Lining Out the Word: Dr. Watts Hymn Singing in the Music of Black Americans

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University of California Press, 27 giu 2006 - 337 pagine
This book, a milestone in American music scholarship, is the first to take a close look at an important and little-studied component of African American music, one that has roots in Europe, but was adapted by African American congregations and went on to have a profound influence on music of all kinds—from gospel to soul to jazz. "Lining out," also called Dr. Watts hymn singing, refers to hymns sung to a limited selection of familiar tunes, intoned a line at a time by a leader and taken up in turn by the congregation. From its origins in seventeenth-century England to the current practice of lining out among some Baptist congregations in the American South today, William Dargan’s study illuminates a unique American music genre in a richly textured narrative that stretches from Isaac Watts to Aretha Franklin and Ornette Coleman.

Lining Out the Word traces the history of lining out from the time of slavery, when African American slaves adapted the practice for their own uses, blending it with other music, such as work songs. Dargan explores the role of lining out in worship and pursues the cultural implications of this practice far beyond the limits of the church, showing how African Americans wove African and European elements together to produce a powerful and unique cultural idiom. Drawing from an extraordinary range of sources—including his own fieldwork and oral sources—Dargan offers a compelling new perspective on the emergence of African American music in the United States.

Copub: Center for Black Music Research

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Sommario

Blest Be the Tie That Binds Part I Congregational Singing as a Worship Ethos for Dr Watts Hymns
23
Blest Be the Tie That Binds Part II Regional Style Traditions of Dr Watts Hymn Singing
46
Our God Our Help in Ages Past The Tradition of Dr Watts in English Historical Perspective
90
Father I Stretch My Hands to Thee The Tradition of Dr Watts in African Historical Perspective
103
I Love the Lord He Heard My Cries The Role of Dr Watts Hymns in the Musical Acculturation of African Americans
120
Go Preach My Gospel Saith the Lord Words as Movers and Shakers in African American Music
140
THE PROVERBIAL FOREST WEBS OF SIGNIFICANCE IN AFRICAN AMERICAN MUSIC MAKING
167
I Heard the Voice of Jesus Say The Singing Life of the Reverend Doctor CJ Johnson 19131990
169
God Moves in a Mysterious Way The Lining OutRing Shout Continuum beyond Church Walls
214
Conclusion
235
Selection of Transcribed and Discussed Performances
243
Partial Annotated List of Recorded LiningOut Performances Held in the Archive of Folk Culture Library of Congress
257
NOTES
261
BIBLIOGRAPHY
285
DISCOGRAPHY
303
INDEX
305

Come Ye That Love the Lord The Lining OutRing Shout Continuum and the FiveKey Sequence
193

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Pagina 245 - COME, ye that love the Lord, And let your joys be known ; Join in a song of sweet accord, And thus surround the throne.
Pagina 90 - O GoD, our help in ages past, Our hope for years to come, Our shelter from the stormy blast, And our eternal home.
Pagina 245 - Go preach my gospel," saith the Lord ; " Bid the whole earth my grace receive : He shall be saved, that trusts my word, And he condemned, who'll not believe. 2 I'll make your great commission known ; And ye shall prove my gospel true, By all the works that I have done, By all the wonders ye shall do. 3 Teach all the nations my commands ; I'm with you till the world shall end ; All power is trusted in my hands — I can destroy — and I defend.
Pagina 93 - JESUS shall reign where'er the sun Does his successive journeys run ; His kingdom stretch from shore to shore, Till moons shall wax and wane no more.
Pagina 247 - Amazing grace! (How sweet the sound!) That saved a wretch like me. I once was lost but now am found, Was blind but now I see.
Pagina 246 - FATHER, I stretch my hands to thee; No other help I know : If thou withdraw thyself from me, Ah-! whither shall I go?
Pagina 245 - The men of grace have found Glory begun below ; Celestial fruits on earthly ground From faith and hope may grow. 4 The hill of Zion yields A thousand sacred sweets Before we reach the heavenly fields, Or walk the golden streets.
Pagina 46 - BLEST be the tie that binds Our hearts in Christian love ; The fellowship of kindred minds Is like to that above. 2 Before our Father's throne We pour our ardent prayers ; Our fears, our hopes, our aims are one. Our comforts and our cares. 3 We share our mutual woes, Our mutual burdens bear ; And often for each other flows The sympathizing tear.
Pagina 29 - I heard the voice of Jesus say, "Come unto Me and rest; Lay down, thou weary one, lay down Thy head upon my breast:" I came to Jesus as I was, Weary, and worn, and sad; I found in Him a resting-place, And He has made me glad. I heard the voice of Jesus say, "Behold, I freely give The living water, thirsty one, Stoop down, and drink, and live...
Pagina 98 - WHEN I survey the wondrous cross, On which the Prince of glory died, My richest gain I count but loss, And pour contempt on all my pride.

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Informazioni sull'autore (2006)

William T. Dargan is Professor of Music at Saint Augustine’s College.

Informazioni bibliografiche