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Ventito, āvi, ātum, āre, freq. (věnio), to | Vigilia, æ, f. (vigil), a watching; a mi'is come often; to keep coming.

tary watch, a fourth part of the nighi. Ventus, i, m., the wind.

Do tertia vigilia, about midnight. Vēr, vēris, n., the spring.

Viginti, auj. nuin. ind., twenty. Verbum, i, n., a word. Facit verba, Vimen, inis, no (vieo), a pliant tuig,

he speaks. Qui verba habuissent, who switch, osier. had spoken openly.

Vincio, xi, ctum, īre, a., to bind, tie, Vereor, itus sum, ēri, dep., to fear, rever- fetter. ence; apprehend.

Vinco, vici, victum, ére, a., to conquer, Vergo, no perf. and sup., ĕre, to turn or

subdue. incline towards, to lie.

Vincúlum or vinclum, i, n. (vincio), a Vergobrétus, i, m. (fear-gu-breit, a man- bund, cord, fetter; pl., chains; a prison.

to-counsel, Keltic), the Vergobretus, chief Vindico, āvi, ātum, āre, a. (rindex), to magistrate of the Ædui.

claim, assume; avenge, punish. VindiVerisimilis, e, adj. (veri, similis), truth- care in libertaiem, to set free. like, likely, probable.

Vinea, æ, f. (vinum), a vineyard; the Vero, adv., certainly, indeed, truly; but. vineæ, a sort of penthouse or shed, to Verso, āvi, ātum, äre, freq., to turn often, protect besiegers. change; consider.

Vinum, i, n., wine. Versor, ātus sum, āri, dep., to turn one's | Viðlo, ävi, ätum, āre, a., to hurt, waste,

self about in ; to dwell, remain, stay. lay waste. Versus, and Versum, adv. and prep. with Vir, viri, m., a man, a husband, acc. (verto), towards.

Vires, ium, f. (pl. of vis, force), strength; Versus, ūs, m. (verto), a line; a verse. power. Verto, ti, sum, ére, a., to turn, to turn Virga, æ, f., a twig, rod. round or about.

Virgo, inis, f. (vireo), a virgin, a maiden. Verus, a, um, adj., true; n., truth. Virgultum, i, n. (virga), a bush, a thicket. Verum, adv, truly; but, however,

Virtus, ūtis, f. (vir), manhood, brarcry, Verutum, i, n., a javelin.

valour. Vesper, či is and éri, in., the erening star, Vis, f., force, energy, vio'ence; acc., vim; evening.

abl., vi. Vester, tra, trum, adj. pro. (vestri), your, Vita, æ, f., life. Your's.

Vito, āvi, ätum, āre, a., to avoid, to shun, Vestigium, i, n., a footstep, a tract.

escape. Vestio, ivi and ii, itum, ire, a. (vestis), to Vitrum, i, n., woad. clothe; cover.

Vivo, vixi, victum, ĕre, n., to live, be Vestis, is, f., a garment, dress.

alive. Vestītus. ūs, n. (vestio), clothing.

Vivus, a, um, adj. (vivo), alive, living. Veterānus, a, um, adj. (vetus), old, veteran. Vix, adj. (vi), scarcely, with difficulty. Veto, ui, itum, āre, a., to forbid, prohibit, Voco, ăvi, ätum, āre, a. and n. (vox), hinder.

to call, call upon, summon; challenge. Vetus, éris, adj., ancient, old.

Volo, āvi, ātum, āre, a., to fly. Vexillum, i, n.,ared flag, ensign, standard. Volo, volui, velle, irr. n., to will, to be Vexo, āvi, ātum, äre, freq. (vého), to in- willing; to desire, to purpose. Si quid jure, trouble, harass.

ille se velit, if he desired anything of him. Via, e, f., a way, path, street ; march. Voluntarius, a, um, adj. (volo), willing, Viarum et itinerum ducem, the guardian

voluntary; m., a volunteer. of ways and roads.

Voluntas, štis, J. (volo), will, wish, choice, Viator, oris, m. (via), a traveller.

inclination. Summam in se voluntaVicēni, æ, à, adj. num. (viginti), twenty tem, his very great good will towards each.

himself. Vicēsimus, a, um, adj. num. (id.), the Voluptas, ātis, f, pleasure, joy. twentieth.

Võveo, vovi, võtum, ēre, a., to vou, Viciēs, adv. (id.), twenty times. Vicies dedicate, derote. centum, two thousand.

Vox, vācis, f, a voice, cry, call; speech, Vicis, gen., of change; in vicem, by turns. a word, expression. Victima, æ, f. (vitta), a beast for sacrifice, Vulgo, āvi, ātum, äre, a. (vulgus), to a victim.

publish; to make known. Victor, oris, m. (vinco), a conqueror ; adj., Vulgo, adv. (vulgus), commonly, eserye victorious.

where. Victoria, æ, f. (victor), victory.

Vulgus, i, n. and m. (volvo), the common Victus, ūs, m. (vivo), food, provisions, people, a crowd, the multitude, the way of living.

populace. Vicus, i, m., a street, village.

Vulněro, āvi, ātum, äre, a. (vulnus), to Video, vidi, visum, ēre, a., to see, per..

wound. ceire. Videor, I seem. Pro viso, as is Vulnus, ēris, n., a wound.

Vultus, ūs, m, the countenance, the face, Vigil, is, adj., watchful, wakeful.





Andes or Andi, a Gallic tribe in the

modern Anjou, not far from the
Aduatuca, a fortified place in the terri- mouth of the Loire; their chief town

tory of the Eburones, the modern was Juliomagus (ii. 35; vii. 4).

Tongern, near Mæstricht (vi 32). Aquileia, an important town in the north-
Aduatuci, a German tribe, which at the east of Italy; was of great importance

time of the war of the Cimbri and as a military post even in Cæsar's
Teutones had remained behind in time, but afterwards still more so (i.
Gaul, and settled there in the country 10).
between the Maas and Scheldt (ii. 4, 16, Aquitania, one of the three great coun-
29, 31).

tries into which Cæsar divides Gaul;
Ædui, sometimes called Hædui, a Gallic it was bounded by the river Garumna

tribe inhabiting the country between (Garonne), the Pyrenees, and the sea.
the rivers Liger_(Loire) and Arar Its inhabitants were of Iberian origin,
(Saône) as far as Lugdunum (Lyons). and differed from the other Gauls in
They were one of the chief tribes of their language, their manners, and
Gaul (i. 10, 11, &c.).

customs. The country contained up-
Agendicum, or Agedicum, the chief town wards of twenty different tribes. The
of the Senones, the modern Sens in only real Gauls or Kelts in Aquitania
Champagne (vi. 44).

were the Bituriges Vibisci, with the
Alesia, a strongly fortified town of the town of Burdigala (Bordeaux, i. 1, 39;
Mandubii, in Gallia Celtica, to the west

iii. 20).
of Dijon. Its site and siege are de- Arar, a river of Gaul, a tributary of the
scribed in vii, 68, foll. The modern vil- Rhone, is now called Saône (i. 12).
lage of Alise seems to have derived its Arduenna (silva), a mountain forest of
name from Alesia.

Gaul still bearing the name of
Allobroges, a Gallic tribe occupying the Ardennes; it extended from the coun-

country between the Isara (Isère) and try of the Treviri as far as the Scheldt
Rhodanus (Rhone), who had been (vi. 29).
conquered as early as B.c. 120 by Q. Armoricæ (civitates), i.e., water or mari-
Fabius Maximus (i. 6).

time states, is a name applied by
Ambarri, a Gallic tribe occupying the Cæsar to the countries now called

eastern bank of the Arar, between the Normandy and Brittany (v. 53; vii. 75).

Adui and the Allobroges (i. 11). Arverni, a Gallic people, extending east-
Ambiani, a tribe in Gallia Belgica, whose ward as far as the Liger (Loire), and

capital was Samarobriva, afterwards in the south as far as the Cevennes.
called Ambianum, whence the modern They were a brave people, and their
Amiens (ii. 4, 15; vii. 75).

town of Segovia defended itself man-
Ambibarii, a tribe forming one of the fully when besieged by Cæsar (i. 31,
states of Armorica (vii. 75).

45; vii. 7, 8, 36, 43, 51). The modern
Ambivareti, a Gallic tribe, which stood name of the country is Auvergne.

in the relation of clients to the Ædui, Atrebates, a tribe of Gallia Belgica,
but it is uncertain what district they occupying the country now called
inhabited (vii. 75, 90).

Artois; their chief town was Neme-
Ambivariti, a Belgian tribe on the left tacum, now Arras (ii. 4, 16, 23; vii.
bank of the Mosa (Maas, iv. 9).

Anartes, ancient inhabitants of Dacia, Aulerci, is a generic name applied to

occupying modern Hungary, on the four different Gallic tribes : 1. the
eastern bank of the river Theiss. The Brannovices, in the neighbourhood of
Hercynian forest extended from the the Ædui (vii. 75); 2. the Diablintes (iii.
sources of the Danube as far as the 9); 3. Cenomani, in the modern Maine,
country of the Anartes (vi. 25).

south-east of the Diablintes (vii. 75);
Ancalites, a British tribe, in the south- 4. Eburovires, in the south-eastern part
east of the island (v. 21).

of Normandy and a portion of the


Isle de France. Their capital, Medio- of the Ædui. Their country was called

lanum, is now called Evreux (iii 17). Boia (i. 5, 25, 28; vii. 14). Ausci, a tribe of Aquitania ; their chief Brannovices. See Aulerci. town, Augusta, is now called Auch (iii. Bratuspantium. See Bellovaci.

27). Avaricum, a town of the Bituriges, after

C. wards called Bituriges, whence the modern Bourges (vii. 13, 31, 47).

Cabillonum, a town of the Ædui on the Axona, a river of Gallia Belgica, now the Saône, the modern Chalons (vii. 42, Aisne (ii. 5, 9).


Cadurci, a tribe in southern Gaul; their B.

chief'town was called Divona, the

modern Cahors (vii. 4, 75). Bacenis, a forest in Germany; according Cærosi, a German tribe settled in Belgic

to some, the western part of the Thur- Gaul, in the neighbourhood of Liege ingian forest, and according to others (ii. 4). the Harz mountain (vi. 10).

Caletes and Caleti, a tribe of Keltic Gaul Baleares is the ancient name of the two belonging to the civitates Armoricæ,

islands of Majorca and Minorca off the and probably occupying a part of coast of Spain. The men from these modern Brittany (ii. 4; vii. 75). islands wore the best slingers in the Cantabri, a tribe occupying the northern Roman armies (ii. 7).

part of Spain along the Bay of Biscay Batavorum insula, the island which is (iii. 26).

formed by the northern and southern Cantium, the part of England now called branches of the Rhine and the sea, and Kent, perhaps from the German kunte, at present forms part of the kingdom a corner (v. 13, 22). of Holland (iv. 10).

Carcaso, a town of the Volcæ Tectosages Belgæ, the people occupying the country in the Roman province, situated on the

to the north of the Keltic Gauls, and river Atax (Oude). Its modern name forming one of the three great divisions is Carcassonne (iii. 20). of Gaul, that is, the country bounded Carnutes, a Gallic tribe between the Seine on the north and east by the Rhine, and Loire, stood in the relation of

the south by the Marne and clientship to the Remi; their chief Seine, and on the west by the sea. town was Genabum, afterwards called They consisted of Gauls mixed with civitas Aurelianorum, whence tho German immigrants (i. 1; iv. 10), and modern Orleans (ii, 35; v. 25, 56; their country is sometimes called Bel- vii. 2). gica.

Cassi, a British tribe, probably inhabiting Belgium, is the name of that part of the what is now called the Hundred of

country of the Belgæ occupied by the Cashio (v. 21). Belloraci, Atrebates, and Ambiani (v. Caturiges, a Gallic tribe dwelling among 12, 25).

the Cottian Alps; their chief town, Bellovuci, a powerful tribe of the Belgæ, Caturigomagus, is now called Chorges occupying the country between the

(i. 10). Seine, Oise, and Somme; their chief Celtæ, the most powerful of the three town was called Bratuspantium, the great nations inhabiting Gaul, formed

modern Beauvais (ii. 4, 13; vii. 59. 75). only a small part of the widespread Bibracte, the chief town of the Ædui, Keltic race (i. 1).

was afterwards called Augustodunum, Cenimagni, a British tribe, with its chief whence its modern name Autun (i. 23; town Venta, now Caster, near Norwich vii. 55, 63),

(v. 21). Bibrax, a town of the Remi, supposed Cenomani. See Aulerci. to be the modern Bièvres or Braine Centrones, a Gallic tribe dwelling among (ii. 6).

the Graian Alps. The village of CenBibroci, a tribe in the south-east of tron still marks the site of their town

Britain; their chief town was Bi- (i. 10). bracte, now Bray (v. 21).

Ceutrones, a tribe of Belgic Gaul; their Bigerriones, an Aquitanian tribe about chief town was Ceutro, now Courtray

the river Adour and the foot of the (v. 39). Pyrenees (iii. 27).

Cevenna (mons), a chain of mountains still Bituriges, neighbours of the Ædui, from called Cevennes, commencing in the

whom they were separated by the Loire country of the Volcæ Tectosages, and (vii, 5). Compare Avaricum.

finally joining the chain of Jura (vii. Boii, a tribe of Keltic Gau). They migra- 8. 56).

ted into Germany, and being pressed Cherusci, a powerful German tribe dwell. southwards, they joined the Helvetii, ing between the Weser and the Elbe and after their conquest by Cæsar (vi. 10). they settled in the country to the west Cimbri, a German tribe which, in contains in the south. It was one of the Gabali, a people of southern Gaul; their three provinces governed by Cæsar

junction with the Teutones, invaded Gallia. About its extent and divisions Italy, but were defeated by C. Marius see i. 1, with the notes. in B.c. 101. Their original home is said Garites, a tribe of Aquitania, of which no to have been the Cimbric Chersonese, particulars are known (iii. 27).

the modern Jutland (i. 33, 40; vii. 77). Garumna, the modern Garopne, rising in Cisalpina Gallia, the northern part of the Pyrenees and falling into the Bay

Italy, from the foot of the Alps in the of Biscay (i. 1). north to the little rivers Rubicon and Garumni, a Gallic tribe dwelling near the Macra in the south.

sources of the Garonne (iii 27). Cocosates, a tribe of Aquitania, on the Gates, a tribe in south-western Gaul, pro

Bay of Biscay; their chief town was bably in the modern Gaure (iii. 27).
called Cocosa, now Acqs (iii, 27), Geidunni, a small Belgic tribe on the
Condrusi, a German tribe settled in coast, which was subject to the Nervii
Belgic Gaul, on the right bank of the (v. 39).
Maas (ii. 4; vi. 32).

Genabum. See Carnutes.
Confluens, the point where the Waal Geneva, a town of the Allobroges, still

separates itself from the Rhine and called Geneva (i. 7). turns toward the Maas, a little below Gergovia, the chief town of the Arverni. Emmerich (iv. 15).

It was strongly fortified, and resisted Curiosolites or Curiosolitæ, an Armorican the besieging army of Cæsar (vii. 4, 34,

tribe which occupied a part of modern 36, 41). Brittany (ii. 34; ifi. 7; vii, 75).

Gorgobina, a town of the Boii (vii. 9).

Graioceli, an Alpine tribe dwelling on the D.

borders between Cisalpine and Trans

alpine Gaul (i. 10). Daci, the inhabitants of Dacia, that is, Grudii, a Belgic tribe, clients of the

the modern Transilvania, Moldavia, Nervii, on the Scheldt in West Flanand Wallachia (vi. 25).

ders, where their name seems to be Danubius, the Danube from its sources preserved in the district called land

down to the rapids near Orsova ; van Groede (v. 39).
below that point the river was called

Decetia, a town of the Ædui, situated on

an island in the Liger (Loire), is now Harudes, a German tribe dwelling becalled Decize (vi. 33).

tween the Rhine and the sources of the Diablintes. See Aulerci.

Danube. They were a remnant of the Dubis, the modern Doubs, a river rising Cimbri, who had been almost anni

in Mount Jura, and afterwards joining hilated by Marius (i. 31, 37, 51). the Arar (i. 38).

Helvetii, a great Gallic 'nation in the Durocortorum, the chief town of the country between the Rhine and the

Remi, from whom its modern name, Rhone. Their country thus did not Rheims, is derived (vi, 44).

embrace the whole of modern Switzer

land. The history of their attempt to E.

leave their country, and its conse

quences, are related by Cæsar in the Eburones, a tribe of Belgic Gaul, pro- first book.

bably of German origin; their territory Helvii, a tribe dwelling in the Cevennes lay on both sides of the Maas, in the and on the banks of the Rhone (vii. neighbourhood of Liege (ii. 4; iv. 6; V. 8, 64). 28; vi. 34).

Hercynia silva, a huge forest covering a Eburovices. See Aulerci.

great part of Germany, extending from Elaver, the river Allier, & tributary of the the Rhine and the sources of the DanLoire (vii. 34, 35, 53).

ube in the west to the Carpathians in Eleutheri, a branch of the Cadurci Hungary. Cæsar gives a description of (vii. 75).

it in vi. 24 and 25. Elusates, a tribe of Aquitania ; their chief Hibernia, Ireland (v. 15).

town was Elusa, which is now called Euse (iii. 27).

I. Essui or Esuvii, a Gallic tribe of which

nothing is known, though it is supposed Iceni, a British tribe occupying the county that they lived on the coast of Nor- of Norfolk (v. 21). mandy (ii. 34 ; iii. 7; V. 24).

Illyricum, a coast country on the east of

the Adriatic, extending from Trieste in the north to the Ceraunian moun

chief town was Anderitum, now from B.C. 58 until the outbreak of the Mende (vii. 64).

civil war (ii. 35; iii. 7).



Itius Portus, a port on the Gallic coast seems to derive its name from them

where it is nearest to Britian; but (v. 5). what special point is to be understood Melodunum, a town of the Senones, now is not quite certain, some identifying Melun, on an island in the Seine (vii. it with Calais, others with Wissant, 58).

and others again with Boulogne (v. 2). Menapii, a tribe of Belgic Gaul, originJura, a range of mountains which still

ally a German people, who occupied bears this name, separating the Hel. both banks of the Rhine and extended vetii from the Sequani (i. 2, 6).

westward beyond the Maas (ii, 4; iii.

9; iv. 4, 22, &c).

Mona, the island of Anglesey; some L.

believe that it is the Isle of Man (v.

13). Latobrigi, a German tribe of which little Morini, a tribe of Belgic Gaul, occupying

is known; it is supposed that they the coast as far as Boulogne (ii. 4 ; iii. dwelt in the modern Breisgau (i. 5, 28, 9, &c.) 29).

Mosa, the river Maas, or as it is called in Lemanus Lacus, the lake of Geneva, French, Meuse (iv. 10).

still called the Leman Lake (i. 2). Lemovices, & Gallic tribe between the

N. Augastoritum, afterwards called

ovices, is the modern Limoges (vii. 4). Nannetes or Namnetes, a Gallic tribe on Lepontii, an Alpine tribe, near the the right bank of the Liger, where the sources of the Rhone (iv. 10).

town of Nantes derives its name from Leuci, a tribe of Belgic Gaul, occupying

them (iii, 9). a part of modern Lorraine and Cham- Nantuates, a Gallic tribe on the south of pagne; their chief town was Tullum, the Lake of Geneva (iii. 1; iv. 10). now Toul (i. 40).

Narbo, now Narbonne, was the chief Leraci, a tribe in Belgic Gaul, on the town in the Roman province, which

western bank of the Scheldt (v. 39). was for this reason sometimes called Lexovii, a Gallic tribe, south of the mouth Gallia Narbonensis (iii. 20; vii. 7).

of the Seine; their chief town, Novio- Nemetes, a German tribe dwelling on the magus, is now called Lisieux (iii. 9, left bank of the Rhine in the district 11, 17).

about Speier (vi. 25). Liger, the river Loire (vii. 5).

Nerrii, originally a German people, but Lingones, a Gallic people about the Vos- settled in Belgic Gaul, in the district

ges mountains and the sources of the now called Hainault. Their dominion Maas and Marne (i. 26; iv. 10).

extended as far as the sea coast (ii. 4, Lutetia, the chief town of the Parisii, 15, 17; V. 39; vi. 2). situated on an island in the Seine: it Nitiobriges, an Aquitanian tribe dwelling is the nucleus of the modern Paris (vi. on both sides of the Garonne; their 3; vii. 57).

chief town was Aginnum, now Agen (vii. 7, 31).

Noreia, a town in Noricum, was the chief M.

place of the Taurisci, and is now repre

sented by the village of Neumarkt in Magetobri 1, a town of Gaul in the neigh- Styria (i. 5).

bourhood of which Ariovistus defeated Noricum an extensive country which

the Gauls. Its site is uncertain (i. 31). derived its name from its chief town, Mandubii, a Gallic tribe, which stood in Noreia. It extended from the Danube

the relation of clients to the Ædui; to Italy (i, 5). their chief town was Alesia, now Alise Noviodunum. There were two towns of in Burgundy (vii. 68, 78).

this name-1. in the country of the Marcomani, a German people dwelling Bituriges, the clients of the Ædui,

between the Rhine and the Danube, whence it is also called a town of the extending northward as far as the Ædui (vii. 12, 55). Its site is uncerMenus (Main, i. 51).

tain. 2. A town of the Suessiones, Matisco, a town of the Ædui, now Macon which is now called Soissons (ii. 12).

on the Saône (vii. 90). Matrona, the river Marne (i. 1).

0. Mediomatrici and Mediomatrices. a people

of Belgic Gaul, on the Moselle, in the Ocelum, a town among the Alps, north of Lorraine, about the modern probably Usseau in Piedmout (i. 10). fortress of Metz, which derives its Octodurus, the chief town of the Veragri, name from them (iv. 10; vii. 75).

among the Pennine Alps; it occupied Meldi, a Gallic tribe, probably north-east the site of the modern Martigny

of the Parisii. The modern Meaux (iii. 1).

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