« IndietroContinua »
ery other part of Finland, this is chiefly to be ascribed to the attention which parents pay, to their children. For, although in most parishes they have school-masters, yet it is impossible, from the extent of the country, for parents to send their children to school, and therefore they teach them at home. To assist parents in the work of educating their children, this worthy Dean has introduced circulating schools, which have been attended with singular advantage. The people in the whole of this part of Finland are remarkable for their sobriety, purity, and simplicity of morals. Few crimes are committed, and seldom any of the more heinous kind. They are a simple-hearted people. All they want is the Bible, in order to exalt their morality, and to bless them with the purer joys of religion. The great body of d. people in this district are very poor, and, may have, comparatively speaking, but few copies of the Scriptures among them. They could be more easily supplied from St. Petersburg than from any of the Societies in Finland. The Dean begged much that arrangements might be made for this purpose, and also for procuring him a supply of Bibles and Testaments for gratuitous distribution among the poor. Few countries have such strong claims on the liberalality of Bible Societies. All can read, *all are desirous of possessing the Scriptures. I have had o proofs of this on my journey, as I always carry a number of Testaments along with me, which have been received with tears of joy. So grateful were they for them, that, although poor in the extreme, they refused to take money from me for lodging and victuals at the post-houses. Bible Societies must indeed prove a blessing to Finland, for without them her inhabitants could never have been supplied with the scriptures. In the neighborhood of Nyeslott I called on the Rev. Mr. Maconi. His parish has been pretty well supplied with Bibles, even of the older editions; and he had just received from the Society in Kuopio fifty Bibles and twentyfive Testaments, which were nearly all disposed of. The people in this Parish are in general well informed ; fond of reading, and have been supplied with books on various subjects by their worthy vicar. It is truly a pleasure to
meet with such a man amidst the wilds of Finland. I spent the best part of a do with him. he next I called on was Dean Cleve, at Randosalm. The parish contains about 1500 inhabitants, and there are very few Bibles to be found among them. The schoolmaster here, has much distinguished himself in erecting Schools in this and the neighboring parish. Here also they have adopted circulating schools with much advantage. The Dean has yet received no copies of the Scriptures for numerous parishioners who are anxious to receive them. I was delighted to find in his lady a pious, well-informed woman, and, whose example I hope will be useful in this part of the country. I also visited the Dean of the district, Dr. Bunstorf. It may give you some idea of the state of the parishes in Finland, to mention that his parish is about eighty-six English miles long, and fifty-two broad; on all this extent of country there live only 14,000 inhabitants. This is one of the poorest parishes I have been in. Many are so poor that they seldom can procure pure bread for their families; §. mix their coarse flour with the bark of the ine-tree, with straw and with a coarse ind of moss. Last year, which was an unfavourable one, the poor, people had scarcely any corn, and lived almost entirely on bark, &c., They are also in a great measure destitute of the Scriptures. The second Sunday after leaving home I spent at a delightfully retired . called Suonenjoki. I went to the church in the forenoon, and carried a number of Testaments with me to distribute among the people. The clergyman gave away some of them in my presence. To see the tear of joy and gratitude stealing down, the manly cheek of the peasant, excited feelings of gratitude in my heart to that God who has counted me worthy to be a dispenser of blessings to others. I felt something of the blessedness of giving. Here they have received no Bibles.-The extent of the country lays man difficulties in the way of circulating the Scriptures. On Monday the 2d inst. I arrived in Kuopio. There are some pious People here whose acquaintance I made when I passed the place in 1817, on my way to E.J. on whom I im
mediately called, in order to learn the true state of things. One of them is a bookseller, and who has chosen this line of business for the pious purpose of supplying his countrymen with religious tracts and other religious books, but especially with Bibles. He brings them from Abo at his own expense, a distance of 400 English miles, and carries them about with him to all the fairs, and sells them for five rubles per copy, which makes about five-pence advance for his trouble and the carriage of them. rom this pious and intelligent man I learned that the cause of our Lord and Master is prospering in various places, particularly to the north of Kuopio, and extending itself to Karel.— Many are inquiring about the salvation of their souls; the awakening in some parts is general, and the consequence is a desire to have the Scriptures, and to read them. The Dean, the Rev. Mr. Ingman, the President of the Society there, agreed to call a meeting of the committee, at his house, on the evening of the 14th. It was pretty numerously attended, and all I proposed to them was unanimously agreed to. Their stock of Bibles and Testaments was immediately divided to all the different parishes; but so scanty was the supply, that for the parish of Kuopio, containing 25,000 inhabitants, only 59 bibles, and about half the number of Testaments could be allotted. It was resolved to write a circular letter to all the Pastors, informing them of the number of Bibles and Testaments they were to receive. A new supply was resolved to be ordered from Abo. It was agreed to call upon the peasantry to take part in the Society, and that more especially, as many of them had expressed a wish to do so. I got from the committee a particular account of the state of the country, and of the parishes which stood most in need of being supplied gratis, with the Scriptures. Almost the whole of Karel was strongly retommended. The people here are, in general, very poor; but, otherwise, quite a superior race. They were described to me as a tall, stout, robust people, remarkable for their primitive simplicity of manners; distinguished for their hospitality, and kindness to strangers; and for cleanliness and neatness in their persons and houses. They possess superior information:
and are even looked up to by the rest of the Finns. They are also industrious; but their country, although perhaps one of the most romantic and beautiful in the world, is not productive : all the hopes of the husbandman being often cut off by one night's frost. They have managed to get bibles even to their remote regions; but they are few in number. As the people can generally read they seemed to require, in no ordinary degree, the attention of the Bible Society. It may be necessary here to mention, that at the request, and with the advice of the friends in Abo, I appropriated the money, granted by your Society to the Auxiliary Societies in Finland, to the procuring and keeping up a sufficient stock of Bibles in each of the government towns, from which all the parishes could be easily supplied. This you will observe, secures a constant supply of copies of the word of God for the future. Gratuitous distribution, expense of carriage, &c. must be defrayed out of their own subscriptions.— Their income in Kuopio has hitherto been small, and the little they have received has been used for necessary expenses. If any copies are to be given away gratis, they must receive assistance from abroad, and I promised to apply to you for a little assistance for nine of the poorest of their parishes, all situated in Karel; and which would require about 100 Bibles, and 500 Tes. taments, to relieve their most urgent wants. This will be only about 50l.; but this is only for the Kuopio government, and does not include that part of Karel over which Dean Slottman is placed, and which is equally destitute and poor, and deserving of attention.— If you would give about half of the sum mentioned above, for his district, including Kexholm, you would gladden the heart of many a pious, but poor christian, and cause many thanksgivings to ascend to the Father of mercies. Indeed I have promised to apply to you for assistance; and told them that you would not disappoint their expectations. I shall expect orders from you to send them the required op's by the time I reach Petersburgh. I hope that I need not mention, as an inducement to grant my request, what one of my friends mention
ed to induce me to take an interest in the situation of these good people; that one Sunday, at their Parish Church, he examined the scrips of all of them, and found only one which contained bread unmixed with bark. I have no room to tell you any thing about the beauties of this beautifully romantic country. The scenery is the finest perhaps in the world. What renders it so peculiarly delightful, is, the numerous lakes with which the country is covered; and the hundreds of beautiful islands with which they are studded. Here I am in one of the wildest parts of the country, but am happy to have found the divine volume in several places, and to find it used.
What discoveries will be made in this respect, on that day when all his elect shall be gathered together, and be caught up to meet the Lord in the air! Then those who have been instruments in putting the Scriptures into their hands, shall reap of the fruit of their labours, and shall rejoice together with those who have been saved by their means.
Domestic Missions.—In the nineteenth Report of the Hampshire Missionary Society, the Trustees state that they have ‘to notice labors of their missionaries in six of the United States; performed in Maine by the Rev. Messrs. Josiah Peet of Norridgewock, Fifield Holt of Bloomfield, Thomas Williams of Brewer, and Bancroft Fowler of Bangor; in Vermont by Rev. David H. Williston in the northern, and Rev. Philip Spaulding of Jamaica, in the southern part of the state ; in NewYork, by Rev. Messrs. Isaac Clinton of Lowville, Joel Wright of Leverett, Mass. and Samuel Parker of Danby, county of Tioga; by the Rev. Royal Phelps in Pennsylvania, south of lake Erie and near the line of Ohio; by the Rev. Messrs. Joseph M. Curtis and William Strong, in Ohio; and by Rev. Asa Brooks, in the county of Lewis, Virginia. “To encourage the settlement ofchristian ministers, which is an object with the
Trustees, engagements liave in several instances been entered into with them, with the consent of their people, that they should labour as missionaries ten weeks annually, for five years, in the employment of this Society. “The holy Bible and oir religious books and tracts continue to be distributed. Important aid is given to the establishment and conducting of Sabbath Schools, to the no little benefit of children and youth. Persons are found, and some who hopefully are pious, that do not possess a com}. copy of the inspired scriptures. A eeble old man, a missionary relates, who doubtless, has seen more than seventy years, and had no means of support but the labour of his hands, came to me, and with an air of meekness and humility requested the favour of a Bible, saying that in his old age he had been brought to an understanding of what the Bible teaches, but that he had not a whole copy of it. A Bible was given him, and after expressing his gratitude with much warmth of feeling, the aged man returned rejoicing, to his house. The receipts for the year ending Au
gust, 1820, amounted to $1590,59 Disbursement for the same time 1180,55 Cash in Treasury 410,04
Ministerial Fund.—In the First Society in Farmington, the sum of $10,000 has been raised by subscription, for a permanent fund. Of this sum, one man subscribed $2,500.
JMariner's Church.-In Charleston, S. C. a church is to be built for the exclusive use of seamen.
..Missionary Church.-In that part of Ohio, called the Western Reserve, measures are taking to fit out a mission to the Indians of the Pawnee nation, up the Missouri. “It is to consist of two ordained ministers of the gospel, physicians, schoolmasters, farmers, mechanics, together with a brewer and baker, and is, calculated to embrace about twenty families.
“The Missionary Church propose to fit out a part of its members in the earl opening of next spring. They thankfully receive, and faithfully appropriate any articles of clothing, cloth, yarn, books, medicine, implements of husbandry, or any thing which will tend to the promotion of the general object.
The Corresponding Secretary of this society, is the Rev. Joseph Badger.
.New England Tract Society—The following are the titles of tracts recently published by this society.
No. 108 True Prophecies, 12 pages; 109 The way to Happiness, 4 pages; 110 Af. fectionate Friend, 16 pages; 111 The two Lambs, 12 pages; 112 Peter and John Hav, 12 pages; 113 Green's Question and Counsel, 4 ; 114 Busy Bee, 8 pages; 115 o: #.o. ges; 116 The Sunday Scholar, 8 pages; 117 Important Questions, 12 pages; 118 Strayed Lamb, 4 pages; 119 Sunday School Remembrancer, 12 pages; 120 Heaven Lost, 16 pages; 121 On the Lord's Prayer, 8 pages; 122 The Assizes, 8 pages; 123 The way to Convert a Cottage to a Palace, 8 pages; 124 Sabbath Breaker, 4 pages; 125 Fatal effects of Ardent Spirits, by Dr Porter, 28 pages; 126 The eavenly Pilot; 127 Life of Emily Geddie, 128 The Church safe, 129 Poor Sarah, 130 The Two Apprentices.
Mission ARY Society or connecticut.
[We suspend the continuation of the Summary of Religious Intelligence, for the purpose of commencing the publication of the “Twenty-second Annual Narrative of Missions, performed under the direction of the Trustees of the Missionary society of Connecticut, principally in 1820,” which has just appeared, and which will be alike interesting to the inhabitants of this and the other states.]
From the Rev. Simeon Woodruff, who has a pastoral charge in Tallmadge, no communication has been received of a later date than July last. By his journal, it appears that he had spent nine weeks in the service of the Society, part of which was performed in Dec. preceding. He observes that several of the Missionaries had made arrangements to succed each other in regular tours of two weeks each; and that this arrangement was found converient to the Missionaries and agreeable to the people whom they visited. By this means their appointments could be more extensively known, and more generally attended by those who wish to enjoy the benefit of missionary labours.
The Rev. John Seward has a pastoral charge in Aurora. Between the 25th of October, 1819, and December 14th, 1820, he spent twenty one weeks in the service of the Society. Besides the ordinary labours of a Missionary, he attended the meeting of the Synod and of the Presbytery, the ordination of Mr. Sullivan, and the dedication of a house of worship in Hudson. He remarks that within the circle of his missionary labours the attention to religion has been greater this year than it has any year since 1812; and if he
include the county of Trumbull, as perhaps he ought, it has been greater and more extensive than in any year since the Connecticut Reserve was inhabited by civilized men. From the journal of the Rev. Caleb Pitkin, who is connected with the church and people in Charlestown, it appears that he has laboured for the Missionary Society twenty seven weeks. His first toureommenced the 3d of Dec. 1819. The same pleasant and encouraging appearances of a religious nature, mentioned by other Missionaries, were to some extent, witnessed by him. The monthly concerts for prayer, which he attended, were interesting and refreshing seasons. He found occasion to lament the lukewarmness and worldly mindedness of some who prosess to be the disciples of Christ. The Rev. William Hanford has a pastoral charge in Hudson. In the service of the Society, he laboured twenty one weeks. otwithstanding sewere bodily infirmities, he succeeded in fulfilling, with few exceptions, all his appointments. Generally speaking, the audienees to which he preached were attentive and solemn. Judging from appearances, he was led to conclude that religion, was, on the whole, in a prosperous state. , Still he could not suppress the fear that the hearts of many of his apparently serious auditors were yet fixed on the world. In Hudson he has had the happiness to see a new meeting-house erected and completed in a handsome style, and ornamented with a parish bell. And, what is still more remarkable, he had the pleasure to see the whole accomplished, even to the distribution of the seats, with the *is. harmony and good feeling. He solicits the prayers of God's people, that the Lord will pour out his Spirit, and cause the house thus happily consecrated to his service, o to be filled with his glory. No returns have been received from the Rev. Jonathan Lesslie, of a later date than August 22d, 1820. He had spent forty two weeks in the service of the Society, a portion of which was performed the preceding year. In one place, in the course of his mission, he met with a sect of religionists who deny the Divinity and Humanity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, among whom he was induced to discuss these prominent doctrines of the Christian Faith,
and he hoped with good effect. In the town of Westfield, where he spent a considerable portion of his time, there was an extensive and powerful work of divine grace. The house of worship was crowded with solemn and anxious worshippers. The people ap
eared to hear the word as for eternity.
he hopeful subjects of conversion were of every age, from twelve to sixty three. Their experience led them most cordially, to embrace the doctrines of grace. He attended a religous conference, or preached a lecture 33 evenings out of 85. That good work extended itself to other towns in the vicinity, and probably constitutes a part of that which has been noticed by other Missionaries.
In his last letter, he informs the Board that he had deemed it expedient to ". of the Presbytery a dismission from his pastoral charge in Harpersfield, which request was granted. To this course he was induced, by the increased pecuniary embarrassments which he suffered, in consequence of the severe illness of his wife, and by the hope, that a removal, to a more southern climate, may prove an essential benefit to his long afflicted, and, at present helpless companion.— It is not his intention immediately to leave the service of the Society; and, should providence permit, he may take a commission to labour in a more southern field.
In Burton is the pastoral charge of the Rev. Luther Humphrey. His jourmal specifies but thirteen weeks of missionary labor. During the past summer, he left his people, and the missionary field, to attend the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, at p. and to visit his friends in New-England. On this tour he solicited, with some success, donations for the Literary Institution, established at Burton. He obtained about four hundred dollars in books and other things. The great object of those who manage this Institution is, to aid the cause of missions. . A few young men are now in the Institution, who have their hearts fixed on the work of the Gospel ministry as their future employment. It is believed, that if that infant seminary could be furnished with sufficient funds, it would soon send forth streams which would make glad the city of our God
The journal of the Rev. Giles H. Cowles, who is stationed at Austinburgh, gives a detail of his labours for the society, twenty-six weeks during the year, commencing December 10th, 1819. He notices with much interest, the precious revivals, to which frequent allusion has already been made. He laboured, a part of his time, in the midst of those revivals; and was hopefully instrumental in comforting and encouraging the children of God, and in guiding awakened and convinced sinners to the Saviour of the world.— In his vicinity, a Missionary Society has been formed, of which he is appointed one of the directors. Under the patronage of this Society, a company is forming to constitute a Missionary Colony, and to go to a branch of the Osage Tribe of Indians. The Rev. Messrs. Badger and Lesslie are particularly engaged in carrying this |. olent project into operation.
The Rev. Alvan Coe, resides in Greenfield in the County of Huron. In that town no church, of any denomination, has yet been organized. Since Aug. 1, 1819, he has spent forty weeks in the service of the Society. The general state of religion around him is very low. A few individuals have hopefully been brought into the kingdom the year past. He is frequently receiving pressing invitations to preach, in those destitute regions. He has charge of a school composed of sixteen Indian youth.
[To be continued.]
DONATIONS TO RELIGIOUS AND CHARITABLE Institutions.
The Treasurer of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, acknowledges the receipt of $2339,83 from December 21, 1820, to January 20, 1821. Donations in articles of clothing, &c. for the Missions to the American Indians are also mentioned in the monthly statements of the Missionary Herald.
The Treasurer of the American Education Society acknowledges the receipt of $1483,11, in the months of December and January.
The Treasurer of the American Bible Society acknowledges the receipt of $1318,81 in the month of January. The issues from the depository in that month were ; bibles, 2382; testaments, 1618 : value $2332,89.