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ness.

Asia, ae, f., Asia ; sometimes put pressing comparison, such as, for Asia Minor.

pariter, juxta, secus, alius, etc. Aspar, åris, m., a Numidian sent Simul atque, as soon as.

by Jugurtha as ambassador to Atrocitas, ātis, f. (atrox), atrocKing Bocchus.

ity, cruelty, barbarity, horribleAsper, ēra, ērum, adj., rough,

rugged, uneven; troublesome, Atrociter, adv. (atrox), cruelly, dangerous, adverse; harsh,rigor- fiercely, atrociously, violently,

ous, cruel ; unpleasant, severe. harshly. Aspěre, adv. (asper), roughly, Atrox, öcis, adj., fierce, cruel, harshly, keenly, bitterly.

harsh, atrocious, horrible, hidAsperitas, ātis, f. (asper), rough- eous; perilous, severe, violent.

ness, ruggedness, unevenness; Attendo, ĕre, endi, entum, tr. harshness, asperity ; difficulty, (ad + tendo), to stretch, direct, to danger.

turn toward. Attendere animum, Aspernor, äri, ātus, dep. (ad + to direct the attention, attend to,

sperno), to disdain, reject, des- give heed to, mind, consider. pise, spurn.

Attente, adv. (attentus), attentiveAssentior, iri, sensus, dep. (ad ly, diligently, carefully, assidu

+ sentio), to assent to, agree, ously. consent.

Attero, ère, trivi, tritum, tr. Assěquor, i, cutus, dep. (ad+ (ad + tero), to rub against, to

sequor), to follow, overtake; to wear away, to chafe, impair, gain, obtain, attain to.

eaken, diminish, destroy. Assídeo, ēre, ēdi, essum, intr. Attiněo, ēre, inui, entum, tr.

(ad + sedeo), to sit, sit beside (ad + teneo), to hold, keep, deor next to.

tain, occupy; to delay, amuse. Assido, ère, essi, intr. (ad + sido), Attingo, ĕre, igi, actum, tr. (ad

to sit down, to take one's seat. +tango), to touch, to reach, atAssisto, ĕre, stiti, intr. (ad+ tain; to border upon; to engage

sisto,) to stand near or by; to in, touch upon briefly, touch

take one's stand. Assūmo, ĕre, mpsi, mptum, tr. Attribio, ère, ai, ūtum, tr. (ad +

(ad+sumo), to take, assume, re- tribuo), to attribute, assign, be

ceive, choose; to usurp, arrogate. stow, give. Astringo, ĕre, nxi, ictum, tr. | Attritus, a, um, part. from attero.

(ad + stringo), to draw close, to Auctor, öris, m. (augeo), an aupress, bind, tie; to tighten, con- thor, contriver, maker, founder;

tract; to oblige, necessitate. a voucher, approver, instigator, Astūtia, ae, f. (astutus), shrewd- adviser, proposer; a reporter,

ness, craftiness,dexterity, adroit- informant; a doer, performer. ness, cunning, slyness.

Auctoritas, ātis, f. (auctor), auAt, conj., but, but yet. At often thority, dominion, power, juris

serves to introduce an objection diction; influence, force, weight; of a supposed opponent.

reputation; an ordinance, deAthēnae, ārum, f. pl., Athens, the cree (e. g. auctoritas senatus). capital of Attica.

Auctus, a, um, part. and adj. Atheniensis, e, adj. (Athenae), (augeo), enlarged, increased, ad

Athenian. Athenienses, ium, vanced, improved. m. pl., the Athenians.

Audacia, ae, (audax), boldness, Atque, conj. (ad + que), and, and courage; audacity, impudence, also; than, as, after words ex

presumption.

lightly upon.

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Audaciter or Audacter, comp. | Aversus, a, um, part. and adj.

audacius, adv. (audax), boldly, (averto), turned away, averted, courageously, fearlessly, auda- opposite to; averse, unfriendly, ciously.

hostile, alienated. Audax, ācis, adj., bold, courageous, Averto, ère, ti, sum, tr. (a +

resolute, intrepid; audacious, verto), to turn away, avert, didaring, impudent.

vert; to put to flight; to alienAuděo, ére, ausus, half dep., to ate, estrange.

dare, be so bold as. With facere, Avỉde, adv. (avidus), eagerly, aggredi, etc., omitted, to under- earnestly. take, attempt.

Avidus, a, um, adj. (aveo), eager, Audio, ire, ivi, itum, tr., to hear, desirous, earnest, ardent, greedy; listen to.

avaricious, covetous, ambitious. Augěo, ēre, auxi, auctum, tr. and Avius, a, um, adj. (a + via), im

intr., to increase, augment, en- passable, inaccessible; unfrelarge; to advance, promote; to quented, lonely. grow, strengthen.

Avorsus, a, um. See Aversus. Augesco, ěre, intr. incho. (augeo), Avorto. See Averto.

to begin to grow, to become Avus, i, m., a grandfather.

greater, to grow, increase. Aulus, i, m., a Latin praenomen.

Aulus Postumius Albinus, a brother of the consul Spurius Albinus.

Baebius, i, m., Caius Baebius, a Aurelia, ae, f., Aurelia Orestilla, tribune of the plebs. the wife of Catiline.

Baleāris, e, adj., Balearic, of the Auris, is, f., the ear.

Balearic islands. Aurum, i, n., gold; money. Barbărus, a, um, adj., barbaric, Ausus, a, um, part. from audeo. not Greek nor Roman, foreign; Aut, conj., or. Aut - aut, either barbarian, barbarous. Barbări, Non – aut, neither

örum, m., barbarians, neither

Greeks nor Romans. Autem, conj., but, yet; and, more- Bellicosus, a, um, adj. (bellum), over; also, likewise.

warlike, martial. Autronius, i, m., Publius Autro- Bellicus, a, um, adj. (bellum),

nius, a Roman senator, confeder- military, warlike, martial. ate with Catiline.

Bellum, i, n., war. Belli domique Auxiliarius, a, um, adj. (auxil- =in war and in peace.

ium), aiding, helping, auxiliary. Belliānus, i, m., Lucius Bellienus, Auxilior, äri, ātus, dep. (auxil- a Roman praetor.

ium), to assist, aid, help, succor. Belua, ae, f., a beast, an animal. Auxilium, i, n. (augeo), assist- Bene, comp. melius, sup. optime,

ance, aid, help, succor. Aux- adv., well, happily, successilia, pl., auxiliary troops, aux- fully. iliaries.

Benedico, ĕre, xi, ctum, tr. and Avaritia, ae, f. (avārus), avarice, intr. (bene + dico), to speak covetousness.

well of, commend, praise; to Aveo or Haveo, ére, intr., to be bless.

fortunate, well. Used chiefly in Benefacio, ĕre, fēci, factum, intr. the imperative, ave, avēto (have, (bene + facio), to do good, benehavēto), hail, be prosperous, fit, confer a favor. farewell.

Benefactum, i, n. (benefacio), a

- or. nor.

kindness, benefit, favor, service; | Cadāver, ěris, n. (cado), a corpse, a good act or deed.

a dead body. Beneficium, i, n. (beneficus), a Cado, ĕre, cecidi, cāsum, intr.,

kindness, benefit, favor, service; to fall; to fall in battle, perish, a distinction, promotion.

be slain; to fall out, happen, Benevolentia, ae, f. (benevolens),

occur, result in. benevolence, good-will, kind- Caecus, a, um, adj., blind. Caeness, favor.

cum corpus = the back. Benigne, adv. (benignus), kindly, Caedes, is, f. (caedo), a cutting,

courteously, liberally. Benigne wounding; slaughter, murder, habere, to treat with kindness.

carnage. Benignitas, ātis, f. (benignus), Caodo, ĕre, cecidi, caesum, tr.,

kindness, liberality, benignity, to cut, cut down; to kill, slaughcourtesy.

ter, slay; to beat. Bestia, ae, f., a wild beast.

Caelo, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (caeBestia, ae, m., Lucius Calpurnius lum), to engrave in relief upon

Bestia, a Roman consul in B. C. metals, etc. ; to carve, engrave, 111.

emboss. Bestia, ae, m., Lucius Calpurnius Caelum, i, n., heaven, the hea

Bestia, a Roman senator, con- vens, the sky. federate with Catiline.

Caeparius, i, m., Quintus CaepaBidŭum, i, n. (bis + dies), two rius, a Terracinian confederate days.

with Catiline. Bini, ae, a, adj., two by two, two Caepio, onis, m., Quintus Servilius each, two.

Caepio, a Roman consul in B. C. Bis, adv., twice.

106, defeated by the Cimbri. Bocchus, i, m., a king of Mauri. Caesar, åris, m., Caius Julius

tania, father-in-law of Jugurtha. Caesar. Bomilcar, ăris, m., a Numidian. Caesar, åris, m., Lucius Julius Bonum, i, n. (bonus), anything Caesar, consul in B. C. 64.

good; a good, benefit, blessing. Caius, i, m., a Roman praenomen. Bona, örum, n. pl., goods, for- Calamitas, ātis, calamity, misfortune, property, wealth, advan- tune, disaster; loss, injury, tages, benefits.

damage. Bonus, a, um, adj., good, worthy; Calamitosus, a, um, adj. (calamibrave.

tas), calamitous, disastrous, ruinBrevis, e, adj., short, brief, transi

tory. Brevi (8c. tempore)=in Calendae, ārum, f. pl. (calo), the a short time, shortly.

first day of the month,the calends. Breviter, adv. (brevis), briefly, in Callide, adv. (callidus), skilfully, few words.

shrewdly, artfully, cunningly. Bruttius, a, um, adj., Bruttian. Calliditas, ātis, f. (callidus), skil

Ager Bruttius, the country of the fulness, artfulness, cunning, Brutii (now Calabria).

shrewdness, craft. Brutus, i, m., Decimus Brutus, Callidus, a, um, adj. (calleo), skil

the husband of Sempronia, and ful, shrewd, cunning, dexterous, consul in B. C. 77.

crafty, sly, artful. Calor, oris, m. (caleo), warmth,

heat. C.

Calumnia, ae, f., artifice, trick,

wiles; false accusation; chicaneC., an abbreviation of Caius.

ry, intrigue,

ous.

Caměra, ae, f., a vault, arched | Carcer, ĕris, m., a prison. roof, an arch.

Carěo, ēre, ui, itum, intr., to want, Camers, ertis, adj., Camertian, of to be without, be in want of, be

Camerīnum. Subst., a Camertian, free from, destitute of; to abcitizen of Camerinum in Um- stain from. bria.

Carina, ae, f., the keel of a ship. Campus, i, m., a plain; open field. Caro, carnis, f., flesh.

Campus or Campus Martius, the Carptim, adv. (carpo), in detached field of Mars, where the comitia parts, separately, in separate were held.

parts. Canis, is, m. and f., a dog. Carthaginiensis, e, adj., CarthaCano, ĕre, cecini, cantum, tr, and ginian. Carthaginienses, ium,

intr., to sing ; to play, sound, m. pl., the Carthaginians. blow. Signa canunt, the signals Carthāgo, inis, f., Carthage, a city sound, or are given.

of Africa. Capesso, ère, ivi, itum, tr. (ca- Carus, a, um, adj., dear, precious,

pio), to take, lay hold of, seize ; costly ; beloved, valued. Carum to undertake. Capessere rem pub- aestimare, to value highly. licam, to engage in public af- Cassius, i, m., Luoius Cassius, a fairs, to undertake affairs of Roman praetor, distinguished state.

for the soundness and wisdom Capio, ĕre, cēpi, captum, tr., to of his decisions.

take, receive; to seize; to over- Cassius, i, m., Lucius Cassius take, reach; to hold, contain; to Longinus, a Roman senator conacquire, obtain; to charm, capti- federate with Catiline. vate; to deceive, take in, entrap. Castellānus, a, um, adj. (castelRem publicam capere, to seize lum), of or pertaining to a castle

(the government of) the state. or fortress. Castellāni, örum, Capitālis, e, adj. (caput), capital. the occupants of a castle or fort

Řes capitalis, a capital crime. ress; a garrison. Capito, onis, m. See Gabinius. Castellum, i, n., dim. (castrum, a Capitolium, i, n. (caput), the Cap- castle), a castle, fortress, fort.

itol, the temple of Jupiter on the Castra, örum, n. pl., a camp, enCapitoline hill in Rome. Also, campment. the hill itself, mons Capitoli- Casūrus, a, um, part. from cado.

Casus, ūs, m. (cado), a fall; misCapsa, ae, f., a city of Numidia. fortune, disaster, calamity; an Capsensis, is, m. (Capsa), a Cap- event, case, circumstance, acci

dent, chance; occasion, opporCaptivus, a, um, adj. (capio), tunity. Pro meo casu, considering

captive, captured. As a noun, a my situation, circumstances. prisoner, a captive.

Catabathmos, i, m., a declivity, Capto, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. freq. gradual descent; a sloping val

(capio), to catch at, to catch ; to ley (according to Sallust)between strive for, seek to obtain.

Egypt and Africa; the CataCapúa, ae, f., a city of Campania. bathmos. Caput, itis, n., a head, person; Catēna, ae, f., a chain.

life. Capite censi (rated by the Caterva, ae, f., a troop, crowd, head), the poorest class of Ro- band, multitude, concourse. man citizens, who in the assess- Catervātim, adv. (caterva), in ments were rated at nothing, but troops, in crowds, in companies. merely numbered as citizens. Catilina, ae, m., Lucius Sergius

nus.

sian.

case, suit

Catiline, the originator of the Censor, öris, m. (censeo), a censor, Catilinarian conspiracy.

a Roman magistrate whose duty Cato, onis, m., Marcus Porcius Ca- it was to take the census, and to

to, often called Cato the younger, watch over the morals of the to distinguish him from his people.

grandfather, Cato the censor. Centum, num. adj. indec., a hunCatŭlus, i, m., Quintus Lutatius dred.

Catulus, a Roman senator of Centuria,ae, f., a century, hundred

great dignity and influence. of any thing; a division of Causa, ae, f., a cause, reason, troops, a company, century; a

ground; a pretext, pretence, ex- division of the Roman people, a cuse ; occasion, motive; a cause, century.

or process at law. Centurio, onis, m. (centuria), a Causâ, with gen., on account of, centurion, a captain of a century for the sake or purpose of.

or hundred. Cavěo, ēre, cavi, cautum, tr. and Cepi. See Capio.

intr., to beware, take heed; to Cera, ae, f., wax. be on one's guard; to take care; Cerno, ĕre, crevi, cretum, tr., to to avoid, shun. With a, or ab, to perceive, discern, distinguish, guard against.

see; to decide, determine, judge, Cecidi. See Cado.

decree; to contend. Cecidi. See Caedo.

Certāmen, inis, n. (certo), a conCedo, ĕre, cessi, cessum, tr. and test, strife, contention; dispute,

intr., to give place, give way, dissension; a battle, engageyield, withdraw, retire, depart; ment; competition. to cede, give up, concede, grant; Certātim, adv. (certo), earnestly, to submit; to retreat, fly; to eagerly, emulously.

turn out, succeed, result, issue. Certe, adv. (certus), at least; cerCelebrātus, a, um, part. and adj. tainly, for certain, assuredly.

(celebro), celebrated, extolled, Certo, adv. (certus), certainly, for distinguished; solemnized, fre- certain, assuredly. quented.

Certo, äre, ävi, ätum, intr., to Celebro, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (celě- contend, strive, vie, struggle,

ber), to frequent, resort to; to fight. Certatur, the contest is celebrate, solemnize; to praise, carried on, they contend. extol, honor, render illustrious Certus, a, um, adj., determined, or distinguished.

settled; certain, sure; safe, trustCeler, ěris, m., Quintus Metellus worthy. Certiorem facere, to inCeler, a Roman praetor.

form. Certior fieri, to be inCeleritas, ātis, f. (celer, swift), formed.

swiftness, speed, quickness, ce- Cetěrus, a, um, adj., the other, the lerity.

rest, the rest of. Cenātus, a, um (part. from ceno), Cetěra, acc. pl., in other respects, having dined.

as for the rest. Ceno, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. and intr. Cetěrum, adv. and conj. (ceterus).

(cena), to take a meal, to dine, as for the rest, in other respects, eat; to eat, dine upon.

otherwise; but, moreover. Censěo, ēre, ui, sum, tr., to rate, Cethegus, i, m., Caius Cornelius

assess, tax; to appraise, esti- Cethegus, a Roman senator conmate, value; to judge, think, federate with Catiline. consider; to be of opinion; to Cibus, i, m., food, nourishment, decree, ordain, vote.

aliment, victuals, meat.

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