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She was

Page Flagitiorum, etc., metonymy; the crime instead of the criminal. 100 18. Manu, ventre,=by gambling, by gluttony. Bona patria (property inherited from a father)=his patrimony. 19. Quique=et qui. Alienum aes, debt, lit. another's money. 20. Redimeret, he might purchase (impunity for). 21. Judiciis, on trial. 22. Manus refers to sanguine, and lingua to perjurio. 24. Conscius, conscious of guilt. 25. Proxumi, the nearest friends. 26. Quod si, but if. 30. Aetate, by reason of their age. 31. Ut - flagrabat, a8 each one's inclination according to his age urged him on. 34. Obnoxios, obligated, dependent. 35. Existumarent, thought : subjunct. of result. A. & S. & 264, 1, (a) [better than 264, 6); H. 501, I.; B. 1227; A. 65, I. 37. Habuisse, regarded. 38. Cuiquam foret, this could be certainly known to any one.

1-39. Jam primum, now in the first place, not with reference to 101 the youth of Catiline, but to the narrative in hand. M. 2. Stupra, acts of lewdness. Virgine nobile. Her name is unknown. Sacerdote Vestae, Fabia, sister of Cicero's wife, Terentia. however acquitted of the charge. The Vestal virgins were six in number, serving for a period of thirty years; their chief duty was to watch by turns, night and day, the everlasting fire which blazed upon the altar of the goddess. Dict. Antiqq. 3. Jus fasque= human and divine law. “Fas lex divina est, jus lex humana.” 4. Postremo, at last, finally, is properly not an adv. but an ablat. of time, with tempore omitted. 5. Formam, her beauty. Nihil umquam =never anything. 6. Ea, she. Nubere illi, lit. to veil herself for him (=to marry him), hence the use of the dative. 7. Aetate, ablat. of description or quality. Creditur, it is believed. Filio, i. e. the privignum before mentioned. 8. Fecisse, 8c. eum =Catilinam. Notice the anacolūthon in oaptus and (euin) fecisse, the former requiring fecit, which however becamo fecisse through the influence of creditur. 10. Infestus, hateful. 12. Conscientia = conscience. 12. Vastabat, desolated. 13. Ei, sc. erat, =he had. Foedi, discolored, bloodshot (M.), ghastly (An.). Modo, modo, at one time at another time, now now. 14. Prorsus, in a word, in short. 15. Juventutem - facinora. A. & S. & 231; H. 374; B. 734; A. 52, III. -16. Illexerat, from illicio. 17. Signatores, persons who attested wills with their seals. Hence with falsos -forgers of wills and other documents. 19. Majora, sc. facinora. 20. Minus suppetebat, was not at hand. 22. Scilicet, evidently. Manus, nom. pl. 23. Gratuito, wantonly. 25. Quod aes, etc., and hence debtors might hope by means of a revolution escapo payment of their debts. 26. Sullani=of Sulla, Many thousands

Page 101 of Sulla’s veterans bad settled in colonies throughout Italy. M.

Largius — usi=having used too freely what they had. 31. Nihil -- intentus, was in no respect at all on the alert. 35. Consulibus, in B. C. 64. Singulos = =men individually. 38. In unum=to

gether. 39. Necessitudo, here necessity, need; sc. erat. 102 1–38. Ordinis, gen. of description or quality. 3. Servi=Servii.

7. Municipiis, free towns ; generally in Italy, governed by their own laws, and enjoying the rights of Roman citizens, including (except in a few cases) the right of voting. 11. Maxume, particularly. 12. Quibus (sc. ii) copia erat those who had the means. 18. Voluisse, sc. eum, that he wished the power of any one (cujusvis), “even of a Catiline.” 23. M'.=Manio (in the nom. Manius). 24. Consulibus, in B. C. 66. Designati, elect. 25. Legibus — interrogati, having been tried by the laws relating to canvassing for office, particularly to bribery. 26. Pecuniarum — reus, accused of extortion, lit. of money to be demanded back, repetundarum, being a fut. part. 27. Legitumos dies, 17 days before the election. 28. Profiteri, sc. se candidatum, to announce himself as a candidate. Nequiverit. The subjunct. refers the thought to Catiline's opponents. A. & S. & 266, 3; H. 520, II.; B. 1255; A. 66, I. 31. Mali mores, his bad character. 32. Decembris (=Decembres), an adj. 33. In Capitolio. When the new consuls assumed the fasces, they convened the senate in the Capitol, and were saluted by the nobles and magistrates. The conspirators intended to take advantage of this solemnity to effect their assassination. M. 36. Duas Hispanias, Hither and Farther, citerior and ulterior,

separated by the Ebro. 38. Jam tum, even then. 103 1-39. Quod ni, and it not. Pro, in front of. 2. Post, since. 4. Ea res, this circumstance, Catiline's giving the signal of attack too

6. Quaestor pro praetore=a8 quaestor with praetorian power, a power which was generally bestowed only on such as had been praetor, but “the senate stretched a point in order to get rid of a dangerous enemy.” 7. Adnitente, exerting himself, lending his influence. 8. Inimicum, enemy, as a noun. 11. Praesidium, a safeguard. 12. Jam tum, even then. 14. Iter faciens - while marching, on the march. 17. Clientes, adherents, not clients in the strict Roman sense. They were persons whom Pompeius had attached to himself in the province when he commanded there against Sertorius. M. Voluntate ejus, in accordance with his wish. 18. Praeterea, besides this one=in any other instance. 20. In medio=undetermined, as it were in the midst” between the conflicting statements. 23. Cum singulis, with them sepa.



Pago rately. 24. In rem fore, that it would be to the purpose. Uni-103 vorsos =them collectively. 27. Ni, (had) not. 30. Per — ingenia, by means of sluggishness or worthless abilities=indolent and weak men. 33. Eo, therefore, on that account: ablat. of

35. Quae mihi, as to me. 36. Ea demum that after all. 37. Divorsi separately, apart from one another. 38. Mihi is dat. of disadvantage, but is best rendered my. In dies, from day to day, daily. 39. Futura sit, will be : fut. subjunct. of indirect question. A. & S. & 260, Rem. 7, (2); H. 481, III, 1 ; B. 1172.

1-38. Nosmet is the object. 2. In concessit, has come under. 104 3. Tetrarchae. Properly “rulers of quarters of kingdoms,” applied to some oriental potentates, among whom the father often divided his dominions between his sons. But this signification was dropped, and the word was applied to certain petty or dependent sovereigns in the East, to whom the republic would not concede the kingly title. M. Volgus (=vulgus), the rabble. Obnoxii, under obligations, beholden. 10. Quae, these things. 11. Tan. dem, I pray; gives force and spirit to a question. 12. Per virtutem=bravely. 13. Alienae =of others. 14. Verum enimvero, but indeed. 15. Pro is an interjection, and is used here in attestation; pro— fidem, by the faith of gods and men= -I call gods and men to witness. 16. Illis is dat. of disadvantage, annis ablat. of cause. 18. Cetera, accus. pl. neut. An. makes it agree with res= circumstances. 19. Quis mortalium (what one of mortals) : what man.

Cui est

that has. 20. Quas profundant sut eas profundant, and hence the subjunct. of purpose. A. & S. 2 264, 5; H. 500; B. 1205–7; A. 64, I. 21. Exstruendo quandis, building up a sea and in levelling mountains, i. e. vating fish-ponds on shore, and cutting through land to admit the water of the sea." 23. Binas. Notice the force of the distributive, “each of them two (or more) houses." Larem familiarem= a home; lit. a domestic genius, the god of the domestic hearth. 24. Tabulas, &c. pictas, pictures, paintings. 25. Nova, i. e. but recently built. Supply aedificia. 26. Trahunt, vexant=they squander, lavish. 27. Summa lubidine = with all their caprice. 29. Mala res, a wretched present; contrasted with spes asperior. Quid — habemus =what have we left (what of remainder have we). 30. Quin, why not : compounded of old ablat. quî and ne (=non). Used with the indicative. A. & S. & 262, Note 9. 33. In occulis, before your eyes. 34. Res, the occasion. 37. Haec ipsa, these very things. 38. Una, along. 3–39. Quibus erant=who had all misfortunes in abundance. 105

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Page 105 4. Ros, property. 5. Quieta movere, to disturb the quiet (condition of) affairs. 8. Ubique =

1:=et ubi.

Quid opis=what assistance. 9. Tabulas novas, nero tablets =

=an abolition of debts. Waxen tablets were used in keeping accounts, and when an old score was erased, the tablet was ready for a new one. Proscriptionem, proscription, properly, a placard by which notice is publicly given of a sale, etc., and hence the proclamations by which the lives or properties of citizens were declared forfeited were called proscriptions. M. 16. Circumventum, beset. 18. Unum quemque quemque. 19. Alium egestatis. A. & S. & 218; H. 410, I.; B. 793; A. 50, IV. 1. 23, Petitionem, application, for the consulship. Curae, dat. of the object or end. 25. Populares = the associates, accomplices. 26. Sanguinem. “Perhaps it was a single drop of blood, mixed in a bowl of wine to preserve the shadow of an antique ceremonial.” M. Vino is best explained as an ablat. of means. 27. Inde=of it, i. e. de ea potione. 29. Consuevit, is wont: impersonally. Aperuisse, sc. eum. 30. Dictitare, they frequently said: historical infin. Eo, for this reason : ablat. of cause. 31. Alius — conscii, being conscious, one to another, of 80 great a crime. Conscii agrees with the subject of forent, and alius is in partitive apposition with it; alii is dative. 32. Ficta (esse). 33. Ciceronis invidiam, that the odium against Cicero. 35. Pro, considering. 39. Censores. Two officers of high rank in the Roman republic, elected in the comitia centuriata. They exercised a general control over the conduct and morals of the citizens. Senatu moverant=had expelled from the senate: senatu, ablat. of sepa

ration. Probri gratia, on account of his infamy. 106 1-39. Vanitas, not vanity, but levity, shallowness. 3. Prorsus –

habebat (in short, neither to speak nor to act had be anything of regard) =in ahort, he was utterly reckless what he said or did. Pensi, perf. part. used as a noun in the partitive gen. 5. Stupri, of unchastity. 7. Maria montesque. A proverbial expression for " the most extravagant promises.” 8. Obnoxia, obedient. 11. Haud - habuit, did not keep concealed. Sublato auctore, lit. her informer being removed, i. e. from her account, =concealing the name of the informer. 12. Quoque=et quo. 17. Quamvis egregius, however excellent. 18. Homo novus. See note on line 13, p. 15. 19. Post fuere = were laid aside ; perhaps to be taken up again. 23. Plura agitare he devised additional measures. 24. Locis, 8c. in. Sua fide, on his credit : ablat. of means. 25. Faesulas, to Faesulae. A. & S. § 237; H. 379; B. 938 ; A. 55, III. 2. 26. Manlium, who had been an officer in the army of Sulla. Princeps —

Page faciundi, was first in beginning the war. 27. Belli. A. & S. & 213; 106 H. 399; B. 765; A. 50, III. 3. 31. Neque, and not. Modum fecarat, had placed a limit. 33. Servitia urbana=the slaves of the city. 36. Virilis =of masculine. 37. Genere — forma, in respect to her lineage and her beauty. Satis =quite, very. 38. Litteris, language and literature. Psallero means either to play upon a musical instrument, or to accompany it at the same time with the voice. An. Translate, to play and sing. 39. Saltare elegantius. The ancient Romans regarded dancing and singing as accomplishments exhibited for the entertainment of others. Hence they were always connected in their minds with servile or histrionic performances. M. Probae, to a modest woman.

3-39. Fuit, were ; in the sing. agreeing with the nearest nom. 107 Famae, her reputation. 4. Discerneres, potential subjunct. A. & S. $ 260, II., Rem. 2; H. 486, III. 4; B. 1177; A. 60, 1. (Subjunct. of implied condition.) Accensa (est). 5. Peteret, she courted. 6. Creditum abjuraverat, had forsworn a trust. Among the Romans, the absence of facilities for bartering and exchange rendered it necessary to keep hoards of gold and silver, and these it was often requisite to intrust to the care of friends. M. 7. Praeceps abierat = had gone headlong astray. 8. Absurdum, contenptible. 9. Jocum movere, to raise a laugh. M. 10. Facetiae, lepos, wit, grace. 12. Nihilo minus = nerertheless, lit. in no respect less. 14. Designatus, 8c. consul, consul elect. Ex voluntate, according to his wish. 21. Pactione provinciae, by a bargain respecting his province. On the expiration of their consulship Cicero and Antonius would have had the proconsular government of Macedonia and Cisalpine Gaul, repectively; but Cicero generously made over the richer province of Macedonia to Antonius. 22. Ne son. tiret, that he would not entertain sentiments. 24. Catilinae, dat. of disadvantage. 25. Campo, sc. Martio. 29. Eam partem, i. e. in the neighborhood of Faesulae. 32. Alium alio, one to one place, another to another. Quem ubique=quem et ubi. 36. Obsidere, from obsido, ěre. 37. Vigilare == he passed nights without sleep. 39. Intempesta nocte, late at night, at an unseasonable time for business.

5–39. Qui facerent=ut ii facerent, who were to make : subjunot. 108 of purpose in oratio obliqua. A. & S. & 264, 5; H. 500; B. 1205-7; A. 64, I. 7. Consiliis, dat. limiting officere. 9. Eques Romanus. See note on line 22, p. 43. 11. Salutatum. In the days of Roman freedom, clients were in the habit of testifying respect for their patron by thronging his atrium at an early hour, and escorting

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