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with some straggling leaves, but there was so much inflam niable matter in the place, that Truth had but just time to make her escape with a few small vom lumes.
The library was burnt, and the librarian too. The emperor came to look at the conflagration, and said with a satirical smile, " It is pleasant enough to see a library in Aames.” His satisfaction was the more sincere, since there had always been in India, a secret hostility between books and emperors.
The vizir hastened to outlaw his victim who had thus effected her escape. In the morning the procla. mation for that purpose was affixed to the public buildings. This dispatch need not be deemed surprising, for, in every chancery in the universe, there are always forms of proscription in readiness against poor Trnth.
At day break the unfortunate fugitive found herself beyond ihe walls of the city, near a neat little house, which was surrounded by a small garden : it was the residence of the sage Pilpay*. She entered it without apprehension, declared who she was, and demanded an asylum.
This frankness pleases me,” said the sage, in reply, " but it makes me tremble for you. If you should be recognized, nothing can save you: follow me!” They ascended a large gallery, which formed the upper story of the house.
Here were arranged in order the skins of all animals, the rind of every tree, the coverings of all sorts of beings. It might be seen at once that it was the repository of a fabulist. Pilpay, having shewn it to Truth, thus addressed her“ Since you can neither hide yourself, nor be silent,
ter assume a disguise. I can make you enter, at will, into all the figures you see here, which shall thereupon be instantly animated. You shall speak under these new forms, and you shall, without danger, reproach even the vizir himself with his crimes.”
• Pilpay, or Bid pay, an Indian philosopher and fabulist, became minister to Dabschelim, and was in high reputation in the east.
Truth accepted the proposal, and was not ingrateful. The genius of her deliverer, inspired by her, illu minated all Hindustan. The yisir was deposed, and Pilpay appointed in his room. He arrived to an ex. treme old age, surrounded by the blessings of the people; for Asia has no balm so powerful to prolong life, as the habit of doing good.
Au instance of such high fortune, gave birth to a crowd of imitators, and the ambitious wished to share with philosophers the labour's of Pilpay; but Truth, who penetrated their views, continued to conceal herself in the works of the wise, and consigned the rest to the phrenzy of their imaginations,
The imitators of fables found themselves thus di: vided into two very different classes, of whom one wished to instruct with gentleness, and the other to pierail at any rate. It will be renderivg a great ser, vice to mankind, to teach them by what traits they may distinguish them.
The latter assemble the multitude, and cry out to them from an elevated place,“ Slaves of Brahma, believe or perish; for what we are about to deliver to you is the Truth." Then they relate to them extra. vagant fables, wbich render the auditors either impostors ur inadmen.
The former, with a mild voice, and affable countenance, invite the traveller to stop, saying to him, * Friend, if thou art ative to mirth, laugh a moment with us. What we are going to relate is only a fable." But the gay warrative conveys wholesome truth to the mind, and he who listens becomes better while he is amused.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE POCKET MAGAZINE, SIR,--The following may perhaps be acceptable to sume of your readers, and may tend to effect an important object-creating more labour for our industrious poor.
I am, &c. 11 Oct. 1820.
BENJ. WILLS. A FIELD of seven acres, situated in the county of Surrey, was, in the last year, prepared for barley, by the spade. The labourers employed earned in the
winter at the rate of fifteen shillings per week-iwo prelice per rod being given for digging'; and the proprietor considers that it wonld have cost him double the expence if he had had it ploughed.
ENCOURAGEMENT OF INDUSTRY AND REDUCTION
OF POOR'S RATES.
King's Head, Poultry, London, Dec. 1820. IN our community, while the wants of the lower, are fuund stimulating the other classes to afford the necessary redress, the relations of civil society are preserved, and our tranquillity insured.
The Provisional Committee having these objects ever in view, through its numerous correspondence, has appreciated, under the present circunstances of mauufactures, and the great and valuable improvements in machinery, that the cultivation of the soil offers the most efficacious relief. In attempting primarily to accomplish the regeneration of the conditioni of our agricultural labourers, the following has been demonstrated to be decidedly preferable; That portions of land, in proportion to their families, should be supplied to agricultural labourers for a term of years, such lands to be inalienable, on which themselves and their families may employ their leisure hours.--Also, that a very considerable additional use of spade husbandry having been proved profitable to employers, and at the same time, by the euicreased wages hereby earned, afli rding additional resources to the labourer, it is desirable that the same be generally recommended.
For the relief of the labourers hitherto engaged in manufactures, comprehending artisans and all others, it appears that parcels of lan Ily waste nds, stroald be obtained, on which cottages and suitable buildings should be erected, by which persons unable to earn subsistence should be employed, under suitable superintendence; and that such should be supplied
with small portions of land for their own cultivation durivg leisure hours. , By these means will our industrious fellow-subjects be assisted in their exertions to regain their independant standing in British community-the rising race suitably employed-an enormous burthen of poor's rates removed-moral conduct and patriotism promoted, and crimes prevented. Thus restoring the bonds of our society, and re-establishing, under Divine Providence, the security of the land.
To accomplish the above, it is proposed, that a Bill be introduced, pursuant to a petition already presented to the House of Commons, and lying on its table; and that County Meetings be recommended to facilitate the same.
BENJAMIN WILLS, Hon. Sec.
PROVISIONAL COMMITTEE, &c. A BILL being contemplated to be laid before the Legislature for the amelioration of the condition of the labouring community, and multiplying employment, through the culture of the soil; for the purpose of producing the most universal co-operation, the exhi. bition of opinions and facts is considered 'desirable. The essential importance of supplying agricultural labourers, in proportion to their families, (the man with several children to have sufficient for a cow,) with small portions' of land, for the cultivation of their leisure hours, is proved by the example of individuals, of parishes, and even of counties, wherein the practice has tended to encourage industry; the pro- motion of moral conduct; furnishing a most suitable employment to the rising race; the repression of poor's rates; and the preveution of crimes. The object of supplying cottagers with land had been provided for by the statute of Elizabeth, and a special commission for its enforcement was appointed under Charles I. For our manufacturing population, the great and valuable improvements in machinery necessarily displacing such a considerable body from their accustomed employments, or involving the necessity of a
partial occupation of time, the cultivation of land, priucipally waste land, to be obtained, as near as possible, will afford the most advantageous and permanent resource. **While to the Legislature of the country we submit these important measures, the following information will not be considered uninteresting. A benevolent society has been established in Holland, having for its object the formation of colonies in the northern provinces; Prince Frederick, the king's second son, being the patron. Accounts have appeared in some Dutch paper, that lands have been purchased on the borders of the Overyssel, and necessary materials for building collected; the funds necessary for wbich liare been raised by charitable association--and that with a view of extending the operation of the scheme, mumerous sab-committees have been appointed in different towns, &c.
BENJAMIN WILLS, Hon. Sec. King's Head, Poultry, Nov. 1820.
NOTES ON THE UNITED STATES.
BY AN AMERICAN BETWEEN the bigb colouring of exaggeration and the dark shade of detraction, it may be difficult to discern the truth in what relates to America. Not only the manners, which travellers estimate, as usual, bý con parison with their own, have been exalted by some to the innocence of paradise, and degraded by others to the corruptions of a brothel; but things which ad. mit of more easy and accurate information, even the soil and climate, have been represented as variously as the temper, genius, and manuers of the people.
"I am sorry, Sir, you kept such bad company in Spain,” said a gentleman in Paris to one who indulged himself in the ridicule of Spanish customs. This flippant reply might be made to certain deseriptions of American society, which border on caricature. But instead of resorting to repartee, which would here be misplaced, it seems proper tó remark, that when strangers undertake to delineate the character of a