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posite to; superior to; in ad- evident. In aperto esse, to be vance of.

clear, plain, evident. Antě, adv., before, formerly; for- Appello, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad + ward, in advance.

pello), to call, name, term, eutiAntěa, adv. (ante + ea), before, tle; to speak to, address, accost; forinerly, previously.

to appeal to, invoke, entreat; to Antecapio, ĕre, cēpi, captum, tr.

(ante + capio), to take before- Appello, ère, půli, pulsum, tr. hand, preoccupy; to anticipate, (ad + pello, ěre), to drive to or prepare beforehand. Noctem an- towards, to direct; to land, artecapere, to anticipate the night rive at. -not to wait for it. Sitim, fa- Appetens, entis, part. and adj. mem antecapere, not to wait for (appeto), desirous, eager, greedy, thirst, hunger — to excite them

covetous, fond of. prematurely.

Appěto, ĕre, ivi, itum, tr. (ad + Anteěo, ire, ii or ivi, irr. tr. and peto), to seek, strive for, aim at;

intr. (ante + eo), to go before; to wish for, desire; to approach; precede; to surpass, excel, out- to attack. strip

Apprehendo, ĕre, di, sum, tr. (ad Antefěro, ferre, téli, lātum, tr. 7 prehendo), to lay hold 'of,

(ante + fero), to carry before; seize, catch, apprehend. to prefer, set before.

Appröbo, are, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad Antěhac, adv. (ante + hic), before, #probo), to approve, favor, previously, formerly.

commend; to

prove, confirm, deAntěpõno, ère, osui, ositum, tr. monstrate, establish; to render

(ante + pono), to set or place be- acceptable, satisfactory fore, to prefer.

Appropinquo, áre, ävi, ätum, Antěquam, or better, ante quam, intr. (ad + propinquo), to ap

conj., before, before that, sooner proach, draw near. than.

Appalsus, a, um, part. from apAntevěnio, fre, éni, entum, tr. pello.

and intr. (ante + venio), to get Apud, prep. with accus., at, near, the start of, anticipate; to pre- with, among, in; at the house vent, thwart; to surpass, out- of; before, to. Apud animum strip, excel.

meum, to my mind. Antonius, i, m., Caius Antonius, Apulia, ae, f., Apulia, a country of a Roman consul, the colleague

lower Italy. of Cicero,

Aqua, ae, f., water. Hiemales Anxie, adv. (anxius), anxiously, aquae, the winter rains. painfully.

Aquila, ae, f., an eagle; the prinAnxius, a, um, adj. (ango), anx- cipal standard of the Roman

ious, disquieted, troubled; un- legion.

easy, apprehensive, fearful. Aquor, äri, ätus, dep. (aqua), to Apěrio, ire, erui, ertum, #r. (ad get or draw water. + pario), to open, uncover, un-Ara, ae, f., an altar. Pro aris atvcil, display, discover, disclose, que

focis, for house and hearth show,

for one's dearest possessions. Aperto, adv. (apertus), openly, Arbiter, tri, m., a witness, spectaclearly, distinctly, manifestly, tor; an arbiter, umpire. publicly.

Arbitrātus, ūs, m. (arbitror), will, Apertus, a, um, part. and adj. judgment, opinion ; pleasure,

(aperio), open, clear, manifest, choice.

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Arbitrium, i, n. (arbiter), the de- | Armenii, orum, m. pl., the Ar

cision of an arbitrator; judg- menians.
ment, decision, award; will, Armo, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (arma),
pleasure, inclination.

to arm, equip.
Arbitror, åri, åtus, dep. (arbiter), Aro, āre, ävi, ätum, tr., to plough,

to think, judge, suppose, be- cultivate, till; to acquire by Jieve.

husbandry. Arbor and Arbos, oris, f., a Arpinum, i, n., a Latium, tree.

where Plautus, Cicero, and MaArbustum, i, n. (arbor), an orch- rius were born : it is now called

ard, a vineyard planted with Arpino.

Arrectus, a, um, part. from ar-
Arcesso, ère, ivi, itum, tr. (pres. rigo.

inf. pass. arcessi or aroessīri), Arreptus, a, um, part. from ar-
to summon, send for, invite; ripio.
to accuse, arraign. Arcessere Arretinus, a, um, adj., Arretini-
capitis, to accuse of a capital an, pertaining to Arretinum, a

city of Etruria, now Arezzo. Arcis. See Arx.

Arrigo, ére, exi, ectum, tr. (ad+ Arcte or Arte, adv.(arctus), close- rego), to raise, erect; to excite,

ly, compactly, in close order, arouse, animate, encourage. straitly, strictly.

Arripio, ère, ipui, eptum, tr. (ad Ardens, entis, part. and adj. (ar- +rapio), to take by force, seize,

deo), on fire, burning, glowing, snatch, lay hold of.

ardent, eager, impatient. Arrogo, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad + Arděo, õre, arsi, arsum, intr., to rogo), to arrogate, claim as one's

burn, glow; to be eager, ardent,

Ars, artis, f., an art, faculty, qual-
Ardor, oris, m. (ardeo), a flame, ity; skill, knowledge; character,

fire, burning heat; ardor, fer- habit, practice, conduct; arti-
vor, eagerness. Haud procul ab fice, trick, stratagem. In aliis
ardoribus, not far from the burn- artibus, in other respects.
ing (i. e. tropical) heat.

Arte. See Arcte.
Ardèus, a, um, adj., high, lofty, Artifex, icis, m. and f. (ars + fa-

steep; arduous, difficult, labori- cio), an artificer, artist. Adj.,
ous, troublesome.

skilful, ingenious, practised, Arēna, ae, f. (areo), sand.

skilled. Arenosus, a, um, adj. (arena), Artificium, i, n. (artifex), an art, sandy.

trade; skill, contrivance; artiArgentum, i, n., silver; silver fice, cunning, artfulness. money, money.

Arvum, i, n. (aro), e ploughed Aridus, a, um, adj. (areo), arid, field; a field, cultivated land. dry, parched, thirsty.

Arx, arcis, f., a lofty place, top or Aries, ētis, m., a ram; a batter- summit of a hill; a castle, ing-ram.

stronghold, fortress, citadel. Arma, örum, n. pl., arms, armor, Ascendo, ère, di, sum, tr. and weapons; war, warfare.

intr. (ad +scando), to ascend, Armātus, a, um, part. and adj. go up, mount, climb. Navim as

(armo), armed. Armati, orum, cendere=to embark. m. pl., armed men, soldiers. Ascensus, ūs, m. (ascendo), an as. Armenius, a, um, adj., Arme- cent, an ascending: nian.

Ascisco. See Adscisco.

own, assume.


Asia, ae, f., Asia ; sometimes put pressing comparison, such as, for Asia Minor.

pariter, juxta, secus, alius, etc. Aspar, åris, m., a Numidian sent Simul atque, as soon as.

by Jugurtha as ambassador to Atrocitas, ātis, f. (atrox), atrocKing Bocchus.

ity, cruelty, barbarity, horribleAsper, ēra, ērum, adj., rough,

rugged, uneven; troublesome, Atrociter, adv. (atrox), cruelly, dangerous, adverse ; barsh,rigore fiercely, atrociously, violently,

ous, cruel ; unpleasant, severe. harshly. Aspěre, adv. (asper), roughly, Atrox, ocis, adj., fierce, cruel, harshly, keenly, bitterly.

harsh, atrocious, horrible, hidAsperitas, ātis, f. (asper), rough- eous; perilous, severe, violent.

ness, ruggedness, unevenness; Attendo, ĕre, endi, entum, tr. harshness, asperity ; difficulty, (ad + tendo), to stretch, direct, to danger.

turn toward. Attendere animum, Aspernor, åri, åtus, dep. (ad + to direct the attention, attend to,

sperno), to disdain, reject, des- give heed to, mind, consider. pise, spurn.

Attente, adv. (attentus), attentiveAssentior, iri, sensus, dep. (ad ly, diligently, carefully, assidu

+ sentio), to assent to, agree, ously. consent.

Attěro, re, trivi, tritum, tr. Assěquor, i, cutus, dep. (ad+ (ad + tero), to rub against, to

sequor), to follow, overtake; to wear away, to chafe, impair, gain, obtain, attain to.

weaken, diminish, destroy. Assideo, ére, édi, ossum, intr. Attiněo, ére, inui, entum, tr.

(ad + sedeo), to sit, sit beside (ad + teneo), to hold, keep, deor next to.

tain, occupy; to delay, amuse. Assido, ĕre, essi, intr. (ad + sido), \ Attingo, ĕre, igi, actum, tr. (ad

to sit down, to take one's seat. + tango), to touch, to reach, atAssisto, ère, stỉti, intr. (ad + tain; to border upon; to engage

sisto,) to stand near or by; to in, touch upon briefly, touch

take one's stand. Assumo, ĕre, mpsi, mptum, tr. Attribèo, ĕre, ai, ätum, tr. (ad+

(ad+sumo), to take, assume, re- tribuo), to attribute, assign, be

ceive, choose; to usurp, arrogate. stow, give. Astringo, ĕre, nxi, ictum, tr. Attritus, a, um, part. from attero.

(ad + stringo), to draw close, to Auctor, oris, m. (augeo), an aupress, bind, tie; to tighten, con- thor, contriver, maker, founder;

tract; to oblige, necessitate. a voucher, approver, instigator, Astūtia, ae, f. (astutus), shrewd- adviser, proposer; a reporter,

ness, craftiness,dexterity, adroit- informant; a doer, performer. ness, cunning, slyness.

Auctoritas, ätis, f. (auctor), auAt, conj., but, but yet. Al often thority, dominion, power, juris

serves to introduce an objection diction; influence, force, weight; of a supposed opponent.

reputation; an ordinance, deAthēnae, ārum, f. pl., Athens, the cree (e. g. auctoritas senatus). capital of Attica.

Auctus, a, um, part. and adj. Atheniensis, e, adj. (Athenae), (augeo), enlarged, increased, ad

Athenian. Athenienses, ium, vanced, improved. m. pl., the Athenians.

Audacia, ae, f. (audax), boldness, Atque, conj. (ad + que), and, and courage; audacity, impudence,

also; than, as, after words ex- presumption.

lightly upon.

Audaciter or Audacter, comp. | Aversus, a, um, part. and adj.

audacius, adv. (audax), boldly, (averto), turned away, averted, courageously, fearlessly, auda opposite to; averse, unfriendly, ciously.

hostile, alienated. Audax, ācis, adj., bold, courageous, Averto, ère, ti, sum, tr. (a +

resolute, intrepid; audacious, verto), to turn away, avert, di. daring, impudent.

vert; to put to flight; to alienAuděo, ére, ausus, half dep., to ate, estrange.

dare, be so bold as. With facere, Avide, adv. (avidus), eagerly, aggredi, etc., omitted, to under earnestly. take, attempt.

Avidus, a, um, adj. (aveo), eager, Audio, ire, ivi, itum, tr., to hear, desirous, earnest, ardent, greedy; listen to.

avaricious, covetous, ambitious. Augěo, ēre, auxi, auctum, tr. and Avius, a, um, adj. (a + via), im

intr., to increase, augment, en passable, inaccessible; unfrelarge; to advance, promote; to quented, lonely. grow, strengthen.

Avorsus, a, um. See Aversus. Augesco, ĕre, intr. incho. (augeo), Avorto. See Averto.

to begin to grow, to become Avus, i, m., a grandfather.

greater, to grow, increase. Aulus, i, m., a Latin praenomen. Aulus Postumius Albinus, a bro

B. ther of the consul Spurius Albinus.

Baebius, i, m., Caius Baebius, a Aurelia, ae, f., Aurelia Orestilla, tribune of the plebs. the wife of Catiline.

Baleāris, e, ndj., Balearic, of the Auris, is, f., the ear.

Balearic islands. Aurum, i, n., gold; money. Barbărus, a, um, adj., barbaric, Ausus, a, um, part. from audeo. not Greek nor Roman, foreign; Aut, conj., or." Aut-aut, either barbarian, barbarous. Barbări, Non - aut, neither örum, m., barbarians, neither

Greeks nor Romans. Autem, conj., but, yet; and, more- Bellicosus, a, um, adj. (bellum), over; also, likewise.

warlike, martial. Autronius, i, m., Publius Autro- Bellicus, a, um, adj. (bellum),

pius, a Roman senator, confeder military, warlike, martial. ate with Catiline,

Bellum, i, n., war. Belli domique Auxiliarius, a, um, adj. (auxil =in war and in peace.

ium), aiding, helping, auxiliary. Belliānus, i, m., Lucius Bellienus, Auxilior, åri, ätus, dep. (auxil.

a Roman praetor. ium), to assist, aid, help, succor. Belua, ae, f., a beast, an animal. Auxilium, i, n. (augeo), assist- Bene, comp. melius, sup. optime,

ance, aid, help, succor. Aux adv., well, happily, successilia, pl., auxiliary troops, aux fully. iliaries.

Benedico, ère, xi, ctum, tr. and Avaritia, ae, f. (avārus), avarice, intr. (bene + dico), to speak covetousñess.

well of, commend, praise; to Aveo or Haveo, ére, intr., to be bless.

fortunate, well. Used chiefly in Benefacio, ère, fēci, factum, intr. the imperative, ave, avėto (have, (bene + facio), to do good, benehavēto), hail, be prosperous, fit, confer a favor. farewell.

Benefactum, i, n. (benefacio), a

-or. nor.

kindness, benefit, favor, service; | Cadàver, čris, n. (cado), a corpse, a good act or deed.

a dead body. Beneficium, i, n. (beneficus), a Cado, ĕre, cecidi, căsum, intr.,

kindness, benefit, favor, service; to fall; to fall in battle, perish, a distinction, promotion.

be slain; to fall out, happen, Benevolentia, ae, f. (benevolens),

occur, result in. benevolence, good-will, kind- Caecus, a, um, adj., blind. Caeness, favor,

cum corpus = the back. Benigne, adv. (benignus), kindly, Caedes, is, f. (caedo), a cutting,

courteously, liberally. Benigne wounding; slaughter, murder, habere, to treat with kindness.

carnage. Benignitas, ätis, f. (benignus), Caedo, ĕre, cecidi, caesum, tr.,

kindness, liberality, benignity, to cut, cut down; to kill, slaughcourtesy.

ter, slay; to beat. Bestia, ae, f., a wild beast. Caelo, åre, ävi, ätum, tr. (caeBestia, ào, m., Lucius Calpurnius lum), to engrave in relief upon

Bestia, a Roman consul in B. C. metals, etc. ; to carve, engrave, 111.

emboss. Bestia, ae, m., Lucius Calpurnius Caelum, i, n., heaven, the hea

Bestia, a Roman senator, con- vens, the sky. federate with Catiline.

Caeparius, i, m., Quintus CaepaBidŭum, i, n. (bis + dies), two rius, a Terracinian confederate days.

with Catiline. Bini, ae, a, adj., two by two, two Caepio, onis, m., Quintus Servilius each, two.

Caepio, a Roman consul in B. C. Bis, adv., twice.

106, defeated by the Cimbri. Bocchus, i, m., a king of Mauri- Caesar, åris, m., Caius Julius

tania, father-in-law of Jugurtha. Caesar. Bomilcar, åris, m., a Numidian. Caesar, ăris, m., Lucius Julius Bonum, i, n. (bonus), anything Caesar, consul in B. C. 64.

good; a good, benefit, blessing. Caius, i, m., a Roman praenomen. Bona, örum, n. pl., goods, for- Calamitas, ätis, calamity, misfortune, property, wealth, advan- tune, disaster; loss, injury, tages, benefits.

damage. Bonus, a, um, adj., good, worthy; Calamitosus, a, um, adj. (calamibrave.

tas), calamitous, disastrous, ruinBrevis, o, adj., short, brief, transi

tory. Brevi (sc. tempore) =in Calendae, árum, f. pl. (calo), the a short time, shortly.

first day ofthe month, the calends. Breviter, adv. (brevis), briefly, in Callide, adv. (callidus), skilfully, few words.

shrewdly, artfully, cunningly. Bruttius, a, um, adj., Bruttian. Calliditas, ātis, f. (callidus), skil.

Ager Bruttius, the country of the fulness, artfulness, cunning, Brutii (now Calabria).

shrewdness, craft. Brutus, i, m., Decimus Brutus, Callidus, a, um, adj. (calleo), skil

the husband of Sempronia, and ful, shrewd, cunning, dexterous, consul in B. C. 77.

crafty, sly, artful. Calor, oris, m. (caleo), warmth,

heat. C.

Calumnia, ae, f., artifice, trick,

wiles; false accusation; chicaneC., an abbreviation of Caius.

ry, intrigue.


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