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cio), to seek after, strive for, aim pile, mound; a rampart, dam, at; to covet, solicit, aspire to, mole, dike; a mound erected try to gain over.

before the walls of a besieged Affěro, afferre, attăli, allātum, city, for the purpose of sustain

tr. irr. (ad + fero), to bring, ing the battering engines, and take, carry to; to cause, pro- which was gradually advanced duce, occasion; to report, an- nearer and nearer to the town;

the mound raised for the protecAffinis, e, adj. (ad + finis), con- tion of a camp before the in

tiguous, adjoining, adjacent; re- trenchment (fossa), and from the lated by marriage. A8 u noun, earth dug from it. a relation by marriage.

Aggrădior, i, essus, dep. (ad + Affinitas, ātis, f. (affinis), rela- gradior), to go to, approach; to

tionship by marriage; affinity, accost, address; to undertake; union, connection.

to attack, assail. Afflicto, āre, āvi, ätum, tr. freq. Agito, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ago),

(afligo), to disquiet, agitate, to drive, impel; to agitate, toss, toss; to trouble, afflict, injure, disturb, perplex; to carry on, harass, torment, vex.

prosecute, perform, administer; Afflictus, a, um,part. and adj.,from to disquiet, vex, trouble, tor

affligo, troubled, afflicted, bowed ment, torture; to incite, stimudown, miserable ; damaged, shat- late; to pass, spend; to keep, tered, disordered, ruined; de- hold, celebrate; to revolve in

jected, cast down, desponding. one's mind, meditate, discuss, Affligo, ĕre, ixi, ictum, tr. (ad + debate: to manifest display.

fligo), to dash against, throw In general, the meaning of this down, overthrow, prostrate; to verb must be decided by the context. distress, vex; to shatter, impair, Agmen, inis, n. (ago), an army weaken.

on the march; the march of an Afflïo, ĕre, uxi, uxum, intr. (ad army; an army, band, line.

+ fluo), to flow to or toward; to Ago, ĕre, ēgi, actum, tr., to drive, run or flock towards; to abound lead, conduct, direct; to do, in, be abundant.

make, perform; to treat, transAffore, intr. def. (ad + fore), fut. act; to pass, spend. Aetatem inf., to be about to be present;

agere, to pass one's life. Sese with a subject accus., would be agere, to conduct one's self. Grapresent, would assist.


agere, to thank, give thanks. Africa, ae, f., Africa.

It is some

Agitur, imp., the question is, times put for the Roman prov- the business is. ince in Africa.

Agrestis, e, adj. (ager), rustic, Africānus, a, um, adj. (Africa), rural; unpolished, rude, wild,

African. Africanus, i, m., the boorish, clownish. As a noun, a agnomen of the two Scipios, peasant, rustic, countryman. given to them on account of Aio, ais, ait, defect, verb, to say, their conquests in Africa.

speak, declare, assert, affirm. Africus, a,

um, adj. (Africa), Pronounced A'-yo. African, Mare Africum, the Ala, ae, f., a wing; the wing of Mediterranean Sea.

the army, commonly composed Agendus, a, um, part. from ago. of the Roman cavalry and the Ager, gri, m., a field, farm; land, troops of the allies, especially soil; territory, country.

their horsemen. Agger, ěris, m. (aggěro), a heap, Alăcer, cris, cre, adj., lively, brisk,




quick, eager, active, ready, Aliquot, indecl. adj. pl. (alius + prompt; cheerful, glad.

quot), some, several, a few. Albinus, i, m., a Roman surname Alster, adv. (alius), otherwise, in

of the Postumian gens. Spurius a different manner; in any other Postumius Albinus, a Roman way, else; moreover. consul in B. C. 110.

Alius, a, ud, adj., other, another, Algor, õris, m. (algeo), cold, cold- different. Alius alius, one

another. Alii alii, some — Alias, adv. (alius), otherwise, in others. Alii pars or partim, another way; at another time;

others. Alius ab alia sometimes.

parte, one from one direction, Alibi, adv. (alius + ibi), elsewhere, another from another. Alius ab

in another place. Alios alibi, alio =one after another. Aliud, some in one place, others in anything else, something else ; other places.

with a negative, nothing else, no Aliēno, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ali

other thing. enus), to alienate, estrange; to Allātus, a, um part. from affero. separate, remove, transfer; to Allěvo, äre, ävi, atum, tr. (ad + cast off.

levo), to lift up, raise up, supAliēnus, a, um, adj. (alius), belong- port, lighten, alleviate. ing to another, another's, for- Allicio, ère, lexi, lectum, tr. (ad eign; unsuitable, inconsistent; + lacio), to attract, allure, entice, unfavorable, adverse, inimical. decoy, inveigle. Alieni appetens, greedy of what Allobrox,ögis, Allobroges,ögum, belongs to another. Aes alienum, A people of Gaul, whose another's money = debt. As a chief city was Vienna, near the noun, alienus, i, m., a stran - Rhone. ger.

Alo, ĕre, alui, alitum or altum, Alio, adv. (alius), to another pur- tr., to nourish, support, feed,

pose, place, or subject. Alins maintain. alio, one to one place, another to Alte, adv. (altus), on high, high, another; one hither - another highly; deeply, low, far. thither.

Alter, ěra, ērum, gen. alterius, Aliquamdiu, adv. (aliquis + diu), adj., one of two = the other. Alfor some time.

ter - -- alter, the one -- the other. Aliquando, adv. (alius + quando), Unus et alter, one and the other,

sometimes, sometime, at some some, several. It is also used to time; at length, now at last; express reciprocal action, as, alformerly.

teri alteros sauciant, they wound Aliquanto, adv. with comparatives one another.

(properly ablat. of aliquantus), Altitudo, inis, f. (altus), height, considerably, somewhat.

altitude, depth. Aliquantum, adv. (prop. accus. Altus, a, um, part. from alo.

of aliquantus), somewhat, some, Altus, a um, adj. (alo), high, tall, considerably, a little, rather. lofty, deep, profound, great. Aliquantus, a, um, adj. (alius + | Alvěus, i, m., the channel or bed

quantus), some, somewhat, con- of a river; a trough ; the hold, siderable.

hull, or body of a ship. Aliquis,qua,quod, and quid, indef. Ambio,ire, ii and ivi,itum,tr. and pron. (alius + quis), some, any; intr. (amb + eo), to go around; somebody, something, anything; to surround, encompass, invest; some one, any one.

to go about soliciting votes, to

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canvass, solicit; to strive for, | Amplus, a, um, adj., ample, seek to gain.

large, spacious, great; splendid, Ambitio, onis, f. (ambio), a going illustrious, honorable, glori

around of candidates to canvass for votes, a candidating; ambi- An, conj. In direct questions it is tion; seeking popularity; flat- not translated. In indirect questery, adulation,

tions, whether. An--an, whether Ambitiosus, a, um, adj. (ambi

The first an is sometimes tio), courting favor, ambitious; omitted, or its place is supplied popular, honor-loving.

by ne or utrum. Ambitus, ūs, m. (ambio), a going Anceps, cipitis, adj. (amb +

round; an unlawful canvassing caput), two-headed; twofold, for votes; an unlawful striving double; doubtful, uncertain, dufor office, bribery; a circuit. bious; faithless. Lex ambitus, a law concerning Ancilla, ae, f., a maid-servant, febribery and corruption.

male slave. Ambo, ae, o, adj. pl., both. Angustia, ae, f., generally in the Amentia, ae, f. (amens), madness, plural, angustiae, árum, (aninsanity, folly.

gustus), a narrow place, a defile; Amicitia, ae, f. (amicus), friend- narrowness, straitness.

ship, amity, an alliance, league Angustus, a, um, adj. (ango), of friendship.

narrow, strait, close, confined, Amious, a, um, adj. (amo), friend- limited.

ly, amicable, kind, cordial. Anima, ae, f., air, breath ; life, the Amicus, i, m. (amicus), a friend. vital principle; the soul, spirit, Amitto, ĕre, misi, missum, tr. mind.

(a + mitto), to send away, dis- Animadverto, ĕre, ti, sum, tr. miss, let go; to lose, throw (animus +ad+ verto), to turn away.

the mind or attention to, to noAmo, āre, ävi, ätum, tr., to love, tice, observe, attend, perceive; like, delight in.

to punish. Animadvertitur, punAmoenus, a, um, adj., delightful, ishment is inflicted.

pleasant, agreeable, charming. Animadvorto. See Animadverto. Amor, oris, m. (amo), love, affec- | Animal, ālis, n. (anima), an anition, desire.

mal, living creature. Amõveo, ére, mövi, mõtum, tr. | Animus, i, m., the mind, soul; the (a + moveo), to remove,

take will, desire, purpose, inclination, away, withdraw. Senatu amovere, design, disposition; heart, courto expel from the senate.

age. Ample, adv. (amplus), amply, Annitor. See Adnitor. largely, abundantly.

Annius, i, m., Caius Annius, a RoAmplector, i, exus, dep. (am + man prefect sent by Metellus to

plecto), to embrace, encircle, command the garrison of Leptis. surround, clasp; to love, to cher- Annius, i, m., Lucius Annius, a ish.

tribune of the plebs. Amplexor, äri, ätus, dep. freq. Annius, i, m., Quintus Annius, a

(amplector), to embrace; to love, Roman senator, confederate with cherish.

Amplius, adv. (comp. of ample), Annus, i, m., a year.

more, further, longer. Amplius Annŭus, a, um, adj. (annus), anposse or valere, to be more pow- nual, yearly; lasting a year. erful.

Ante, prep. with accus., before; op


posite to; superior to; in ad- evident. In aperto esse, to be vance of.

clear, plain, evident. Antě, adv., before, formerly; for- Appello, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad + ward, in advance.

pello), to calí, name, term, entiAntea, adv. (ante +ea), before, tle; to speak to, address, accost; forinerly, previously.

to appeal to, invoke, entreat; to Antecapio, ère, cēpi, captum, tr.

(ante + capio), to take before- Appello, ĕre, půli, pulsum, tr. hand, preoccupy; to anticipate, (ad + pello, čre), to drive to or prepare beforehand. Noctem an

towards, to direct; to land, artecapere, to anticipate the night rive at. ---not to wait for it. Sitim, fa- Appětens, entis, part. and adj. mem antecapere, not to wait for (appeto), desirous, eager, greedy, thirst, hunger — to excite them

covetous, fond of. prematurely.

Appěto, ĕre, ivi, itum, tr. (ad + Anteěo, ire, ii or ivi, irr. tr. and peto), to seek, strive for, aim at;

intr. (ante teo), to go before; to wish for, desire; to approach; precede; to surpass, excel, out- to attack. strip.

Apprehendo, ĕre, di, sum, tr. (ad Antefěro, ferre, těli, lātum, tr. + prehendo), to lay hold of,

(ante + fero), to carry before; seize, catch, apprehend. to prefer, set before.

Appróbo, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad Antěhac, adv. (ante+hic), before, + probo), to approve, favor, previously, formerly.

commend; to prove, confirm, deAntěpono, ere, osui, ositum, tr. monstrate, establish; to render

(ante+ pono), to set or place be- acceptable, satisfactory fore, to prefer.

Appropinquo, äre, ävi, ätum, Antěquam, or better, ante quam, intr. (ad + propinquo), to ap

conj., before, before that, sooner proach, draw near. than.

Appulsus, a, um, part. from apAntevěnio, ire, ēni, entum, tr. pello.

and intr. (ante + venio), to get Apud, prep. with accus., at, near, the start of, anticipate; to pre- with, among, in; at the house vent, thwart; to surpass, out- of; before, to. Apud animum strip, excel.

meum, to my mind. Antonius, i, m., Caius Antonius, Apulia, ae, f., Apulia, a country of

a Roman consul, the colleague lower Italy. of Cicero.

Aqua, ae, f., water. Hiemales Anxie, adv. (anxius), anxiously, aqure, the winter rains. painfully.

Aquila, ae, f., an eagle; the prinAnxius, a, um, adj. (ango), anx- cipal standard of the Roman

ious, disquieted, troubled; un- Jegion.

easy, apprehensive, fearful. Aquor, äri, ātus, dep. (aqua), to Apěrio, ire, erui, ertum,'tr. (ad get or draw water.

+ pario), to open, uncover, un-i Ara, ae, f., an altar. Pro aris atveil, display, discover, disclose, que focis, for house and hearth show.

for one's dearest possessions. Aperte, adv. (apertus), openly, Arbiter, tri, m., a witness, spectaclearly, distinctly, manifestly, tor; an arbiter, umpire. publicly.

Arbitrātus, ūs, m. (arbitror), will, Apertus, a, um, part, and adj. judgment, opinion; pleasure, (aperio), open, clear, manifest, choice.

Arbitrium, i, n. (arbiter), the de- | Armenii, örum, m. pl., the Ar

cision of an arbitrator; judg- menians. ment, decision, award; will, Armo, āre, āvi, ātum, tr. (arma), pleasure, inclination.

to arm, equip: Arbitror, āri, ātus, dep. (arbiter), Aro, āre, ävi, ätum, tr., to plough,

to think, judge, suppose, be- cultivate, till; to acquire by lieve.

husbandry. Arbor and Arbos, oris, f., a Arpinum, i, n., a town of Latium, tree.

where Plautus, Cicero, and MaArbustum, i, n. (arbor), an orch- rius were born : it is now called

ard, a vineyard planted with Arpino. trees.

Arrectus, a, um, part. from arArcesso, ĕre, ivi, itum, tr. (pres. rigo.

inf. pass. arcessi or arcessiri), Arreptus, a, um, part. from arto summon, send for, invite; ripio. to accuse, arraign. Arcessere Arretinus, a, um, adj., Arretinicapitis, to accuse of a capital an, pertaining to Arretinum, a crime.

city of Etruria, now Arezzo. Arcis. See Arx.

Arrigo, ĕre, exi, ectum, tr. (ad+ Arcte or Arte, adv. (arctus), close- rego), to raise, erect; to excite,

ly, compactly, in close order, arouse, animate, encourage. straitly, strictly.

Arripio, ĕre, ipui, eptum, tr. (ad Ardens, entis, part. and adj. (ar- +rapio), to take by force, seize,

deo), on fire, burning, glowing, snatch, lay hold of.

ardent, eager, impatient. Arrogo, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad + Arděo, ére, arsi, arsum, intr., to rogo), to arrogate, claim as one's

burn, glow; to be eager, ardent, impatient.

Ars, artis, f., an art, faculty, qualArdor, õris, m. (ardeo), a flame, ity; skill, knowledge; character,

fire, burning heat; ardor, fer- habit, practice, conduct; artivor, eagerness. Haud procul ab fice, trick, stratagem. In aliis ardoribus, not far from the burn- artibus, in other respects. ing (i. e. tropical) heat.

Arte. See Arcte. Ardŭus, a, um, adj., high, lofty, Artifex, icis, m. and f. (ars + fa

steep; arduous, difficult, labori- cio), an artificer, artist. Adj., ous, troublesome.

skilful, ingenious, practised, Arēna, ae, f. (areo), sand.

skilled. Arenösus, a, um, adj. (arena), Artificium, i, n. (artifex), an art, sandy.

trade; skill, contrivance; artiArgentum, i, n., silver; silver fice, cunning, artfulness. money, money.

Arvum, i, n. (aro), a ploughed Aridus, a, um, adj. (areo), arid, field ; a field, cultivated land. dry, parched, thirsty.

Arx, arcis, f., a lofty place, top or Aries, ētis, m., a ram; a batter- summit of a hill; a castle, ing-ram.

stronghold, fortress, citadel. Arma, örum, n. pl., arms, armor, Ascendo, ĕre, di, sum, tr. and weapons; war, warfare.

intr. (ad + scando), to ascend, Armātus, a, um, part, and adj. go up, mount, climb. Navim as

(armo), armed. Armati, orum, cendere =to embark.

m. pl., armed men, soldiers. Ascensus, ūs, m. (ascendo), an asArmenius, a, um, adj., Arme- cent, an ascending. nian.

Ascisco. See Adscisco.

own, assume.

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