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aliquo, homines inter se, to set at variance or by the ears; rem eo, to bring that to pass; gladiatores, pugiles, Græcos cum Latinis, to match or pair; committere, ut, to cause; incommoda sua legibus & judiciis, to seek redress by law.
COMPROMITTERE. Candidati compromiserunt, H. S. quingenis in singulos apud M. Catonem depositis, petere ejus arbitratu, ut qui contra fecisset, ab eo condemnaretur, made a compromise or agreement, &c.
DIMITTERE exercitum, to disband; uxorem, & repudiare, nuntium v. repudium ad eam remit tere, to divorce.
PROMITTERE id ei, to promise; capillum, barbam, to let grow, Liv.
PERMITTERE alicui, to allow; divis cætera, to leave, Horat. se in fiidem v. fidei ejus; vela ventis; equum in hostem; rem suffragiis populi, to let the people decide; tribunatum vexandis consulibus, to give up, to employ, Liv.
REMITTERE animum, to ease; calces, tela, to throw back; ex pecunia, de supplicio, tributo, &c. to abate; debitum, iras alicui, to give up, to forgive; justitium, to discontinue; pugnam, to slacken; remittit explorare, neglects, Sallust.
SUBMITTERE fasces populo, to lower; se v. animum, to submit, to humble; percussores alicui, to suborn assassins.
TRANSMITTERE in Africam, neut. to pass over. VERTERE in fugam, to put to flight; terga, to fly; ab imo, to overthrow; solum, to go into banishment; id ei vitio, v. crimini, & in crimen, to blame; in superbiam, to impute; Platonem, Latinè Græca, Græca vel ex Græcis in Latinum, to translate; pollicem, to doom a gladiator to death by turning up the thumb; terram, to plough; crateram, to empty, Virg. Stilum, to correct, Horat. Salus vel causa in eo vertitur, depends; fortuna verterat, Liv. Annus vertens, a whole year, Nep. Res bene vertat, Di bene vertant, prosper. ANIMADVERTERE id, to observe; in eum verberibus, morte, &c. to punish.
ADVERTERE agmen urbi, to bring up to, Virg. oras, to arrive at; aures, mentes, animum v. animo ad aliquid, monitis, to attend to; in aliquem, oftener animadvertere, to punish.
ANTEVERTERE ei, to come before; damnationem veneno, to prevent; rem rei, to prefer, Plaut.
CONVENIRE in colloquium; fratrem, to meet with, to speak to; ego et frater conveniemus, copiæ
INTERVERTERE pecuniam alicujus, & aliquem pecuniâ, to embessle, to cheat; candelabrum, to steal, to pilfer; promissum & receptum, sc. Dolobellæ consulatum intervertit, ad seque transtulit, treacherously withheld, Cic.
PRÆVERTERE, & -ti, dep. ventos cursu, to outstrip; desiderium plebis, to prevent; metum supplicii morte voluntariâ, Liv. Aliquid alicui rei, to put before, Id.
SISTERE vadimonium; se in judicio, to appear in court at one's trial; nec sisti posse, nor could the state be saved, Liv.
ASSISTERE ei, to stand by; ad fores; contra, super eum.
CONSISTERE in digitos, to stand on tiptoe; in anchoris, ad anchoram, to ride at anchor; frigore, to be frozen, Ovid. Spes in velis consistebat, depended on; virtus in actione consistit, Cic.
INSISTERE jacentibus, to stand upon; vestigiis ejus; viam, v. viâ; in re aliqua, in rem, v. rei; in dolos, negotium, to insist upon, to urge, Plaut.
OBSISTERE ei, to stop, to oppose.
RESISTERE ei, to resist.
SUBSISTERE, to stand still; sumptui, to bear. VO.
SOLVERE pecuniam ei, to pay; versurâ, to pay a debt by borrowing from another, Ter. Fidem, to break a promise, or according to others, to perform, Ter. And. IV. 1. 19. litem æstimatam, to pay the fine imposed on him, Nep. Votum, to discharge; obsidionem urbis, v. urbem sidione, to raise a siege; navem e portu, to set sail; epistolam, v. resignare, to break open; aliquem legibus, legum vinculis, to free from; solvitur in somnos, Virg. Oratio soluta, i. e. libera, numeris non astricta & devicta, prose; solve metus, dismiss, Virg.
DISSOLVERE Societatem, to break.
RESOLVERE Vocem, v. ora, to break silence, Virg. jura, to violate; vectigal, to take off taxes, Tacit. In pulverem, to reduce to.
convenient, will meet together; convenit mihi cum fratre de hac re, inter me et fratrem, inter nos; hæc fratri mecum conveniunt, I and my brother are agreed; sævis inter se convenit ursis, Juv. Ipsi secum non convenit, vel ipse, he is inconsistent; pax convenit, vel conventa est, is agreed upon; rem conventuram putamus, Cic. conditiones non convenerunt; mores conveniunt, agree; calcei pedibus v. ad pedes conveniunt, fit, suit; hoc in illum convenit. Catilinam interfectum esse convenit, ought to have been slain, Cic. Convenire in manum, the usual form of marriage, named Coemptio, whereby women were called matres-familias.
SENTIRE sonorem, colorem, &c. to perceive; cum aliquo, to be of one's opinion; bene vel malè de eo, to think well or ill of him.
CONSENTIRE tibi tecum, inter se ; alicui rei, de v. in aliqua re; ad aliquid peragendum, to agree; So dissentire; et ab aliquo, to disagree; ne vita orationi dissentiat, Senec.
PROFITERI philosophiam, to profess, to teach publicly; se candidatum, to declare himself a candidate for an office; pecunias, agros, nomina, &c. apud censorem, to give an account of, to declare how much one has; indicium, to promise to make a discovery.
LOQUI cum aliquo, inter se, sometimes alicui, ad v. apud aliquem; aliquid, de aliqua re.
SEQUI feras; sectam Cæsaris, to be of his party, Cic. Assequi, consequi, to overtake; gloriam, to attain. Consequi hæreditatem, to get, Cic.
ADESSE pugnæ, in pugna, ad exercitum, ad tempus, in tempore, cum aliquo, to be present; alicui, to favour, to assist; scribendo, v. esse ad soribendum, to subscribe one's name to a decree of the senate, Cic. consilio utrique, to be a counsellor to, Nep.
ABESSE domo, urbe, a domo, ab signis, to be absent; alicui, v. deesse, to be wanting, not to assist; a sole, to stand out of the sun; sumptus funeri defuit, he had not money to bury him, Liv. Abesse a persona principis, to be inconsistent with the character, Nep. Paulum v. parum abfuit quin urbem caperent, quin occideretur, &c. they were near taking, &c. Tantum abest ne enervetur oratio, ut, &c. is so far from being, &c. Cic. Tantum abfuit a cupiditate pecuniæ, a societate sceleris, &c. Nep.
ESSE magni roboris, v. -no -re; ejus opinionis, v. ea opinione; in maxima spe: in timore, luctu, opinione, itinere, &c. cum telo, in vel cum imperio; magno periculo, v. in periculo; in tuto; apud se, in his senses; sui juris, v. mancipii, sui potens, v. in sua potestate, to be at his own disposal: Res est in vado, is safe, Ter. Est animus, sc. mihi, I have a mind, Virg. Est ut, cur, quamobrem, quod, quin, &c. There is cause; bene, male est mihi, with me; nihil est mihi tecum, I have nothing to do with you: Quid est tibi, sc. rei, What is the matter with you? Ter. Cernere erat, one might see; religio est mihi id facere, I scruple to do it; si est, ut facere velit, ut facturus sit, ut admiserit, &c. for si velit, &c. Ter. Est ut viro vir latius ordinet arbusta sulcis, it happens, Hor. Certum est facere, sc. mihi, I am resolved, Ter. Non certum est, quid faciam, I am uncertain, Id. Cassius quærere solebat, Cur BONO FUERIT: Omnibus bono fuit, it was of advantage, Cic.
INTERESSE Convivio, v. in convivio, to be at a feast; anni decem interfuerent, intervened; stulto intelligens quid interest, Ter. Hoc dominus, & pater interest id. Inter hominem & belluam hoc interest, Cic. differ in this, this is the difference; multum interest, utrum, it is of great importance. Pons inter eos interest, is between, Cic
PRÆESSE exercitui, to command; comitiis, judicio, quæstioni, to preside in or at.
OBESSE ei, to hurt, to hinder.
SUPERESSE, to be over and above; alicui, to survive; modò vita supersit, sc. mihi, if I live; super est, ut, it remains, that.
IRE ad arma, ad saga, to go to war; in jus, to go to law; pedibus in sententiam alicujus, to agree with; viam v. viâ; res bene eunt, Cic. Tempus, dies, mensis it, passes.
PROSEQUI aliquem amore, laudibus, &c. to love, praise, &c.
NITI hastâ; in cubitum, to lean; ejus consilio, eo, to depend on; ad gloriam, ad v. in summa, to aim at; in vetitum, in adversum, contra aliquem, pro aliquo, to strive; gradibus, to ascend.
ABIRE magistratu, to lay down an office; a conspectu, to retire from company; in ora ho
UTI eo familiariter, to be familiar with one; ventis adversis, to have have cross winds; honore usus, one who has enjoyed a post of honour.
minum, to be in every body's mouth; ab emptione, to retract his bargain; decem menses abierunt, have past, Ter. Non hoc tibi sic abibit, i. e. non feres hoc impune, Ter. Abi in malam rem, a form of imprecation.
ADIRE periculum capitis, to run the hazard of one's life.
EXIRE vitâ, e, v. de vita, to die; ære alieno, Cic. Verbum exit ex ore, Id. tela, to avoid, Virg. Tempus induciarum cum Vejenti populo exierat, had expired, Liv.
INIRE magistratum; suffragium, rationem, consilium, pugnam, viam, &c. to enter upon, to begin; gratiam ejus, apud eum, cum vel ab eo, to gain his favour: Ineunte æstate, vere, anno, &c. in the beginning of; but we seldom say, Ineunte die, nocte, &c. Ab ineunte ætate, from our early years.
OBIRE diem edicti, vel auctionis; judicium, va: dimonium, to be present at; provinciam, domos nostras, to visit, to go through, Cic. negotia, res, munus, officium, legationem, sacra, to perform; pugnas, Virg. mortem, vel morte; diem supremum v. diem, to die.
PRÆIRE alicui, to go before; verba, carmen, vel sacramentum alicui, to repeat or read over before; alicui voce, quid judicet, to prescribe or direct by crying, Cic.
PRODIRE in publicum, to go abroad; non præterit te, you are not ignorant, Cic. Dies induciarum præteriit, is past, Nep.
REDIRE in gratiam cum aliquo, to become friends again; ad se, to come to himself, to recover his senses.
SUBIRE murum, vel -o, ad montes, to come up to; laborem vel -i, onus, pœnam, periculum, crimen, to undergo; spes, timor subiit animum, came into.
VELLE aliquem, sc. alloqui vel conventum, to desire to speak with; alicui, ejus causa, to wish one's good; tibi consultum volo; nihil tibi negatum volo, I wish to deny, Liv. Quid sibi vult; What does he mean? Volo te hoc facere, hoc a te fieri: si quid recte curatum velis; illos monitos etiam atque etiam volo, sc. esse, I will admonish them again and again, Cic. nollem factum, I am sorry it was done; nollem huc exitum, sc esse a me, I wish I had not come out here, Ter
FERRE legem, to propose or make; privilegium de aliquo, to propose or pass an act of impeachment against one, Cic. rogationem ad populum, to bring in a bill; conditiones ei, to offer terms; suffragium, to vote; sententiam, to give an opinion; centuriam, tribum, to gain the vote of; perdere, to lose it; victoriam ex eo; omne punctum, omnia suffragia, to gain all the votes ;
repulsam, to be rejected; fructum hoc fructi, to reap, Ter. lætitiam de re, to rejoice; præ se, to pretend or declare openly; alienam personam, to disguise one's self; in oculis, to be fond of, Ter. manus, in prælia, to engage, Virg. acceptum et expensum, to mark down as received and spent or lent, as Dr. and Cr. Cic. animus, opinio fert, inclines; tempus, res, causa fert, allows, requires.
CONFERRE benevolentiam alicui, in vel erga aliquem, to shew; beneficia, culpam in eum, to confer, to lay; operam, tempus, studium, ad vel in rem, & impendere, to apply; capita inter se, consilia sua, to lay their heads together, to consult; signa, arma, manus, to engage; omne bellum circa Corinthum, Nep. pedem, to set foot to foot; rationes, to cast up accounts; castra castris, to encamp over against one another; se in, vel ad urbem, to go to; tributa, to pay; se alicui, vel cum aliquo, to compare; neminem cum illo conferendum pietate puto, Cic. Hæc conferunt ad aliquid; oratori futuro, serve, are useful to, Quinct.
DEFERRE situlam vel sitellam, to bring the ballot box; aliquid ad aliquem, to carry word, to tell; rarely alicui; causam ad patronos; honores ei; gubernacula rei publicæ in eum; summam rerum ad eum, to confer; in beneficiis ad ærarium, to recommend for a public service, Cic. aliquem ambitûs, de ambitu, nomen alicujus ad prætorem, apud magistratum, to accuse of bribery; primas, sc. partes ei, to give him the preference, Cic.
DIFFERRE vel transferre rem in annum; post bellum, diem solutionis, to put off; rumores, to spread; ab aliquo, alicui, inter se, moribus, to differ in character; amore, cupiditate, doloribus, differri, to be distracted or torn asunder, Cic. & Ter.
EFFERRE fruges, to produce; verba, to utter; verbum de verbo expressum, to translate, Ter. pedem domo, to go out; corpus amplo funere, &
cum funere, to bury; ad honorem, ad cœlum laudibus, to raise, to extol; foras peccatum, to divulge.
INFERRE bellum patriæ; vim, manus, necem alicui, to bring upon; signa, se, pedem, to advance; litem vel periculum capitis alicui, vel in aliquem, to bring one to a trial for his life.
ÖFFERRE se morti, ad mortem, in discrimen, to expose, to present.
PERFERRE legem, to carry through, to pass it. PRÆFERRE facem ei, to carry before; salutem ei reipublicæ suis commodis, & anteferre, anteponere, to prefer. Prælatus equo, riding before.
PROFERRE imperium, pomœrium, terminos, to enlarge; in medium, in apertum, in lucem, to publish; nuptias diem, to delay; diem Ilio, to defer the destruction of, Hor.
REFERRE alicui, to answer; se, gradum v. pedem, to retreat; gratiam alicui, to make a requital; par pari, Ter. victoriam ab, vel ex aliquo, et reportare, to gain; institutum, lo renew ; judicia ad equestrem ordinem, to restore to the Equites the right of judging; aliquid, de aliqua re, ad senatum, ad consilium, ad sapientes, ad populum, to lay before; aliquid in tabulam, codicem, album, commentarium, &c. to mark down; aliquid acceptum alicui, & in acceptum, to acknowledge one's self indebted; pecunias acceptas & expensas; nomina vel summas in codicem accepti et expensi, to mark down accounts; alienos mores ad suos, to judge of by; in v. inter ærararios, to reduce to the lowest class; in numerum deorum, in vel inter deos, & reponere, to rank among; pugnas, res gestas, to relate; patrem ore, to resemble; amissos colores, to regain, Horat.
TRANSFERRE rationes in tabulas, to post one's books, state accounts; in Latinam linguam, to translate; verba, to use metaphorically; culpam in eum & rejicere, to lay the blame on him.
II. FIGURES OF SYNTAX.
A Figure is a manner of speaking different from the ordinary and plain way, used for the sake of beauty or force.
The figures of Syntax or Construction may be reduced to these three, Ellipsis, Pleonasm, and Hyperbăton.
The two first respect the constituent parts of a sentence; the last respects only the arrangement of the words.
ELLIPSIS is when one or more words are wanting to complete the sense; as, Aiunt, ferunt, dicunt, perhibent, scil. homines: Dic mihi, Damata, cujum pecus; that is, Dic (tu) mihi, Damæta, (eum hominem) cujum pecus; (est hoc pecus.) Aberant bidui, sc. iter vel itinere. Decies sestertium, sc. centena millia. Quid multa? sc. dicam. Antiquum obtines, sc. morem, v. institutum, Plaut. Hodie in ludum occepi ire literarium, ternas jam scio, sc. literas, i. e. AMO, Id. Triduo abs te nullas acceperam, sc. literas, i. e. epistolam, Cic. Brevi dicam sc. sermone: So Complecti, respondere, &c. breve. Dii meliora, sc. faciant: Rhodum volo, inde Athenas, sc. ire, Id. Bellicum, v. classicum canere, sc. signum, Liv. Civicâ donatus, sc. corona ; So obsidionalem, muralem adeptus, &c. Id. Epistola librarii manu est, sc. scripta, Cic.
When a conjunction is to be supplied, it is called ASYNDĕTON; as, Deus optimus maximus, sc. et; Sartum tectum, conservare, i. e. sartum et tectum; So Abiit, excessit, evasit, erupit, Cic. Ferte citi flammas, date vela, impellite remos, Virg. Velis nolis, sc. seu.
To this figure may be reduced most of those irregularities in Syntax, as they are
called, which are variously classed by grammarians, under the names of ENALLǎGE, i. e. the changing of words and their accidents, or the putting of one word for another; ANTIPTOSIS, i. e. the putting of one case for another; HELLENISM or GRÆCISM, i. e. imitating the construction of the Greeks; SYNĕsis, i. e. referring the construction, not to the gender or number of the word, but to the sense, &c. thus, Samnitium duo millia casi, is, Duo millia (hominum) Samnitium (fuerunt homines) casi, Liv. So Servitia immemores, Liv. Monstrum quæ, scil. mulier, Hor. Scelus qui, sc. homo, Ter. Omnia Mercurio similis, scil. secundum, Virg. Missi magnis de rebus uterque, legati ; i. e. Missi legati (et) uterque (legatus missus) de magnis rebus, Horat. Servitia repudiabat cujus, scil. servitii, Sall. Cat. 51. Familia nostra, quorum, &c. sc. hominum, Sall. Concursus populi, mirantium, Liv. Illum ut vivat optant, for ut ille vivat, Ter. Populum late regem, for regnantem, Virg. Expediti militum, for milites; Classis stabat Rhegii, for ad Rhegium, Liv. Latium Capuaque agro multati, sc. homines, Id. Utraque formosa, sc. mulieres, Ovid. Aperite aliquis ostium, Ter. Sensit delapsus, for delapsum, sc. se esse, Virg.
When a writer frequently uses the Ellipsis, his style is said to be elliptical or
PLEONASM is when a word more is added than is absolutely necessary to express the sense; as, Video oculis, I see with my eyes; Sic ore locuta est; adest præsens : Nusquam gentium; vivere vitam; servire servitutem; Quid mihi Celsus agit? Fac me ut sciam, &c. Suo sibi gladio hunc jugulo, Ter. Suo sibi succo vivant,
When a conjunction is used apparently redundant, it is called POLYSYNDĕTON; as, Una Eurusque Notusque ruunt, Virg.
When that which is in reality one, is so expressed as if there were two, it is called HENDIADYS; as, Pateris libamus et auro, for aureis pateris, Virg.
When several words are used to express one thing, it is called PERIPHRASIS; as, Urbs Troja, for Troja, Virg. Res voluptatem, for voluptates, Plaut. Usus purpurarum, for purpura ; Genus piscium, for pisces; Flores rosarum, for
HYPERBATON is the transgression of that order or arrangement of words which is commonly used in any language. It is chiefly to be met with among the poets. The various sorts into which it is divided, are, Anastrophe, Hysteron proteron, Hypallage, Synchěsis, Tmesis, and Parenthesis.
1. ANASTROPHE is the inversion of words, or the placing of that word last which should be first; as, Italiam contra; His accensa super; Spemque metumque inter dubii; for contra Italiam, super his, inter spem, &c. Virg. Terram sol facit are, for arefacit, Lucret.
2. HYSTERON PROTÈRON is when that is put in the former part of the sentence, which, according to the sense, should be in the latter; as, Valet atque vivit, for vivit atque valet, Ter.
3. HYPALLǎGE is the exchanging of cases; as, Dare classibus austros, for dare classes austris, Virg.
4. SYNCHĕSIS is a confused and intricate arrangement of words; as, Saxa vocant Itali mediis quæ in fluctibus aras; for Quæ saxa in mediis fluctibus Itali vocant aras, Virg. This occurs particularly in violent passion; as, Per tibi ego hunc juro fortem castumque cruorem, Ovid. Fast. ii. 841. Per vos liberos atque parentes, sc. oro vos per liberos, &c. Sallust. Jug. 14.
5. TMESIS is the division of a compound word and the interposing of other words betwixt its parts; as, Septem subjecta trioni gens, for Septentrioni, Virg. Quæ meo cunque animo libitum est facere, for quæcunque, Ter. Quem sors dierum cunque dabit, lucro Appone, Horat.
6. PARENTHESIS is the inserting of a member into the body of a sentence, which is neither necessary to the sense, nor at all affects the construction; as, Tityre, dum redeo, (brevis est via,) pasce capellas, Virg.
III. ANALYSIS AND TRANSLATION.
The difficulty of translating either from English into Latin, or from Latin into English, arises in a great measure from the different arrangement of words which takes place in the two languages.
In Latin the various terminations of nouns, and the inflection of adjectives and verbs, point out the relation of one word to another, in whatever order they are placed. But in English the agreement and government of words can only be determined from the particular part of the sentence in which they stand. Thus in Latin, we can either say, Alexander vicit Darium, or Darium vicit Alexander, or Alexander Darium vicit, or Darium Alexander vicit; and in each of these the sense is equally obvious: but in English, we can only say, Alexander conquered Darius. This variety of arrangement in Latin, gives it a great advantage over the English; not only in point of energy and vivacity of expression, but also in point of harmony. We sometimes, indeed, for the sake of variety and force, imitate in English the inversion of words which takes place in Latin; as, Him the Eternal hurl'd, Milton. Whom ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you. But this is chiefly to be used in poetry.
With regard to the proper order of words to be observed in translating from English into Latin, the only certain rule which can be given, is to imitate the CLASSICS.
The order of words in sentences is said to be either simple or artificial; or, as it is otherwise expressed, either natural or oratorial.
The Simple or Natural order is, when the words of a sentence are placed one after another, according to the natural order of syntax.
Artificial or Oratorial order is, when words are so arranged, as to render them most striking, or most agreeable to the ear.
All Latin writers use an arrangement of words, which appears to us more or less artificial, because different from our own, although to them it was as natural as ours is In order, therefore, to render any Latin author into English, we must first reduce the words in Latin to the order of English, which is called the Analysis or Resolution of sentences. It is practice only that can teach one to do this with readiness. However, to a beginner, the observation of the following rule may be of advantage.
Take first the words which serve to introduce the sentence, or show its dependence on what went before; next the nominative, together with the words which it agrees with or governs; then, the verb and adverbs joined with it; and lastly, the cases which the verb governs, together with the circumstances subjoined, to the end of the sentence; supplying through the whole the words which are understood.
If the sentence is compound, it must be resolved into the several sentences of which it is made up; as,
Vale igitur, mi Cicero, tibique persuade esse te quidem mihi carissimum; sed multo fore cariorem, si talibus monumentis præceptisque lætabère, Cic. Off. lib. fin.
Farewell then, my Cicero, and assure yourself that you are indeed very dear to me; but will be much dearer, if you shall take delight in such writings and instructions.
This compound sentence may be resolved into these five simple sentences; 1. Igitur, mi (fili) Cicero, (tu) vale, 2 et (tu) persuade tibi (ipsi) te esse quidem (filium) carissimum mihi: 3. sed (tu persuade tibi ipsi te) fore (filium) cariorem (mihi in) multo (negotio, 4. si (tu) lætabere talibus monumentis, 5. et (si tu lætabere talibus) præceptis.
1. Fare (you) well then, my (son) Cicero, 2. and assure (you) yourself that you are indeed (a son) very dear to me; 3. but (assure you yourself that you) will be (a son) much dearer (to me) 4. if you shall take delight in such writings, 5. and (if you shall take delight in such) instructions.
It may not be improper here to exemplify Analogical Analysis, as it is called, or the analysis of words, from the foregoing sentence, Vale igitur, &c. thus,
Vale, scil. tu; Fare (thou) well, Second person singular of the imperative mood, active voice, from the neuter verb, Valeo, valui, valitum, valere, to be in health; of the second conjugation, not used in the passive. Vale agrees in the second person singular with the nominative tu, by the second rule of syntax.
Igitur, then, therefore, a conjunction, importing some inference drawn from what went before. Mi, Voc. sing. masc. of the adjective pronoun, meus, -a, -um, my; derived from the substantive pronoun Ego, agreeing with Cicero, by Rule 1. Cicero, voc. sing. from the nominative Cicero, -ōnis, a proper noun of the third declension.
El, and, a copulative conjunction, which connects the verb persuade with the verb vale, by Rule 28. We turn que into et because que never stands by itself.
Persuade scil. tu, persuade thou, second person singular of the imperative active, from the verb persua-deo, si, sum, dere, to persuade; compounded of the preposition per, and suadeo, -si, -sum, to