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beration most opportunely coine by, who dismissed Spite with a warm rebuke; and, being a friend to both parties, be anxiously endeavoured to effect a reconci. liation; and, as he possessed some influence, his success was better than might have been expected, though the lady positively declared, that she would for the fu. ture live apart from her husband, and be subjected no more to his unreasonable impertinence. In fine, it was agreed for them to live separate; and as at their union it had been understood, that whatever votaries either gained, were at the same time to be possessed by the other, so now, it was resolved, for fear of renewing old grievances, that no one heart of the race of mortals should be influenced by them both together. But so great is the malice of Envy, that, notwithstanding the covenant formed between them, he has been known to make several attempts to unite himself once more to his mistress, though he very rarely or never succeeds; as, since the affray above-mentioned, she has kept him at that respectful distance she knows so well to affect. Nevertheless, Envy cannot forget the moments of happiness he has passed with Pride, and is conti ally hovering over the place where she fixes her residence; and he is so tenacious of occupying her situation, that, should she quit it for a moment, he generally contrives to be so near as immediately to establish himself in her room. Consequently, which of them soever is seen, the other may with the utmost probability be concluded to be at no great distance.
Should this allegorical view of two of the most bape. ful vices that ever cursed human nature, amuse any of your numerous readers, it will be a source of great pleasu re to your obedient servant,
NOTES ON THE UNITED STATES..!
BY AN AMERICAN,
Continued from page 217. THOSE who would derive a great immediate revenue from land, should purchase in the lower parts of South Carolina and Georgia, or in the vicinity of New Or. leans. They must purchase slaves also, and superin
tend the planting of cotton, rice, and sugar. The profit will be great, but the climate is not favourable to northern constitutions; the culture is unpleasant, and there are some inconveniences; such as occasional hurricanes, and the danger to be apprehended from a revolt of slaves. This culture, moreover, requires previous instruction and experience. North of the district just mentioned, little revenue can be derived from land. The culture by slaves in Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina, seldom pays five per cent. on the capital employed; but in these states, particularly the two first, a gentleman who wishes to enjoy the pleasures of a country life,coupled with its cares, who has no objection to become the master of slaves, and can submit to the inconveniencies of a warmer summer than he has been accustomed to in Europe, with the conséquent defect of verdure, may with litile difficulty discover excellent situations. He will find among the gentlemen, honourable temper, liberal manners, and frank hospitality; among the ladies, beauty and accomplishment, joined to good housewifery; but he must not expect that his property will increase in value. This cannot happen until the labour of slaves shall have been replaced by that of freemen; a period which seems to be remote.
It has already been hinted that property on the rivers which empty themselves into the Mississippi,cannot attain to great money value, until manufacturing towus shall grow up in that quarter. It is to be observed, that the American cultivator generally pays more for his produce in Jabour thau in the price of land. A first crop of wheat costs about twenty dollars per acre, exclusive of the land on which it is raised. The crop in countries favourable to it may be taken at from fifteen to five-and-thirty bushels; rarely on new land so little as fifteen, and sometimes more than forty. It is evident that the expense and amount of a crop being the same, the value of land must depend on the price of its produce. Where wheat sells for a dollar, the crop usually pays for both clearing and culture-frequently for the land, and sometimes more; but when it will not bring above a quarter of a dollar, the most abundant crop will scarcely defray the expense of tillage. Hence
it follows, that if this great western region were as fa vourable to wheat as it is to Indian corn, it must for a long time be of little value. The scene for advantage. ous speculations in land, therefore, is confined on the south by the southern line of Pennsylvania, vu the west and north-west by the Alleghany mountains, till we come south of Niagara, and then by lake Ontario, and river St. Lawrence, and on the north by the boundary of the United States. From this tract, however, must be excepted the province of Maine, in which nevertheless, there are said to be some tracts of excellent soil, and which can certainly boast of fine harbours and fisheries; but taken in general, the country is not fertile, and the climate is not inviting; wherefore the current of emigration from New England sets westward. The northern parts of New Hampshire are inclement and mountainous. Good land there, as well as in Vermont, is dear; and large tracts of it are not to be purchased: neither are such to be bad, either in Massachusetts or Connecticut, which states are so full of people that many thousands annually emigrate. Small tracts may be found, which from the populousness of the neighbourhood, will yield with good management a fair rent. Men possessing about ten thousand pounds sterling, might establish themselves here, but not before they have dwelt long enough in the country to know the usages, manners, and disposition of the inhabitants, as well as the climate, soil, and circumstances peculiar to different positions. In general, those parts of Connecticut and Massachusetts, which border on New York, would be preferred; but it must be remarked, that lands along the Sound bear a price far beyond their value, and more especially those near the city of New York. North of Massachusetts, along Connecticut river, there is a charming country; but the climate becomes harsh in going northward, and rising at the same time to a greater elevation from the level of the sea. Men of the property above-mentioned, might perhaps find a few good positions in New Jersey, or the cultivated parts of Pennsylvania or New York; but in none of these places is there room for what is understood in Ame. rica by land speculations. They must be confined to
the unsettled parts of Pennsylvania or New York. Most of the former lie west of the Alleghany, and the remainder consists of several ranges of mountains with the valleys between them. These mountains are in general high, rough, and not unfrequently sterile. The valleys are narrow, and the access to them difficult. The land beyond the mountains falls under the general description of that which is watered by the western streams, although Pittsburgh, already a manufacturing town, gives value to the neighbourhood. In effect, the lands conveniently situated in Pennsylvania are for the most part inhabited : still, however, good tracts may be found in the counties of Luzerné and Northampton, not too remote from the circle of commerce. The roads now laid out, and in part, com. pleted through the states of New York and'New Jersey, to connect these lands with the city of New York, together with those which open a communication with Pbíladelphia to great part of them, must rapidly increase their value. The interior of the state of New York presents the fairest scene for operations on land, because it lies within the influence of commerce. А bare inspection of the map will show, that in going round by water from Oswego, on lake Ontario, to si. Regis, on the St. Lawrence, and thence by land to lake Champlain, the whole course is within abont fifty leagues of Waterford, a village at theconfluence of the Hudson and Mohawk, to which sloops ascend from New York. Thus, not to mention the facilities which the St. Lawrence presents, produce, when the roads now in operation shall be completed, may be brought from the parts most remote to the tide waters of Hudson's river for twenty dollars a ton, without the aid which is derived from the Mohawk river and lake Champlain. In going west of a line from Oswego, to where Tioga river falls into the Susquehannah, we recede from the influence of commerce. The number of commodities which will bear transportation is diminished by the distance. From Oswego to Albany, and from Tioga to New York, is about the same distance, and the Hudson running nearly parallel to the line from Oswego to Tioga, the facility of navigation throogh the whole intermediate space is nearly equal. It must not, however, be for