OUP Oxford, 2014 - 312 pagine
English Lexicogenesis investigates the processes by which novel words are coined in English, and how they are variously discarded or adopted, and frequently then adapted. Gary Miller looks at the roles of affixation, compounding, clipping, and blending in the history of lexicogenesis, including processes taking place right now. The first four chapters consider English morphology and the recent types of word formation in English: the first introduces the morphological terminology used in the work and the book's theoretical perspectives; chapter 2 discusses productivity and constraints on derivations; chapter 3 describes the basic typology of English compounds; and chapter 4 considers the role of particles in word formation and recent construct types specific to English. Chapters 5 and 6 focus respectively on analogical and imaginative aspects of neologistic creation and the roles of metaphor and metonymy. In chapters 7 and 8 the author considers the influence of folk etymology and tabu, and the cycle of loss of expressivity and its renewal. After outlining the phonological structure of words and its role in word abridgements, he examines the acoustic and perceptual motivation of word forms. He then devotes four chapters to aspects and functions of truncation and to reduplicative and conjunctive formations. In the final chapter he looks at the relationship between core and expressive morphology and the role of punning and other forms of language play, before summarizing his arguments and findings and setting out avenues for future research.
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Productivity and constraints
New patterns of derivation
Novel word crafting
Metaphor and metonymy
Folk etymology and tabu
The cycle of expressivity
abstract acronyms adjective affix apophony attested Ayto backformed base Bauer blends blocking borrowed calque Chapter Chomsky cites coda combining forms complement complex consonant constituents constraint constructs context contrast core morphology crosslinguistically derived discussion disyllabic dvandvas endocentric English etymology examples expressive morphology folk etymology French frequent functional German Google grammatical head homophony hypocoristic I-language iconicity inflection input instance interpretation involves language play Latin lexicogenesis lexicogenic lexicon LSDE markedness Mattiello 2008 McIntyre meaning metaphor metonymy metrical foot Miller morpheme motivation Moyna names neoclassical neoclassical compounds noun Nyrop ó óó onset originally output particle pattern Phonesthesia phonetic phonological phrase Pig Latin Plag playful predicted productive prosodic reanalyzed reduplication retronym root segments semantic features sense sequences sonority sound symbolism speakers Štekauer stress structure suffix syllable synonymy syntactic thematic roles Tournier trochaic trochaic foot truncated verb vowel word formation