wife: an allusion to our common mother Eve, made out of Adam's rib. A crooked rib: a cross-grained wife. RIBALDRY, Vulgar abusive language, such as was spoken by ribalds, Ribalds were originally mercenary soldiers who travelled about, serving any master for pay, but afterwards degenerated into a mere banditti.

RIBBIN. Money. The ribbin runs thick; i. e. there is plenty of money, Cant, Blue ribbin, Gin. The cull lushes the blue ribbin; the silly fellow drinks common gin.

TO RIBROAST. To beat: I'll ribroast him to his heart's content.

RICH FACE, or Nose. A red pimpled face, RICHARD SNARY, A dictionary. A country lad, having been reproved for calling persons by their christian names, being sent by his master to borrow a dictionary, thought to shew his breeding by asking for a Richard Snary. RIDER. A person who receives part of the salary of a place or appointinent from the ostensible occupier, by virtue. of an agreement with the donor, or great man appointing,

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