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Economo, the Bishop's procurator, and a principal man among the Greeks in this town. This morning we sent the letter, and he immediately called on us. We then conversed some time respecting the town. He says the Turks have destroyed all remnants of the ancient church ; and even the place where it stood is now unknown. At present, there are in the town 1,000 houses for which taxes are paid to the government, besides 2 or 300 small huts. There are about 350 Greek houses, and 25 or 30 belonging to Armenians. The others are all Turkish. There are nine mosques, one Greek, and one Armenian church ; four or five Greek priests, and one Armenian. The Greeks know something of the Romaic, and the Armenians of the Armenian language; but the common language of all classes is Turkish. The Greeks write it in Greek letters ; the Armenians in Armenian letters. A young Armenian, who is learning to rend it with the Turkish letters, called on us, and read a little in a Turkish Testament, the translation of De Sacy, and we gave him one of them. Showed our Romaic Testaments to Economo. He says they have the one, which Mr. Lindsay gave them five years ago, and are much pleased with it. He then went with us to visit the schools. The first is taught by a priest, and consists of 50 scholars.-The second is taught by a layman, and consists of 20. Supplied them with tracts. Copied a long Greek inscription on a stone erected by Fabius Zosimus, at the tomb of his wife. When we returned to our room, a lad came to us for tracts. He and five or six other boys are taught by a priest, and do not attend the public schools. Af. ter hearing him read a little, and asking him a number of questions, we gave him tracts for himself and his companions. A man, who has a school of six children, saw one of the tracts which we had given away, and sent to us for some. We visited his school and supplied his pupils. Gave a Testament to the priests. Thyatira is situated near a small river, a branch of the Caicus, in the centre of an extensive plain. At the distance of 3 or 4 miles it is almost comH.". surrounded by mountains.— he houses are low, many of them mud or earth. Excepting the Moslem's palace, there is scarcely a decent
house in the place. The streets are narrow and dirty, and every thing indicates poverty and degradation. There has been some doubt whether Akhisar is really the ancient Thyatira. There is a town called Tyra, or Thyra, between Ephesus and Laodicea, which some have supposed to be Thyatira. But we have with us the Rev. Mr. Lindsay's letter, in which he gives an account of his visit to the seten churches. , Ak-hisar is the place which he called Thyatira, without even suggesting any doubt about it. When we inquired in Smyrna for a letter of introduction to Thyatira, they gave us one to this place. The Bishop, priest and professors, at Haivali, and the priests in Pergamos, and in this town. have all spoken of Ak-hisar and Thyatira, as being the same. In the inscription, which we copied, the place is called Thyatira. St. John addressed the seven churches in the order in
At 7 we set out for Sardis. Passed in sight of 3 or 4 small villages, and at half after eleven stopped to dine at a village called Marinora. It has four mosques and one Greek church with two priests. The whole number of houses is said to be 4 or 500, of which 50 are Greek. Gave some tracts to one of the priests and to several others. At 1 we resumed our journey. At 2 came in sight of a lane, and made a bend around the west side of it. At 4 we ascended a hill, and saw before us an extensive plain, through which the Hermus runs, and beyond it mount Tunolus extending to the east and west as far as the eye could reach. At the foot of this mountain stood Sardis, the great capital of the Lydian kings, and the city of the far famed Croesus.— We crossed the plain obliquely bearing to the east and reached Sardis, now called Sart, at half past six, in 10 hours travel from Thyatira; course a little east of south.
Found difficulty in procuring a lodging; at length put up in a hut occupied by a Turk. It was about 10 feet
square, the walls of earth, the roof of bushes and poles covered with soil and grass growing on it. There was neither chair, table, bed nor floor in the habitation. The Turk seemed to live principally by his pipe and his coffee.
.1 Sabbath in Sardis.
Lord's Day, Nov. 12. After our morning devotions, we took some tracts and a Testament and went to a mill near us, where 3 or 4 Greeks live. Found one of them grinding grain.— Another soon came in. Both were able to read. We read to them the address to the church in Sardis, and then the account of the day of Judgment, Mat. xxv. Conversed with them about what we read, and then spoke of the Lord's day, and endeavoured to explain its design, and gave them some tracts. We had our usual forenoon service in the upper part of the mill; and could not refrain from weeping, while we sung the 74th Psalm, and prayed among the ruins of Sardis. Here were once a few names, which had not defiled their garments; and they are now walking with their Redeemer in white. But, alas ! the church as a body had only a name to live, while they were in reality dead; and they did not hear the voice of merciful admonition, and did not strengthen the things which were ready to die. Wherefore the candlestick has been removed out of its place. In the afternoon we walked out and enjoyed a season of social worship in the field. This has been a solemn, and we trust a profitable Sabbath to us. Our own situation, and the scenery around us, have conspired to give a pensive, melancholy turn to our thoughts. Our eye has affected our hearts, while we saw around us the ruins of this once splendid city, with nothing now to be seen, but a § mud huts, inhabited by ignorant, stupid, filthy, Turks; and the only men, who bear the christian name, at work all day in their mill. Every thing seems, as if God had cursed the place, and left it to the dominion of Satan.
Brother Parsons is unwell. If one of us should be attacked in this place with a lingering and dangerous disease, it would be only such a trial as we of. ten thought of, and mentioned when anticipating the mission. Yet such a trial would put our faith and our sub
mission to a severe test. The Providence and grace of God alone can give us comfort and support.
Ruins of the Place.
..Monday, 13. Went out to view more particularly the ruins of the place.— Saw the decayed walls of two churches, and of the market, and the ruins of an ancient palace. Two marble columns are standing, about 80 feet high, and 6 in diameter, of the Ionic order. The fragments of similar pillars lay scattered on the ground. Chandler, who was here about sixty years ago, says five pillars were then standing. All our guide could tell of the place was, that it was the palace of the king's daughter. Ascended a high hill to see the ruins of the old castle. Some of the remaining walls are very strong. Copied two inscriptions.
There is now in Sardis no christian family. There are three grist mills here, in which 9 or 10 Greek men and boys are employed. To one of these we gave a Testament, charging him to read it constantly, and remember that it is the word of God, and the guide to heaven. He bowed, thanked us for
the gift, and said, “I will read it often.”
Journey to Philadelphia.
In the afternoon took leave of Sart, and went across the plain to see the tumuli or barrows on the opposite hill. In half an hour we crossed the Hermus, and in an hour more reached one of the largest barrows. It is made of earth, in the form of a semiglobe, and as nearly as we could measure it with our steps, 200 rods in circumference. From the summit of this, 40 or 50 others were in sight; most of them much smaller. Strabo says, the largest of these was built in honour of Halyattis, the father of Croesus, and was 6 stadia, i. e. three quarters of a mile, in circumference.
From these tumuli we went to Tarkeny, a village one hour east of Sart on the way to Philadelphia. Arrived in the evening, and put up with a Greek priest. There are about 50 Greeks in the village and its vicinity. They have a church which was built 10 years ago. In the evening, 6 or 7 men came in, and we read to them the three first chapters of Revelations. Sometimes they seemed pleased, and at other
times surprised. It all seemed new to them. The priest had never seen a Romaic Testament before. There is no school in his parish, and he says very few of his people can read. uesday, 14. Gave Germanicus, the riest, a Testament, and some tracts }. his flock and for another priest in the neighbourhood. At half past seven set out for Philadelphia. Our road lay along the south side of the plain. On the north side were several villages. In 4 hours, we came to a Greek shop, where we took some refreshment, and gave tracts to two or three men.
= sum Marty.
The missionary establishment, among the Cherokees of the Arkansaw, has been named Dwight, “in memory of the late President Dwight, a distinguished and highly revered member of the Board.”
JMethodists.-The session of the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, held at Paris, Oneida county, N. Y. adjourned last week, after a session of 8 days. Twenty-nine ministers were or. dained at the session, and reports were received that thirty-five chapels were now building within the bounds of the conference.
The subject of the location of the new seminary, to be erected under their patronage, was acted upon at the session, and this place (Ithica), finally decided upon. A committee of nine was appointed to meet on the 20th inst to organize, form a constitution, and take the necessary measures to carry the views of the conference into effect.—Rep. Chron. Aug. 1.
Extract from Rev. Mr. Alden's Narrative of his Mission among the Seneca and Munsee Indians. It is a remarkable fact, that two Indians by the name of Johnson and Turkey, have actually been appointed by the chiefs at Cataraugus, to instruct the natives, from Sabbath to Sabbath, in the christian religion They were both present. Johnson gave an exhortation, urging upon the assembly the importance of what had been brought to view. He expressed his ideas in forcible language as to the momentous nature of those things, and his hope that they should persevere in keeping the Sabbath. He avowed his resolution to attend to the duty assigned him by the chiefs, so off. they should see fit to continue him in the office, and tendered me his hearly thanks. He then requested me to sing, and pray; and dismiss the congregation; which was accordingly done. Mr. Hyde, under the patronage of the
New-York Missionary Society, with the humble but honourable name of a cate. chist, delivers regular discourses, from Sabbath to Sabbath, in the village of his residence, and occasionally at Cataraugui and Tonnewanta, when a cavalcade of nearly twenty of the principal characters of his more immediate charge accompa. nies him thirty miles, out of respect to this faithful labourer in the vineyard, and to encourage the hearts and strengthen the hands of their brethren, of those reservations, in the work of the Lord.
Education of Females in India—By a late English Magazine, we perceive that the plan of educating Hindoo females commenced in the last summer, in the populous city of Calcutta, under the di. rection of the English Baptist Missionaries. This is the first school for heathen girls established in this city for centuries, and with two exceptions, in that extensive country, containing “nine times the pop. ulation of the British Isles?” A Hindoo woman, who was qualified for an instructress, had been obtained, a small school. room was built as an experiment, and 18 Hindoo girls had been received as schol. ars. The expense is defrayed by a societ of young ladies. Nine or ten other schof. ars attended occasionally. Nearly twenty were under the care of school-masters, making the whole number almost fiftySome Hindoo gentlemen begin to relin. quish their prejudices against female education, and freely say, “that perhaps girls may be able to learn, and that instructin them may be a good thing.” Who shal set bounds to the efforts of christian be. nevolence? Or who shall limit the power of the Almighty, in rescuing from the do. minion of ignorance and iniquity, the most degraded of our race?–Watchman.
The Tuscarora Indians, under the care of the “United Foreign Mission Society," have experienced severe trials through the violent opposition of the Chief Longboard, to the gospel. The result has been a sep. aration, and departure of the Pagan Party, leaving the Christian part in the quiet and joyful possession of their privileges. Prob. ably many who have gone away under the influence of passion, will ultimately return; some have found their way back already. The Tribe is now nominally Christian. The Sabbath is almost univer. sally regarded and honored among them: not a village in the state, where so large a proportion of the heads of families attend preaching. Their attention to the word is surprising and encouraging.—Rec.
The Presbyterian Churches of South. Carolina and Georgia have cemmenced a mission among the Chickasaws. “Its opening prospects are flattering. The necessary buildings are in a state of forward. ness, and it is hoped will be soon comple
UniTED STATE 3.
The Legislature of Missouri passed an act on the 26th of June; in which they declare their assent to the condition, required by Congress in a resolution passed during its last session, providing for the admission of that state into the Union. This fact having been authentically communicated to President Monroe; he has, by his proclamation of the 10th inst. announced the assent of Missouri to the said condition, and the admission of that state into the Union.
On the 17th of July, General Jackson issued his proclamation, dated at Pensacola, in which he declares the termination of the authority of Spain over the Floridas, and the establishrment of that of the United States over the same.
Turkey. The intelligence from Greece is partial and involved in obscurity. Prince Ypsilanti is said to have interested himself at Terjowischi, and subsequent accounts inform us of his being at Tergovitz with 10,000 men where he expected a speedy attack from the united forces of several Turkish commanders. Germanicus the Archbishop of Patrasso has pronounced an Allocution addressed to the Clergy and faithful of Peloponnesus in which aster briefly reciting some of the cruelties and profanations of the Turks, he animates his countrymen to arm in the rescue of their liberties and to expel their oppressors from the shores of Greece.— A spirit of disunion appears to exist among the Greeks and it is said that their enemies have gained some advantages over them upon the land. Upon the water the Grecian fleet is decidedly superiour. On both sides, the contest is a war of extermination. The atrocities committed in Constantino
le and its empire upon helpless unof}. Archbishops, priests, and other Greeks have exasperated that unhappy nation to a similar retaliation. Upon the whole we fear that little hope can be indulged respecting the issue of the contest.
The spectacle presented in the Pelopennesus and the neighbouring cousitry is distressing to the patriot, the philanthropist, and the christian. If oppression in every shape of cruelty, and mockery, if ignominy forced upon a nation by the edge of the simitar, if the loss of all that is free and respectable ever warrant resistance, who can withhold his ardent wishes and prayers for the deliverance of Greece. At the same time their tyrants are the supporters of the religion of the false prophet; the religion which has inspir: ed immense hordes of barbarians and butchers to overrun and waste some of the fairest portions of the world. Soon may the song sighed-for day arrive when Greece shall be rescued from the slavery of four centuries, and the Koran be forgotten amid the blessings of His word whose servants are the freemen of the Lord.
years since, was erected to his memory.
It is stated that the ship Cumberland which arrived in the Chesapeak a short time since from the north of Europe, brought as emigrant passengers, the whole population of a Prussian village, consisting of their spiritual pastor, and about 100 individuals, men, women and children.
The population of Turkey in Europe may be reckoned at about ten millions, viz.:-5,500,000 Turks, 500,000 Jews, 2,600,000 Greeks or Hellenists, 500,000 Bulgarians, 1,370,000 Moldavians and Wallachians, 87,000 Armenians, 540,000 Arnauts, 210,000 Albanians, 450,000 Servians, 80,000 Raitzians, 250,000 Bosnians, 800,000 Dalmatians, and 80,000 Croatians.
It appears from an article in the Lon. don Courier of June 28th, that among the institutions which become venerable, and suffer injury by the lapse of time, the Peerage of Great Britain asfords an interesting subject. Looking at the annals of nobility from the earlter ages of English history down to the present period, it is surprising to observe how many titles once honourable and flourishing, have dropped from time to time into the gulph of oblivion. Such has been the gradual dilapidation by defect of heirs, by attainter, and much oftner by neglect and consequent confusion of family pedigree, that not less than perhaps five hundred dukedoms, marquisates, earldoms, baronies, &c. &c. have descended to the “tomb of all the Capulets.”—.N. Y. .1de.
.Net.cspapers.--It is, perhaps, not generally known how many newspapers are printed in this city in the course of a week. We have taken the trouble to make a rough estimate, which as our knowledge extends, will not vary much from the reality. The number of daily papers issued in a week is rising 56,000—if we add the semi-weekly papers, the number will exceed 80,000 weekly, which is, 4,160,000 a year. The number of newspapers printed yearly in this state alone, will exceed ten millions. The newspapers printed yearly in Fngland, Ireland, Scotland and Wales are estimated at fifty millions. Those published in London alone are estimated at fifteen million* five hundred thousand.—Ibid.