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A., an abbreviation of the praeno- head, to deny, refuse, demen Aulus.

cline. A, Ab, Abs, prep. with the abl., Aborigines, um, m. pl. (ab + ori

from, of. Before the agent of a go), the Aborigines, the original passive verb, by. Denoting posi- inhabitants of a country; the tion, on, at, in. Denoting order first inbabitants of Italy, in Laof time, after.

tium, under Saturn and Janus, Abdico, āre, āvi, ätum, tr., to dis- the ancestors of the Romans,

own, lay down, resign, renounce, Absens, tis, adj. (abs + ens, obsoabdicate; to disinherit.

lete, pres. part. of sum), absent, Abditus, a, um, part. and adj. from abroad, in one's absence.

abdo, hidden, concealed, remote, Absolvo, ěri, vi, blūtum, tr. (ab retired, unknown.

+ solvo), to loose, unloose; to Abdo, ĕre, didi, itum, tr. (ab + free, release, discharge, liberate; do), to hide, conceal, secrete, to despatch, finish, complete.

Paueis absolvere=to relate in a Abdūco, ére, xi, ctum, tr. (ab + few words.

duco), to lead away, withdraw, Abstinentia, ae, f. (abstineo), ab

draw off, remove, lead aside. stinence, self-restraint, moderaAběo, ire, ii and ivi, itum, irr. tion, temperance; freedom from

intr. (ab + eo), to go away, de- avarice. part, escape, withdraw. Prae- Abstiněo, ēri, ui, entum, tr. (abs ceps abire, to plunge headlong + teneo), to abstain from, to into crime. Integer abire, to refrain from, to keep from. come off safe, unharmed.

Abstrăho,ěre, xi, ctum, tr. (abs + Abjectus, a, um, part. and adj. traho), to draw, drag, tear, or

from abjicio, downcast, dis- pull away; to withdraw, remove, heartened, desponding; low,

separate from. mean, abject, worthless.

Absum, esse, fui, irr. intr. (ab+ Abjicio, ĕre, jēci, jectum, tr. (ab sum), to be absent; to be dis

+ jacio), to throw away, cast tant; to stand aloof. Paulum down, prostrate; to degrade, abesse, to be not far from, to be humble.

on the point of. Abjūro, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ab + Absümo, ĕre, psi, ptum, tr. (ab

juro), to deny anything on oath, + sumo), to take away; to ruin, to abjure; to forswear.

consume, destroy, cut off. Abnŭo, čre, ui, tr. (ab + nuo), to Absurdus, a, um, adj. (ab + surrefuse by a nod or motion of the dus), harsh, rough, rude; ab

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surd, silly, senseless, stupid ; in- | Accurro, ĕre, curri and cucurri, glorious.

cursum, intr. (ad + curro), to Abundantia, ao, f. (abundans), run, run to, hasten to.

abundance, fulness, plenty, pro- Accūso, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad + fusion.

causa), to accuse, arraign; to Abunde, adv. (abundis, e, obsolete), blame, find fault with, censure.

abundantly, in abundance, suffi- Acer, cris, cre, adj., sharp, fine, ciently, amply, enough. Some- piercing; violent, severe; vehe

times used as a subst. with gen. ment, passionate ; subtle, acute, Abūtor, i, ūsus, dep. (ab + utor), sagacious, shrewd ; active, ar

to abuse, make an improper use dent, spirited, zealous; hasty, of, misuse.

fierce. Ac, conj. (in class. lang. only be- Acerbe, adv. (acerbus), roughly,

fore consonants), and also, and harshly, sharply, bitterly, sebesides, and even, and ; than or verely. as, after words expressing com- Acerbus, a, um, adj. (acer), sour, parison, such as pariter, juxta, unripe; cruel; bitter, harsh, secus, similis, alius. Ac si, as if. rough ; severe, hard, grievous; Simul ac, as soon as.

austere, morose. Accédo, ĕre, cessi, cessum, intr. Acerrime or Acerrème. See Acri.

(ad + cedo), to approach, draw ter. near, come to; to accede; to at- Aciēs, ēi, f., the edge, the sharp tack; to be added to. Huc acce- edge, the point of a spear, etc.;

debat, to this there was added. keen look, the sight of the eye ; Accondo, ĕre, endi, ensum, tr. the order of battle, battle-array ;

(ad + candeo), to set on fire, to an army drawn up in order of light up, kindle, burn; to in- battle; the line of soldiers ; pri

flame, incense, excite, rouse up. ma acies, the van-guard, van, Accensus, a, um, part. and adj. the first line ; a battle; acute

from accendo, kindled, inflamed, ness, insight, genius. stimulated, excited; exasper- Acquiro, ère, quisīvi, quisītum, ated.

tr. (ad + quaero), to acquire, Acceptio, onis, f. (accipio), a tak- gain, obtain, procure.

ing, accepting or receiving. Acriter, adv., comp. acrğus, sup. Acceptus, a, um, part. and adj. acerrime or acerrème (acer),

(accipio), agreeable, acceptable, sharply, keenly, vehemently, welcome, grateful.

vigorously, severely, cruelly. Accerso, ěre. See Arcesso. Acta, örum, n. pl. (ago), acts, acAccido, ĕre, cidi, intr. (ad + cado), tions, deeds, exploits.

to fall, fall upon, come upon ; to Actio, onis, f. (ago), an action, act; befall, happen, occur.

an action at law, suit, process; an Accío, ire, ivi, itum, tr. (ad + accusation, charge, indictment.

cio), to call, summon, send for; Actus, a, um, part. from Ago. to bring on, produce.

Ad, prep. with accus., to, unto, at, Accípio, ére, õpi, eptum, tr. (ad near, towards, in, about; against;

+capio), to receive, accept, take; according to; besides, in addito perceive, hear, learn ; to bear, tion to, in reply to; for, next to, endure.

after; in regard to. Accurate, adv. (accuratus), care- Adaequo, äre, āvi, ätum, tr. (ad Addo, ěre, didi, ditum, tr. (ad + (ad + jungo), to join to, add, an

fully, exactly, accurately, dili- + aequo), to equal, to make gently attentively. Accuratissime equal, to level with. with the greatest attention. Adcurro. See Acourro.

15 Sal.

do), to add, give, impart, be- nex, unite; to acquire, obtain; stow; to gain, acquire; to ap- to apply to, direct to. point, assign.

Adjūtor, oris, m. (adjuvo), a Adduco, ĕre, xi, ctum, tr. (ad + helper, assistant, aider, abettor.

duco), to lead, bring, conduct; Adjūvo, āre, juvi, jutum, tr. (ad to bring to, reduce; to induce, + juvo), to help, aid, assist. persuade.

Administer, tri, m. (ad + minAdemptus, a, um, part. from ister), an attendant, waiter, manAdimo.

ager; an assistant. Aděo, adv. (ad + eo), so, so far, to Administro, äre, ävi, ätum, tr.

such a degree, insomuch; be- (ad + ministro), to serve, furnish sides, too; so much; indeed, aid; to manage, conduct, guide, even, nay even; therefore, ac- administer, execute, accomplish. cordingly.

Admirandus, a, um, part. and adj. Aděo, ire, ii or īvi, itum, intr. from Admiror, admirable, that

(ad + eo), to go to, approach, should be admiredor wonderedat, come near; to attack; to under- wonderful, worthy of admiration. take, to incur.

Admiror, āri, ātus, dep. (ad + Adeptus, a, um, part. from Adi- miror), to wonder at, admire; to piscor.

be astonished. Aderam, adero. See Adsum. Admitto, ĕre, misi, missum, tr. Adfěro. See Affero.

(ad + mitto), to send to or forAdfinis. See Affinis.

ward; to admit; to permit, alAdfinitas. See Affinitas.

low; to commit, perpetrate. Adiligo. See Affligo.

Admodum, adv.(ad+modus), very, Adiŭo. See Afuo.

wholly, greatly, much, exceedAdfore. See Affóre.

ingly; with numerals, fully, about. Adherbal, ălis, m., a Numidian Admoněo, ēre, ui, itum, tr. (ad prince, son of Micipsa.

+ moneo), to remind, admonish, Adhiběo, ēre, ui, itum, tr. (ad + warn, advise; to encourage, in

habeo), to adopt, use, employ; cite. to take, admit, receive; to give, Adnitor, i, isus, and ixus, dep. to furnish.

(ad + nitor), to rest, lean upon; Adhuc, adv. (ad + huc), hitherto, to strive, exert one's self.

Adthus far, as yet, still, even yet. nitente Crasso, Crassus exerting Adigo, ĕre, õgi, actum, tr. (ad + himself in the matter.

ago), to drive, force, impel, Adolescens, entis, adj. (adolesco), oblige, compel. Ad

jusjurandum young. Noun, c. g., a young adigerea

=to bind by an oath. man, or woman, a youth. Adimo, ĕre, ēmi, emptum, tr. Adolescentia, ae, f. (adolescens),

ad + emo), to take away, re- youth, the period of youth. move, deprive of.

Adolescentŭlus, i, m.(adolescens), Adipiscor, i, adeptus, dep. (ad + a young man, a youth. Adj.,

apiscor), to obtain, attain, ac- young

quire, get, to reach, overtake. Adolesco, ĕre, adolēvi, adultum, Aditus, ūs, m.(adeo), an approach, intr. (ad + olesco), to grow, grow

way or means of approach, ac- up, come to maturity; to incess, entrance, avenue.

crease, augment, become greater. Adjumentum, i, n. (adjuvo), as- Adoptatio, onis, f. (adopto), an sistance, help, aid.

adopting, adoption. Adjungo, ére, nxi, nctum, tr. 1 Adopto, äre, avi, ātum, tr. (ad + opto), to choose, select; to adopt. over against, in front. Vulnera In regnum adoptare, to adopt as adversa, wounds in front; ad

one's successor to the kingdom. verse, hostile, contrary; unfavorAdquiro. See Acquiro.

able, disadvantageous; inconAdrectus, a, um. See Arrectus. sistent, at variance with. In Adrăgo., See Arrogo.

adversa mutari, to be changed to Adscensus, ūs. See Ascensus.

the opposites. Adverso colle evaAdscendo. See Ascendo.

dere, to ascend the hill in front. Adscisco and Ascisco, ĕre, scivi, Adversis equis concurrere, to

scitum, tr. (ad+scisco), to take, charge straight forward. receive, approve; to

admit, Adversus, i, m. (adverto), an adunite; to gain over.

versary, enemy, opponent. Adsentio. See Assentio.

Adversus and Adversum, adv. Adsěquor. See Assěquor.

and prep. with accus. (adverto), Adsiděo. See Assideo.

against, in front of, opposite to, Adsido. See Assido.

facing, over against; towards; Adsisto. See Assisto.

in opposition to. Adstrictus, a, um, part. from Ad- Adverto, ĕre, ti, sum, tr. (ad+ stringo.

verto), to turn to or towards, to Adstringo. See Astringo.

advert to. Animum advertere = Adsum, adesse, adfui, intr. (ad+ animadvertere, to turn one's mind

sum), to be present, be at hand; to, to heed, notice, observe, perto stand by, assist, aid, help; to

ceive. come, be near.

Advoco, āre, āvi, ātum, tr. (ad+ Adsūmo. See Assümo.

voco), to call, to call to; to sumAdulter, ēri, m., an adulterer. mon, employ, use. Adulterinus, a, um, adj. (adulter), Advorsor. "See Adversor.

adulterous, spurious, adulter- Advorsum. See Adversum. ated, forged, false.

Advorto. See Adverto. Adultus, a, um, part, and adj. Aedes, ium, and Aedis, is, f., in

from Adolesco, grown up, full the sing., a room, chamber, apartgrown, adult, mature, ripe.

ment; a temple; in the plu., a Advectitius or Advecticius, a, house, dwelling; temples.

um, adj. (adveho), foreign, im- Aedificium, i, n. (aedifico), an ported.

edifice, structure, building. Advěho, ĕre, exi, ectum, tr. (ad + Aedifico, āre, ävi, ätum, tr.

veho), to conduct, carry to; to (aedes + facio), to build, erect, import, convey, bring.

rear, construct. Advenio, ire, ēni, entum, intr. (ad Aedilis, is, m. (aedes), an aedile;

tvenio) to come,come to, arrive. a Roman magistrate who superAdvento, äre, avi, atum, intr. intended the repairs of temples

freq. (advenio), to come fre- and other public buildings, requently; to come, approach, ar- gulated the markets, the expense rive at.

of funerals, etc. Adventus, ūs, m. (advenio), a com- Aeger, gra, grum, adj., weak, sick, ing, approach, arrival.

infirm, diseased, corrupted; sorAdversarius, i, m. (adversus), an rowful, unhappy, desponding, adversary, enemy, rival.

afflicted. Adversor, āri, ātus, dep. (adver- Aegre, adv., comp. Aegrius, sup.

sus), to oppose, resist, thwart. Aegerrime and Aegerrůme Adversus, a,

m, part. and adj. (aeger), ha scarcely, with from Adverto,opposite,fronting, difficulty; unwillingly, discon

tentedly, with displeasure. Ae- manu discedere, to come off on gre ferre, to bear with displeas- equal terms. ure, take it ill.

Aerarium, i, n. (aes), the treasury, Aegritūdo, inis, f. (aeger), illness, exchequer; the pulau money,

sickness; sorrow, grief; solici- national revenue. tude, care, affliction, trouble. Aerumna. ae, f., toil, hardship, Nimis molliter aegritudinem pati, distress, calamity, trouble, mis

to bear affliction too sensitively. ery, adversity. Aegyptus, i, f., Egypt; by some Aes, aeris, n., copper, brass,

of the ancients accounted a part bronze; anything made of copof Asia.

per, etc.; money, coin. Aes Aemilius, i, m., a Roman name alienum, another's money, i. e.

belonging to the Aemilian gens. debt. Aes mutuum, a loan, money Aemŭlus, a, um, adj., emulous, borrowed or lent.

envious; as a noun, à rival, emu- Aestas, ātis, f. (aestus), the sumlator, imitator.

mer, summer air, summer heat. Aenēas, ao, m., Aeneas, the son Aestimo, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (aes),

of Venus and Anchises, who, to estimate, value, regard, apafter the fall of Troy, is said to preciate; to rate; to think, judge, have led a colony of Trojans believe, deem, consider. into Italy, and to have laid the Aestīvus, a, um, adj. (aestus), re

foundations of the Roman State. lating to summer, summer. AesAequabilis, e, adj. (aequo), equal, tiva castra, or simply aestiva,

equable, uniform; consistent; örum, n. pl., summer quarters, a equitable, just, right.

stationary summer camp ; a camAequabiliter, adv., comp. Aequa- paign.

bilius (aequabilis), equally, Aestůmo. See Aestimo.

evenly, uniformly, equably. Aestuo, äre, āvi, ätum, intr. (aesAequalis, e, adj. (aequus), equal, tus), to boil up; to heave; to

like, similar; even, level, plain, rage, burn, be inflamed; to be flat; coeval, contemporary.

A: undecided, to vacillate, waver. a noun, a contemporary ; one Aestus, ūs, m., heat, fire, glow; hot

equal in years, of the same age. weather; a boiling or bubbling Aequalster, adv. (aequalis), equal- up; the tide ; force, ardor; doubt,

ly, uniformly, equably; propor- uncertainty, perplexity. Aestu tionally.

secundo, the tide being favorable. Aeque, adv. (aequus), equally, in Aetas, ātis, f. (for aevitas, from

like manner, alike, as much as, aevum), age, time of life; life; similarly.

time. Aetatem agere or habere, Aequitas, ātis, f. (aequus), equal- to pass one's life, to live.

ity, evenness, equity, justice; Aeternus, a, um, adj. (for aevicalmness, equanimity, tranquil- ternus, from aevum), eternal,

lity of mind; moderation. everlasting, immortal, perpetual. Aequum, i, n. (aequus), equity, Aethiops, opis, m., an Ethiopian. justice.

Aevum, i, n., time, life, age, duraAequus, a, um, adj., level, smooth, tion.

even, plain, equal; like, similar; Afer, fra, frum, adj., African. favorable, advantageous; just, Afri,örum, m.plu., the Africans. equitable, fair, upright; reason- Affătim, adv. (ad + fatim), a unable, right; calm, unmoved. In. dantly, sufficiently, copiouly, jurias gravius aequo habere, to largely, in abundance. feel injuries too deeply. Aequa | Affecto, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (at

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