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Addo, ĕre, didi, ditum, tr. (ad + (ad + jungo), to join to, add, an

do), to add, give, impart, be- nex, unite; to acquire, obtain; stow; to gain, acquire; to ap- to apply to, direct to. point, assign.

Adjūtor, oris, m. (adjuvo), Addüco, ĕre, xi, ctum, tr. (ad + helper, assistant, aider, abettor.

duco), to lead, bring, conduct; Adjóvo, áre, jūvi, jutum, tr. (ad to bring to, reduce; to induce, + juvo), to help, aid, assist. persuade.

Administer, tri, m. (ad + minAdemptus, a,

um, part. from ister), an attendant, waiter, man. Adimo.

ager; an assistant. Aděo, adv. (ad + eo), so, so far, to i Administro, äre, ävi, ätum, tr.

such a degree, insomuch; be- (ad + ininistro), to serve, furnish sides, too; so much; indeed, aid; to manage, conduct, guide, even, nay even; therefore, ac- administer, execute, accomplish. cordingly.

Admirandus, a, um, part. and adj. Aděo, ire, ii or ivi, itum, intr. from Admiror, admirable, that

(ad + eo), to go to, approach, should be admiredor wonderedat, come near; to attack; to under- wonderful, worthy of admiration. take, to incur.

Admiror, āri, ätus, dep. (ad + Adeptus, a, um, part. from Adi. miror), to wonder at, admire; to piscor.

be astonished. Aderam, adero. See Adsum. Admitto, čre, misi, missum, tr. Adfěro. See Affero.

(ad + mitto), to send to or forAdfinis. See Affinis.

ward; to admit; to permit, alAdsinitas. See Afiinitas.

low; to commit, perpetrate. Adjigo. See Affligo.

Admodum, adv.(ad+modus), very, Adilŭo. See Affluo.

wholly, greatly, much, exceedAdfore. See Afrore.

ingly; with numerals, fully, about. Adherbal, ális, m., a Numidian Admoněo, ére, ui, itum, tr. (ad prince, son of Micipsa.

+ moneo), to remind, admonish, Adhiběo, ēre, ui, itum, tr. (ad + warn, advise; to encourage, in

habeo), to adopt, use, employ; cite. to take, admit, receive; to give, Adnitor, i, isus, and ixus, dep. to furnish.

(ad + nitor), to rest, lean upon; Adhuo, adv. (ad + huc), hitherto, to strive, exert one's self. Ad.

thus far, as yet, still, even yet. nitente Crasso, Crassus exerting Adigo, ére, ôgi, actum, tr. (ad+ himself in the matter.

ago), to drive, force, impel, Adolescens, entis, adj. (adolesco), oblige, compel. Ad jusjurandum young. Noun, c. g., a young

adigere =to bind by an oath. man, or woman, a youth. Adimo, ĕre, émi, emptum, tr. Adolescentia, ae, f. (adolescens), ad + emo), to take


youth, the period of youth. move, deprive of.

Adolescentŭlus, i, m.(adolescens), Adipiscor, i, adeptus, dep. (ad + a young man, a youth. Adj.,

apiscor), to obtain, attain, ac- young

quire, get, to reach, overtake. Adolesco, ĕre, adolėvi, adultum, Aditus, ūs, m.(adeo), an approach, intr. (ad + olesco), to grow, grow

way or means of approach, ac- up, come to maturity; to incess, entrance, avenue.

crease, augment, become greater. Adjumentum, i, n. (adjuvo), as- Adoptatio, onis, f. (adopto), an sistance, help, aid.

adopting, adoption. Adjungo, ĕre, nxi, nctum, tr. 1 Adopto, åre, avi, ātum, tr. (ad +


opto), to choose, select; to adopt. over against, in front. Vulnera In regnum adoptare, to adopt as adver811, wounds in front; ad

one's successor to the kingdom. verse, hostile, contrary; unfavorAdquiro. See Acquiro.

able, disadvantageous; inconAdrectus, a, um. See Arrectus. sistent, at variance with. In Adrăgo. See Arrogo.

adversa mutari, to be changed to Adscensus, ūs. See Ascensus. the opposites. Advers0 colle evaAdscendo. See Ascendo.

dere, to ascend the hill in front. Adscisco and Ascisco, ěre, scivi, Adversis equis concurrere, to

ecitam, tr. (ad+scisco), to take, charge straight forward. receive, approve; to admit, Adversus, i, m. (adverto), an adunite; to gain over.

versary, enemy, opponent. Adsentio. See Assentio.

Adversus und Adversum, adv. Adsěquor. See Assěquor.

and prep. with accus. (adverto), Adsiděo. See Assideo.

against, in front of, opposite to, Adeido. See Assido.

facing, over against; towards; Adsisto. See Assisto.

in opposition to. Adstrictus, a, um, part. from Ad- Adverto, ĕre, ti, sum, tr. (ad+ stringo.

verto), to turn to or towards, to Adstringo. See Astringo.

advert to. Animum advertere Adsum, adesse, adfui, intr. (adt animadvertere, to turn one's mind

sum), to be present, be at hand; to, to heed, notice, observe, perto stand assist,

help; to

ceive. come, be near.

Advoco, äre, āvi, ātum, tr. (ad + Adsumo. See Assumo.

voco), to call, to call to; to sumAdulter, ēri, m., an adulterer. mon, employ, use. Adulterinus, a, um, adj. (adulter), Advorsor. "See Adversor.

adulterous, spurious, adulter- Advorsum. See Adversum. ated, forged, false.

Advorto. See Adverto. Adultus, a, um, part. and adj. Aedes, ium, and Aedis, is, f., in from Adolesco, grown up, full the sing., a room, chamber, apartgrown, adult, mature, ripe.

ment; a temple; in the plu., a Advectitius or Advecticius, a, house, dwelling; temples.

um, adj. (adveho), foreign, im- Aedificium, i, n. (aedifico), an ported.

edifice, structure, building. Advěho, ĕre, exi, ectum, tr. (ad + Aedifico, äre, ävi, ätum, tr.

veho), to conduct, carry to; to (aedes + facio), to build, erect, import, convey, bring.

rear, construct. Advenio, ire, éni, entum, intr. (ad Aedilis, is, m. (aedes), an aedile;

+venio) to come,come to, arrive. a Roman magistrate who superAdvento, āre, avi, atum, intr. intended the repairs of temples freq. (advenio), to

fre- and other public buildings, requently; to come, approach, ar- gulated the markets, the expense rive at.

of funerals, etc. Adventus, üs, m. (advenio), a com- Aeger, gra, grum, adj., weak, sick, ing, approach, arrival.

infirm, diseased, corrupted; sorAdversarius, i, m. (adversus), an rowful, unhappy, desponding, adversary, enemy, rival.

afflicted. Advarsor, åri, ātus, dep. (adver- Aegre, adv., comp. Aegrius, sup.

sus), to oppose, resist, thwart. Aegerrime and Aegerrúme Adversus, a, um, part. and adj. (neger), hardly, scarcely, with

from Adverto,opposite,fronting, difficulty; unwillingly, discon



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tentedly, with displeasure. Ae- manu discedere, to come off on
gre ferre, to bear with displeas- equal terms.
ure, take it ill.

Aerarium, i, n. (aes), the treasury,
Aegritūdo, inis, f. (aeger), illness, exchequer; the public money,

sickness; sorrow, grief'; solici- national revenue.
tude, care, afiliction, trouble. Aerumna. ae, f., toil, hardship,
Nimis molliter aegritudinem pati, distress, calamity, trouble, mis-

to bear affliction too sensitively. ery, adversity.
Aegyptus, i, f., Egypt; by some Aes, aeris, n., copper, brass,

of the ancients accounted a part bronze; anything made of copof Asia.

per, etc.; money, coin.

Aes Aemilius, i, m., a Roman name alienum, another's money, i. e.

belonging to the Aemilian gens. debt. Aes mutuum, a loan; money Aomŭlus, a, um, adj., emulous,

envious; as si noun, a rival, einu- Aestas, ātis, f. (aestus), the sum. lator, imitator.

mer, summer air, summer heat.ina Aeneas, ao, m., Aeneas, the son Aestimo, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (aes),

of Venus and Anchises, who, to estimate, value, regard, ap-
after the fall of Troy, is said to preciate; to rate; to think, judge,
have led a colony of Trojans believe, deem, consider.
into Italy, and to have laid the Aestivus, a, um, adj. (aestus), re-

foundations of the Roman State. lating to summer, summer. AesAequabilis, e, adj. (aequo), equal, tiva castra, or simply aestiva,

equable, uniform; consistent; örum, n. pl., summer quarters, & equitable, just, right.

stationary summer camp; a camAequabiliter, adv., comp. Aequa- paign.

bilius (aequabilis), * equally, Aestèmo. See Aestimo.

evenly, uniformly, equably. Aestuo, āre, āvi, ätum, intr. (aes. Aequālis, e, adj. (aequus), equal, tus), to boil up; to heave; to

like, similar ; even, level, plain, rage, burn, be inflamed; to be flat; coeval, contemporary.

undecided, to vacillate, waver. a noun, a contemporary; one Aestus, ūs, m., heat, fire, glow; hot

equal in years, of the same age. weather; a boiling or bubbling Aequaliter, adv. (aequalis), equal- up; the tide ; force, ardor; doubt,

ly, uniformly, equably ; propor- uncertainty, perplexity. Aestu tionally.

secundo, the tide being favorable. Aeque, adv. (aequus), equally, in Aetas, ātis, f. (for aevitas, from

like manner, alike, as much as, aevum), age, time of life; life; similarly.

time. Aetatem agere or habere, Aequitas, ātis, f. (aequus), equal- to pass one's life, to live,

ity, evenness, equity, justice; Aeternus, a, um, adj. ( for aevi. calmness, equanimity, tranquil- ternus, from aevum), eternal,

lity of mind; moderation. everlasting, immortal, perpetual. Aequum, i, n. (aequus), equity, Aethiops, opis, m., an Ethiopian. justice.

Aevum, i, n., time, life, age, dura,
Aequus, a, um, adj., level, smooth, tion.

even, plain, equal; like, similar; Afer, fra, frum, adj., African.
favorable, advantageous; just, Afri,örum, m.plu., the Africans.
equitable, fair, upright; reason- Affătim, adv. (ad + fatim), abun,
able, right; calm, unmoved. In. dantly, sufficiently, copiously,
jurias gravius aequo habere, to largely, in abundance.
feel injuries too deeply. Aequa | Affeoto, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (affi,



cio), to seek after, strive for, aim pile, mound; a rampart, dam, at; to covet, solicit, aspire to, mole, dike; a mound erected try to gain over.

before the walls of a besieged Affěro, afferre, attăli, allātum, city, for the purpose of sustain

tr. irr. (ad + fero), to bring, ing the battering engines, and take, carry to; to cause, pro- which was gradually advanced duce, occasion; to report, an- nearer and nearer to the town;

the mound raised for the protecAffinis, e, adj. (ad + finis), con- tion of a camp before the in

tiguous, adjoining, adjacent; re- trenchment (fossa), and from the lated by marriage. As a noun, earth dug from it. a relation by marriage.

Aggrădior, i, essus, dep. (ad + Affinitas, ātis, f. (afinis), rela- gradior), to go to, approach ; to

tionship by marriage; affinity, accost, address; to undertake; union, connection.

to attack, assail. Afflicto, are, āvi, ätum, tr. freq. Agito, åre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ago),

(affligo), to disquiet, agitate, to drive, impel; to agitate, toss, toss; to trouble, afflict, injure, disturb, perplex; to carry on, harass, torment, vex.

prosecute, perform, administer; Afflictus, a, um,part. and adj., from to disquiet, vex, trouble, tor

affligo, troubled, afilicted, bowed ment, torture; to incite, stimudown, miserable; damaged, shat- late; to pass, spend; to keep, tered, disordered, ruined; de- hold, celebrate; to revolve in

jected, cast down, desponding. one's mind, meditate, discuss, Affligo, ĕre, ixi, ictum, tr. (ad + debate: to manifest, display.

fligo), to dash against, throw In general, the meaning of this down, overthrow, prostrate; to verb must be decided by the context. distress, vex; to shatter, impair, Agmen, inis, n. (ago), an army weaken.

on the march; the march of an Affilŭo, ère, uxi, uxum, intr. (ad army; an army, band, line.

+ fluo), to flow to or toward; to Ago, ĕre, ēgi, actum, tr., to drive, run or flock towards; to abound lead, conduct, direct; to do, in, be abundant.

make, perform; to treat, transAifore, intr. def. (ad + fore), fut. act; to pass, spend. Aetatem inf., to be about to be present;

agere, to pass one's life. Sese with a subject accus., would be agere, to conduct one's self. Grapresent, would assist.


agere, to thank, give thanks. Africa, ae, f., Africa. It is some- Agitur, imp., the question is, times put for the Roman prov

the business is. ince in Africa.

Agrestis, e, adj. (ager), rustic, Africānus, a, um, adj. (Africa), rural; unpolished, rude, wild,

African. Africānus, i, m., the boorish, clownish. As a noun, a agnomen of the two Scipios, peasant, rustic, countryman. given to them on account of Aio, ais, ait, defect. verb, to say, their conquests in Africa.

speak, declare, assert, affirm. Africus, a,

um, adj. (Africa), Pronounced A'-yo. African. Mare Africum, the Ala, ae, f., a wing; the wing of Mediterranean Sea.

the army, commonly composed Agendus, a, um, part. from ago. of the Roman cavalry and the Ager, gri, m., a field, farm; land, troops of the allies, especially soil; territory, country.

their horsemen. Agger, ĕris, m. (aggěro), a heap, Alăcer, cris, cre, adj., lively, brisk,



quick, eager, active, ready, | Aliquot, indecl. adj. pl. (alius + prompt; cheerful, glad.

quot), some, several, a few. Albinus, i, m., a Roman surname Aliter, adv. (alius), otherwise, in

of the Postumian gens. Spurius a different manner; in any other Postumius Albinus, a Roman way, else; moreover. consul in B. C. 110.

Alius, a, ud, adj., other, another, Algor, õris, m. (algeo), cold, cold- different. Alius alius, one

another. Alii alii, some — Alias, adv. (alius), otherwise, in others. Alii - pars or partim,

another way; at another time; some — others. Alius ab alia sometimes.

parte, one from one direction, Alibi, adv. (alius + ibi), elsewhere, another from another. Alius ab

in another place. Alios alibi, alio =one after another. Aliud, some in one place, others in anything else, something else ; other places.

with a negative, nothing else, no Aliéno, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ali

other thing. enus), to alienate, estrange; to Allātus, a, um part. from affero. separate, remove, transfer; to Allěvo, äre, ävi, atum, tr. (ad + cast off.

levo), to lift up, raise up, supAliēnus, a, um, adj. (alius), belong- port, lighten, alleviate.

ing to another, another's, for. Allicio, ére, lexi, lectum, tr. (ad eign; unsuitable, inconsistent; + lacio), to attract, allure, entice, unfavorable, adverse, inimical. decoy, inveigle. Alieni appetens, greedy of what Allobrox,ögis, Allobroges,ögum, belongs to another. Aes alienum, A people of Gaul, whose another's money = debt. As a chief city was Vienna, near the noun, alienus, i, m., a stran- Rhone. ger.

Alo, ĕre, alui, alitum or altum, Alio, adv. (alius), to another pur- tr., to nourish, support, feed,

pose, place, or subject. Alins maintain. alio, one to one place, another to Alte, adv. (altus), on bigh, high, another; one hither — another highly : deeply, low, far. thither.

Alter, ora, ěrum, gen. alterius, Aliquamdiu, adv. (aliquis + diu), adj., one of two = the other. Alfor some time.


- alter, the one — the other. Aliquando, adv. (alius + quando), Unus et alter, one and the other, sometimes, sometime, at some

some, several.

It is also used to time; at length, now at last; express reciprocal action, (8, al. formerly.

teri alteros sauciant, they wound Aliquanto, adv. with comparatives one another,

(properly ablat. of aliquantus), Altitūdo, inis, f. (altus), height, considerably, somewhat.

altitude, depth. Aliquantum, adv. (prop. accus. Altus, a, um, part. from alo.

of aliquantus), somewhat, some, Altus, a um, adj. (alo), high, tall, considerably, a little, rather. lofty, deep, profound, great. Aliquantus, a, um, adj. (alius + Alvěus, i, m., the channel or bed

quantus), some, somewhat, con- of a river; a trough ; the hold, siderable.

hull, or body of a ship. Aliquis,qua,quod, and quid, indef. Ambio,ire, ii and ivi,itum,tr. and

pron. (alius + quis), some, any; intr. (amb + eo), to go around; somebody, something, anything; to surround, encompass, invest; some one, any one.

to go about soliciting votes, to

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