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Rediit rure,
Abiit rus,

Obs. 1. We find the dative also used among the poets, but more seldom ; as, Carthagini nuntios mittam, Horat.

OBS. 2. Names of towns are sometimes put in the accusative after verbs of telling and giving, where motion to a place is implied; as, Romam, erat nuntiatum, The report was carried to Rome, Liv. Hæc nuntiani domum Albani, Id. Messanam literas dedil, Cic.

3. The Place WHENCE. LXVII. The name of a town, signifying the place whence, or through what place, is put in the ablative; as,

Discessit Corintho, He departed from Corinth.

Laodicēà iler faciebat, He went through Laodicea. When motion by or through a place is signified, the preposition per is commonly used ; as, Per Thebas iter fecit, Nep.

Domus and Rus.
LXVIII. Domus and rus, signifying the place where, are construed like
the names of towns; as,
Manet domi,

He stays at home.
Domum revertitur,

He returns home.
Domo arcessitus sum,

I am called from home.
Vivit rure, or more frequently ruri, He lives in the country,

He is returned from the country.

He is gone to the country. Obs. 1. Humi, mililiæ, and belli, are likewise construed in the genitive, as names of towns; thus,

Domi et militiæ, or belli, At home and abroad. Jacel humi, He lies on the ground. Obs. 2. When Domus is joined with an adjective, we commonly use a preposition; as, In domo paterna, not domi paternæ ; Su Ad domum paternam : Ex domo paternâ. Unless when it is joined with these possessives, Meus, tuus, suus, noster, vester, regius, and alienus; as, Domi meæ vixit, Cic. Regiam domum comportant, Sall.

Obs. 3. When domus has another substantive in the genitive after it, the preposition is sometimes used, and sometimes not; as, Deprehensus est domi, domo, or in domo Cæsaris.

Obs. 4. To names of countries, provinces, and all other places, except towns, the preposition is commonly added; as, When the question is made by

Ubi ? Natus in Italia, in Latio, in urbe, &c.
Quo ? Abiit in Italiam, in Latium, in or ad urbem, &c.
Unde ? Rediit ex Italia, e Latio, ex urbe, &c.

Qua ? Transit per Italiam, per Latium, per urbem, &c.
UBs. 5. A preposition is often added to names of towns; as, In Roma, for Romæ ; ad Romam, ex
Roma, &c.

Peto always governs the accusative as an active verb without a preposition; as, Petivit Egyptum, He went to Egypt.

OBs. 6. Names of countries, provinces, &c. are sometimes construed without the preposition like names of towns; as, Pompeius Cypri visus est, Cæs. Cretâ jussit considere Apollo, Virg. Non Lybiæ, for in Lybia; non antè Tyro, for Tyri, Id. Æn. iv. 36. Venit Sardiniam, Cic. Romæ, Numidiæque facinora ejus memorat, Sall.

THE ABLATIVE ABSOLUTE. LXIX. A noun, or pronoun, joined with a participle expressed or understood, when its case depends on no other word, is put in the ablative absolute; as, Sole oriente, fugiunt tenebræ, The sun rising, or while the sun riseth, darkness flies away. Opere peracto, ludemus, Our work being finished, or when our work is finished, we will play.

So Dominante libidine, temperantiæ nullus est locus; Nihil amicitiâ præstabilius est, excepta virtute ; Oppressâ libertate patriæ, nihil est quod speremus, amplius ; Nobilium vitê victuque mutato, mores mutari ciritatum puto, Cic. Parumper silentium et quies fuit, nec Etruscis, nisi cogerentur, pugnam inituris, et dictatore arceni Romanam respectante; at ab auguribus, simul aves rite admisissent, ex composito tolleretur signum, Liv. Bellice, depositis clypeo paulisper et hastå, Mars ades, Ovid. Fast. iii. 1.

Obs. 1. This ablative is called Absolute, because it does not depend upon any other word in the sentence.

For if the substantive with which the participle is joined, be either the nominative to some following verb, or be governed by any word going before, then this rule does not take place; the ablative absolute is never used, unless when different persons or things are spoken of; as, Milites, hostibus victis, redierunt. The soldiers having conquered the enemy, returned. Hostibus victis, may be rendered in English several different ways, according to the meaning of the sentence with which it is joined; thus, 1. The enemy conquered, or being conquered : 2. When or after the enemy is or was conquered : 3. By conquering the enemy: 4. Upon the defeat of the enemy, &c.

Obs. 2. The perfect participles of deponent verbs are not used in the ablative absolute; as, Cicero locutus hæc consedit, never his locutis. The participles of common verbs may either agree in case with the substantive before them, like the participles of deponent verbs, or may be put in the ablative absolute, like the participles of passive verbs; as, Romani adepti libertatem floruerunt ; or, Romani, libertate adeptâ floruerunt. But as the participles of common verbs are seldom taken in a passive sense, we therefore rarely find them used in the ablative absolute.

OBS. 3. The participle existente or existentibus, is frequently understood ; as, Cæsare duce, scil. existente. His consulibus, scil. existentibus. Invitâ Minervâ, sc. existente, against the grain ; Crassa Minervů, without learning, Hor. Magistrâ ac duce naturâ ; viris fratribus ; te hortatore ; Cæsare impulsore, &c. Sometimes the substantive must be supplied; as, Nondum comperto, quam regionem hostes petissent, i. e. cum nondum compertum esset, Liv. Tum demum palam facto, sc. negotio, Id. Excepto quod non simul esses, cætera lætus, Hor. Parto quod avebas, ld. In such examples negotio must be understood, or the rest of the sentence considered as the substantive, which perhaps is more proper. Thus we find a verb supply the place of a substantive; as, Vale dicto, having said farewell, Ovid.

Obs. 4. We sometimes find a substantive plural joined with a participle singular; as, Nobis pre. sente, Plaut. Absente nobis, Ter. We also find the ablative absolute, when it refers to the same person with the nominative to the verb; as, me duce ad hunc voti finem, me milite, veni, Ovid. Amor. ii. 12. 12. Lætos fecit se consule fastos, Lucan, v. 384. Populo fieri credam, quicquid me conscio faciam, Senec. de. Vit. Beat. c. 20. But examples of this construction rarely occur.

Obs. 5. The ablative called absolute is governed by some preposition understood; as, a, ab, cum, sub, or in. We find the preposition sometimes expressed; as, Cum diis juvantibus, Liv. The nominative likewise seems sometimes to be used absolutely; as, Perniciosa libidine paulisper usus, infirmitas naturæ accusatur, Sall. Jug. i.

OBs. 6. The ablative absolute may be rendered several different ways ; thus, Superbo regnante, is the same with cum, dum, or quando Superbus regnabat. Opere peracto, is the same with Post opus peractum, or Cum opus est peractum. The present participle, when used in the ablative absolute, commonly ends in e.

Obs. 7. When a substantive is joined with a participle m English independently in the rest of the sentence, it is expressed in the nominative; as, Illo descendente, He descending. But this manner of speech is seldom used except in poetry.

1

APPENDIX TO SYNTAX.

I. VARIOUS SIGNIFICATION AND CONSTRUCTION OF VERBS.

[The verbs are here placed in the same order as in Etymology.]

FIRST CONJUGATION.

A SPIRARE ad gloriam & landem, to aim at;

an old.

ease.

EROGARE pecuniam in classem, in vestes, to in cariam, to desire to be admitted, Cic. equis lay out money on. Achillis, to wish for; labori ejus, to favour ; IRROGARE multam ei, to impose. amorem dictis, sc. ei, to infuse, Virg.

OBROGARE legi, lo enact a new law contrary to DESPERARE sibi de se; salutem, saluti, de salute, to despair of.

PROROGARE imperium, provinciam alicui, to LEGARE aliquem ad alium, to send as an prolong ; diem ei ad solvendum, to put off. ambassador ; aliquem sibi, to make his lieutenant ; SUBROGARE aliquem in locum alterius, to subpecuniam alicui, i, e, testamento relinquere stitute ; legi, to add a new clause or to put one in N. B. Publice legantur homines ; qui inde legati place of another. dicuntur: privatim allegantur : unde allegati. SPECTARE orientem, ad orientem, to look

DELEGARE æs alienum fratri, to leave him to towards ; aliquem ex censu, animum alicujus ex pay; laborem alteri, to lay upon; aliquid ad suo, to judge of aliquem, i. e. in eum transferre, Cic.

SUPERARE hostes, to overcome ; montes, to LEVARE metum ejus & ei, eum metu, to pass ; superat pars cæpti, sc. operis, remains;

Captæ superavimus urbi, survived, Virg. MUTARE locum, solum, to be banished ; ali- TEMPERARE iras, ventos, to moderate ; orbem, quid aliqua re ; bellum pro pace, to exchange ; to rule; mihi sibi, to restrain, to forbear; alicui, vestem, i. e. sordidam togam induere, Liv. ves- to spare; cædibus, a lacrymis, to abstain from. tem cum aliquo, Ter. fidem, to break.

VACARE curâ, culpâ, morbo, munere militiæ, OBNUNTIARE comitiis vel concilio, i. e. &c. a labore, to be free from; animo, sc. in, to comitia auspiciis impedire, to hinder, by telling be at ease ; philosophiæ, in v. ad rem, to apply bad omens, and repeating these words ALIO DIE ; to; vacat locus, is empty; si vacas v. vacat tibi, Consuli v. magistratui ; i. e. prohibere ne cum

if you are at leisure. populo agat, Cic.

VINDICARE mortem ejus, to revenge ; ab PRONUNTIARE pecuniam pro reo, to promise ; interitu, exercitum fame, io free ; id sibi, & ad aliquid edicto, to order ; sententias, to sum up se, to claim ; libertatem ejus, to defend ; se in the opinions of the senators, Cic.

libertatem, to set at liberty. RENUNTIARE aliquid, de re, alicui, ad aliquem, DARE animam, to die ; animos, to encourage; to tell ; consulem, to declare, to name; vitæ manus, to yield ; manum ei, to shake hands, Plaut. amicitiam ei, to give up; muneri, hospitio, to re- jura, to prescribe laws ; literas alicui ad aliquem, fuse ; repudium, to divorce.

to give one a letter to carry to another ; terga,OCCUPARE aliquem, to seize ; se in aliquo fugam, v. se in fugam, in pedes, to fly; hostes negotio, to be employed ; se ad negotium, Plaut. in fugam, to put to flight; operam, to endeavour; pecuniam alicui, v. apud aliquem grandi fởnore, operam philosophiæ, literis palæstræ, to apply to give at interest, Cic. occupat facere bellum, to; operam honoribus, to seek, Nep. veniam ei, transire in agrum hostium, begins first, antici- to grant his request, Ter. gemitus, lacrymas, pates, Liv.

amplexus, cantus, ruinam, fidem, jusjurandum, PRÆOCCUPARE saltum, portas Ciciliæ, to seize &c. to groan, weep, embrace, sing, fall, &c. cog. beforehand, Nep.

nitores honestos, to give good vouchers for one's PRÆJUDICARE aliquem, to condemn one character, Cic. aliquid mutuum, v. utendum, to from the precedent of a former sentence or trial, lend; pecuniam fænori, & collocare, to place at Cic.

interest ; se alicui ad docendum, Cic. multum ROGARE aliquem id, & de ea re; id ab eo; suo ingenio, to think much of; se ad aliquid, to salutem, & pro salute, Cic. legem, to propose ; apply to; se auctoritati senatûs, to yield ; fabuhence uti ROGAS, dicere, to pass it ; militem sa- lam, scripta foras, to publish, Cic. effectum, to cramento, to administer the military oath ; Roget perform ; senatum, to give a hearing of the senate; quis ? if any one should ask. Comitia rogandis actionem, to grant leave to prosecute; præcipitem, consulibus, for electing, Liv.

to tumble headlong; aliquid paternum, to act like ABROG A RE legem, seldom legi, to disannul a one's father ; lectos faciendos, to bespeak, Ter. law, to repeal, or to change in part ; multam, to litem secundum aliquem, to determine a law-suit take off a fine ; imperium ei, to take from. in favour of one ; aliquem exitio, morti, neci, ABROGARE id sibi, to claim.

letho, rarely lethum alicui, to kill ; aliquid alicui DEROGARE aliquid legi v. de lege, to repeal or dono, v. muneri, to make a present ; crimini, take away some clause of a law ; lex derogatur, vitio, laudi, to accuse, blame, praise ; pænas, to Cic. fidem ei, v. de fide ejus, to hurt one's credit; suffer; nomen militiæ, v. in militiam, to list one's ex æquitate; sibi, alicui, to derogate or take self to be a soldier ; se alicui, to be familiar with, from.

Ter. Da te mihi hodie, be directed by me, Id.

aures, to listen ; oblivioni, to forgel ; civitatem goes; auri ratio constat, the sum is right, Constat, ei, to make one free of the city; dicta, to speak ; impers. It is evident, certain, or agreed on; mihi, verba alicui, to impose on, to cheat ; se in viam, inter omnes, de hac re. to enter on a journey; viam ei, lo gire place ; EXTARE aquis, to be above, Ovid. ad memo. jus gratiæ, to sacrifice justice to interest ; se tur- riam posteritatis, to remain, Cic. sepulchra expiter, to make a shabby appearance ; fundum vel tant, Liv. domum alicui, mancipio, to convey the properly INSTARE victis, to press on the vanquished ; of, to warrant the litle lo; Vitaque mancipio rectam viam, to be in the right way; currum nulli datur, omnibus usu, Lucr. servos in quæs- Marti, to make speedily, Virg. instat factum, intionem, to give up slaves to be tortured ; primas, sists that it was done, Ter. secundas, &c. (sc. partes) actioni, to ascribe every OBSTARE ei, to hinder. thing to delivery, Cic. Dat ei bibere, Ter. comas PRÆSTARE multa, to perform ; alicui, v. aliquem diffundere ventis, to let them flow loose, Virg. Da virtute, to excel ; silentium ei, to give ; auxilium, mihi v. nobis, tell us, Cic. Ut res dant se, as to grant, Juv. impensas, to defray; iter tutum, matters go ; solertem dabo, I'll warrant him ex- to procure ; se incolumem, to preserve ; se virum, pert, Ter.

i. e. præbere, exhibere ; amorem, v. benevoSATISDARE judicatum solvi, to give security lentiam alicui, to show ; culpam, 3. damnum, that what the judge has determined shall be paid, i. e. in se transferre, to take on one's self; Cic.

præstabo de me eum facturum, I will be answerSTARE contra aliquem ; ab, cum, v. pro

able. In iis rebus repetendis, quæ mancipi aliquo, to side with, to be of the same party; ju- sunt, is periculum judicii præstare debet, qui dicio ejus, to follow ; in sententia; pacto, con- se nexu obligavit, In recovering, or in an action ditionibus, conventis, to stand to, to make good an to recover those things which are transferable, agreement; re judicatâ, to keep to what has been the seller ought to take upon himself the determined ; stare, v. constare animo, to be in his hasard of a trial, Cic. N. B. Those things senses : Non stat per me quo minus pecunia sol. were called, Res mancipi, (contracted for manvatur, It is not owing to me that, &c. multorum cipii, i. e. quas emptor manu caperet,) the prosanguine ea Pænis victoria stetit, cost, Liv. Mihi perty of which might be transferred from one stat alere morbum, desinere, I am resolved, Roman cilisen to another; as houses, lands, Nep.

slaves, &c. ADSTARE mensæ, to stand by; ad mensam, in Præstat impers. i. e, it is better; Præsto esse conspectu.

alicui, adv. to be present, to assist ; Libri præstant CONSTARE ex multis rebus, animo et corpore, venales, the books are exposed to sale. to consist of ; secum, to be consistent with, Cic. ACCUBARE alicui in convivio, to recline liber constitit v. stetit mihi duobus assibus, cost near; apud aliquem. Incubare ovis & ova, to me; non constat ei color, his colour comes and sit upon; stratis & super strata.

SECOND CONJUGATION.

HABERE spem, febrim, finem, bonum exitum, esse bono animo, &c. Uxorem suas res sibi tempus; consuetudinem, voluntatem nocendi; habere jussit, divorced, Cic. opus in manibus, v. inter manus, to have ; gratiam DOCEO te hanc rem, & de hac re. Doctus, & gratụm, to have a grateful sense of a favour; adj. utriusque linguæ ; Latinis & Græcis literis ; judicium, to hold a trial; honorem ei, to honour; Latinè; & Græcè; ad militiam. in oculis, to be fond of, Ter. fidem alicui, to trust MISCERE aliquid alicui, cum aliquo, ad ali. or believe; curam de v. pro eo; rationem alicu. quid ; vinum aquâ, Plin. cuncta sanguine, Tacit. jus, to pay regard to, to allow one to stand candi- sacra protanis, Hor. humana divinis, Liv. date for an office ; rationem, v. rem cum aliquo, VIDERE rem v. de re; sibi, de isthoc, to to have business with ; satis, to be satisfied ; ora- take care of, Ter. plus, to be more wise, Cic. De tionem, concionem ad populum, to make a speech; hoc tu videris, consider, be answerable for, Cic. aliquem odio, in odium, to hate ; ludibrio, to Videor videre, methinks I see; visus sum audire, mock ; religioni, to have a scruple about it ; So, methought I heard ; mihi visus est dicere, he habere aliquid quæstui, honori, prædæ, voluptati, seemed; Quid tibi videtur? What think you? &c. sc. sibi; se bene v. graviter, to be well or ill; Si tibi videtur, if you please ; videtur fecisse, se parce et duriter, to live, Ter. aliquid comper- guilty, &c. tum, cognitum, perspectum, exploratum, certum, INVIDERE honorem ei, v. honori ejus; ei, vel v. pro certo, to know for certain ; aliquem con- eum, to envy. temptui, despicatui, -um, v. in despicatum, to PROVIDERE & prospicere id, to foresee ; ei, lo despise ; excusatum, to excuse ; susque deque, to provide for ; in posterum ; rei frumentariæ, rem scorn, to slight ; Ut rès se habet, stands, is ; rebus v. de re. ita se habentibus, in this state of affairs ; Hæc SEDERE ad dextram ejus ; in equo, to ride ; habeo, v. habui dicere de, &c. Non habeo ne- toga bene sedet, fits ; Sedet hoc animo, is fixed, cesse scribere, quid sim facturus, Cic. Habe Virg. tibi tuas res, a form of divorce.

ASSIDERE ei; Adherbalem, to sit by, Sall. ADHIBERE diligentiam, celeritatem, vim, se- Assidet insano, is near or like to, Hor. veritatem in aliquem, to use ; in convivium v. DISSIDERE cum aliquo, to disagree. consilium, to admit; remedium vulneri, cura. INSIDERE equo, & in equo; lo sit upon; locum, tionem morbo, to apply ; vinum ægrotis, lo give ; Liv. in animo, memoriâ, to be fixed. aures versibus, to hear with taste ; cultum & pre- PRÆSIDERE urbi, imperio, to command, Cic. ces diis, to offer, Cic. Exhibere molestiam ali- exercitum, Italiam, Tacit. cui, to cause trouble.

SUPERSEDERE labore, litibus; pugnæ, loqui, JUBERE legem, to vote for, to pass ; regem, to forbear, to give over. lo choose ; aliquem salvere, to wish one health ; PENDERE promissis, ab v. ex aliquo, to

-OS,

depend; de, ex, ab & in arbore ; Opera pendent not to treat rigorously, Liv. Id ad me, ad religi. interrupta, Virg.

gionem, &c. pertinet, concerns me ; crimen ad te IMPENDET malum nobis, nos, v. in nos, pertinet, Cic. But it is not proper to say, Liber threatens.

ad me, ad fratrem pertinet, for mei fratris est, SPONDERE & despondere filiam alicui, to belongs to ; venæ ad vel in omnes corporis partes betroth.

pertinet, reach. DESPONDERE domum alicujus sibi, to be sure SUSTINERE personam judicis, nomen consulaof, Cic. animo & -is, to promise, to hope; animum tûs, to bear the character; assepsionem, 0. se ab to despair, Liv.

assensu, to withhold assent ; rem in noctem, to RESPONDERE ei, literis ejus, his, ad hæc, ad defer. nomen, to answer ; votis ejus, to satisfy his MANERE apud aliquem; in castris ; ad urwishes ; ad spem.

bem; in urbe ; proposito, sententiâ, in sententia, SUADERĖ ei pacem, v. de pace; legem, to statu suo, &c. adventum hostium, to expect, Liv. speak in favour of.

promissis, to stand to, to keep, Virg. Omnes una DOLERE casum ejus; de, ab, ex, in, pro; re; manet nox, awaits, Horat. Manent ingenia dolet mihi cor, v. hoc dolet cordi meo; caput senibus, modd permaneat studium & industria, dolet a sole.

Cic. Munera vobis certa manent, Virg: VALERE gratiâ apud aliquem, to be in favour MERERE laudem; bene, male de aliquo; with one; lex valet, is in force ; quid verbum stipendia, equo, pedibus, to serve as a soldier; valeat, non video, signifies ; valet decem talenta, fustuarium, to be beaten to death. or oftener talentis, is worth ; vale vel, valeas, HÆRERE lateri; tergis, v. in terga hostium, farewell ; or ironically, away with you.

Liv. curru, Virg. alicui in visceribus, Cic. Hæret EMINERE aliqua re, vel in aliqua re, inter mihi aqua, I am in doubt ; Vide, ne hæreas, lest omnes; super cætera, Liv. super utrumque, Hor. you be at a loss, Cic. to be eminent, to excel ; ex aqua, v. aquam, super ADHÆRERE & adhærescere justitiæ; ad turundas, to be above. Imminere alicui, to hang rim ; in me. Inhærere rei, & in re. over, to threaten ; in occasionem, exitio alicujus, MOVERE castra, to decamp; bella, to raise : to seek, to watch for.

aliquem tribu, to remove a Roman citizen from TENERE promissum ; se domi, oppido, cas- a more honourable to a less honourable tribe ; e tris, sc. in, to keep; modum, ordinem, to observe ; senatu, to degrade a senator; risum vel jocum rem, dicta, lectionem, to understand, to remem- alicui, to cause laughter; stomachum ei, to trouble, ber; lingua'm, but not suam, silentium, se in si- Cic. lentio, to be silent ; ora, to keep the countenance FAVETE ore, val linguis, sc. mihi, attend in fixed; secundum locum imperii, to hold, Nep. silence, or abstain from words of a bad omen. jura civium, to enjoy, Cic. causam, to gain ; CAVERE aliquid, aliquem, vel ab aliquo, to mare, to be in the open sea, to hold, to be master guard against, to avoid ; alicui, to provide for, lo of ; terram, portum, metam, montes, to reach ; advise as a lawyer does his client ; aliquid alicui, risum, lachrymas, to restrain : se ab accusando, Cic. sibi ab aliquo vel per aliquem de re aliqua, quin accuset, Cic. Ventus tenet, blows; teneri to get security on; mihi prædibus & chirographo legibus, jurejurando, &c. to be bound by ; leges cautum est, I have got security by bail and bond; tenent eum, bind; teneri in manifesto furto, to veteranis cautum esse volumus, Cic. Cave facias, , be seised ; tenet fama, prevails.

sc. ne, see you don't do it; mihi cavendum, vel ABSTINERE maledictis, v. a, lo abstain ; pub- mea cautio est, I must take care. lico, to live retired, Tacit. animum a scelere, CONNIVERE ad fulgura, Suet. to wink; in ægrum a cibo, to keep from ; jus belli ab aliquo, hominum sceleribus, to take no notice of, Cic.

THIRD CONJUGATION.

Verbs in IO.

FACERE initium, finem, pausam, finem vitæ; reum, to impeach; fabulam, carmen, versus, &c. pacem, amicitiam; testamentum, nomen, fossam, to write a play, &c. copiam consilii ei, lo offer pontem in flumine, in Tiberim, to make; divortium advice ; copiam vel potestatem dicendi legatis, cum uxore, Cic. bellum regi, Nep. se hilarem, to to grant leave ; fidem, to procure or give credit ; show, Ter. se divitem, miserum, pauperem, to periculum, to make trial; potestatem sui, lo expretend, Cic. æs alienum, contrahere, v. conflare, pose himself, Nep. aliquem loquentem, v. loqui, to contract debt ; animos, to encourage ; damnum, to suppose or represent, Cic. piraticam, sc. rem, detrimentum, jacturam, to loose ; naufragium, to to be a pirate ; argentariam, medicinam, mercasuffer; sumptum, to spend ; gratum alicui, to turam, &c. to be an usurer, a physician, &c. veroblige; gratiam delicti, to pardon a fault ; gra. suram, to contract a nevi debt, to discharge an tiam legis, to dispense with ; justa vel funus old one, to borrow money at great interest, Cic. alicui, to perform one's funeral rites; rem, to make cum v. ab aliquo, to side with; contra v. adversus, an estate ; pecuniam, divitias ex metallis; fædus, to oppose; nomen, v. nomina, to borrow money; v. inire, icere, ferire, percutere, jungere, sancire, and also, to settle accounts; i. e. rationes accepfirmare, &c. to make a league ; moram alicui, to tarum, sc. pecuniarum & expensarum inter se delay; verba, to speak ; audientiam sibi, Cic. conferre ; nomen in litura, to write it where some. negotium, et facessere, to trouble ; aliquid mis- thing was before, Cic. pedem, v. pedes, to trim sum, to pass over : aliquem missum, to dismiss or the sails, Virg. Fac ita esse, suppose it is so; excuse ; ad aliquid, rarely alicui, to be fit or obvius fieri alicui, to meet; ne longum, v. longa useful ; ratum, to ratify; planum, to explain ; faciam, ut breve faciam, not to be tedious; equus palam suis, to make known, Nep. stipendium pe- non facit, will not move, Cic. Faç velle, sc. me, dibus, v. equo, & merere, to serve in the army; suppose me to be willing, Virg. Æo. iv. 540. sacra, sacrificium, v. rem divinam, to sacrifice ; AFFICERE aliquem laude, honore, præmio, &

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