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power, in the space of six days, and all very good.

God made all things.

Gen. i. 1: "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”

Out of nothing, by the word of his power.

Heb. xi. 3: Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear."

Ps. xxxiii. 6: “By the word of the Lord were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth."

In the space of six days.

Ex. xx. 11: “For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day : wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and hallowed it.”

And all very good.

Gen. i. 31 : “ And God saw every thing that he had made: and behold, it was very good.”

Q. 10. How did God create man?

A. God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures.

God created man.

Gen. ii. 7 : “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.”

After his own image, male and female.

Gen. i. 27 : “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.”

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In knowledge, righteousness, and holiness.

Col. iii. 10 : “ And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him.

Eph. iv. 24: “And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness."

Eccl. vii. 29 : “Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions."

With dominion over the creatures.

Gen. i. 28: “And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it : and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.”

Q. 11. What are God's works of providence ?

A. God's works of providence are his most holy, wise, and powerful preserving and governing all his creatures, and all their actions.

Most holy.

Ps. cxlv. 17: “ The Lord is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.”


Isa. xxviii. 29: "This also cometh forth from the Lord of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.”


Ps. lxvi. 7: “He ruleth by his power forever; his eyes behold the nations : let not the rebellious exalt themselves."


Ps. xxxvi. 6: “O Lord, thou preservest man and beast."

Acts xvii. 28: “For in him we live, and move, and have our being."

Ps. cxlv. 15, 16: “The eyes of all wait upon thee; and thou givest them their meat in due season. Thou openest thine hand, and satisfiest the desire of every living thing.'

Matt. vi. 26–30: “Behold the fowls of the air; for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns : yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they ?

Which of you by taking thought can add one cubit unto his stature ? And why take ye thought for rainfent ? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin: and yet I say unto you, That even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to-day is, and to-morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith ?"

Matt. x. 29–31: “Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing ? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear ye not, therefore: ye are of more value than many sparrows."

Governing all his creatures and all their actions.

Ps. ciii. 19: “ The LORD hath prepared his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom ruleth over all.”

Eph. i. 11 : “ According to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will.”

Ps. cxxxv. 6: Whatsoever the Lord pleased, that did he in heaven, and in earth, in the seas and all deep places.”

Ps. xxxiii. 10, 11: “ The Lord bringeth the counsel of the heathen to naught: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect. The counsel of the Lord standeth forever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations."

Ps. lxxvi. 10: “Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee; the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain.”

Q. 12. What special act of providence did God exercise towards man in the estate wherein he was created ?

A. When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience; forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death.

Gen. ii. 16, 17: And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die."

Rom. vii. 10: “ The commandment ... was ordained to life.”

Rom. vi. 23: “The wages of sin is death."

Rom. v. 12: “And so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned."

Q. 13. Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created ?

A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created, by sinning against God.

Gen. iii. 6: “And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise; she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat.”

Gen. iii. 17, 19: “ Because thou hast hearkened

unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten. of the tree of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; in the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken : for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return."

Q. 14. What is sin ?

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of the law of God.

Rom. vii. 14: “For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin."

Rom. viii. 7: “Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be."

1 John iii. 4: “Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law."

James. iv. 17: " Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin.”

Matt. xxv. 30: “And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”

[See the whole parable, Matt. xxv. 14–30. Also Matt. xxv. 41-46.]

Q. 15. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created ?

A. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created, was their eating the forbidden fruit. See proof to Answer 13. Gen. iii. 6.

Q. 16. Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression ?

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