« IndietroContinua »
I. Os Faith In 'the Holy Trinity. "''' ""'"' '.
TH E F E is but One living and true God, everlasting without body, parts, Or passion; of infinite power, wisdom, and goodness; the Maker and Preserver of all things, both visible and" invisible And in unity bf this Godhead there be three Persons, of one substance, power, and eternity; the Father, the Son, and the
Holy Ghost. , .. . ... ~J ' t ,, ±uW\- -', '1
II. Ofthe Word, or SonofGoi -which •wastnade Viri Man, e | » H E Ssin, Which is the Word of the Father, "begotten from everlasting oftne Father, the Very and eternal J[ God, of one substance with the Father, took Man's nature in the womb of the blessed Virgin, of her substance: so that two whole and perfect Natures, that Is to fay, the Godhead and Manhojd, were joined together In one Person, never to be divided, whereof is one Christ, very God, and very Man; who truly suffered, was Crucified, dead, and buried, to reconcile bis Father to us, and to be a sacrifice, not only for original guilt, but also for actual sins of men.. . '. '' \ .. •
III. Ofthe going• Ituin ofChrist into Iftlt* , , « ,'. V
AS Christ died for us, and was huried; so allo is it to be believe'd, tnat'h^e weat^down into Hell,
CHRIST did truly rife again from death, and took again his body, with flesh, botiei.and all things appertaining to the perfection of Man's nature, wherewith he' ascended into Heaven, and there sitteth, until he return to judge all men at the last day. , ,f~ . . •
''•;*;• V. bf thi rich Ghost.
TH E Holy Ghost, proteedlng from the Father and the Sop» is of one Substance^ Majesty* and Glory, with the Father and the Sen, Very and eternal God.- ■,- i -i >
• VI.". Of the fujfficithcyof lit holyScriptures for Sal-jation. . . ,,■ i • ,
HOLY Scripture containeth als things necessary to Salvation: so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it should be believed as an Article of the Faith, Or be thought requisite or necessary to Salvation'. In the name ot the holy Scripture we do understand those Canonical Books' of the Old and New Testament, of whose Authority was never any doubt in the Church*
Of the Names and Numhtr of the Canonical BOOKS.
The I. Book of Chronicles,
Tie Book of Hester,
The Phverbs, . ,
Eccleftdlies, or Pr/acltr,
the other Books (as Hierome faith) the Church doth read for example of life and instruction of manners ) but yet doth it not apply them to establish any Doctrine: Such ate these following,
a'l the Books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive and account them Canonica!.
: : VIl. Of she Old Teftament. . THE Old Testament is not contrary to the New; for botbin the Old and New Teftament everlafing life is ļoffered to mankind by Christ, wtó is the only Midiator between God and Man, being both God and Man. Wherefore they are not to be heard, which feigo that the Old Fathers did look only for granu org.Pro niles, Al, though the Law given from God by Moles, a: touching Ceremonies and Rires, do no: bind Chrikian mco nor the Civil Precepts thercof ought of neceility to be received in any Cominon -wealth : yet sotwithlanding, no Chrißian man whatsoever is free from the obedience of the Emmandments which are salled Moral
. . THE Three Creeds, Nice Creed, Athanafius's Creed, and that which is commonly called the Atolle
1 Creed, ought throughly tp to received and believed: for they may be proved by mod certain warrant of boly Scripture.
" ven! .ai .mix Or Original or Birib Sin.. RIGINAL Sin fantezh not in the following of Adown, (as the Pelagians do vainiy taik) but it is the fault
and corruption of the nature of every man, that naturally is ingendred of the off poing o ddant, wherary man is very far gone from o'iginal righteoufaels, and is of his own nature inclined to evil, is that the desh bulleth always contrary to the Spirit ; and therefore in every perión born into this work, it deferveth Gods wrach and damnation. And this infection of nature doch semain ; yea, in chem that are regenerated, whereby the luft of the feth, called in Greek, Pbronema farkos, which fome do expound the wisdom, fome sensuality, fome the affection, fome the desire of the feth, is not fubject to the law of God. And alinough there is so codemnation for them that believe and are baptized, yet the Apoftle doth confeson that concupiscace and luft bath of icfelt the nature of fin. X. Of free-vil?.? .. ..:? .
. T HE condition of man after the fall of Adam, is rich, that he cannot turn and prepare himself by his eta
1 natural strength and good works to faith, and calling upon God: Wherefore we have no power to do good works pleasant and acceptable tu God, without the grace of God by Chrift p.eventing.us, sha: se iny have a good will, and working with us, when we have that good will..
"Xi. Of the Fußification of Mani V E are accounted righteous before God, only for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, by
W faith; and not for our own works or deservings. · Woerefore, that we are justified by faith only, is a mcít wholsome Doctrine, and very full of comfort as more largely is exprefca in the Homily of Justikcation
XlI. Of Gaca Works. A LBEIT that good Works, which are the fruits of Faith, and follow after Juliacation, cannot pat sway P our fins, and endure the severity ot God's Judgment; yet are they pleasing and acceptable o Godia Canis and do spring out necessarily of a true and lively Faith ; insomuch that b; them a lively faith may be as evidently known, as a tree discerned by the fruit.
XIII. Of Warks bafore Yuftificarion , I ORKS done before the grace of Christ, and the inspiration of his spirit, are not pleasing to God, for SV asmuch as they spring not of faith in Jesus Christ, neither do they make men meet to receive grace,
or (as the School. Authors say) deferve grace of congruity : yea, rather for than they are not done as God hack willed and commanded them to be done, we doabr not bøt they have the nature of sin.
ii . XIV. Of Wcrks of Supererogatione TYOLUNTARY Works befides, over and above God's Commandments which they call Works of Superera
gation, candet be taught without afragancy and impiecy : for by chem men da declare, that they do not only rendei unto God as much as they are bound to do, but that they do more for his fake, than of beurden de ty is required : whereas Chritt faith plainly, Whep ye have done all that are commanded to you, say, We are unprofitable servants,
T. Of Cbrift alone without Sino' N HRIST in the truth of our nature, was made like unto us in all things, (fin only except; from which he was C clearly void, both in his felh, and in his spirit. He came to be a lamb without spot, who by critice of bimself once made, fhould take away the fins of the world: and fin (as St. John faith), was not in him. But all we the reft (although baptized and born again in Christ) yet offend in many things; and if we fay we have no fin, we deceive ourfelves, and the trath is not in us.
XVI. Of Sin aft:r Baptifmo M O T evcry, deadly In wilingly committed after Baptism, is sin againg the Holy Ghaft, and unpardene T a blc. Wherefore the grant of repentance is apt to be denied to fuch, as fall into fin after Baptiím. 46
ter we have received the Holy Ghoft, we may depart from grace givea, and fall into finally and by the grace of God (we may) arise again, and amend our lives, And therefore they are to be condemned which father Can no moc fine as long as they live here, or deny the place of forgiveacts to Such as touły depende r
■ ••' . XVJI. Of pYrdeRhiU'tri aud Eleaioti.: r ■ M -t'J '.
PRedestination to life is the everlasting purpose of God, whereby'(before tbe foundations of the world were laid)'he hath constantly decked, by his Council, secret to us, to deliver fronvcurfe and damnation those whom he harh chosen in Cbrtstotttof mankind, and to bring them by Christ to-ever*alring salvation,-a* vessels made jo honour. Wherefore they which be-endued wich io excellent a benefit of God, be called according to <Sdefs purpose fiy his Spirit working in due season: they through grace obey the calling: they be justified freely: they be mtid-'lons <rf God'by adoption : they be-made like the image ot his only begot'en Son Jesus Christ : They Ava'k religh ufly in good woik*>-and at teugih by Gods mercy they attain to everlasting felicity.
As the godly consideration of Predestination, and our Election in Christ ie full of sweet, pk as-ant, and unspeakable tonfort to godly persons, and such as seel in theraselve».the working of the Spirit of Christ, mortifying the wor^s of tl.e flesti, and their earthly member?, and drawing up thejr mind to high and heaventy things, as weH because it doth preaily establilh and confirm their faith of eternal salvation, to be enjoyed through Christ, as'because it doth fervantly kindle their love towards God :: So, for curioas and carnal per» sons, lacking thelpiiitof Christ, to-have continually before their eyes the sentence of,Gods Predestination, i»,a m'cft dangerotjs downfall, whereby the Devil nock, thrust them cither into desperation, or into wretchlcsnesi of rn< ft unclcr.ii living* no less perilous than desperation. ;. 1} .. ... -■ .
Furthermcre, we iiHilt receive Gods Promises in such wise-as they be generally set fo;th to- us in holy Scripr tttrj: And in-.our doings, that wHlof God is :o be followed, whuh we liave exprefly declared unto us in titff word of God. • • ,-j
XVrIL Of oi:aining eternal Salvation inly by the Name of Christ
THEY also are to be had accursed, that presume to say, that every man Iha'.l be saved by the Law or Se(k which he professsth,.so that he ie diligent to frame his life according to that Law and the Light of N*j ture. Fcr holy Scripture doth in out unto us . only the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby men must be fared.
-7. • • XJX. Qsthe Church ■ y*
Tfl E.* visible Church, of Christ is a Congregation of faithful men, in the which- the pune Wordof God is preached, and the Sacraments be duly ministered according to Cbrists Ordinance, in all those things that cf necessity aie requisite to the same. •>".
As the Church of Hierujalem-, Altxandna, and A.iticch, have erred; so also the Church of Rome hath erredV c&t only in their living aud manner of Ceremonie , bat also in matters of Faith. ^ • XX. Os the Authority os the Churih. '.f
TH'E Church hath power to decree Rites or Ceremonies, and Authority in controversies of Faiths Ancl yet it is not laiv ul frr the Church, to oicfeiin any thing that is contrary to Gods Word written, neither may it so expound one pkee of Scriptare that it be repugnant to another. Wherefore, although the Charch ,bw a Withefs.ahd a Keeper of Holy Writ, yet as it ought not to decree any thing against the fame, so besides, the fame ought it no: taensorce any thing to be believed foi necessity of salvation. "* ,
XXL Of the Authority ofgeneal Council}.
GENERAL Councils may not be gathered together without the commandment and will of Princes. And when they be gathered together (forasmuch as they be an Assembly of Men, whereof all be not governed nil the Spirit and Word of God) they may err, and some times nave ereedj even in things pertaining unto G;:d. Wherefore things ordained by. them as necessary to faJvatica, have neither strength nor Authority, uuleG it may be declared that they be taken out of Holy Scripture.
XXIL Of Purgatory. '; '"T""- HE RoaaiskDoffeine concerning Purgatory. Pardons, Worshipping'and Adoration, as well of imagps, as of reliques, aud also invocation of Saints, is a fond thing vainly invented,, and grounded upon no Warranty of Scripture, bat rather repugnant to the Word of God.
XXIII. Os Miui/fering in the congregation. TT T is not law&l for any TV?an to taka upon him the oftice of public preaching, or ministering the SacrameiKji J[ in the Congregaiion, before he be lawfully called, and sent to execute the fame. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and'sent, which' be chofori and called to this Work by men who have publick Authority given iinro them in the CotVgregaMon, to caJl aud fend Ministers into the Lords Vineyard. :j
. , X041V. Osspeaking in ib* Congregation in fitch a. tongue as the people underfunded},
IT is a thing plainly repugnant to the word of God, and the custom of the Primitive Church, to have Pul}» lie Prayer in the Church,, or to Minister the Sacraments in a Tongue not tuukrjstaoided of the people.
XXV. Of the Sacranumi. . .
SACRAMENTS ordair.ed of Christ be not oniy badges or tokens of Christian metis- profession: but ta?hc.they be4- tmmn tut .wimefles, aadc&ctsai signs of grace, and Gods good- will towards us, bj*tfo which he doth wbrkinvifibly in us, and doth not only quicken but also strengthen and confirm our faith in hyp,, f. ..'v" There are two Sacramentsordained of Cbrill our Lord in the Gospel,.(hat is to fay* Baptism and the Sun* petof theLo**^^.:.i . -i« .v ..•»«.:«•* .. **.:'.«., y
Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to fay, Confirmation. Pcrance, Orders, Matrimony and extreme Unction, arc not he courted for Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as have gro.vn, partly of th« corrupt following of the Apostles, partly are states of life allowed by the Scriptures : but yet have not like natuie of Sacramento wiib Baptism and the Lords Supper, for that they have not any visible Sign or Ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of Cnrist to bs gazed upon, or to be carried about, but that we should duly use the.n. And in such only as worthily receive the same, they have a'wholesome effect or operation: but they that receive them unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul faith.
XXVs. Of the Unv-orthincss cf tbt Ministers, -which binders Mt the effed iflist Sacraments.
ALTHOUGH in the visible Church the evil be ever mingled with the good, and sometimes the evil hire chief authority in the ministration of the Word and Sacrtnoents: yet forasmuch as they do notthe sanw in ibeirown name, but in Chrilh, and do minister by his Commission and Authority, we may use their Mini liry, both in hearing the Word of GoJ, and in the receiving of the Sacraments. Neither is the effect of Christ! ordinance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace of Gods gist3 diminished from such, as by faith, and lightly do receive the Sacraments ministered unto them, which be effectual, because of Chriib institution and premise, although they be ministered by evil men.
Nevertheless it apperiauieth to the Discipline of the Church, that enquiry be made ofev'.l Ministers, ami that they be accused by liiosc that have knowledge of their offences: and baally being found guilt)-, by jag Judgment be deposed.
XXV'H. Of Boptfm.
BAPTISM is not only a sign of Profession, and mark of Difference, whereby Christian men are discerned from others that be not christened: but it is also a sign of Regeneration, or new Birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that receive Baptism rightly are grafted into the Church : the promises of the forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to be the Sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visiby signed and sealed : faith ii Confirmed, and grace increased by virtue of prayer unto God. The Baptism ot young children is in anywise to be retained in the Church, as most agreeable with the institution of Christ,
XXVIII. Of the Lords Snpptr.
THE Supper of the Loid is not only a sign of the Love that Christians ought to have among themselves one to another: but rather it is a Sacrament of our redemption by Christs d eath: Insomuch that to sucb as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive the fame, the Bread which we break, is a partaking of the body cf Christ; and likewise the Cup of BlefTmg i«a partaking of the Blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation (or the change of the substance of Bread and Wine^ in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by holy Writ; but it is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a Sacrament,.and hath given occasion to many Superstition;.
The Body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten in the Supper, only after an heavenly Ma spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the Bcdy of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper, is Faith. The Sacrament ofthe Lords Supper was not by Christs ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped, XXIX. Of the wicked, •which eat net the Body of Christ in the use os the Lords Supfier.
TH E wicked and such as be void of a lively faith, although they do carnaly and visibly press with their Teeth (as St. Augustine faith) the Sacrament of the Body and Blocd of Christ! yet in no wise are they partakers ofChrist; but rather to their condemnation do cat and diinkthcSign or Sacrament of sogreat a thing.
XXX Of both Kinds.
TH E Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the lay-people i for both the parts of the Lords Sacrament, by Christs ordinance and commandment, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike. XXXI. Of the one oblation of Christ finished'' upon the Crist.
THE Offering of Christ once made, is that perfect redemption* propitiation, and satisfaction for all the sins of the whole world both original and actual i and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but that alone. Wherefore the sacrifice of Masses, in the which it was commonly said, that, the Priest did offer ChriS for the quick and the dead, to bave i emission of pain or guilt, were blasphemous fables, and dangerous deceits.
XXXII. Of the Marriage of Prtests.
BISHOPS, Priests, and Deacons, are cot commanded by Gods Law, cither to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from marriage: therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian men, to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the fame to serve better to godliness.
XXXllI. Os excommunicate persons, boms they are to be avoided.
THAT person, which by open denunciation of the Church is rightly cutoff from the unity os' theChnrco, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by penance, and received into the Church by a Judge that hath authority thereunto.
XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Cburd.
IT is not neceflary that Traditions and Ceremonies be in all places one, or utterly like; sor.at all timti they have been diveis, and may bs changed according to the diversity of Countries, Times au j Mens manner'. so that nothing be ordained against Gods Word. Whosoever through his private judgment, willingly and purposely doth openly break the Traditions and Oemonies of the Church, which ba not repugnant to the word of God. and he ordained Mid approved by common Authority, ought tD be rebuked openly (that other may fear to do the like) as he that offendeth against the common crder of the Church, and hurteth the authority of the Magistrate, and woundeth the consciences of the weak Brethten.
Every particular or Natiotial Church hath Authority to ordain, changeand abolish Ceremonies or Rites of the Church, ordained oirly by mans Authority, so that all things be done to edying.
XXXV. Of HomiPes.
TH E second Ba4c os Homilies, the several titles whereas we have joined under this Article, doth contain a godly and wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for these times, as doth the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Ed-ward the Sixth; and therefore we judge them to be read in Churches by the Ministers, diligently and distinctly, that they may be understanded of the people. .".
Of the Names of the Homilies.
OF the rioht use of the Church, Against Peril of Idolatry. Of repairing and keeping dean of Churches. 0} good Work: Fir/1of Fasting. Again'l Gluttony and Drunkenness. Again/1 Excess of Apparrel Of Prayer. Of tie Place and Time of Prayer. 1 hat Cononon Payers and Sacraments ought to te Mint HertA in a known ungue. Of the Reverent Estimation of Gods Word. Of Aims-doing. Of tt< Nativity of Christ. Of the Pafton of Chri/1. QftheRefurretlion ofChrist. Of the worthy receiving cf de Sacrament of the Beds, and Blood o) Const. Of the fists of the Hih-Ghost. j/^r the Rogation-days. Of the State of Matrimony. Of Repentance. Again/1 Idleness. Against Rebel/un. r r
XXXVI. Of consecration of Bijhofs and Ministers.
TH E Beck ofConfccration of Archbishops and Bishops andof ordering Priests and Deacons, lately set fortfe in the time of Edward the sixth, and confirmed at the fa ne time by Authority of Parliament, doth con. tain all things necessary to such Consecration and Ordering: neither hath it any thing that of itself is fuoerstttious and ungodly. And therefore whosoever are consecrated or ordered, according to thfeRites of that Boot, since the second year of the forenamed King Edwards ufto this time, or hereaftt-r shall be consecrated or- ardertri according to the fame Rites, we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully consecrated and ordered.
XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates. H E Queens Majesty hath the chief power in this realm of England, and other her Dominions, unto wljOBt the chief Government of all estates of this realm, whether they be Ecclesiastical or Civil, in aH causes doth appertain,and is not nor ought to be subject to any foreign jurisdiction, ^
Where we attribute to the Queens Majesty th'e chief Government, by which Titles we understand we ririndM of lome slanderous folks to be offended: wegive not to our Princes the Ministering either of Gods Word, or of the Sacraments, the which; thing -the injunctions also] lately set forth by Elizabeth our Queen do most* plainlytestify: but that only prerogative which we see to haveibeen given always to all godly Princes in holy Scriptures by God himself; that is, that they should rule all estates and degrees committed to their charge-by- God, wh*. ther they be Ecclesiastical or temporal, and restrain with the civil sword the stubborn and evil doers.
The Bistiop of Rome hath no jurisdiction in thisRfaljn of England. '■• _ ;v.. ,< i;
The laws of this Realm may punish Christian nun w,ith death for heinous and grievous offences.
It is lawful for Christian men at th»jCommah<Jraenjio(F the,Magistrate, to wear weapon*, and; Save 'in the via
XXXVHI. Of Chrrjtiafi Goods which are not common. .. *V''t1^■''. !l**
TH E Riches arrO^Goods of Ofiriftianr-are- rrot common, as touching the right, rttfe.'amf'posseflion of the fame, as certain Anabaptists do falfly boas}. Notwithstanding, every man ought, of such, thjngs hrAjo/sesseth, liberally to give alms lo the poor, accftrdjng toiis ability. , •"} \' '' : . ^r
• •;.;i,:a>riftiem mm* oath. ""vY\rL!4"^ 'i''s-mV
AS we confess that vain' and raih Swearffig isTorbidden Christian men by our Lord Jesiis'Ch'fist,'and James
T I* T Z
rT% His Book of Articles before rehearsed, is again approved, and allowed to be holden and executed within the *■ Realm, by the assent and consent of our Sovereign Lady ELIZABETH., by the Grace of God, of England, France and Ireland, Queen Defender of the Faitb, &c. If/kick Articles were deliberately read, and confirmed again by the subscription of the Hands of the drchbifhops and Bijbops of the upper house, and by the subscription es the whole Clergy if the nether bouse in their convocation, in the Year of our Lord, 1571,