## Electrochemical methods: fundamentals and applicationsTakes the student from the most basic chemical and physical principles through fundamentals of thermodynamics, kinetics, and mass transfer, to a thorough treatment of all important experimental methods. Treats application of electrochemical methods to elucidation of reaction mechanisms; double layer structure and surface processes, and their effects on electrode processes are developed from first principles; other key features include a chapter on operational amplifier circuits and electrochemical instrumentation, unique coverage of spectrometric and photochemical experiments, and Laplace transform and digital simulation techniques. Contains numerous examples, illustrations, end-of-chapter problems, references, uniform mathematical notation, and an extensive list of symbols, abbreviations, definitions, and dimensions. |

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Pagina 62

2.3 LIQUID JUNCTION POTENTIALS 2.3.1 Potential Differences at an Electrolyte

-Electrolyte Boundary Up to this point, we have examined only systems at

2.3 LIQUID JUNCTION POTENTIALS 2.3.1 Potential Differences at an Electrolyte

-Electrolyte Boundary Up to this point, we have examined only systems at

**equilibrium**, and we have learned that the potential differences in**equilibrium**...Pagina 87

The net conversion rate of A to B is "net = kfCA - kbCB (3.1.4) At

net conversion rate is zero; hence £ = *-& (3-1.5) The kinetic theory therefore

predicts a constant concentration ratio at

does.

The net conversion rate of A to B is "net = kfCA - kbCB (3.1.4) At

**equilibrium**, thenet conversion rate is zero; hence £ = *-& (3-1.5) The kinetic theory therefore

predicts a constant concentration ratio at

**equilibrium**, just as thermodynamicsdoes.

Pagina 109

In effect, the potential and the surface concentrations are always kept in

thermodynamic equation (3.5.31), characteristic of

current flows ...

In effect, the potential and the surface concentrations are always kept in

**equilibrium**with each other by the fast charge transfer processes, and thethermodynamic equation (3.5.31), characteristic of

**equilibrium**, always holds. Netcurrent flows ...

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### Indice

Potentials and Thermodynamics of Cells | 44 |

Kinetics of Electrode Reactions | 104 |

Mass Transfer by Migration and Diffusion | 119 |

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