The Defining Years of the Dutch East Indies, 1942-1949: Survivors' Accounts of Japanese Invasion and Enslavement of Europeans and the Revolution That Created Free Indonesia
Following their invasion of Java on March 1, 1942, the Japanese began a process of Japanization of the archipelago, banning every remnant of Dutch rule. Over the next three years, more than 100,000 Dutch citizens were shipped to Japanese internment camps and more than four million romushas, forced Indonesian laborers, were enlisted in the Japanese war effort. The Japanese occupation stimulated the development of Indonesian independence movements. Headed by Sukarno, a longtime admirer of Japan, nationalist forces declared their independence on August 17, 1945. For Dutch citizens, Dutch-Indonesians or "Indos," and pro-Dutch Indonesians, Sukarno's declaration marked the beginning of a new wave of terror. These powerful and often poignant stories from survivors of the Japanese occupation and subsequent turmoil surrounding Indonesian independence provide one with a vivid portrait of the hardships faced during the period.
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Mathilde Pondervan Kernpen
ll Barend A van Nooten
Willy RiernersmaPhilippi 12 Maria McFaddenBeek
Hendrik B Babtist
Pieter H roene elt 16 Jan 05
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The Defining Years of the Dutch East Indies, 1942-1949: Survivors' Accounts ...
Jan A. Krancher
Anteprima limitata - 2003
Allied allowed Ambarawa army arrived bamboo Bandung barracks became beriberi Bersiap Bogor bomb Bombardment of airﬁeld boys British brother called Central Java Cimahi civilians clothes concentration camps difﬁcult Dutch East Indies Dutch-Indonesian dysentery East Java father ﬁeld ﬁght ﬁghters ﬁghting ﬁlled ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂag ﬂoor ﬂying forces former Dutch friends front Gurkhas harbor heard hospital Indo Indonesian inmates interned island Jakarta Japan Japanese Japanese guards Japanese soldiers Japs Kalimantan Kempeitai kitchen knew KNIL later lived Magelang Malang March military months morning mother moved native navy Netherlands never night occupied ofﬁce ofﬁcer ofﬁcial Paciﬁc POWs prisoners radio railroad Red Cross returned rice Salatiga Semarang ship Singapore soon started stay Sukarno Sumatra Surabaya surrender told took town train transported troops truck walk weeks West Java women and children Yogyakarta