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it appears that no less than nine hundred and seventy six thousand, three hundred and twenty-one children, of both sexes, receive education by means of public funds, and eleemosynary assistance.

Reading Societies.—It has been estimated in one of the periodical journals, that there exist at present not less than eight thousand, five hundred Reading Societies of various degrees, and for various pures, in the Ünited Kingdom (of Greatritain); and that above one thousand new ones have been formed within the last three years.--About two hundred and sixty of them have permanent and circulating libraries; about six hundred circu

late the books from member to member: and every two or three years sell them to augment their capital ; others, to the number of seven hundred and fifty, are JMagazine Societies, for the Magazines, Reviews, and periodical Journals. The two hundred and sixty permanent libraries accommodate about eight thousand families with books and periodical works; the six hundred book societies about fourteen thousand families, and the Magazine societies about nine thousand families; hence above thirty thousand families become by these means more or less literary, at an individual expense varying from hal: a guinea to two guineas each.

[Chris. Obserrer, June, 1821.

Mišt of J2ttu publicationg.

TheologY.

A Review of Dr. Emmons' Theory of God's Agency on Mankind; addressed to the Congregational Clergy of New-England. Also a Refutation of the Views entertained by the Advocates of that Theory respecting the Necessity of the Moral Evil existing in the Universe to the display of the Divine Glory. 12mo. New-York. A Plea for the Theological Seminary at Princeton, (N.J.) By Philip Lindsly. Third edition. Tienton. Two Discourses, containing the history of the Old North and New Brick Churches united as the Second Church in Boston: delivered May 20, 1821. By Henry Ware, Minister of the Second Church. The Guilt and Danger of Religious Frror, a Sermon ; by Joseph Lyman, D. D. Northampton. A Reply to Dr. Ware's Letters to Trinitarians and Calvinists. By Leonard Woods, D. D. Professor of Christian Theology, Andover. 8vo. The beauty and stability of the Gospel Institutions, a Sermon, delivered at Augusta, Georgia; by the Rev. William T. Brantly. A Treatise on the Mode and Subjects of Christian Baptism, in two parts: designed as a Reply to the statements and reasonings of Rev. Adoniram Judson, Jr. A. M. as exhibited in his “Sermon, preached in the Lal Bazar Chapel, Calcutta, in 1812,” and recently republished in this country, by E. Pond, A. M. Pastor of the

Congregational Church in Ward, Mass. sound Edition, revised and improved. A Manual for the use of scholars of Sunday Schools; compiled by the Superintendent of the Salem Street Sunday School, Boston. [This httle work is recommended by several highly respectable ministers, as one calculated to be useful in those Sabbath Schools, where it is adopted.] Mi Sce LLAN Edus. Travels in New-England and NewYork : by Timothy Dwight, S. T. D. LL.D. in Four Volumes. 8vo. Vol. I. New-Haven. Biographical Sketches of Eminent Lawyers, Statesmen, and Men of Letters. By Samuel L. Knapp. Vol. I. 8vo. Boston. Collections of the New-York Historical Society. Vol. III. for the year 1821. 8vo. New-York. Memoir upon the Negociations between Spain and the United States, which led to the Treaty of 1819, with a statistical notice of that country. 8vo. Washington. A Discourse on the state and prospect of American Literature, delivered at Schenectady before the New-York Alpha of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. §: Samuel L. Mitchill, M. D. L.L. D.

c.

Travels through Upper and Lower Canada, with an accurate description of Niagara Falls. 2 vols. 8vo. NewYork.

fittigious; intelligentt.

Report concerning the State of Religion in the North Consociation of Hartford County.

The Committee of the North Consociation of Hartford County, appointed at its last annual session, to take minutes from the reports of the pastors and delegates, concerning the state of religion, at the present time, and during the year past, within its limits, and to prepare a narrative for publication, respectfully present the following. At the session of the Consociation a year ago, it was noticed, with grief and couoern, that several years had passed over us without any general revival of religion. Though the stated ordinances of the Sabbath had been well attended, and in some of our churches a spirit of prayer was at that time, especially manifest, instances of hopeful conversion, had been comparatively few. But through the tender mercies of our God, we can now again, set our seal to the record, “He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer.” He has revived his work among us in a more signal manner than our oldest members had ever before witnessed. Nineteen of the twenty churches in our connexion have shared in the gracious visitation; and in almost all these, there has been that peculiar state of things which is familiarly denominated “a revival.” More than a thousand souls, have been added to the church, and three or four hundred besides, have been hopefully oonverted. In giving a narrative of so extensive a revival in the concise form prescribed to us, we must omit the mention of many incidents which might be interesting to our readers; but we hope that a comparison of the leading facts which have occurred in such a number of congregations at the same time, may afford instruction and conviction with some important advantes. That special prayerfulness for the outpouring of the Spirit, to which we have alluded, was, in mone of our churches, more manifest, than in those of the city of Hartford. The North Church particularly had, for several months, been evidently quickened; and instances of conversion in the congregation connected with it, had not been unfrequent. This state of things with some alternation of advancement and declension, upon the whole advanced, till the month of January; when a powerful work of the Holy Spirit, commenced in every part of the city. Until the latter part of March, its progress was rapid.

The attention of several hundreds was suddenly and powerfully arrested by the calls of the Gospel; and instances of apparent submission, and spiritual consolation, were frequent and numerous. How many in all the congregations have professed the hope of the Gospel we are umable to state. A hundred and thirty have been added to the North Church, and fifty to the South. The revival here is believed to have been greater than any which have preceded it in this place. We are confident in saying that it has been more powerfully and happily felt by the churches; and they still manifest a spirit of harmony, prayerfulness, diligence and zeal, which is perhaps in no degree diminished, and which certainly calls for our thankfulness to the Author of all grace and consolation. Early in February, the work began with surprising power in the parish of West-Hartford. Nothing uncommon in the state either of the church or the congregation, had been previously noticed; but within ten or fifteen days after the commencement of the revival, as many as a hundred and fifty persons were accustomed to assemble with the enquiry, what must we do to be saved. The attention of the whole people was roused. Meetings for religious worship were attended daily; and God in very truth, by his Spirit, power, and grace, seemed to come down, and to be in the midst of listening hearers. Many were pricked in the heart. New instances of conviction occurred daily,and after three or four weeks, numbers received illuminations and comfort. After about three months the revival began to decline; yet for more than twenty weeks, in succession, the people were assembled, every day in the week, either collectively, or in some section of the parish, to hear the preached Gospel. As the fruit of the revival in this place, about sixty have been added to the church; forty others have been brought to the enjoyment of hope, and several are still under conviction. In Windsor there were encouraging appearances of an approaching revival more than a year ago. An uncommon solemnity was visible in religious assemblies ; a uumber were deeply impressed with the word of truth; and instances were frequently occurring of illumination and hope. This state of things progressed till the middle of the winter, when it was disturbed by a division of religious sentiment and feeling, in such a manner, that the hopes of the pious have not been fully realized. Thirty five have been added to the church. Others are expected soon to join it; and a special solemnity and impression among the congregation, continue. In the parish of Wintonbury a special attention to religion began about the same time as at Windsor; which gradually increased till February, when the Spirit was poured out with peculiar demonstrations of power. Three days, in three successive weeks, were devoted by appointment of the church, with an evident blessing from on High, to humiliation and prayer. Eighty persons belonging to the oongregation have obtained the hope of salvation, of whom forty-six have made a public profession of the Gospel. In the first Society of Farmington, the triumph of divine grace has been signal. For twenty years, no general revival of religion had taken place, among that people. The vacancies which death and other changes had made in the church had been scarcely supplied; the greater part of its members had never witnessed a revival; and the body of the people, in the eagerness of their worldly pursuits, had been but too well contented with a decent course of religious formality. A few, however, had been long “waiting for the consolation of Israel.” These for a number of months, amidst prevalent stupidity, had been pouring out their supplications, with renewed frequency and inportunity, “for the promise of the Father:” and about the beginning of February they noticed a state of feeling among the people, which they regarded, though with much solicitude, (so often had their hopes been disappointed) as the first fruits of the blessing. In this state of things, the Rev. Mr. Nettleton by invitation of the Pastor, made them his first visit; and in the happiest union with him, continued his labours among the people, excepting a few intervals of absence, for about two months, “and the hand of the Lord was with him.” Of the progress of the work from this time, a judgment may be formed by a comparison of the following facts. Under a discourse delivered on the evening of the 20th of Feb. a number of persons, not less, it is believed, than sixty, were brought under convictions which have led to an established hope of salvation. On the evening of Feb. 25th a hundred and seventy persons were present at a meeting appointed for the anxious, of whom twelve had recently as they supposed, become reconciled to God. On the evening of the 12th of March, at a similar meeting, a hundred and eighty were present, of whom sixty had begun to hope since the commencement of the revival. From that evening till March 19th was a week “much to be observed.” The streets had the aspect of a Sabbath ; •ome, in almost every house were pierced

with conviction of sin; in a considerable part of the church were “searchings of heart,” scarcely less painful than were those of persons to whom, for the first time “the commandment came”; and during the progress of these memorable days, as it has since been ascertained, about fifty persons supposed that they submitted themselves unto God, who have coctinued hitherto “to walk in newness of hie." From that time, the progress of the work has been gradually becoming less rapid, till conversions are now apparently unfrequent. A hundred and ninety-three, on three successive sacramental occasions, have been added to the church. Among these are eighty-six heads of families: almost all the choir cf singers; scarcely an exception among those who had been employed as teachers in the Sabbath School, and had not previously made a Christian profession; and about an equal proportion of persons of different classes in society. In the North parish of Farmington the revival has not been less powerful than in the first Society. It began in both, early in March. In the original Society of Northington about forty persons are supposed to have passed from death unto life: and in the other Society, about seventy. These Societies contain each not more than fifty families; and in the last, scarce. ly an individual can be found who has not been especially impressed with the truth. But little progrees of the work, in these places, has lately been observed. In Bristol the revival commenced in January, and was at its height, about the middle of February. At three successive meetings in one week the numbers who attended were five, six, and seven hundred. During three or four months, conversions were frequent, and to the present time, the gracious work, in a desree. continues. A hundred and eight, as fruits of it, have been added to the church Bristol has often been favoured with the showers of heavenly influence. The ingatherings to the church have been larse and frequent. But few heads of families belonging to the congregation in our connexion, can be found there, who are not professors of religion; and the present revival has brought into the church, an unusual proportion of persons in very early youth. It is not wonderful, if, in such places, the enemies of the Gospel are more than commonly active. The revival im this place has brought to light a system of operation which had been previously formed, and insidiously prosecuted, to disseminate among the young, some of the most fatal delusions in our country, Leisin, Socinianism, and Universalism. In Simsbury a special attention to religion began a year ago. It is still a time of more than common solemnity and impress on there. Fifty or sixty are reckoned as hopeful converts. lu Barkhamsted, the revival was still earlier in its commencement, and about the same number have been hopefully converted. In East and West Hartland, a special work of saving mercy began in the spring; and though the subjects are not numerous, the strength of these churches and societies, is considerably increased. In a part of the parish of Salmon Brook in Granby, we are informed, there has been a season of refreshing from the Lord; but as we have had no report from the Church, we subjoun no particular notices. And here, as we pass along from one parish to another, in grateful acknowledgement of the showers of divine mercy which have been descending upon us, we stop a moment to express our sympathy with the bereaved church in the parish of Turkey-hills. Since the dismission of their late pastor, such has been their enfeebled state, that they have had no stated preaching ; and, in consequence, no monthly concerts, no reviving influence, no additions to the Church. Beside this asiliction, there has, the present year, been no stated preaching at the prison; where a considerable part of the parish, when they had no preaching at their own house of worship, had been accustomed to resort. Not only for their own sake, but also for the sake of the unhappy men confined there, it is deeply to be lamented, that the sentence of the law which so justly deprives them of the common priviliges of Society, should also shut them out from the means which God has appointed for their repentance. In Enfield, the church has seen the doings of God our King in the sanctuary. The revival there, has been greater than at any other season, since the year 1743. It commenced about the time of a public tast in February, and appeared in its greatest power in April. About a hundred of the congregation have hopefully been renewed unto holiness, and seventy-three have been added to the church. In East Windsor, North Society, there has been an increasing attention to religion since the month of February, and since the middle of August it has very manifestly increased. About twenty among this people have been apparently turned to God. In East Windsor, a silent but special work of grace began a year and a half ago. The attention of the people generally has at no time been powerfully arrested; but the success of the Gospel has been greater than at any preceding period in that place for many years. About forty have been added to the Church. In the first parish of East Hartford, a revival began with the opening of the month

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of March. The first permanent impressions upon the minds of the impenitent, which became manifest, were made at a meeting which had been appointed by the church for humiliation and prayer. The work progressed rapidly until the middle of April and from that time as rapidly declined. Sixty-two of the congregation, as fruits of it, have been received into the Church. In the parish of Oxford, a similar work began a few weeks later than in the first parish, and has continued longer. Instances of hopeful conversion have occurred, at no distant intervals, till the present time. The whole number is about eighty, of whom forty-six have made a Christian profession. In the revival of religion which it is our privilege to record, it is not difficult for an impartial observer to perceive the same general features with those which characterized the first outpouring of the Spirit, as described by the pen of inspiration. Over a whole district of country, it has been almost simultaneous. During the months of February, March, and April, by far the greater part of those who have been subjects of it, were converted to God. In its progress it has been rapid. This remark is true in its application not only to congregations, but to individuals also. Those who have been subjects of the work, have in general been under deep conviction but a few days, and in some instances but a few hours, previous to their reconciliation. They have been amrious for a much longer time; but that peculiar state of feeling, which is so forcibly described by the scriptural phrase, “pricked in the heart,” has, we believe, in the majority of cases, been of short continuance. In its effects it has been powerful. It is impossible to give a due impression of this remark to those who have not been witnesses of the scene, or of other scenes similar in their character. With a multitude of examples before our eyes as illustrations, we can only say, that the most inveterate habits of sim have been broken up, the loftiest imaginations have been humbled, and the most obstinate prejudices have been dissolved; while self-righteous moralists, who had been sleeping scores of years over their heartless forms of religion and virtue, have been brought to place all their hopes, on that scheme of mercy which provides for the salvation of the chief of sinners; and in several places a change has been wrought in the general feelings, intercourse, and aspect of society, at which unbelievers themselves have been forced to express their astonishment. In this work there has also been a dis play of sorereignty, indicative of a divine agency. This was displayed in the circumstances which immediately preceded the revival. In some places there had for months been a special prayerfulness, and renewed faithfulness on the part of the church; in others the quickening of christians, and the awakening of sinners were simultaneous; and in others, the anxious enquiries of awakened sinners found the body of professing christians asleep. The sovereignty of God has also been remarkably displayed in the progress of the work itself. In most of our congregations, the greater part of the subjects have, as is usual, been taken from the young; but in several of them an uncommon proportion have been heads of fam lies, in middle and declining life, and even in old age. In most of them there has also been an unusual number of persons of talent and influence. In some, the greater part of the subjects have been taken from families of piety; and in others, a great part have been taken from the families of the irreligious. And in all our congregations, numbers, whose previous sentiments and habits had made them the most probable subjects of this work to human view, have passed through the scene with no deep impression; while others the most prejudiced and embittered against the Gospel, have been softened and subdued. The work has also been commenced and advanced in the use of dirinely appointed means. Among these we scarcely need to mention first and chiefly the preaching of the Gospel. The entire depravity of the heart; the unabated obligation of the divine law; the atonement and offices of Christ; the freeness of his salvation: the inexcusable guilt and fearful danger of sinners; and the nature necessity and sovereignty of divine influence, were explained and enforced with frequency, simplicity, and affection. The deceitful windings, and false refuges of a depraved heart under the convincing power of God's word and Spirit were traced out; the undiminished sinfulness and guilt of the anxious enquirer quite up to the moment of repentance, were exposed; and the duty, reasonableness, and necessity of immediate subinission were pressed, with effects most manifestly, and decisively happy. To preaching of this character, the people assiduously attended. At a season of the year, and in circumstances of travelling, which, in a different state of feeling would have prevented the collection of full assemblies even on the Sabbath, crowded audiences were easily formed almost daily; nor did the inclemency of storms or the darkness of night, prevent them. From the place of solemn meeting, they retired, with few remarks, concerning the preach. ing, and but little social intercourse on any subject, under a personal application of the word preached, to their Bibles, and their closets at home. In the height of the revival there was a general and marked preference of the Bible to all other books,

and a general desire for much retirement and reflection. The salvation of the soul

was made the great object of attention; and the sacrifices which were to be male, and the difficulties which were to be encountered for the sake of it, appeared, insignificant, in the comparison. As soon as this state of feeling commenced in our congregations, meetings were appointed for the anxious. In these they were personally enquired of, and directed by the constituted guides of their souls: and were led collectively on their bended knees, in supplication to the God of all grace; while the members of the church were at the same time assembled, with one accord, in prayer for them. These meet. ings, together with family visitation, in which a similar mode of instruction was adopted, were eminently crowned with the divine blessing. Among the means by which the revival has been commenced in several of our parishes, we mention with confidence the intercourse which individuals belonging to them have had with oth. er parishes where the work had been previously begun; together with statement in public assemblies concerning the work. and exhortations to the churches, calling upon them “to prepare the way of the Lord.” A more remote but most salutary influence has also resulted from Sabbath Schools. To this interesting institution, so far as means are concerned, it must be ascribed, that an uncommo: number in childhood and early youth, have been subjects of the work, and have discovered a degree of intelligence on evangelical subjects, which many persons of a maturer age have not been sound to possess. Although in the greater part of our congregations the revival appears not to advance, fruits of a happy character remain in all. Among these we might describe the recovery of professing christians from declension to a consistency of character; the restoration of harmony between neighbors, and relatives whose mutual alienations no arguments or persuasions had been able to remove ; the reformation of profligates from obstinate and ruinous vices; a great increase of attention to the word of God, to the ordinances of the Gospel, to prayer in the neighbourhoods, in families, and beyond a doubt, in retirement, and to retgious exercises generally, and a corresponding increase of kind offices, especially of plans, labors and contributions for the spread of the Gospel. It is the Lord's work and blessed be his name. It is a work, the happy influence of which, wit be felt by our congregations for generations yet to come; and through them by numbers of our fellow-probationers in some of the remotest quarters of the globe. It will be felt by a multitude of immortal and glorified beings, in all the progress of eter

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