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city, accompanied by Cicero and the chief men of the aristocracy, with the view of defending the southern part of Italy. Cicero undertook to defend the coast south of Formiæ and the country around Capua, but, repenting of his resolution, made terms with Cæsar. He changed his mind again, and in the early part of
June quitted Italy to join Pompey in Greece. After the battle of Pharsalia, at which he was not
present, he returned to Brundisium, where he
September, B.C. 47.
ceeded to Rome.
Brutus. Spoke in defence of M. Marcellus
and Q. Ligarius. Divorced his wife Terentia ; married a young ward,
named Publilia; lost his daughter Tullia. He completed in this year his Academica Quæs. tiones, his treatise De Finibus, and his Orator. Spoke in defence of Deiotaruș, king of Galatia, who had incurred the resentment of Cæsar by
his support of the Pompeian party. Composed many philosophical works: the Tuscu
lanæ Disputationes, the De Natura Deorum, the De Divinatione, the De Senectute, and the De Officiis. After the assassination of Cæsar on the 15th of March, Cicero retired from Rome for a short time, but returned in the beginning of September, and delivered his first Philippic
against Antony. Assassinated by command of Antony on the 7th of
9. Sophocles, a. b.