English Lexicogenesis

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OUP Oxford, 2014 - 312 pagine
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English Lexicogenesis investigates the processes by which novel words are coined in English, and how they are variously discarded or adopted, and frequently then adapted. Gary Miller looks at the roles of affixation, compounding, clipping, and blending in the history of lexicogenesis, including processes taking place right now. The first four chapters consider English morphology and the recent types of word formation in English: the first introduces the morphological terminology used in the work and the book's theoretical perspectives; chapter 2 discusses productivity and constraints on derivations; chapter 3 describes the basic typology of English compounds; and chapter 4 considers the role of particles in word formation and recent construct types specific to English. Chapters 5 and 6 focus respectively on analogical and imaginative aspects of neologistic creation and the roles of metaphor and metonymy. In chapters 7 and 8 the author considers the influence of folk etymology and tabu, and the cycle of loss of expressivity and its renewal. After outlining the phonological structure of words and its role in word abridgements, he examines the acoustic and perceptual motivation of word forms. He then devotes four chapters to aspects and functions of truncation and to reduplicative and conjunctive formations. In the final chapter he looks at the relationship between core and expressive morphology and the role of punning and other forms of language play, before summarizing his arguments and findings and setting out avenues for future research.
 

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Indice

Theoretical assumptions
1
Productivity and constraints
27
Compounding
45
New patterns of derivation
63
Novel word crafting
83
Metaphor and metonymy
101
Folk etymology and tabu
117
The cycle of expressivity
125
Blending
187
Formative extraction combining forms and neoclassical compounding
207
Reduplicative and conjunctive formations
220
Core and expressive morphology
237
Special phonetic symbols
247
The IndoEuropean phonologicalsystem
251
References
254
Index of affixes and affixed forms
299

Phonological form and abridgments
141
Sound symbolism
154
Clipping
173

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Informazioni sull'autore (2014)


D. Gary Miller, Professor Emeritus, University of Florida

D. Gary Miller is Professor Emeritus of Linguistics and Classics at the Universities of Florida and Colorado, Boulder. His books include Homer and the Ionian Epic Tradition (1982), Improvisation, Typology, Culture, and 'The New Orthodoxy': How 'Oral' is Homer? (1982), Complex Verb Formation (1993), Ancient Scripts and Phonological Knowledge (1994), Nonfinite Structures in Theory and Change (OUP 2002), Latin Suffixal Derivatives in English (OUP 2005), Language Change and Linguistic Theory (2 vols, OUP 2010), and External Influences on English: From Beginnings to the Renaissance (OUP 2012).

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