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CASE USAGE IN LIVY.
1. THE GENITIVE
R. B. STEELE.
1. THE GENITIVE. The many facts in regard to the genitive gathered by Klein, Kühnast, Draeger, Riemann, and the editors give the main points in regard to the use of the genitive by Livy, though something more is possible in presenting the frequency of the different phases. The figures we shall give do not always agree with those given by others, and, like other grammatical statisticians, we live mindful of the old saying “Occides hunc tu, et te alius”. As we have already touched upon the genitive of the gerund and gerundive (American Journal of Philology XXVII, p. 285 seqq.), we shall here deal only with the nouns and pronouns. So great is the mass that all can not be given, and the best that can be done is to indicate somewhat of the prominence of the individual features. But exceptions are grammatically the most delightful, and may receive more attention than their importance deserves, for the hundred normal occurrences may receive little notice while the one straggling exception must be carefully sought and observed. In Livy the exceptional instances are fairly numerous, yet they merely add, here and there, a tinge to the mass; and though he has the genitive in some connections not found elsewhere, and in others not usual, still these examples are scarcely noticeable in the regularity of the mass.
Kühnast (p. 23) shows in the spelling of the genitive plural of many words, e. g. deum: deorum, liberum: liberorum, socium: sociorum, the freedom of Livy and of the scribes, but the spelling of only one class of words -those