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body of the horse. It was supported by four posts, about six feet long, for legs. A head, neck, and tail, rudely cut in wood, were added, which completed the appearance of a horse. On this sharp ridge delinquents were mounted, with their hands tied behind them; and to steady them (as it was said), and lest the horse should kick them off, one or more firelocks were tied to each leg. In this situation they were sometimes condemned to sit an hour or two; but at length it having been found to injure the soldiers materially, and sometimes to rupture them, it was left off about the time of the accession of King George I. A wooden horse was standing in the Parade at Portsmouth as late as the year 1750.



WOMAN AND HER HUSBAND. A married couple, where the woman is bigger than her husband.

WOMAN'S CONSCIENCE. Never satisfied.

WOMAN OF ALL WORK. Sometimes applied to a female servant, who refuses none of her master's commands. WOOLBIRD, A sheep. Cant.

WOOL GATHERING. Your wits are gone a wool gathering; saying to an absent man, one in a reverie, or absorb ed in thought.

WOOLLEY CROWN. A soft-headed fellow.

WORD GRUBBERS. Verbal critics, and also persons who use hard words in common discourse.

WORD PECKER. A punster, one who plays upon words. WORD OF MOUTH. To drink by word of mouth, i. e. out of the bowl or bottle instead of a glass.

WORLD. All the world and his wife: every body, a great


WORM. To worm out; to obtain the knowledge of a se

cret by craft, also to undermine or supplant. He is gone to the diet of worms; he is dead and buried, or gone to Rothisbone. WRANGLERS. At Cambridge the first class (generally of twelve) at the annual examination for a degree. There are three classes of honours, wranglers, senior optimes,. and junior optimes. Wranglers are said to be born with golden spoons in their mouths, the senior optimes with silver, and the junior with leaden ones. The last junior optime is called the wooden spoon. Those who are not qualified for honors are either in the Gulf (that is, merito



rious, but not deserving of being in the three first classes) or among the a Tona, the many. See PLUCK, APOSTLES,&C. WRAP RASCAL. A red cloak, called also a roquelaire. WRAPT UP IN WARM FLANNEL. Drunk with spirituous liquors. He was wrapt up in the tail of his mother's smock; saying of any one remarkable for his success with the ladies. To be wrapt up in any one: to have a good opinion of him, or to be under his influence. WRINKLE. A wrinkle-bellied whore; one who has had a number of bastards: child-bearing leaves wrinkles in a woman's belly. To take the wrinkles out of any one's belly; to fill it out by a hearty meal. You have one wrinkle more in your a-se; i. e. you have one piece of knowledge more than you had, every fresh piece of knowledge being supposed by the vulgar naturalists to add a wrinkle to that part.


WYN. See WIN..


XANTIPPE. The name of Socrates's wife: now used to signify a shrew or scolding wife.


YAFFLING. Eating. Cant.

To YAM. To eat or stuff heartily.

YANKEY, or YANKEY DOODLE. A booby, or country lout: a name given to the New England men in North America. A general appellation for an American. YARMOUTH CAPON. A red herring: Yarmouth is a famous place for curing herrings.

YARMOUTH COACH. A kind of low two-wheeled cart drawn by one horse, not much unlike an Irish car.

YARMOUTH PYE. A pye made of herrings highly spiced, which the city of Norwich is by charter bound to present annually to the king.

YARUM. Milk. Cant.

YEA AND NAY MAN. A quaker, a simple fellow, one who can only answer yes, or no.



YELLOW. To look yellow; to be jealous. I happened to call on Mr. Green, who was out on coming home, and finding me with his wife, he began to look confounded blue, and was, I thought, a little yellow.

YELLOW BELLY. A native of the Fens of Licolnshire; an allusion to the eels caught there.

YELLOW BOYs. Guineas.

To YELP. To cry out. Yelper; a town cryer, also one apt to make great complaints on trifling occasions. YEST. A contraction of yesterday.

YOKED. Married. A yoke; the quantum of labour performed at one spell by husbandmen, the day's work being divided in summer into three yokes. Kentish term.

YORKSHIRE TYKE. A Yorkshire clown. To come Yorkshire over any one; to cheat him.

YOUNG ONE. A familiar expression of contempt for another's ignorance, as "ah! I see you're a young one." How d'ye do, young one?

To YowL, To cry aloud, or howl.



ZAD. Crooked like the letter Z. He is a mere zad, or perhaps zed; a description of a very crooked or deformed person.

ZANY. The jester, jack pudding, or merry andrew, to a mountebank.

ZEDLAND. Great part of the west country, where the letter Z is substituted for S; as zee for see, zun for sun, &c. &c. This prevails through the counties of Devonshire, Dorsetshire, and Somersetshire.

ZNEES. Frost or frozen. Zneesy weather; frosty weather. ZNUZ. The same as znees.

Zoc, or Soc. A blow. I gid him a zoc; I gave him a blow. West country.

ZOUCH, or SLOUCH. A slovenly ungenteel man, one who has a stoop in his gait. A slouched hat; a hat with its brims let down, or uncocked.

ZOUNDS. An exclamation, an abbreviation of God's wounds. ZUCKE, A withered stump of a tree.


W. N. Jones, Printer, Green Arbour Court, Old Bailey, London.


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