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Oct. 1878.


Some of these candidates were examined under the Regulations
which expired at the end of 1878, see p. 270, and the remainder
under the following Regulations issued as a Special Auxiliary
and Reserved Forces Circular on 2nd March 1878.

1. On and after the 1st January 1879, the system of permitting officers commanding militia regiments to nominate subalterns of their regiments for commissions in the army will be discontinued, and any subaltern officer of a militia regiment who may wish to become a candidate for an army commission will, subject to the conditions herein-after prescribed, be allowed to compete for a commission in an examination in military subjects.

2. These competitive examinations will be held twice a year, in the months of March and September, before boards of officers appointed for the purpose at the several stations named in the Appendix A, and, subject to the rule as to age in paragraph 5, candidates will be allowed three trials only, which trials must take place at consecutive examinations. The first examination in the year 1879 will, however, be specially deferred from March until June.

3. Examination papers will be prepared by the Director-General of military education, and due notice will be given of the days on which the examination will be held.

4. The subjects of the competitive military examination will be those
named in the Appendix B.

5. An officer who is recommended as a candidate will be required—
(a.) To be within the ages of 19 and 22 on the first of January
immediately preceding the competitive military examination
which he may be allowed to attend.

(b.) To have served two annual trainings, and to have passed the
examination and obtained the certificate, W.O. Form 748,
required of a subaltern previous to the end of the second
training after his appointment.

(c.) To have passed the examination before the Civil Service Commis-
sioners, described in Appendix C, or to produce an university
certificate, as prescribed in Appendix D.

6. The application of a militia subaltern to be admitted to the com-
petitive military examination will be submitted through the officer
commanding his regiment, who will state whether he can recommend the
officer as a fit and proper person for a conmission in the army; and in
forwarding the same, the officer commanding the sub-district and the
general officer commanding the district will state their opinion of the
candidate. In the event of the officer commanding the regiment being
unable to recommend the candidate, the special reasons will be stated.

7. The application must be forwarded to the Military Secretary, Horse Guards, War Office, prior to the 1st January and 1st July respectively, except as regards the examination specially deferred till June 1879, for

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which applications will be received up to 1st April 1879, and should be LIEUTENANTS accompanied by

(a.) Certificate of birth, or, in default, a declaration made by one of the candidate's parents or guardians before a magistrate giving his exact age. A certificate of baptism cannot be accepted in lieu of a certificate of birth.

(b.) Certificate of having served two annual trainings.

(c.) The certificate, W.O. Form 748, showing also the date on which
the finding of the board which granted the certificate was
(d.) A certificate from the Civil Service Commissioners that the candi-
date has passed the examination described in Appendix C.,
or an university certificate as prescribed in Appendix D.
(e.) The candidate's address, and an intimation as to which of the
stations named in the Appendix A he would wish to attend
for examination.

8. On the receipt of the application and documents referred to in paragraph 7, instructions will be issued to the candidate as to the place and time at which he will be required to present himself for the competitive military examination.

9. The examination before the Civil Service Commissioners referred to in paragraph 5 (c), will be held twice a year in the months of April and October.

10. A militia subaltern who is desirous of attending the examination before the Civil Service Commissioners must apply accordingly to his commanding officer, at such a date as will allow of the commanding officer forwarding the application to the Military Secretary not later than the 15th February or 15th August, for the April and October examinations respectively. The commanding officer in forwarding the application will certify that the subaltern in question is, having regard to the maximum limit laid down in paragraph 5 (a), eligible in point of age, and that he is prepared, when necessary, to recommend him in the manner prescribed in paragraph 6. Not more than three trials at these examinations will be allowed.

11. Until further notice, sixty army commissions will be allotted to the successful competitors at each of the half-yearly competitive examinations.

12. Clause 29, Auxiliary and Reserve Forces Circulars, 1878, is hereby cancelled.

Oct. 1878.


STATIONS at which MILITIA SUBALTERNS who are recommended as CAN-


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Oct. 1878.



1. The rifle drill and practice, and the theoretical principles of musketry, as defined in the authorised book of instructions.

2. Duties of regimental officers, of officers commanding guards, and of subaltern officers of guards under officers of superior rank, with the mode of marching reliefs and posting sentries.

3. The Queen's regulations and orders for the army, 1873 (sections 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 16, 17, 23, and Appendix).

4. The Mutiny Act (sections 6 to 29), and Articles of War (sections II. and III.).

5. The regulations of the Army in regard to the pay and messing of troops, the supply of clothing and necessaries, and all details in regard to the mode of carrying the various articles of a soldier's kit.


EXAMINATION to be passed before the CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSIONERS, (1.) Mathematics,-viz. (a) arithmetic, including vulgar and decimal fractions, proportion, and simple interest; (b) geometry, not beyond the standard of the first book of Euclid.

(2.) French, German, or some other modern language; the examination being limited to a translation from the language, and grammatical questions.

(3.) Writing English correctly, and in a good legible hand, from dic


(4.) The elements of geometrical drawing; including the construction of scales, and the use of simple mathematical instruments.

(5.) Geography.

No marks will be allotted for the above preliminary examination, excepting for geometrical drawing, the maximum number for which will be 300.

The preliminary examination will, in the case of candidates who have passed it at previous examinations, be dispensed with in all subjects, except geometrical drawing.

Candidates will also be exempted from the " preliminary " examination, in all subjects except geometrical drawing, if they can produce the certificate of the Oxford and Cambridge Schools Examination Board, provided it embraces mathematics. If it does not include that subject, they will be required also to undergo an examination therein.

The "further examination" will be proceeded with immediately on the conclusion of the "preliminary examination." Candidates who fail in the preliminary examination will be informed of their failure as soon as possible, and they will then be released from further attendance.


The subjects of the further examination and maximum number of marks obtainable for each subject will be as follows :— (1.) Mathematics, viz., algebra up to and including quadratic equations; the theory and use of lorgarithms; geometry; plane trigonometry; and mensuration

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(2.) English composition, tested by the power of writing an
essay, letter, or précis; English literature, limited to
specified authors, and English history, limited to certain
fixed periods; the authors and periods being notified

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(3.) Latin

(4.) Greek

(5.) French; the examination to be partly colloquial -
(6.) German; the examination to be partly colloquial
*(7.) Experimental sciences,-viz., (a) chemistry and heat; or
(b) electricity and magnetism -

(8.) General and physical geography and geology
(9.) Drawing (free hand)

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Of these nine subjects candidates will not be allowed to take up more than four nor less than two, exclusive of drawing.

In order to secure a proper proficiency in all the subjects taken up by a candidate, a certain number will be deducted from the marks gained by the candidate in each subject.

To pass this examination, a candidate must obtain, in the subjects which he takes up, such an aggregate total of marks as may, after the deduction above mentioned, indicate in the judgment of the Civil Service Commissioners a competent amount of general proficiency.


CERTIFICATE to be produced by a GRADUTE or STUDENT of the

A certificate from the proper authority that he has taken his Degree in Arts, or has passed the examination specified below, at one of the following Universities, viz. :

Oxford, "moderations."

Cambridge," the previous examination."

Dublin, "the final examination of the senior freshman year," or, "the final examination of the school of engineering."

Durham," the first year's examination."

Queen's University, Ireland, "the first university examination in arts
or in engineering."

Scotch Universities, "the examination for candidates for the army."
London University, the "first examination" for the degrees of B.A.,
LL.B., B.Sc., or M.B.

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* Subjects (a) and (b) are alternative; a candidate will not be allowed to take up


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* In these subjects there will be an oral Examination, the time and place of which will be notified to the candidates who take them up. There will also be an Examination in Practical Chemistry.


(These were the same as those printed on p. 273.)

The following lieutenants of militia passed a qualifying examination for commissions in the army at the examination held 18th October 1878 and following days :

I. CANDIDATES examined under the REGULATIONS in force in 1878.
Acheson; Percival Havelock.
Alderson; Edwin Alfred Her-

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Crosse; Sidney George.
D'Arcy; William Irvine.
Dawson-Damer; Lionel George
Henry Seymour.
Dolphin; Edgar.
Elderton; Alan.
Firman; Humphrey Brooke.
Graham; Herbert Reginald

Hadow; Arthur de Salis.
Haines; Gregory Sinclair.
Heigham; Clement John Mal-

Holloway; James Clinton.
Hone; Thomas.
James; William Lancelot.
Jones; George Goring John

Knight; Charles Andrew Rose

Knox; William.
Lennitte; Henry James.
Lloyd; John David Arthur

Mason; Henry Hyde William

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II. CANDIDATES examined under the REGULATIONS coming into force

Adams-Connor; Harry George.
Bird: Gerald Thornton.
Browne; William Byron.
Colomb; Richard Pasley.
D'Aeth; Lewis Marbrough
Elton; Arthur Bayard.

on the 1st January 1879.

Goodrich; Arthur Mainwaring. | Lawford; Arthur John.
Grubbe; Edmund Alexander. Renton; William Gordon.
Hackett-Thompson; F.
Hill; Alan Richard.
Hume; John James Francis.
Lane-Fox; William Augustus.
Lean; Kenneth Edward.

Strachey; John.
Wilson; Alexander.
Wilson; Archdale Irby.
Woods; Matthew Herbert.
Wyllie; Frederick.

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