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city, accompanied by Cicero and the chief men of the aristocracy, with the view of defending the southern part of Italy. Cicero undertook to defend the coast south of Formiæ and the country around Capua, but, repenting of his resolution, made terms with Cæsar. He changed his mind again, and in the early part of

June quitted Italy to join Pompey in Greece. After the battle of Pharsalia, at which he was not

present, he returned to Brundisium, where he
remained till the arrival of Cæsar in Italy in

September, B.C. 47.
Met Cæsar at Brundisium, and afterwards pro-

ceeded to Rome.
Wrote his dialogue on famous orators, called

Brutus. Spoke in defence of M. Marcellus

and Q. Ligarius. Divorced his wife Terentia ; married a young ward,

named Publilia; lost his daughter Tullia. He completed in this year his Academica Quæs. tiones, his treatise De Finibus, and his Orator. Spoke in defence of Deiotaruș, king of Galatia, who had incurred the resentment of Cæsar by

his support of the Pompeian party. Composed many philosophical works: the Tuscu

lanæ Disputationes, the De Natura Deorum, the De Divinatione, the De Senectute, and the De Officiis. After the assassination of Cæsar on the 15th of March, Cicero retired from Rome for a short time, but returned in the beginning of September, and delivered his first Philippic

against Antony. Assassinated by command of Antony on the 7th of


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