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ments are; but "being by Nature born in Sin, and the CKitdreh of Wrath, we are hereby made the Children of Grace, and Inheritors of the'Kingdom of Heaven," They that are whole, faith Chrrst, have no need of a Physician/but they that are sick. This being the cafe of ill Mankind with respect to their spiritual lite, there i* Do other- Way to free ourselves1 from this Death of Sin, but by Ipecdily applying ourselves to our heavenly Physician, mho came in lothe tVorld to seek and to /ave those that arc loft, 'and ready to perish ; and the very Sense of our own Unworthiness, is Ot all other Arguments, the best Qualification to recommend us to God's Favour and Mercy, since we know that he refisteth the Proud, [and presumptuous Sinner] but never denies his Grace and Favour to the Humble and M<.ek. As oft n then as we come tc the Holy Communion with such ah honest and true Heart, as to exercise our " Repentance towards God, our Faith, and Hope of his Mercy, 44 through Christ, tor the Forgiveress cf our Sins, and our Love and Chariry for "all Mankind} "such a Temper and Resolution of Mind as this, will, doubtless, render us worthy Partakers of these holy Mysteries, and prevent us, " eating and ** drinking Damnation to onrlelves." Nay, I further add, thit any Person thus disposed or qualified, may come (if it should be required) at an Hour's Warning, as sately as he may come to Church and lay his Pra>crs, or hear a Sermon. 1 he Duenels ot Preparation doth not so much depend upon our setting aside so many extraordinary Days fer the forcing ourselves into a religious Posture of Mind, as upon the plain natural Frame and Disposition of our Souls, as they constantly stand faclir.ed to Virtue and Goodness through the general Course of our Live?. Business£r<u: From whehee I infer, that a Multitude of Business, or a Man's being therpubfccor deeply engaged in the public Affairs of this World, cannot be 3ny just mV^the'reby P,ea 1 r Preferce for his net coming to the holy Communion; because excused from all Business is consistant with the Duties of Religion, provided we gomun^o"! on>" v< rn our Affairs by Christian Principles: For though luch Men have not Leisure for so much actual Preparation, yet they may have that hibitual Preparation, upon which the great Stress oughtto be laid in this Matter : Nay, even I lift conscientious Discharge of a Man's Duty in his Business, may be one of ihe best qualifications to recommend him to God ; since every Man serves God when he follows his Calling with Diligence, and observes Justice and Honesty in all his Dealings--and conlequently,the greater Danger and Temptation he is expos d to thro' th«! Multiplicity of Business, the more need hath he of God's Grace and Assistance, which are abunddar.tly communicated to us in this holy Ordinance: So that Men ot Business, it they have any serious 1'houg^.ts of another World, ought more especially to lay hold on such Oppo'tunities which tiCUfe the Salvation of their Souls; tor as they who have Leisure ought to receive constamly, as the bell Improvement of their Time; so they thit are engaged in many Worldly Atsiirs, to cone thcoftenerto the holy Communion, and learn how to sanctify thur Empo inents. I ut t.-> proceed:

The other Branch of a Communicant's Duty is, to" examine ^ Wg F*;* "«i hether he hath a lively Faith in God's Mercy through Christ." Ex- in God-stony. rfwV.v yourfihes whiter ye he in the Faith, 2 Cor. xiii. 5. this Sacrament of the Lord's Supper beiftg only appointed for such Believers as own their Baptism, and profess the Faith of Christ Crucified, and understand the fundamental Articles of the Chr'Hijn Religion, contained in the Apostles Creed, and also the End and Design of this holy Institution- The Benefits of our Saviour's Death and Passion in this Sacrament are indeed freely offered unto all, but only effectually to Believers. As many as received him, to than gave he Power to become the ions of Gody even, to them that believe in his Name, John i. 12. And this is1 life eternals that they might know thee, the only true God, and Jeji/s Cbri/l wh-wi thou had sent, John xviL 3. All th3t Christ hath done and suffered for us Men and our Salvation, can never profit us, unless we have Faith to believe it: That which must render the benefits and blessings of the Gospel effectual to our Salvation is our faith in Christ., Veri*. ly 1 fay unto you, faith our Saviour, he that heareth my Words, and believeth on him. that sent me, hath everlasting Life, and shall not come into Condemnation, but is passed, from Death unto Life, John v. 24. The ancient Churches accounted those only Faithful that had received the Lord's Supper j and the Germans allowed none tP\ come unto their Sacrifices who had lost their Shields; nor does our own Church allow that any of is should come to this Christian Sacrifice without the Shield of Faith. " Draw near with Faith, fays the Priest, and take this holy Sacrament to

your Comfort," And this Faith hath God's Mercy, through Christ, for it&J$s ject, as the Fountain and Foundation of all those infinite Blessings and Comforts which we gain by his Manifestation iD the Flesh; and if we enquire into the cause and reason of Ib much Mercy and Goodnels to Mankind, no other can be given, but the Riches of his Mercy, Eph. ii. 4. And if we further enquire how this Mercy become ours, the Answer is plain, it was through Christ, by whom all the blessings of this Life, and those of a better, aie purchased for us, and mull be obtained through the merits and Intercession of the Holy Jesus; by him we were redeemed, and according to the Miches of his Grace we have obtained Remission of our Sins, and through him at la/i we siiall be glorified*

And to this our Faith we must join " a thankful remembrance of his J^JJSJJ "Death, and of those Benefits which we receive thereby." Our ofhisDenh. Gracious ar.d Merciful Lord, faith holy David, hath so done his marvellous Works, that they ought to be had in Remembrance, Pfal. cxi. 4. But elpecially \ im$:l Work of our Redemption by Jesus Christ, which to forget were an Ingratitude baser and viler than ever Heathens or Publicans, the very worst of People among the Jews, were known to be guilty of towards their Benefactors—Matt. v. 46. Herein is Love, not that vie loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the Propitiation for cur Sins, 1 John iv. 10. This is a Mercy far above all other Mercies; nay, it is even this which sweetens allothcr Mercies to us. Had there been no Redcmption, our Creation bad only made us capable of endless Torments, and it had been better for us never to have been born, than to be born to inevitable Ruin j which must have been our Lot and Portion, had not" the Son of God, by his *• own Oblation of himself, once offered upon the Cross, made a full, perfect, and "sufficient Sacrifice and Satisfaction to God for the Sins of the whole World."

The consequences of this Redemption are ib infinitely great and valuable, that it as 'much lurpaffes our Understanding as it does our Meri s. We are to declare and publish to all the World, what God hath done to save Mankind from that Damnation which they had deserved, and to restore us again to that Happiness and Glory which we could never expect or hope to enjoy, had not Christ died for us. 0 come hither and hearken, all ye that fear God, and 1 will tell you what he hash done for my Soul; Psal. lxvi. 16. Praise the Lord, O my Soul, and all that is with' in me, praise his holy Name: Praise the Lord, O my Soul, and forget not all hit Benefits, 'who forgiveth all thy Sins, and btaleth all thy Infirmities j who Javeth thy Life from Destruction, and crowneth thee with Mercy and Loving-kindness, Psalm ciii. 1 2. 3. 4: With what joy and thankfulness then should every good Christian commemorate^bjs. exceeding love of God in the Salvation of Sinners by Jesus Christ? This was1 the proper end and design of this Institution, to perpetuate this wonderful Love of Christ in laying down his Life for us. Do this in Remembrance, rf me, iaith our Saviour a little before his Crucifixion; which our obligations being a solemn Command of" our Master and only Saviour thus Communion. "dying for us,"we cannot refuse Obedience hereunto, without being guilty of the most horrible Ingratitude and Contempt of his divine Authority. He hath appointed it for a solemn Commemoration of his great Love to us, ia laying down his Life forus Men, and for our Salvation; and therefore he commands us to do it in Remembrance of him: And St. Paul tells us, that as often as -we eat this Bread, and drink this Cup, we do Jhew forth'the Lord's Death till he come. As for those Men then amongst us who profess themselves Christians, and tiope for Salvation by Jelus Christ, not to pay obedience to this his Command, Va downright Affront to his sacred Majesty ; and he may justly upbraid us Christians, as he did once the Jews, Why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I fay? How unworthy are we ot that Salvation which he hath wrought for us, if we deny him so small a favour such a reasonable request, as to Commemorate his Death and bitter passion once a Month, or at least thrice a Year, u who did « humble himself even to the Death of the Cross, for us miierable Sinners, who ■« lay in Darkness, and in the Shadow of Death, that he might make us the « Children of God, and exalt us to everlasting Life?" In this Sacrament of the Lord's Supper we have the Pardon and Remission of all our Sins, the Grace and Assistance of God's holy Spirit, and the hopes ol eternal Life and Happiness,

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freely offered unto us: And therefore had we flo Love, no Re- ^f0e",sd°^iIntereft gardor Ueverance to the dying Words of our crucified Saviour, to°acon(UrtComTM yet surely the consideration of our own present and future Ad- because vantage might prevail with us to to be more frequent at the Lord s nestn»\y . «•. >. Table then we usually arc. - i * '. ...\ . • > -V. ,i .

Hitherto a Communicant hath be:n directed to set his Heart right towards God; but this is not all, he must proceed farther, and enquire how it stands Andtobe|towards his Neighbour, since we are exprelly forbidden, Matt. v. 2.3, Charity 24. to ofier up any Gift or Oblation unto God, if our Hearts are leaven *" ed with Malice, Hatred, or Revenue. If thou bring thy Gtft un'.o the Altar, and there remember est that thy Brother hath ought against thee, leave there Fo thy Gift before the Altar, and go thy way, first be reconciled to thy ^{^"ll^&ti Brother, and then come and offer thy Gift. Here you fee that Christ *r°maCoawrani. prefers Mercy before Sacrifice. And it is generally agreed on by the ancient Fathers, that these Words of our Saviour,do directly point at this Sacrament, on purpose to oblige ali Communicants to forgive all manner of Injuries, u before they presume to eat of that Bread, or to drink of that Cup.'' And it U exprefly said, Matt, vi. 14, 15. that our Prayers are not accepted, nor.our ParJon scaled in Heaven, until such Time as we forgive Men their Trespasses; and to be sure we can never be welcome or worthy Guests at this heavenly Feast, where Jesus the Saviour of Penitents and the Prince of Peace is spiritually present, unless our Repentance reconcile us to God, and our Chanty to all Mankind. ;" And this Charity of the Heart, in forgiving Injuries, must likewile shew itself ". by the Hand» in relieving the Wants and Necessities of the Poor.

(-haritv to the *■ »

Poor. We read, that when this Sacrament was admuustred in the Apostles

Days, large Collections of Monies were then gathered for the Maintenance of the poor C'ergy and Laity, Atls ii. 44, 45,46. and 1 Cor. xvi. 1. And Theodoret observes, that Theodcffus the Emperor, when the lime came to offer, arose, and presented his Oblations with his own Hands. It was not determined how much every Man should give, but all Men were exhorted and enjoined to offer iomething, according to their Ability j which if any neglected, the Fathers censured them as unworthy Communicants: And to be lure, nothing within our Power can so effectually recommend our Prayers and Devotions as this or Charity; it being well observed, Matt. vi. that our Saviour hath inclosed Alms between Prayer and Fasting, and therefore they are called its two Wings, tvitheut ■tftilch it will never fly so high as the Throne of God. While Cornelius was fasting and praying, we read that an Angel from Heaven was dilpatched to him with this happy Message: Thy Prayers and thine Alms are come up for a Memorial bejore God, Acts x, 4. He that hath Pity upon the Poor, lendeib unio the Lord: and tbst which he hath given will be pay him again, Prov. xix. if. Chatge them that arc rich in this woridy—that they be rich in gcod Works, ready to distribute, vi!'"" to communicate, laying up in flori for themselves a good Foundation a^ain/i the Time to come, that they may lav hold on ete>nalLife, i Tim. vi 17, 18, 19. Do ye not know that they who m'miller about holy Things live of the Sacrifice, and they wfa wait at the Altar are Partakers with the Altar ? Even so bath the Lord also ordained, that they who pi each the Gospel should live of the Gospel, 1 Cor. ix. 13;; 14. Jf we have sown unto you spiritual Things, is it a great Matter if ive flail reap your worldly Things? Ver. 11. But we may justly complain Basil, Homii, w,tn Basil, that we know some who will " fast and pray, sigh and in Matt, xix,' "groan, yea, and do all Acts of Religion which cost them nothing, but "will not give one Farthing to the Poor: What Benefit is there, "faith he, of all the rest of their Devotions?"

And when the Communicant has thus far advanced towards the Altar, in his Prayer Examination, Repentance, &c. he must not forget another excellent Preparative belonging to this Du'y of communicating worthily, which although it be not mentioned in our Church Catechism, yet it is always implied as a necessary Part of our Sacramental Preparation, that is, Prayer*, private and public; a Duty upon which all our present aed future Blessings depend, Matt. vii. 7, 8. and 21, 0.1. And so near a Relation hath this Duty of Prayer with this Sacrament, that all thofj Blessings therein contained and promised, are only in return to our Prayers; and no doubt but that Man who makes a conscientious Practice of this Duty in his Closet, and at Church, can never be unprepared for this Sacrament, nor want a Title to God's peculiar Favour and Blessing: Fur the Byes 0/ the Lord are over the Righteous, and his Ears are open unto their Prayers, I Pet. Ui. 12. The constant Exercise of Prayer is the best Method to get the Mastery over our evil Inclinations and Corrupt Affections, and to overcome our vicious Habits; It preserves a li vely Sense of God and Religion in our Minds, end fortifies us against those Tempsations that aslault usj it spiritualized our Nature, and raiseth our Souls above this World, and supports us under the Troubles and Calamities of this Life, bv sanctifying* such Afflictions j it leads us gradually to the Perfection of a Christian Life, and preserves that Union between God and our Souls, which feeds our spiritual Life with Grace and Goodness; without it we in vain pretend to discharge those Christian Duties incumbent on us, or to prosper in our temporal Affairs, which must have God's Blessing to crown them yjth success. And as Prayer in general has these great Blessings and Advantages attending ir, so give me leave to suggest to you under this Head, that thole public Prayers and Devotions, which we offer unto God in our Churches, Public me not only mere acceptable to him, but also much more edifying and Amended, advantageous to ourselves: They cannot but be more acceptable to God, becaule

. .' • See The Devout Soul's Daily Exercise, in Prayers, Contemplations ar.d Praises; containing Devotions for 'Mominjr, Noon and Night, for every Day in the Week 5 with Prayers and Thankigivings for l'cnons ofallC'ou. vdjtiptfS, vifi upon, all Occasions. !i ,„' . . s », ■ . ;, ,.

* See "1 he Daily Companion, with Christian Supports under the Troubles of this World, &c.

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