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Isa. lv. 1-3, 6, 7: “Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? and your labour for that which satisfieth not ? hearken diligently unto me, and at ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness. Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David. Seek ye the Lord while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near: let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the Lord, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.”
Rev. xxii. 17: “And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.”
Q. 32. What benefits do they that are effectually called partake of in this life?
A. They that are effectually called do in this life partake of justification, adoption, and sanctification, and the several benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from them.
Justification and sanctification.
Rom. viii. 30: “Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called : and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.”
Eph. i. 5: " • Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will."
- And the several benefits which in this life do either accom pany or flow from them.
1 Cor. iii. 21, 22: “ Therefore let no man glory in men: for all things are yours; whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are yours.”
Rom. viii. 32: “He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things ?”
Q. 33. What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in his sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.
[Because it is completed at once, and not, like sanctification, (Q. 35,) a continued “work.”']
Rom. v. 1, 2: “ Therefore, being justified by faith, we have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ : by whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in the hope of the glory of God.”
Of God's free grace.
Rom. iv. 4-8: “Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth' righteousness without works, saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.”
Eph. i. 7: “In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.”
Heb. viii. 12: “ For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.”
Only for the righteousness of Christ.
Rom. iii. 21–26 : “ But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; even the righteousness of God, which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God: being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God: to declare, I say, at this time his righteousness : that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus."
Imputed to us.
Rom. v. 17–19: “For if by one man's offence death reigned by one: much more they which receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. Therefore, as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation, even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
2 Cor. v. 21 : « For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin ; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”
And received by faith.
Rom. iii. 25: “Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood.”
Rom. iii. 26: “ The justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.”
Rom. iii. 30: “Seeing it is one God which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith."
And received by faith alone.
[Merit, works, priestly offices, or penances being of no account.]
Gal. ii. 16: “Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.”
Rom. iii. 28 : 5 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law."
Rom. iv. 4, 5; “ Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.'
Gal. iii. 1-3: “O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you? This only would I learn of you: Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Are ye so foolish ? having begun in the Spirit, are ye row made perfect by the flesh?"
Gal. v. 2–6: “Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace. For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love."
Q. 34. What is adoption ? A. Adoption is an act of God's free grace, whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges, of the sons of God.
1 John iii. 1: 6 Behold what manner of love the Father bath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not."
Rom. viii. 15–17: “For ye have not received the Spirit of bondage' again to fear: but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: and if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ: if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.”
Eph. ii. 19: “Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God.”
Q. 35. What is sanctification ?
A. Sanctification is the work of God's free grace, whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and are enabled more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness.
[Carried on progressively; not immediately completed.]
Work of God's free grace.
2 Thess. ii. 13: “God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of the truth."
1 Thess. v. 23: "The very God of peace sanctify you wholly."