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a large company of pious seamen, from ships coasting and foreign.
After the Report was read, most of the above gentlemen addressed the meeting, as did also the Rev. Messrs. Edwards of Greenock, Cox of Hackney, Irons and Curwen of Hull, Parker of Bristol, M'All and Davis from Wales, A. Brown and Smith from Penzance. Lord Gambier expressed his high gratification in attending the meeting, and commenced the collecticn after it by presenting a check for ten guineas, which liberal example was immediately followed by B. Shaw, Esq. and others of the company. We have not room for the very interesting speeches delivered on the occasion, but the following anecdote related by Mr. Shaw, is too remarkable to be passed over :—
“Some time since, a lady, whose name has been respectfully announced since we met, and whose time has been much devoted to promote the objects of this institution, going on board a ship of war, was received by an officer on deck, not without respect, but accompanied with many of those expressions, which unfortunately are too frequent in the lips of sailors; the lady expressed her wish that while she was on board he would have the goodness to desist from language of that description ; he professed his readiness to oblige her, ind during the period of her being on board, not one oath escaped his lips. She pursued her course, distributing to the sailors her tracts and Bibles, and above all her admonitions; on her return she was accompanied by the same officer, and took an opportunity of thanking him for his kindness in attending to her request; he expressed his readiness to oblige her on any occasion, and said there was nothing she asked him to do that he would not do. “Then (said she) I'll thank you to read this book,' giving him a bible. (Applause.) He felt ...' if you please, taken in,) but considered that as |. had given his promise, he was bound to fulfil it. The lady afterwards visiting a distant part of the country, went to the church, heard the sermon, and was returning, when the clergyman, running after her, said, “if I mistake not I am addressing such a lady ?" mentioning her name.)– ‘That is my name, (said she,) but I have no recollection of you.' . ‘No, madam, (said he,) does not your ladyship recollect visiting such a ship, and giving an officer a bible * * Yes, (said she,) I do."— “Then, madam, I am the person, and the good effects of it are what you have seen this morning.'
REVIVAL or rare Ligion.
Qur distant readers will be gratified to
learn that a powerful work of divine grace is now prevailing in the central parts of this State, and is rapidly extending in all directions. It commenced about the middle of the last summer, in this city, where it still centinues with unabated force, and has since passed into congregations in Woodbridge, Derby, North-Milford, Milford, Stratford, North-Haven, Branford, North-Branford, Meriden, Guilford, East Guilford, part of Saybrook, North Killingworth, the city of Hartford, East Hartford, Windsor, West Hartford, Wethersfield, Newington, part of Berlin, Farmington, Bristol, Plymouth, Warren, New Preston, Goshen, New-Milford, South Britain, and we believe in a number of other places, which we are not able to specify. From present indications it would seem that this is but the commencement of a more extensive revival of religion, than any which has been experienced in the most favoured period of the Church in this State. In some of the large towns, hundreds have been under conviction of sin at the same time; in others of a smaller size, scarcely a family is left without some one who is rejoicing in hope, or pierced with a sense of sin ; schools have in some instances been most powerfully impressed, even where the instructors were not pious; the pursuit of worldly business has in some places been partially suspended, by the anxiety to secure interests of higher moment; and we believe in no place where the work of grace exists, has it yet begun to decline, while we almost daily
"hear of its commencement in different parts of the State.
ld on Ations To rei, i Gious A N d CHA RiTABLE Institutions.
The Treasurer of the American Bible Society acknowledges the receipt of $1500 73 in the month of February. The issues from the Depository during the same month were ; Bibles, 1800; Testaments 1081 : Value $1931 37.
The Treasurer of the American Education Socity, acknowledges the receipt of $332 85 in the month of February.
The Treasurer of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, acknowledges the receipt of $2,914 82 from Jan. 21st to Feb. 20, besides articles of clothing &c.
The Rev. Mr. Ward, has collected $9,500 in the United States, for the support of the Missionary College at Serampose.
(9rtinationg amb ongtaliations.
Feb. 20th.—The Rev. CALvix Hitchcock, was ordained pastor of the First Congregational Church and Society in Randolph, Mass.-Sermon by the Rev. Mr. Fay of Charlestown, Mass.
Feb. 28th.-The Rev. John BoARDMAN, was ordained pastor of the Congregational Church and Society in West Boylston, Mass.-Sermon by the Rev. Mr. Braman, of Rowley, Mass.
March 4th.-At an ordination held in St. Michael's Church, Bristol, R. I. the Rev. STEPHEN H Ty Ng of Boston, and the Rev. SILA's BLAisdell,
of New-Hampshire, were admitted by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Griswold, to the Holy Order of Deacons.—Sermon by the #. Dr. Jarvis, of Boston.
March 7th.--The Rev. Elij Ah DEMond, was ordained pastor of a church in West Newbury, Mass.-Sermon by the Rev. Mr. Fay, of Charlestown, Mass.
March 14th.--The Rev. EBENEzert BURGEss, was ordained pastor of the First Church in Dedham, Mass.-Sermon by the Rev. Dr. Spring, of NewYork.
abictu of public Affairs.
UNITED STATES. Congress adjourned on the 4th inst. The admission of the Territory of Missouri into the Union, was the most important question, and comparatively the only one, which at any time engaged the attention of the National Legislature. After many laborious exertions, and numerous propositions had been made in both Houses, for the purpose of bringing the question to a final issue, the object was ultimately accomplished by means of a joint Committee, who reported the following Resolution on the 26th of February, only six days before the close of the session. Resolved, &c. That Missouri shall be admitted into this Union on an equal footing with the original states in all respects whatever, upon the fundamental condition, that the fourth clause of the twenty-sixth section of the third article of the constitution submitted on the part of Congress shall never be construed to authorize the passage of any law, and that no law shall be passed in conformity thereto, by which any citizen of either of the states in this union, shall be excluded from the enjoyment of any of the privileges and immunities to which such citizen is entitled under the constitution of the United States: Provided, That the legislature of the said state, by a solemn public act, shall declare the assent of the said state to the said fundamental
condition, and shall transmit to the President of the United States on or before the fourth Monday in November next, an authentic copy of the said act ; upon the receipt whereof the President by proclamation shall announce the fact ; whereupon, and without any further proceeding on the part of Congress the admission of said state into this Union shall be considered as complete. The above Resolution passed the House of Representatives 87 to 81 ; was concurred in by the Senate with out debate, and subsequently received the signature of the President.
On the 6th instant, James Monroe, was re-inducted into the office of Presidency of the United States. His inaugural speech, which was delivered on taking the oath to support the Constitution, contains a review of our national policy and success for four years past, and indicates the course to be pursued in future. In view of our foreign relations he makes the following remarks.
Europe is again unsettled, and the prospects of war increasing. Should the flame light up, in any quarter, how far it may extend it is impossible to foresee. It is our peculiar felicity to be altogether unconnected with the causes which produce this menacing aspect elsewhere. With every power we are in perfect amity, and it is our interest to remain so, if it be practicable on just conditions. I see no reasonable cause to apprehend variance with any power unless it proceed from a violation of our maritime rights. In these contests, should they occur, and to whatever extent they may be carried, we shall be neutral; but as a neutral power, we have rights which it is our duty to maintain. For light injuries it will be incumbent on us to seek redress in a spirit of amity, in full confidence that injuring none, none would knowingly injure us. For more imminent dangers we should be prepared, and it should always be recollected that such preparation, adapted to the circumstances, and sanctioned by the judgment and wishes of our constituents, cannot fail to have a good effect, in averting dangers of every kind. We should recollect, also, that the season of peace is best adapted to these preparations.
By late arrivals at New-York and Boston, London papers have been received to the 10th and Liverpool to the 13th of February.
Parliament agreeably to adjournment convened on the 23d of January. His Majesty George IV. opened the session by a short speech in which he expresses himself much gratified with the improvements which have been made in the financial concerns of the nation, and in the commerce and manufactures of the country. Relative to the Queen, His Majesty said that the provision fixed by Parliament in 1814 having expired with the death of the late king, he had desired his ministers to lay the matter before the House of Commons that they might take such measures upon that subject as they should think proper.
His Majesty said nothing in his speech decisive of the course intended to be pursued by the British government towards the Congress of Sovereigns at Laybach; his intentions however are explicitly stated in a Circular Despatch to his majesty's ministers at Foreign Courts, laid before the House of Lords, in pursuance of an address to his Majesty Feb. 1821. The circular states, that the King has felt himself obliged to decline becoming a party to the measures in question. After explaining the views of the British government, in regard to obligations im
posed by existing treaties, and disapproving of the “mode and circumstances” under which the revolution of Naples had been effected, the Despatch further states, that “it should be clearly understood, that no government can be more prepared than the British government is to uphold the right of any state or states to interfere where their own immediate security or essential interests are seriously endangered by the internal transactions of another State. But as they regard the assumption of such right as only to be justified by the strongest necessity, and to be limited and regulated thereby, they cannot admit that this right can receive a general and indiscriminate application to all revolutionary movements, without reference to their immediate bearing upon some particular State or States, or be made prospectively the basis of an alliance. They regard its exercise as an exception to general principles, of the greatest value and importance, and as one that only properly grows out of the circumstances of the special case, but they at the same time consider, that exceptions of this description never can, without the utmost danger, be so far reduced to rule, as to be incorporated into the ordinary diplomacy of States, or into the institutes of the law of nations.”
The QUEEN.—The House of Commons have passed a Resolution that his Majesty be enabled to grant the Queen £50,000 per annum. Her Majesty on hearing that such a proposition had been made in the House, sent in a message previous to the passage of the Resolution, that she would accept of no grant on any condition which should not include a restoration of her name to the Liturgy.
Sir Archibald Hamilton moved in the House, “That the order in Council passed the 12th of February under which the name of her Majesty Caroline, Queen Consort of these realms, was erased from the Liturgy, appears to have been ill advised and inexpedient.”
After an interesting debate, the motion was lost by a majority of 101– 810 voting for and 209 against it.
SUMM Ary. Jan. 27th, an attempt was made upon
the life of the King and royal family of
France, by the explosion of a barrel of gunpowder, containing about six pounds, and placed on the staircase in the interior of the Chateau des Thuilleries, which leads to the apartment of Madame and his Majesty. Fortunately no injury was sustained by any person from the explosion. On the night of the same day, a petard was exploded near the carriage of the Duke d'Angouleme, in which he was returning from Compeigne. Since these attempts, petards have exploded in several parts of the city of Paris, without effect. Several arrests had been made, but the authors of these daring attempts had not been discovered. Suspicions had rested against a person named Neveu, which led to his arrest, but at the moment he entered the of. fice of the Commissary, he took a razor, which he had concealed in his clothes, and cut his throat in such a manner as to cause his immediate death.
Among the gentlemen of distinction who attended the King's levee held on the 26th January, we observe the name of Mr. Rush, the American Minister.
Admiral Sir George Campbell, commander in chief on the Portsmouth station, has committed suicide, in a fit of insanity, by shooting himself with a pistol.
Sir William Scott, who has for some time been seriously indisposed, is announced by the London papers, to have so far recovered as to be out of danger.
The Caxton Printing Office, at Copperas Hill, Liverpool, the most extensive periodical publication warehouse in the United Kingdom, has been completely destroyed by fire, with all its contents. The stock, types, presses, and premises, were insured for 36,000 pounds sterling.
Preparations have been made at the Mint in London, for coining 10,000,000 guineas within the year 1821. By the time the process is in complete operation, the * will amount to 200,000 per week. . . . .
The University of Edinburgh now reckons not less than 2000 students, a greater number, it is believed, than any university in Europe could ever boast of
. The preparations for the coronation feat in Westminster Hall, are going forward, and rumour fixes the month of May for this splendid spectacle.
The celebrated pedestrian, Lieut. owen, who undertook to walk 50 miles a day, in the vicinity of London, in 12 hours each
day, for 12 days in succession, had on the sixth day completed 300 miles. Betting was 3 to 1 against the accomplishment of the performance.
All the Italian witnesses have been removed off from Cotton Gardens, and the place is now restored to its former state.
In Saxony, which prides herself on being the cradle of the Protestant religion, the Catholic clergy, it appears, prohibit intermarriages with Protestants, unless the parties engage to educate their children in the Catholic religion; and the priests have even gone the length of declaring marriages celebrated by the Protestant clergy null and void, and the parties guilty of the sin of adultery. The university of Leipsic has taken the alarm at this illegal interserence of the Catholic clergy, and resolved to bring the subject under the cognizance of the diet
The Sierra Leone Gazette, of Nov. 18, says—“Recent letters from the Gambia, contain the disagreeable intelligence of some sanguinary successes obtained over the French on the upper Senegal. It is no small aggravation of the misfortune that it involved the loss of a French vessel, carrying supplies to the amount of 3000 pounds sterling, to the British expedition to the interior of Africa, under Major Grey, now at Galam, where these supplies were awaited as a fresh outfit.”
An article from Constantinople, says— “The Sultan seems to have enough upon his hands every where. The Montenegrins have declared war, and he has been compelled to despatch seven detachments of artillery against them. His highness has received a present of 150 heads, carefully packed up, from one of his generals. He rewarded the bearers most liberally.”
JNaples.—By the most recent accounts from Naples, it appears that every exertion is making for a vigorous defence against the troops of the allies. Reports already state that the Congress at Laybach had submitted the outlines of a Constitution of government to the Parliament of Naples, and that the Austrian army had taken up their march to enforce its acceptance.— No doubt seems to remain that the allies are determined to resist all further revolutions, if not to restore the ancient order of things, where they have already happened.
The Duc de Gallo, despatched by the Neapolitan Parliament to †: King at Laybach, received at Udline a prohibition to enter the Austrian dominions.
Answers to Correspondents necessarily deferred.
For the Christian Spectator. Remarks on the criticism of the Bible.
In the writings of some theologians, we not unfrequently find remarks on what is called the criticism of the Bible, which indicate opinions of its nature, and appprehensions of its consequences, which can hardly be reconciled with any just and rational views of the subject. Criticism is sometimes represented by the writers referred to, as a portion of sacred literature of comparatively little importance, and with which, as an obvious consequence, we need have little concern; as made up chiefly of the speculations and conjectures of ingenious men, who have studied the language of the sacred writings to the almost entire neglect of their practical use; and as opening a wide field for the vagaries of rash and adventurous minds, whose course thus begun, almost necessarily terminates in partial or entire unbelief. These writers, however, at times, seem not wholly insensible to the value of critical learning. In cases of difficulty they will themselves resort to it for assistance. Still, when most favourably disposed, they seem to approach it with dread, and to look upon a critical apparatus as a collection of edged tools, which they, indeed, in cases of extremity, may venture to use, but which, by all means, are to be kept out of hands less skilful and less eautious than their own. It is especially urged, that the criticism of the bible, is, in its nature, different from that of the other writings of antiquity; and that to come to the examination of the books of
Vol. 3.-No. IV. 22
the old and new testaments, with the same critical rules as to the writings of Homer and Demosthenes, of Wirgil and Cicero, is to confound things essentially distinct, and to mistake what is sacred for what is profane. That this representation is correct might be shewn, if necessary, by mumerous quotations from popular theological writings. That it is not wholly without foundation, may be seen by reference to a production in the Christian Spectator, so late as the number for February last. In that number, the reviewer of the inaugural discourse of Prof. Norton, after stating, that to the illustration of the more difficult portions of scripture, “the adepts in philology and the languages will be called;”.and that “their services in the departments in which they labor, need not be underrated;” and, indeed, that he would concede to them all “deserved honour;” goes on to say;-“that so far as the sacred volume is concerned, not a little dangerattends the pursuit ofthese philological niceties. We are not permitted to approach that book with our critical analysis, just as the anatomist approaches the subjects of his intended operations, to disjoint and dissect them as he pleases. The divine character of the work must, from its nature, impose a restraint on the feelings of men; and it certainly ought to repress the presumption, that would treat it, as though it were merely a human production.” And again; “peculiar grace is necessary for persons who carry these philological researches to the greatest extent, that they may not, as with many has been