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e all still retained the same inclinations and pers, and have been still distinguished by the e modifications of character.

t is, on the contrary, provided by nature, that ll her children unequal gifts should be granted, I dissimilar talents entrusted; so that whilst each ividual may participate in the common happis of his race, yet each shall contribute in a difent way towards that co-operation of skill and tune which unconsciously tends to the advantage all.

Yet we cannot help remarking, how similar are characteristics of the human nature among chilen, notwithstanding their diversity in respect of lividual talents, even in different countries; ilst their parents as remarkably vary in their aracters and manners according to the different ts of the world to which they respectively belong. ad is it not possible, that at least the moral habits after-life, may be so modified, and the sympathies men, and their civil characters, so assimilated, as a great measure to merge many of their present al and national peculiarities, and like the simcity of children, resemble them more to the mbers of one human family? There is nothing the diversity of intellectual acquirements in difent ages, and amongst contemporary states and ividuals, but what a wider diffusion of general ormation may be supposed capable of removing, of thereby assimilating human intelligence.

- ahaa......n the melancholy consequences of war.

in the interruption and perversion of national improvement and industry; and that some nations are more exposed to these vicissitudes than others— and that some people are under the dominion of despots, who despise and restrict all liberal knowledge and pursuits; whilst others flourish under free and enlightened governments.

People confined to merely local information and habits, are apt to contract jealousies and prejudices, which frequent intercourse, and similar information, ultimately remove. Let them only see that there is no occasion for such jealousies, but that their real interests are mutual, and then we shall hear no more of Scotch, and English, and French antipathies— we shall then have no more laws suggesting an odious inference, and invidious distinctions, between either nations or parties.

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The Mohammedans were taught, like the Jews of old, to carry uncompromising hostility against the professors of every other religion; the consequence of which was, an interruption to the free and intimate intercourse with the rest of men, which is essential to the prosperity and happiness of every people. On the other hand, Christianity, inculcating universal charity and good-will to man,

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Such are some of the differences of character that such causes produce; and without adducing further instances, it will suffice here to observe, that all the differences of national character, appear to be re

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cible to two classes; either the peculiarities of - species, climate, and local circumstances, or, - moral and intellectual proficiency of the people, the influence of their religion and civil polity. The former class of influences, personal and al, may be, humanly considered, unalterable, ording perpetual inducements for the interchange commercial and even social visits, between the ious families of the human race. The latter ss of influences are more likely to become assilated as education proceeds, as legislation imoves, and Christianity diffuses itself over all the ngdoms of the earth.

But what chance, or appearance, is there of any ch improvements taking place? If all the ghtiest and most glorious empires of our globe ve long ago broken up and vanished from the rth, what reason have we to anticipate any thing t that insignificancy to which man, by a continual generation, has a natural tendency to sink? This ght have been true of men in a state of nature ; t all our calculations and reasonings are now inparably joined with the agency of Christianity. is by no means uncommon to hear the present nes spoken of as degenerate and inglorious. dged of by our architecture, we are certainly denerate; estimated by our military ambition, we e, perhaps, inglorious. Yet, to complain of generacy, is but what our forefathers, the orators d poets of other ages and nations, have done

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that the Rephaim and Anakim no longer have their parallels; and this may probably have given rise to the notion of human degeneracy, which, in this respect at any rate, has been tolerably stationary since the days of the deluge; but we have instead, men who can not only hurl the quoit, and bend the brazen bow, but weigh the spheres in their balances, fuse the diamond in their furnaces, and invest themselves with the mechanical puissance of the elements.

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Unreflecting minds are generally too apt to be influenced in their opinions, by their own individual habits and experience; and to consider every innovation and change in the manners and customs of the age, as a falling away from all that has hitherto been esteemed excellent and genuine. The father tells the son, that things are very different now to what they used to be in his younger days; insinuating that the present times are always the most degenerate. The Roman satirists and poets make frequent allusion to this degeneracy. The Greeks do the same-and Homer pourtrays the superiority of the age of Hector, when he describes him heaving the huge stone against the gates of the Grecian encampment—a stone, that two men, such as mortals then were, could not lift on to a wain-Oio vvv


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dashing the massy rock at Æneas, makes the people
in his time, cæteris paribus, just six times as dege-
nerate as those of the time of the former poet-the
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ked men could support it, being of such stature the land then produced-" Qualia nunc hominum ducit corpora tellus."

But in reality, the length of life has in these ter ages been nearly equal; and as to force of Hily strength, it greatly depends upon the athletic rsuits which men are induced to follow, and ich are not so necessary now as they used to be, ugh where adopted, they produce similarly extralinary feats of strength; as for instance, in British men, the keelmen on the river Tyne, and many vate individuals. There are, perhaps, no where ner set of men as a body, than the British gentry, ose fortunes and leisure, at once provide them th the best diet, and afford them those recreations

attention to health, which other people are liged to dispense with. Logan, in his "Scottish ël," observes that, "The strong and robust Hies of the Celta, their comeliness and great ength, have been remarked by all ancient authors to have had occasion to notice them. These alifications must have been produced by a sufent supply of food, by their temperance, and by e freedom and activity of their lives-hunting, sturage, agriculture, and athletic amusements, ing almost their sole occupations, when not enged in warfare." Forsooth, how truly degenee in their eyes, would our sedentary race pear!

It is, indeed, obvious that particular states, like

tain seminarios hovo sunk beneath their former

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