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are supplied with stated preaching, besides numerous settlements, where preaching is greatly needed. In Illinois, there are four churches, two of them only supplied regularly with preaching, and wide fields for missionary operations besides. At a meeting of the Presbytery of Missouri, March 29th, one inquiry on the docket was, “How shall destitute churches be supplied ?" a question which we were unable to answer, except by referring it to the “Lord of the harvest.” “In short, I have come to a region, where missionary labours are greatly needed, and by many greatly desired; 0 that I could say too, greatly successful; but alas! my dear sir, let us weep the rest—rather, let us look to Him who gives the increase, and without whose special blessing and influence apostles would have laboured in vann. “Some things, however, are encouraging. Though the churches are small, they are generally increasing by accessions from other parts of our church, and the addition of some on profession. They are disposed, according to their ability, to encourage preaching. People attend in considerable numbers, and especially on the Sabbath, and hear with a respectful and apparently solemn attention. Four churches have been organized this spring, and one more will probably be organized soon. At the establishment of churches at FrankIin and Chariton, about 200 miles up the Missouri, I was present. These were gathered by Mr. Francis McFarland, a Missionary of the General Assembly, who has been preaching in those places the winter past. As he had not received ordination, I attended at his request, and officiated in constituting the churches and administering the sacrament of the Lord's Supper. The novelty of the occasion attracted a large number of people, who appeared particularly attentive. The church in Chariton, consists of but nine members, the one in Franklin, of twenty-three. Ma they be as “a little leaven, which j. leaven the whole lump.” “In March, I was providentially present, and assisted on a sacramental occa

sion at Shoal Creek, Illinois.” (Shoal Creek is about fifty miles east of St. Louis, in the State of Illinois) The church there is larger than any other in these two states, consisting of about seventy members. The meeting was in the open air, the sky . . and the tall trees waving their branches over our heads. To see three hundred people or more, eagerly listening to divine truth, and some of them with deep impressions under it, and to see ninety taking their seats at the table of the Lord, affectionately commemorating his death, and proclaiming themselves his followers; and this in a place, where three years before there was no church, and five years ago no inhabitants, I need not say was deeply interesting to my feelings.”

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The Treasurer of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, acknowledges the receipt of $6,517, 90 from May 18 to June 17; besides various articles for different missionary establishments. The Treasurer of the American Education Society acknowledges the receipt of $1279, 21 in the month of June. The Treasurer of the American Bible Society acknowledges the receipt of $1852, 19 in the month of June. Issues from the Depository during the same period, were, Bibles 1115; Testaments, 1229; Mohawk Gospels, 25– Total, 2369. The sum of $2000 has been sent to the Massachusetts Evangelical Missiouary Society, through the hands of the Rev. Dr. Channing of Boston.

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19iem of public Affairg.

United states.

The Port of St. Augustine, in the Floridas, was surrendered to the Government of the U. S. on the 10th iustant. Of this newly acquired territory, General Jackson is Governor. It is supposed that the acquisition of the Floridas will be attended with many benefits: that smuggling, whether of goods or of slaves, will cease, and that our citizens will have less to fear from the aborigines in that quarter. The present and future inhabitants of the Floridas, will, by their union with this country, more readily participate in the exertions, as well as the benefits, of benevolent institutions. The peaceful acquisition of that country is one of the many blessings vouchsafed to our nation. By this acquisition of territory, we are reminded of some beautiful lines by one of the first of our own poets. Speaking of our country he describes her as one Whose youthful sinews show like Rome's; whose head Tempestuous rears the ice-encrusted cap Sparkling with Polar splendors, while her skirts Catch perfumes from the isles; whose trident, yet, Must awe in either ocean; whose strong hand , Freedom's immortal banner grasps, and waves Its spangled glories o'er the envying world.

Turkey.

The inhabitants of this empire are enduring all the evils of civil war. A spirit of revenge for the injuries of many centuries, excites the Greeks to great exertions, while the Turks are indignant at beholding the insurrections of those whom they have been accustomed to consider as slaves. Religious opinions distinguish the combatants. The accounts from Constantinople,and from other parts of the empire, are in a measure confused, and in some instances contradictory. The two following paragraphs contain the most important part of that intelligence which is believed to be correct.

“Letters from Constantinople of the 13th of May, state that “the Grand Seignior exasperated by news from the Morea and the Archipelago, had ordered that all the christian churches in the

capital should be destroyed. This or. der had been immediately obeyed, with an excessive barbarity. Sixteen churches had been razed from their foundations. To a representation from the Russian Ambassador, that this violence would offend all christendom the Ottoman government replied merely, that ‘the Sultan was master there, and the grievance had been dictated by reasons of state.' Intelligence had just before arrived that the Hydriots had captured 40 vessels from Egypt laden with corn. “Adrianople witnessed another dreadful crime on the 9th May. An ex-Patriarch of Constantinople, three Greek Bishops, and 40 other persons of that nation, had been publicly murdered. The Jews denounce the Greeks to the Turks. Several Greeks who had endeavoured to purchase the silence of the Jews, found themselves miserably deceived by those wretches.

The following is the latest intelli. gence, and is of very considerable importance.

London, June 18.—Intelligence of a very important nature has, we understand, been received at the hotel of the Russian embassy. The Emperors of Russia and Austria, indignant at the outrages which have been perpetrated at Constantinople, in the ignominious death of the Greek Patriarch and other heads of that church, together with the cruelties committed against the unfortunate and unresisting Greeks, have, it is said, determined to insist upon such reparation from the Turkish government as the case will admit, and on some assurance or pledge, as regards the future, that similar excesses shall not be repeated. From the quarter in which this statement is circulated, we find no cause to doubt its authority, and feel, therefore, peculiar pleasure in the communication of a piece of intelligence of so much interest to the Christian, and, indeed, to the whole of the civilized world. But though the main fact appears worthy of credit, that Russia and Austria will exact retribution from the Porte, we have been able to collect nothing beyond mere rumour of what is to be their mode of proceeding, or the species of security they are likely to require. It has been said that Russia will demand to become the protector of the other Greek provinces, as she is already of Wallachia and Moldavia. We hear also, that an immediate cessation of hostilities between the Greeks and Turks is to be required, and a compact formed between them, which while it shall secure the allegiance of the former, shall protect them against outrage and massacre. Another opinion is, that the cession of Wallachia and Moldavia, will be insisted on either to Russia or Austria, or to those powers in conjunction, in order to afford an asylum to those Greeks who decline to live any longer under the Turkish laws. At all events, it is believed that the Divan must listen to whatever terms may be proposed. Russia has an army of 100,000 men on the frontiers of Turkey, which would be powerfully reinforced by the Austrians; and, weakened as she is by the efforts to suppress the Greek insurrection, has no alternative but submission, or a foreign invasion, to which there would exist no chance of resistance. Should this momentous contest actually take place, the eyes of all Europe will be anxiously fixed on the result.

The Greek Prince Ypsilanti was experiencing much inconvenience from the rigid execution of the Edict of the Emperor Alexander prohibiting all supplies of men or munitions from passing the frontiers.-He had refused to obey the orders of the Emperor to return to Russia ; and neither himself nor his followers, appeared to be disheartened. His army had repeated the oath, to “Die rather than desert their cause.”

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ine affection which existed among them. Though highly intelligent and enterprising they appeared to be clothed with humility, and to breathe the spirit of love and good will towards all men. We have been aprized of the eventful day in which we ive, and have frequently heard of mis

sionary exertions, but never before witnessed such a pleasing sight. Judging from our short acquaintance we do not hesitate to say, that this family are admirably calculated to carry the arts of husbandry, civilization, and the gospel, to the Indians of our forest ; and by the blessings of Divine Providence we believe that the time is not far distant when the wilderness shall bud and blossom as the rose.

When they left us they were accompanied by a respectable number of our citizens to the bank of the Missouri. Their two boats lay side by side, and the interesting little family assembled upon the t of them, at which time our minister, addressed the throne of grace—then the Rev. Mr. Dodge, the superintendent, returned thanks for the kind attention and liberality which they had received from the people here. They then took their affectionate leave of us, by singing a sweet and animating farewell anthem, which drew tears from almost every eye upon the shore.

They received from the people in St Charles in money and other necessary articles, the amount of one hundred dollars.

May their success be commensurate with their self-denial and benevolence— and may they not only be the instruments of changing savage barbarity and ignorance into that friendship and intelligence which is the result of civilization, and the happy influence of gospel principles, but abundantly rejoice the heart of every christian, patriot, and friend of bumanity.

Napoleon Bonaparte is dangerously if with a dropsy.

Madrid May 21–A camp of 12,000 men is about to be formed in the vicinity of this capital, under the orders of Genersl Morillo. Orders have been issued, that all persons must quit Madrid, who have no particular business to justify their stay. A royalist constitutional opposition begins to shew itself in the Cortes; we hope good results from it.

General Farquhar has concluded a treaty with the King of Madagascar, by which persons in that island trading in slaves are to lose their heads.

The Discovery ships sailed from the Orkneys on the 30th of May, where they had been detained several days.

Answers to Correspondents necessarily deferred

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For the Christian Spectator.

The grounds of Modern Catholicism examined.

(Concluded from page 342.)

6. Another ground on which the fabrick of modern Catholicism has been attempted to be reared, is that the doctrines which constitute theoubjects of difference are mysterious, and above our comprehension. Our first remark on this point is that we have no right, after having once admitted the claims of the Bible to be a divine revelation, to make the doctrines of the Bible stand trial at the bar of human reason. If we have made up our minds that we have a book in which God speaks, our only duty is to ascertain what he hath spoken, and to receive it with the simplicity of a little child. If we undertake to sit in judgment upon the doctrines, after we have ascertained them, we are chargeable with the impiety of arraigning infinite wisdom. Let the truths of the Bible then be as much above our comprehension as they may, so long as we admit the Bible to be the word of God, this furnishes no apology for unbelief. When it is said that certain doctrines of scripture are mysterious, it must be meant either that what we are required to believe is itself above our comprehension or not accompanied by sufficient evidence, or else that these doctrines are incomprehensible in some of their connections. If the former be intended, viz. that our reason is taxed for its assent to certain doctrines for

Vol. 3.-No. VIII. 50

which there is no sufficient evidence, we answer that the objection rests on an assumed fact, of which we do not acknowledge the existence. Take for instance the doctrine of the two natures in Christ: all that we are required to believe concerning this, is the simple fact, and the evidence upon which our faith is required is complete—viz. the authority of God. If we were required to believe in what manner the union between Divinity and humanity exists, or to explain any other of the phenomena with which it is connected, until God should give us a new revelation, we might justly complain of being unreasonably taxed. The same may be said concerning the doctrine of the Resurrection. All that I am required to believe on this subject is the fact, and as many of the attending circumstances as are revealed in scripture. So far there is no mystery, because God has been pleased to make a revelation. But if I am required to answer all the questions which philosophy has raised upon this subject, and to solve the great problem concerning personal identity, with only the revelation which God has already given in my hands, I should to be sure, feel myself condemned to a hopeless task. I should have reason to complain of the disproportion between the demands which were made of me, and the talents with which I was entrusted. In this view of mysteries then, and it is the one against which the common objections are directed, it appears that the gospel demands our assent to nothing that is unreasonable. The mysteries which we are required to believe are revealed mysteries; and the evidence on which we are to receive them, is as sure as the veracity of God. If any object to the mysteries of the Bible, because they cannot comprehend them in all their connections, we answer that this very fact taken in connection with the analogy of providence surnishes a presumptive argument in favour of their reality. The fact that your nature is complex, and that there is in it a three-fold union of body, soul and spirit, is perfectly intelligible: it is within the sphere of your own consciousness. But at the very next step, when you come to inquire concerning the nature of this union, or the manner in which body and spirit operate upon each other, you are met by a mystery which defies your comprehension as really as the Trinity itself. That my mind is active at this moment, and that I am moving my pen from one side of my paper to the other, I am certain. But when I come to analyze the process by which my mind connects and arranges its thoughts, or to inquire what is the nature of that power by which I guide my pen, l have no means of arriving at any satisfactory conclusion. The same is true of all the works of nature by which we are surrounded. The same principle therefore which would lead me to abandon the mysteries of Revelation, must excite my incredulity with respect to all the objects of sense, and conduct me at last into all the horrors of universal.scepUICJSin. If the preceding remarks are just, the objections which are usually made to the mysteries of revelation fall to the ground, and with them the argument for universal catholicism which we have now examined. 7. It is urged in favour of this universally catholic spirit, that it is essential to preserve the church from division and discord. If there is any thing which we sacredly value, and which we wish with all our hearts to promote, it is the peace and unity of

the church. We are not insensible of the mischiefs of an exclusive and intolerant spirit, which has so frequently prevailed, and we again repeat that we have no charges to bring against that Catholicism which opens its arms to those who acknowledge the great doctrines of the gospel, however diverse their opinions may be from our own on subjects of minor importance. But we are willing to acknowledge that this is the extreme limit of our liberality. Rather than receive a man into the arms of our fellow. ship who denies doctrines which we believe lie at the foundation of the sinner's hope, we will consent to put ourselves in the attitude of contending earnestly for the faith. Rather than stand convicted of the impiety of haptizing with the sacred name of christianity a system of error with which christianity can have no communion, we are willing to stand forth in the foremost ranks of religious controversy. That peace is bought at a dearer price than the church can afford to pay, which comes at the expense of admitting within its hallowed embrace, men who are aiming a dagger at its vitals. For ourselves, we have no wish to see the day when religious controversy shall be excluded from the church, at such an amazing sacrifice as this; and we would here suggest to those who are pleading so mansully for universal charity at the present day, whether there may not be danger that they will find at last, that this same charity had in it the elements of enmity to Christ. Far be it from us to indulge in improper severity ; but we cannot withhold the remark, that much of this catholicism on which we are remarking, looks like a disposition to be compliant and courteous toward the enemies of the gospel, but criminally indifferent to the honour of Christ. Neither the cause, nor the glory of our Master is advanced, by complimenting with his name those who deny the doctrines of his religion. We repeat it, we love to

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