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see, perceive, observe, look at; to understand, comprehend; to look to, see to, care for. Viděor, éri, visus, pass. and dep., to be seen, to be looked upon or regarded; to seem, appear. Vidétur, impers., it seems proper, seems good, pleases. Vigĕo, ere, ui, —, intr. to be lively or vigorous, to be strong; to thrive, flourish, bloom; to prevail, be in repute. Vigesimus a, um. See Vicesi


Vigil, ilis, adj. (vigeo), awake, on the alert, watch, watchful, wakeful, vigilant. As a noun, a watchman, sentinel. Vigilia, ae, f. (vigil), a watching, waking; wakefulness, sleeplessness, vigil; a watch, guard; the watch, i. e. watchmen, sentinels.

Vigilo, are, avi, ātum, intr. (vigil), to watch, to keep awake, be wakeful; to be watchful, vig


Viginti, num. adj. indecl., twenty. Vilis, e, adj., of small value, cheap; paltry, common, mean, worthless, base, vile. Vile habere, to hold cheap, despise. Villa, ae, f., a country-house, villa, country-seat, farm. Villicus, i, m. (villa), the overseer

of a farm or estate, a steward. Vincio, ire, vinxi, vinctum, tr.,

to bind, tie, encircle, wind about, fetter; to confine, restrain; to fortify, secure, fasten. Vinco, ĕre, vici, victum, tr., to conquer, overcome, defeat, subdue, vanquish; to overmatch, exceed, excel, surpass; to prevail, gain one's point, carry the day.

Vinctus, a, um, part. from Vincio. Vinculum, i, n. (vincio), a band,

bond, rope, cord, fetter, chain. In vincula ducere to put in prison.

Vindex, icis, m. and f. (vindico),

an avenger, punisher, revenger; a claimant, defender, protector, vindicator.

Vindico, åre, āvi, ātum, tr. (vim
+dico), to lay legal claim to,
make a claim upon; to demand,
claim, arrogate, assume, appro-
priate; to set free, deliver, lib-
erate, save; to avenge, revenge,
punish, take vengeance on. Vin-
dicatum est punishment was
inflicted. Aliquem in libertatem
vindicare, to assert or maintain
the freedom of any one.
Vinča, ae, f., a vineyard; a kind
of pent-house or shed, built like
an arbor, for sheltering besiegers.
See note on line 7, p. 29.
Vinum, i, n., wine.
Violenter, adv. (violens), impetu-
ously, vehemently, violently, fu-
riously, forcibly.
Violentia, ae, f. (violens), vio-
lence, vehemence, impetuosity,

Vir, viri, m., a man ; a husband.
Vires, ium. See Vis.
Virgo, inis, f. (vireo), a maiden,

Virgultum, i, n. (virgŭla), a bush, thicket, copse, brushwood, shrubbery.

Virilis, e, adj. (vir), of or belonging to a man, manly, virile; male, masculine; manful, firm, vigorous, bold, spirited. Viritim, adv. (vir), man by man, from man to man, to each one separately, singly, individually. Virtus, ütis, f. (vir), manliness, manhood; strength, power, vigor, energy; bravery, courage, valor; merit, excellence, worth, goodness, virtue, virtuousness. Emori per virtutem, to die bravely. Virtus animi, energy of mind, intellectual vigor. Vis, vis, f., strength, power, might, vigor, energy, ardor, fury, force, violence; effort, exertion; quantity, number, abun

and intr., to wish, to will, be
willing; to desire, intend, pur-
pose; to determine, ordain (in
proposing bills to the people); to
think, maintain. Quid sibi vult,
what does he mean? what does
he want?

dance; notion, meaning, sense, | Volo, velle, volui, —, irreg. tr.
import, nature, essence. Vi or
per vim, by force, forcibly. Vi-
res, pl., the bodily powers. Vis
pulveris, a quantity (cloud) of
dust. Summâ vi, with all one's
might or power.
Viso, ĕre, si, sum, tr. intens. (vi-
deo), to look at attentively, to
view, behold, survey; to see to,
look after; to go to see, to visit,
call upon.
Visus, a, um, part. from Video.
Visus, us, m. (video), a seeing,
looking; a look, glance; the fac-
ulty of seeing, sight, vision; a
sight, appearance, an appari-
tion, a vision. Qua visus erat
as far as the sight could reach.
Vita, ae, f. (vivo), life; a way or
mode of life, course of life, ca-


Vitabundus, a, um, adj. (vito),
shunning, avoiding, evading,
trying to escape.
Vitium, i, n., a fault, defect, blem-
ish, imperfection; failing, error,
offence, crime, vice.
Vito, are, avi, ātum, tr., to shun,

avoid, evade, escape.

Vivo, ĕre, vixi, victum, intr., to
live, be alive, have life.
Vivus, a, um, adj. (vivo), alive,

Vix, adv., with difficulty, hardly,
scarcely, barely.

Vocabulum, i, n. (voco,) a word,
term, expression, name, designa-
tion, appellation.
Voco, are, avi, ätum, tr. (vox), to
call, call upon, summon, invoke;
to call, name, denominate.
Volens, tis, part. and adj. (volo),
willing, voluntary, eager, ready;
favorable, well inclined; pleas-
ant, agreeable. Volenti animo,
with willing mind, gladly.
Volgus, i, m. and n. See Vulgus.
Volněro, are. See Vulnĕro.
Volnus, ĕris, n. See Vulnus.
Volo, are, avi, atum, intra, to
1 fly.

Volturcius, i, m. See Vulturcius.
Voltus, ūs, m. See Vultus.
Voluntarius, a, um, adj. (volun-
tas), of one's own free will, wil-
ling, voluntary; spontaneous.
Voluntarii, ōrum, m. pl. (sc.
milites), volunteers.
Voluntas, atis, f. (volo), will,
wish, desire, choice, inclination;
good-will, favor, affection. Vo-
luntate, of one's own will, of one's
own accord, willingly, volun-
tarily. Voluntate or ex volun-
tate, according to one's wish or
desire, at one's desire.
Voluptarius, a, um, adj. (volup-
tas), pleasant, agreeable, delight-
ful; pleasurable, devoted to
pleasure, sensual, voluptuous.
Voluptas, atis, f., satisfaction, en-

joyment, pleasure, delight.
Volux, ucis, m., a son of Bocchus,

king of Mauritania.
Volvo, ĕre, volvi, volutum, tr.,

to roll, turn about, turn round,
tumble down; to turn over or
revolve in the mind, to consider,
ponder, meditate or reflect upon,
to think over.
Vorsor, ari. See Versor.
Vorsum. See Versum.
Vorsus. See Versus.
Vos, pl. of Tu, you, ye.
Voster, tra, trum. See Vester.
Votum, i, n. (vověo), a solemn
promise made to some deity, a
vow; a wish, desire, prayer.
Vox,vocis, f., a voice; a sound, tone,
cry, call; a word, saying, speech,
sentence, proverb, maxim.
Vulgus, i, m. and n., the great
mass, the multitude, the people,
the public; a mass, crowd,
throng, multitude; the vulgar,

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