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opto), to choose, select; to adopt. over against, in front. Vulnera In regnum adoptare, to adopt as adversa, wounds in front; ad

one's successor to the kingdom. verse, hostile, contrary; unfavorAdquiro. See Acquiro.

able, disadvantageous; inconAdrectus, a, um. See Arrectus. sistent, at variance with. In Adrăgo. See Arrogo.

adversa mutari, to be changed to Adscensus, ūs. See Ascensus. the opposites. Adverso colle evaAdscendo. See Ascendo.

dere, to ascend the hill in front. Adscisco and Ascisco, ĕre, scivi, Adversis equis concurrere,

to scitum, tr. (ad+scisco), to take, charge straight forward. receive, approve; to admit, Adversus, i, m. (adverto), an adunite; to gain over.

versary, enemy, opponent. Adsentio. See Assentio.

Adversus and Adversum, adv. Adséquor. See Assěquor.


prep. with accu8. (adverto), Adsiděo. See Assideo.

against, in front of, opposite to, Adsido. See Assido.

facing, over against; towards; Adsisto. See Assisto.

in opposition to. Adstrictus, a, um, part. from Ad- Adverto, ĕre, ti, sum, tr. (ad + stringo.

verto), to turn to or towards, to Adstringo. See Astringo.

advert to. Animum adverterer Adsum, adesse, adfui, intr. (adt animadvertere, to turn one's mind

sum), to be present, be at hand; to, to heed, notice, observe, perto stand by, assist, aid, help; to ceive. come, be near.

Advoco, åre, āvi, ātum, tr. (ad + Adsūmo. See Assumo.

voco), to call, to call to; to sumAdulter, ēri, m., an adulterer. mon, employ, use. Adulterinus, a, um, adj. (adulter), Advorsor. See Adversor.

adulterous, spurious, adulter- Advorsum. See Adversum. ated, forged, false.

Advorto. See Adverto. Adultus, a, um, part. and adj. Aedes, ium, and Aedis, is, f., in from Adolesco, grown up, full the sing., a room, chamber, apart

grown, adult, mature, ripe. ment; a temple; in the plu., & Advectitius or Alvecticius, a, house, dwelling; temples.

um, adj. (adveho), foreign, im- Aedificium, i, n. (aedifico), an ported.

edifice, structure, building. Advěho, ĕre, exi, ectum, tr. (aad + Aedifico, äre,

m, tr. veho), to conduct, carry to; to (aedes + facio), to build, erect, import, convey, bring.

rear, construct. Advenio, ire, ēni, ontum, intr. (ad Aedilis, is, m. (aedes), an aedile ;

+venio) to come,come to, arrive. a Roman magistrate who superAdvento, āre, avi, atum, intr. intended the repairs of temples freq. (advenio), to

fre- and other public buildings, requently; to come, approach, ar- gulated the markets, the expense rive at.

of funerals, etc. Adventus, ūs, m. (advenio), a com- | Aeger, gra, grum, adj., weak, sick, ing, approach, arrival.

infirm, diseased, corrupted; sorAdversarius, i, m. (adversus), an rowful, unhappy, desponding, adversary, enemy, rival.

afflicted. Adversor, åri, ātus, dep. (adver- Aegre, adv., comp. Aegrius, sup.

gus), to oppose, resist, thwart. Aegerrime and Aegerrème Adversus, a, um, part. and adj. (aeger), hardly, scarcely, with

from Adverto, opposite,fronting, difficulty ; unwillingly, discon:



tentedly, with displeasure. Ae manu discedere, to come off on gre ferre, to bear with displeas equal terms. ure, take it ill.

Aerarium, i, n. (aes), the treasury, Aegritūdo, inis, f. (aeger), illness, exchequer; the public money,

sickness; sorrow, grief; solici national revenue. tude, care, affliction, trouble. Aerumna. ae, f., toil, hardship, Nimis molliter aegritudinem pati, distress, calamity, trouble, misto bear affliction too sensitively.

ery, adversity. Aegyptus, i, f., Egypt; by some Aes, aeris, n., copper, brass,

of the ancients accounted a part bronze; anything made of copof Asia.

per, etc.; money, coin. Aemilius, i, m., a Roman name alienum, another's money, i. e.

belonging to the Aemilian gens. debt. Aes mutuum, a loan, money Aomŭlus, a, um, adj., emulous, borrowed or lent.

envious; as a noun, a rival, emu- Aestas, ātis, f. (aestus), the sumlator, imitator.

mer, summer air, summer heat. Aonéas, ae, m., Aeneas, the son Aestimo, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (aes),

of Venus and Anchises, who, to estimate, value, regard, apafter the fall of Troy, is said to preciate; to rate; to think, judge, have led a colony of Trojans believe, deem, consider, into Italy, and to have laid the Aestīvus, a, um, adj. (aestus), re

foundations of the Roman State. lating to summer, summer. AesAequabilis, e, adj. (aequo), equal, tiva castra, or simply aestiva,

equable, uniform; consistent; orum, n. pl., summer quarters, a equitable, just, right.

stationary summer camp; a camAequabiliter, adv., comp. Aequa paign.

bilius (aequabilis), equally, Aestůmo. See Aestimo.

evenly, uniformly, equably. Aestuo, äre, āvi, ātum, intr. (aesAequalis, e, adj. (aequus), equal, tus), to boil up; to heave; to

like, similar; even, level, plain, rage, burn, be inflamed; to be flat; coeval, contemporary.

A8 undecided, to vacillate, waver. a noun, a contemporary; one Aestus, ūs, m., heat, fire, glow; hot

equal in years, of the same age. weather; a boiling or bubbling Aequaliter, adv. (aequalis), equal up; the tide ; force, ardor; doubt,

ly, uniformly, equably; propor uncertainty, perplexity. Aestu tionally.

secundo, the tide being favorable. Aeque, adv. (aequus), equally, in Aetas, ātis, f. (for aevitas, from

like manner, alike, as much as, aevum), age, time of life; life; similarly.

time. Aetatem agere or habere, Aequitas, ātis, f. (aequus), equal to pass one's life, to live.

ity, evenness, equity, justice; Aeternus, a, um, adj. ( for aovi. calmness, equanimity, tranquil ternus, from aevum), eternal, lity of mind; moderation.

everlasting, immortal, perpetual. Aequum, i, n. (aequus), equity, Aethiops, opis, m., an Ethiopian. justice.

Aevum, i, n., time, life, age, duraAequus, a, um, adj., level, smooth, tion.

even, plain, equal; like, similar; Afer, fra, frum, adj., African. favorable, advantageous; just, Afri,orum, m.plu., the Africans. equitable, fair, upright; reason- Affătim, adv. (ad + fatim), abunable, right; calm, unmoved. In. dantly, sufficiently, copiously, jurias gravius aequo habere, to largely, in abundance. feel injuries too deeply. Aequa Affeoto, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (afi.

cio), to seek after, strive for, aim pile, mound; a rampart, dam, at; to covet, solicit, aspire to, mole, dike; a mound erected try to gain over.

before the walls of a besieged Affěro, afferre, attăli, allātum, city, for the purpose of sustain

tr. irr. (ad + fero), to bring, ing the battering engines, and take, carry to; to cause, pro- which was gradually advanced duce, occasion; to report, an- nearer and nearer to the town; nounce.

the mound rais

for the protecAffinis, e, adj. (ad + finis), con- tion of a camp before the in

tiguous, adjoining, adjacent; re- trenchment (fossa), and from the lated by marriage. As a noun, earth dug from it. a relation by marriage.

Aggrădior, i, essus, dep. (ad + Affinitas, ātis, f. (affinis), rela- gradior), to go to, approach; to

tionship by marriage; affinity, accost, address; to undertake; union, connection.

to attack, assail. Afflicto, are, āvi, ätum, tr. freq. Agito, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ago),

(affligo), to disquiet, agitate, to drive, impel; to agitate, toss, toss; to trouble, afflict, injure, disturb, perplex; to carry on, harass, torment, vex.

prosecute, perform, administer; Afflictus, a, um, part. and adj.,from to disquiet, vex, trouble, tor

affligo, troubled, afflicted, bowed ment, torture; to incite, stimudown, miserable; damaged, shat- late; to pass, spend; to keep, tered, disordered, ruined; de- hold, celebrate; to revolve in

jected, cast down, desponding. one's mind, meditate, discuss, Affligo, ĕre, ixi, ictum, tr. (ad + debate: to manifest, display.

fligo), to dash against, throw In general, the meaning of this down, overthrow, prostrate; to verb must be decided by the context. distress, vex; to shatter, impair, Agmen, inis, n. (ago), an army weaken.

on the march; the march of an Afflŭo, ĕre, uxi, uxum, intr. (ad army; an army, band, line.

+ fluo), to flow to or toward; to Ago, ĕre, ēgi, actum, tr., to drive, run or flock towards; to abound lead, conduct, direct; to do, in, be abundant.

make, perform ; to treat, transAiföre, intr. def. (ad + fore), fut. act; to pass, spend. Aetatem

inf., to be about to be present; agere, to pass one's life. Sese with a subject accus., would be agere, to conduct one's self. Grapresent, would assist.

tias agere, to thank, give thanks. Africa, ae, f., Africa. It is some- Agitur, imp., the question is,

times put for the Roman prov- the business is. ince in Africa.

Agrestis, e, adj. (ager), rustic, Africanus, a, um, adj. (Africa), rural; unpolished, rude, wild,

African. Africanus, i, m., the boorish, clownish. As a noun, a agnomen of the two Scipios, peasant, rustic, countryman, given to them on account of Aio, ais, ait, defect. verb, to say, their conquests in Africa.

speak, declare, assert, affirm. Africus, a, um, adj. (Africa), Pronounced A'-yo.

African. Mare Africum, the Ala, ae, f., a wing; the wing of Mediterranean Sea.

the army, commonly composed Agendus, a, um, part. from ago. of the Roman cavalry and the Ager, gri, m., a field, farm; land, troops of the allies, especially soil; territory, country.

their horsemen. Agger, ēris, m. (aggěro), a heap, Alăcer, cris, cre, adj., lively, brisk,



As a a

quick, eager, active, ready, | Aliquot, indecl. adj. pl. (alius + prompt; cheerful, glad.

quot), some, several, a few. Albinus, i, m., a Roman surname Aliter, adv. (alius), otherwise, in

of the Postumian gens. Spurius a different manner; in any other Postumius Albinus, a Roman way, else; moreover. consul in B. C. 110.

Alius, a, ud, adj., other, another, Algor, õris, m. (algeo), cold, cold- different. Alius alius, one

another. Alii alii, someAlias, adv. (alius), otherwise, in others. Alii pars or partim,

another way; at another time; some — others. Alius ab alia sometimes.

parte, one from one direction, Alibi, adv. (alius + ibi), elsewhere, another from another. Alius ab

in another place. Alios alibi, alio =one after another. Aliud, some in one place, others in anything else, something else ; other places.

with a negative, nothing else, no Aliéno, åre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ali

other thing. enus), to alienate, estrange; to Allātus, a, um part. from affero. separate, remove, transfer; to Allěvo, äre, ävi, atum, tr. (ad + cast off.

levo), to lift up, raise up, supAlienus, a, um, adj.(alius), belong- port, lighten, alleviate.

ing to another, another's, for. Allício, ère, lexi, lectum, tr. (ad eign; unsuitable, inconsistent; + lacio), to attract, allure, entice, unfavorable, adverse, inimical. decoy, inveigle. Aliéni appetens, greedy of what Allobrox,ögis, Allobroges,ögum, belongs to another. Aes alienum, A people of Gaul, whose another's money = debt.

chief city was Vienna, near the noun, alienus, i, m., a stran. Rhone. ger.

Alo, ĕre, alui, alitum or altum, Alio, adv. (alius), to another pur- tr., to nourish, support, feed,

pose, place, or subject. Alins maintain. alio, one to one place, another to Alte, adv. (altus), on high, high, another; one hither - another highly; deeply, low, far. thither.

Alter, óra, ěrum, gen. alterius, Aliquamdiu, adv. (aliquis + diu), adj., one of two=the other. Alfor some time.

ter alter, the one

- the other. Aliquando, adv. (alius + quando), Unus et alter, one and the other,

sometimes, sometime, at some some, several. It is also used to time; at length, now at last; express reciprocal action, (18, alformerly.

teri alteros sauciant, they wound Aliquanto, adv. with comparatives one another.

(properly ablat. of aliquantus), Altitudo, inis, f. (altus), height, considerably, somewhat.

altitude, depth. Aliquantum, adv. (prop. accus. Altus, a, um, part. from alo.

of aliquantus), somewhat, some, Altus, a um, adj. (alo), high, tall,

considerably, a little, rather. lofty, deep, profound, great. Aliquantus, a, um, adj. (alius + Alvěus, i, m., the channel or bed

quantus), some, somewhat, con-- "of a river; a trough ; the hold, siderable.

hull, or body of a ship. Aliquis,qua,quod, and quid, indef. Ambio,ire, ii and ivi,itum,tr. and

pron. (alius + quis), some, any; intr. (amb + eo), to go around; somebody, something, anything; to surround, encompass, invest; some one, any one.

to go about soliciting votes, to

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canvass, solicit; to strive for, | Amplus, a, um, adj., ample, seek to gain.

large, spacious, great; splendid, Ambitio, onis, f. (ambio), a going illustrious, honorable, glori

around of candidates to canvass for votes, a candidating; ambi- An, conj. In direct questions it is tion; seeking popularity; flat not translated. In indirect questery, adulation.

tions, whether. An-an, whether Ambitiosus, a, um, adj. (ambi or. The first an is sometimes

tio), courting favor, ambitious; omitted, or its place is supplied popular, bonor-loving.

by ne or utrum. Ambitus, ūs, m. (ambio), a going Anceps, cipitis, adj. (amb +

round; an unlawful canvassing caput), two-headed; twofold, for votes; an unlawful striving double; doubtful, uncertain, dufor office, bribery; a circuit. bious; faithless. Lex ambitus, a law concerning Ancilla, ae, f., a maid-servant, febribery and corruption.

male slave. Ambo, ae, o, adj. pl., both. Angustia, ae, f., generally in the Amentia, ae, f. (amens), madness, plural, angustiae, árum, (aninsanity, folly.

gustus), a narrow place, a defile; Amicitia, ae, f. (amicus), friend

narrowness, straitness, ship, amity, an alliance, league Angustus, a, um, adj. (ango), of friendship.

narrow, strait, close, confined, Amious, a, um, adj. (amo), friend limited.

ly, amicable, kind, cordial. Anima, ae, f., air, breath; life, the Amicus, i, m. (amicus), a friend. vital principle; the soul, spirit, Amitto, ĕre, misi, missum, tr. mind.

(a + mitto), to send away, dis- Animadverto, ĕre, ti, sum, tr. miss, let go; to lose, throw (animus + ad + verto), to turn away.

the mind or attention to, to noAmo, āre, ävi, ätum, tr., to love, tice, observe, attend, perceive; like, delight in.

to punish. Animadvertitur, punAmoenus, a, um, adj., delightful, ishment is inflicted.

pleasant, agreeable, charming. Animadvorto. See Animadverto. Amor, oris, m. (samo), love, affec- Animal, ális, n. (anima), an anition, desire.

mal, living creature. Amõveo, ére, móvi, mötum, tr. Animus, i, m., the mind, soul; the (a + moveo), to remove, take

will, desire, purpose, inclination, away, withdraw. Senatu amovere, design, disposition; heart, courto expel from the senate.

age. Ample, adv. (amplus), amply, Annitor. See Adnitor. largely, abundantly.

Annius, i, m., Caius Annius, a RoAmplector, i, exus, dep. (am + man prefect sent by Metellus to

plecto), to embrace, encircle, command the garrison of Leptis. surround, clasp ; to love, to cher- Annius, i, m., Lucius Annius, a ish.

tribune of the plebs. Amplexor, äri, ätus, dep. freq. Annius, i, m., Quintus Annius, a

(amplector), to embrace; to love, Roman senator, confederate with cherish.

Amplius, adv. (comp. of ample), Annus, i, m., a year.

more, further, longer. Amplius Annŭus, a, um, adj. (annus), anposse or valere, to be more pow nual, yearly ; lasting a year. erful.

Ante, prep. with accus., before; or

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