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Page faciundi, coas first in beginning the war. 27. Belli. A. & S. & 213; 106 H. 399; B. 765; A. 213; G. 373. 31. Neque, and not. Modum fecerat, had placed a limit. 33. Servitia urbana the slaves of the city. 36. Virilis = of masculine. 37. Genere — forma, in respect to her lineage and her beauty. Satis = quite, very. 38. Litteris, language and literature. Psallero means either to play upon a musical instrument, or to accompany it at the same time with the voice. An. Translate, to play and sing. 39. Saltare elegantius. The ancient Romans regarded dancing and singing as accomplish. ments exhibited for the entertainment of others. Hence they were always connected in their minds with servile or histrionic performances. M. Probae, to a modest woman.

3-39. Fuit, were ; in the sing. agreeing with the nearest pom. 107 Famae, her reputation. 4. Discerneres, potential subjunct. A. & S. § 260, II., Rem. 2; H. 486, III. 4; B. 1177; A. 311, a.; G. 252, Rem.; Z. 527, Note 2. Accensa (est). 5. Peteret, she courted. 6. Creditum abjuraverat, had forsworn a trust. Among the Romans, the absence of facilities for bartering and exchange rendered it necessary to keep hoards of gold and silver, and these it was often requisite to intrust to the care of friends. M. 7. Praeceps abierat = had gone headlong astray.

8. Absurdum, contemptible. 9. Jocum movere, to raise a laugh. M. 10. Facetiae, lepos, wit, grace. 12. Nihilo minus =nerertheless, lit. in no respect less. 14. Designatus, &c. consul, consul elect. Ex voluntate, according to his wish. 21. Pactione provinciae, by a bargain respecting his province. On the expiration of their consulship Cicero and Antonius would have had the proconsular government of Macedonia and Cisalpine Gaul, repectively; but Cicero generously made over the richer province of Macedonia to Antonius. 22. Ne son. tiret, that he would not entertain sentiments. 24. Catilinae, dat. of disadvantage. 25. Campo, sc. Martio. 29. Eam partem, i. e. in the neighborhood of Faesulae. 32. Alium alio, one to one place, another to another. Quem ubique E quem et ubi. 36. Obsidere, from obsido, ěre. 37. Vigilare == he passed nights without sleep. 39. Intempesta nocte, late at night, at an unseasonable time for business.

5-39. Qui facerent =ut ii facerent, who were to make : subjunct. 108 of purpose in oratio obliqua. A. & S. 264, 5; H. 500; B. 1205-7; A. 317. 7. Consiliis, dat. limiting officere. 9. Eques Romanus. See note on line 22, p. 43. 11. Salutatum. In the days of Roman freedom, clients were in the habit of testifying respect for

eir patron by thronging his atrium at an early hour, and escorting

Page 108 him to places of public resort when he went abroad. Dict. Antiqq.

16. Janua, ablat. of separation. 17. Plebem. See note on line 16, p. 25. 18. Doloze injuriae = the smart of their wrongs. 22. Ex - coloniis, of the Sullan colonies, i. e. those veterans of Sulla who bad settled on the estates of dispossessed Italians, especially in Etruria. 23. Nihil— fecerat=had left nothing. 24. Ancipiti, by the double, i. e. the plot within the city, and the enemy in Etruria. 25. Privato consilio, by his own private measures. 27. Quo consilio, lit. of what intention (ablat. of quality) =what its purpose was. 28. Rem - refert, he lays the matter before the senate. Referre is thus construed: Gratiam alicui referre, to repay a favor to one. Referre ad senutum, to lay before the senate. Referre aliquem, to resemble any one. Refert patris, it concerns my father. Rrfert mea, it concerns me.” Crombie, vol. ii., p. 385. 29. Exagitatam, noised abroad. 30. (Uti) darent operam, etc. Darent- caperet. This was called the ultimate decree (senatus consultum ullimum), and armed the consuls with dictatorial or unlimited power. 31. Quid detrimenti, any detriment. 33. Maxuma. Notice the peculiarly strong emphasis given to this word by its separation from potestas. 35. Imperium - summum, the highest military (power) and judicial power. 37. Consuli jus est = the consul has the right. 39. Adlatas

(esse.) 109

2–39. Ante - Novembris (the sixth day before the calends of November) =

=on the 27th of October (reckoning by the Julian Calendar). Count six days backward from the Kalendae (Nov. 1st), including the latter day. VI=sextum. Novembris (old form of pi. for Novembres) is an adjective. A. & S. & 326, (2; H. 708, and III. 2, also 151, I. 1, 2); B. 1529–30; A. 29; 2. 8 868. 5. Fieri, were being held. 6. Senati, an old form of the gen. 3. Ad urbem, near the city, Rome. No one was allowed to hold military power within the city. A general who claimed a triumph could not enter the city until his claim had been decided upon by the senate. 9. Calumnia, by the machination. 11. Praetores, sc. missi sunt. 13. Permissum (est) =authority 2008 given. 14. Si quis (siquis), if any one. 16. Praemium, 8c. futurum esse. Servo, to a slove, in the case of a slave. Sestertia centum, one hundred thousand sesterces. The sestertius was a Roman coin, one-fourth of the denarius (=10 asses), and therefore equal to 2} asses. 17. Ejus rei, i. e. participation in the conspiracy. 18. Gladiatoriae familiae troops of gladiators. Gladiators, who were at first captives or criminals, were trained in schools (ludi) by masters of the art (lanistae), and let out to magistrates for public shows. 21. MinoPage res, i.e. the aediles, quaestors, tribunes. 28. Rei – magnitudine, 109 from the greutners of the republic, which placed the scene of her wars at a distance from the capital. 31. Rogitare=they asked question after question. 34. Lege Plautia, by the Plantian law, a law de vi, i. e. against public violence, carried by M. Plautius Sylvanus, a tribune of the plebs. Interrogatus erat, had been arraigned. 39. Habuit luculentam, delivered a brilliant. The allusion is to Cicero's first oration against Catiline.

1–39. Scriptam edidit, having been written out, he published. 110 2. Adsedit, took his seal ; from adsido (=assidu). 4. Ea= =tali,

from such. 5. Familia. A. & S. § 246; H. 425, 3; B. 918; A. 244, a.

6. Ne existumarent, they should not suppose; in oratio recta, imperative, ne existumate (or noli'e existumare). 7. Sibi opus esse =

that he had need. Cujus ipsius = whose own. 9. Cum, while. 10. Inquilinus civis, a sojourning citizen. This is an unjust sarcasm on Cicero, who was a genuine citizen of Rome. M. Catiline calls the provincial, Cicero, inquilinus civis ; as though Arpinum bad still been a municipal town foreign to the republic." Niebuhr, Hist. of Rome, vol. ii. p. 65. 12. Parricidam, “ unnutural murderer.” 14. Incendium, etc., a metaphor taken from the demolition of an edifice for the purpose of stopping a conflagration. An. 17. Consuli. The dat. bere depends on insidiae. A. & S. 211, Rem. 5, Note; H. 392; B. 817; A. 227, d. 18. Ab, agrinst. 24. Mandat (ut). 33. Faceremus, we might cause. 35. Plerique sumus, are, most of 118. Patriae fama — expertes. Notice the double construction. A & S. & 213 and ? 250, 2, (1); H. 399, 2, 3); B. 776; A. 218; 243; G. 373. 37. Lege uti, to avail himself of the law, the Papirian law, forbidding imprisonment for debt. 39. Praetoris, who, in his judicial capacity, gave judgment against the debtor. Nostrum, gen. pl. The MSS. fiu uate between nontrum, nostri ; vestrum and vestri.

1-38. Ejus=plebis, their. Inopiae -- sunt. Alluding to the 111 laws passed at various times for diminishing the rate of interest. An. Argentum - est, silver was paid with brass ; i. e. the silver sestertius with the brass as, and as one sestertius then=4 asses, debts were reduced 75 per cent. in amount. 6. Secessit. The plebs removed at least three times from the city. 11. (Ut) consulatis (you will consult the interests of ). 12. Nove is used for et ne after a preceding ut. A. & S. & 262, Note 4. 17. Discedant, let them withdraw ; representing an imperative in oratio recta ; instead of the regular construction ut discederent. 18. Ea=tali, of such. 21. Ex itinore, (while) on his journey. 22. Optumo cuique=to all the

Page 111 best men, among the nobles. 25. Non quo, not that, introduces a

supposed reason, which is assumed to be not true in fact. 26. Con. scius. Observe that this adj. here governs both the gen. and dat. Mg. 2 289, b, Obs. 2. Neve. See note on line 12, above. 29. Exemplum, a copy. 31. L. Catilina, etc., Lucius Catiline to Quintus Catulus: an abbreviation of L. Catilina Q. Catulo salutem dicit (=sends greeting). Ro cognita (nominative), known by proof. 33. Commendationi, commendation, i. e. of his wife to the care of Catulus, as is mentioned farther on. 34. In – consilio, under my new determination. 35. Ex nulla=not from any. 36. Me dius fidius=by Hercules. Fidins, an ancient form of filius, occurs in the connection of Dius Fidius, or Medius Fidius, that is, me Dius (416s) filius, or the son of Zeus, that is, Hercules. Hence the expression medius fidius is equivalent to me Herculer, scil. juret (Hercules help me). Dict. Biog. Licet (ut)=you may. 38. Pri.

vatus, a participle. Statum, a station, position. 112 1–37. Pro, in accordance with. 2. Meis nominibus, on my own

account, inscribed in the ledger with my name.” M. Ablat. of description. 3. Cum et (aes alienum) alienis nominibus (on account of others, “for which I had become surety.” An. 4. Suis filiaeque, with her own and her daughter's. 5. Non dignos=unwor. thy. 6. Alienatum esse, had been discarded, neglected, “cast out." See Lex. 7. Hoc nomine, on this account. Casu, misfortune. 9. Cum, although, followed by vellem, subjunct. of concession. 11. Defendas, defend: the subjunct. as a mild or softened imperative. Rogatus, being entreated to do so. 19. Statuit, it appointed. 20. Praeter “is sometimes used in the signification except, with the same casus obliquus, which precedes.” Mg. 8 172, Obs. 2. Hence condemnatis, to those condemned, limits liceret understood. 25. Cui

it. Cum, although. Ad – solis, i. e. from east to west. 29. Duobus — decretis, a clause in the ablat. absol, with a concessive force, “though there were two decrees of the senate.” 33. Veluti tabes, like a contagion. 34. Aliena, estranged, hostile. 37. Id adeo, this

indeed, in fact. 113 2–36. Egestas — damno, because having nothing they can lose

nothing. 3. Ea, they, i. e. plebes. 8. In sentinam="into a sink of corruption." 11. Victu - cultu, style of living and dress. 15. Largitionibus, large88e8. The private largesses were bestowed either by the candidates for public favor, or by those who had already enjoyed it; the public have reference to the corn distributed among the lower orders at the expense of the state, five bushels monthly to each man. An. 17. Quo, wherefore, on which account: ablat. of Page cause. 18. Malis moribus, of bad characters. Rei – consulvisse 113

care just as little for the commonwealth as for themselves. 19. Quorum, sc. ii, tkose whose. 20. Proscripti (erant). Jus — erat, alluding to a law enacted by Sulla, which declared the children of proscribed persons incapable of holding any public office. An. 23. Aliarum — partium, of any other than the senate's party. 25. Adeo, in fact, indeed. 28. Potestas. Not that this power had been abolished; but it had been greatly curtailed by Sulla. Its complete restoration was largely due to Pompey. 33. Summa ope, with all their might. Senatus specie=under pretence of (supporting the authority of) the senate. 34. Paucis verum, the truth in few words. 36. Honestis nominibus, under fair pretexts. Sicuti, as though.

1-36. Contentionis, in their struggle. 2. Exercebant, used. 114 3. Bellum maritumum, against the Cilician pirates, who infested the whole of the Mediterranean. 6. Innoxii, secure from attack, unharmed. 8. In magistratu, (while) in office. 9. Ubi primum =as soon as. Dubiis rebus, ablat. absol. Novandi, of effecting a change. 11. Primo proelio (instrumental ablat.) refers forward to the battle which ended the conspiracy. 12. Aequa manu=on equal terms with the forces of the republic. 14. Ea uti, to make use of it, the victory. 15. Qui, sc. is. 20. Necari jussit. Roman fathers had the power of life and death over their children. Isdem iisdem. 24. Quod modo, provided it, the class of men. 28. Societatem belli, a participation in the war. Publice, i. e. on the part of their state. 29. Oppressos agrees with eos in the next line. 32. Negotiatus erat, had traded. “ The negotiator was generally a money lender.” M. 34. In foro. See Plan of the Forum. It was an open space, trapezoidal in shape, 671 English feet long, 117 feet wide at its eastern end, and 202 at its western. The “ Plan” (from the Dict. Geog.) is in accordance with the results of the most recent investigations. What the name of the street on the south side of the Forum was is unknown. 36. Tantis malis is most probably dat. of advantage, though, as R. J. remarks, it may be ablat. absol.

2–36. Voltis = vultus. Rationem, a way. Ista, the demon- 115 strative pronoun of the second person: "those evils that you speak of.” A. & S. § 207, Rem. 25; H. 450; B. 1028; A. 102, c. 6. Facturi essent, they would do : fut. subjunct. of result in oratio obliqua. A. & S. $ 260, Rem. 7, (2); H. 481, III., 1; B. 1172, 8. Aliena consili, foreign, i. e. unsuitable for deliberation, 13. nimus, confidence, courage. 16. Quidnam consili=what plan. 21. Q. Fabio Sangae, who was the patron of the Allobroges.

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