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canvass, solicit; to strive for, | Amplus, a, um, adj., ample, seek to gain.

large, spacious, great; splendid, Ambitio, onis, f. (ain bio), a going illustrious, honorable, glori.

around of candidates to canvass for votes, a candidating; ambi- | An, conj. In direct questions it is tion; seeking popularity; flat- not translated. In indirect questery, adulation.

tions, whether. An-an, whether Ambitiosus, a, um, adj. (ambi- - or. The first an is sometimes

tio), courting favor, ambitious; omitted, or its place is supplied popular, honor-loving.

by ne or utrum. Ambitus, ūs, m. (ambio), a going Anceps, cipitis, adj. (amb +

round; an unlawful canvassing caput), two-headed; twofold, for votes; an unlawful striving double; doubtful, uncertain, du. for office, bribery ; a circuit.

faithless. Lex ambitus, a law concerning Ancilla, ae, f., a maid-servant, febribery and corruption.

male slave. Ambo, ae, o, adj. pl., both. Angustia, ae, f., generally in the Amentia, ae, f. (amens), madness, plural, angustiae, årum, (an. insanity, folly.

gustus), a narrow place, a defile; Amicitia, ae, f. (amicus), friend

narrowness, straitness. ship, amity, an alliance, league Angustus, a, um, adj. (ango), of friendship.

narrow, strait, close, confined, Amious, a, um, adj. (amo), friend- limited.

ly, amicable, kind, cordial. Anima, ae, f., air, breath ; life, the Amicus, i, m. (amicus), a friend. vital principle; the soul, spirit, Amitto, ĕre, misi, missum, tr. mind.

(a + initto), to send away, dis- Animadverto, ĕre, ti, sum, tr. miss, let go; to lose, throw (animus + ad + verto), to turn away.

the mind or attention to, to noAmo, āre, ävi, ätum, tr., to love, tice, observe, attend, perceive; like, delight in.

to punish. Animadvertitur, punAmoenus, a, um, adj., delightful, ishment is inflicted.

pleasant, agrecable, charming. Animadvorto. See Animadverto. Amor, oris, m. (amo), love, affec- Animal, ālis, n. (anima), an anition, desire.

mal, living creature. Amõveo, ére, mõvi, mötum, tr. Animus, i, m., the mind, soul; the (a + moveo), to

take will, desire, purpose, inclination, away, withdraw. Senatu amovere, design, disposition; heart, courto expel from the senate.

age. Ample, adv. (amplus), amply, Annitor. See Adnitor. largely, abundantly.

Annius, i, m., Caius Annius, a RoAmplector, i, exus, dep. (am + man prefect sent by Metellus to

plecto), to embrace, encircle, command the garrison of Leptis. surround, clasp ; to love, to cher- Annius, i, m., Lucius Annius, a ish.

tribune of the plebs. Amplexor, äri, ātus, dep. freq. Annius, i, m., Quintus Annius, a

(amplector), to embrace; to love, Roman senator, confederate with cherish.

Amplius, adv. (comp. of ample), Annus, i, m., a year.

more, further, longer. Amplius Annŭus, a, um, adj. (annus), anposse or valere, to be more pow- nual, yearly ; lasting a year. orful.

Ante, prep. with accu8., before; op



posite to; superior to; in ad

evident. In aperto esse,

to be vance of.

clear, plain, evident. Antě, adv., before, formerly; for- Appello, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad + ward, in advance.

pello), to call, name, term, eutiAntěa, adv. (ante tea), before, tle; to speak to, address, accost; forinerly, previously.

to appeal to, invoke, entreat; to Antecapio, ère, cēpi, captum, tr.

(anto + capio), to take before- Appello, ĕre, půli, pulsum, tr. hand, preoccupy; to anticipate, (ad + pello, čre), to drive to or prepare beforehand. Nocteman- towards, to direct; to land, artecapere, to anticipate the night rive at. -not to wait for it. Sitim, fa- Appetens, entis, part. and adj. mem antecapere, not to wait for (appeto), desirous, eager, greedy, thirst, hunger - to excite them

covetous, fond of. prematurely.

Appěto, ĕre, ivi, itum, tr. (ad+ Anteěo, ire, ii or ivi, irr. tr. and peto), to seek, strive for, aim at;

intr. (ante + eo), to go before; to wish for, desire; to approach; precede; to surpass, excel, out- to attack. strip.

Apprehendo, ĕre, di, sum, tr. (ad Antefěro, ferre, tăli, lātum, tr. + prehendo), to lay hold of,

(ante + fero), to carry before; seize, catch, apprehend. to prefer, set before.

Approbo, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad Antěhac, adv. (ante+ hic), before, + probo), to approve, favor, previously, formerly.

commend; to prove, confirm, deAntěpõno, ĕre, osui, ositum, tr. monstrate, establish; to render

(ante + pono), to set or place be- acceptable, satisfactory fore, to prefer.

Appropinquo, äre, ävi, ätum, Antěquam, or better, ante quam, intr. (ad + propinquo), to ap

conj., before, before that, sooner proach, draw near. than.

Appulsus, a, um, part. from apAntevěnio, ire, ēni, entum, tr. pello.

and intr. (ante + venio), to get | Apud, prep. with accus., at, near, the start of, anticipate; to pre- with, among, in; at the house vent, thwart; to surpass, out- of; before, to. Apud animum strip, excel.

meum, to my mind. Antonius, i, m., Caius Antonius, Apulia, ae, f., Apulia, a country of

a Roman consul, the colleague lower Italy. of Cicero.

Aqua, ae, f., water. Hiemales Anxie, adv. (anxius), anxiously, aquae, the winter rains. painfully.

Aquila, ae, f., an eagle; the prinAnxius, a, um, adj. (ango), anx- cipal standard of the Roman

ious, disquieted, troubled; un- Jegion.

easy, apprehensive, fearful. Aquor, äri, ätus, dop. (aqua), to Apěrio, ire, erui, ertum, tr. (ad get or draw water.

+ pario), to open, uncover, un- | Ara, ae, f., an altar. Pro aris atveil, display, discover, disclose, que focis, for house and hearth show.

for one's dearest possessions. Aperte, adv. (apertus), openly, Arbiter, tri, m., a witness, spectaclearly, distinctly, manifestly, tor; an arbiter, umpire. publicly.

Arbitrātus, ūs, m. (arbitror), will, Apertus, a, um, part. and adj. judgment, opinion; pleasure, (aperio), open, clear, manifest, choice.

Arbitrium, i, n. (arbiter), the de. | Armenii, orum, m. pl., the Ar

cision of an arbitrator; judg- menians. ment, decision, award ; will, Armo, āre, åvi, ātum, tr. (arma), pleasure, inclination.

to arm, equip. Arbitror, äri, ätus, dep. (arbiter), Aro, āre, ävi, ätum, tr., to plough,

to think, judge, suppose, be- cultivate, till; to acquire by Jieve,

husbandry. Arbor and Arbos, oris, f., a Arpinum, i, n., a town of Latium, tree.

where Plautus, Cicero, and MaArbustum, i, n. (arbor), an orch- rius were born : it is now called

ard, a vineyard planted with Arpino. trees.

Arrectus, a, um, part. from arArcesso, ère, ivi, itum, tr. (pres. rigo.

inf. pass. arcessi or arcessīri), Arreptus, a, um, part. from arto summon, send for, invite; ripio. to accuse, arraign. Arcessere Arrotinus, a, um, adj., Arretinicapitis, to accuse of a capital an, pertaining to Arretinum, a crime.

city of Etruria, now Arezzo. Arcis. See Arx.

Arrigo, ĕre, exi, ectum, tr. (ad+ Arcte or Arte, adv. (arctus), close- rego), to raise, erect; to excite,

ly, compactly, in close order, arouse, animate, encourage. straitly, strictly.

Arripio, ère, ipui, eptum, tr. (ad Ardens, entis, part. and adj. (ar- +rapio), to take by force, seize,

deo), on fire, burning, glowing, snatch, lay hold of.

ardent, eager, impatient. Arrðgo, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. (ad + Arděo, ēre, arsi, arsum, intr., to rogo), to arrogate, claim as one's

burn, glow; to be eager, ardent, own, assume. impatient.

Ars, artis, f., an art, faculty, qualArdor, õris, m. (ardeo), a' flame, ity; skill, knowledge; character,

fire, burning heat; ardor, fer- habit, practice, conduct; artivor, eagerness. Haud procul ab fice, trick, stratagem. In aliis ardoribus, not far from the burn- artibus, in other respects. ing (i. e. tropical) heat.

Arte. See Arcte. Ardous, a, um, adj., high, lofty, Artifex, īcis, m. and f. (ars + fa

steep; arduous, difficult, labori- cio), an artificer, artist. Adj., ous, troublesome.

skilful, ingenious, practised, Arēna, ae, f. (areo), sand.

skilled. Arenösus, a, um, adj. (arena), Artificium, i, n. (artifex), an art, sandy.

trade; skill, contrivance; artiArgentum, i, n., silver; silver fice, cunning, artfulness. money, money.

Arvum, i, n. (aro), a ploughed Aridus, a, um, adj. (areo), arid, field ; a field, cultivated land. dry, parched, thirsty.

Arx, arcis, f., a lofty place, top or Aries, ětis, m., a ram; a batter- summit of a hill; a castle, ing-ram.

stronghold, fortress, citadel. Arma, örum, n. pl., arms, armor, Ascendo, ère, di, sum, tr, and weapons; war, warfare.

intr. (ad + scando), to ascend, Armātus, a, um, part. and adj. go up, mount, climb. Navim as

(armo), armed. Armati, orum, cendere = to embark.

m. pl., armed men, soldiers. Ascensus, ūs, m. (ascend Armenius, a, um, adj., Arme- cent, an ascending. pian.

Ascisco. See Adscisco.

an as


Asia, ae, f., Asia ; sometimes-put pressing comparison, such as, for Asia Minor.

pariter, juxta, secus, alius, etc. Aspar, åris, in., a Numidian sent Simul atque, as soon as.

by Jugurtha as ambassador to Atrocitas, ātis, f. (atrox), atrocKing Bocchus.

ity, cruelty, barbarity, horribleAsper, ēra, örum, adj., rough,

rugged, uneven ; troublesome, Atrociter, adv. (atrox), cruelly, dangerous, adverse; harsh,riyor. fiercely, atrociously, violently,

ous, cruel ; unpleasant, severe. harshly. Aspěre, adv. (asper), roughly, Atrox, öcis, adj., fierce, cruel, harshly, keenly, bitterly.

harsh, atrocious, horrible, hidAsperitas, ātis, f. (asper), rough- eous; perilous, severe, violent.

ness, ruggedness, unevenness; Attendo, ére, endi, entum, tr. harshness, asperity; difficulty, (ad + tendo), to stretch, direct, to danger.

turn toward. Attendere animum, Aspernor, åri, åtus, dep. (ad + to direct the attention, attend to,

sperno), to disdain, reject, des- give heed to, mind, consider. pise, spurn.

Attente, adv. (attentus), attentiveAssentior, iri, sensus, dep. (ad ly, diligently, carefully, assidu

+ sentio), to assent to, agree, ously. consent.

Attěro, ĕre, trivi, tritum, tr. Assěquor, i, cutus, dep. (ad + (ad + tero), to rub against, to

sequor), to follow, overtake; to wear away, to chafe, impair, gain, obtain, attain to.

weaken, diminish, destroy. Assideo, ère, ēdi, essum, intr. Attiněo, ére, inui, entum, tr.

(ad + sedeo), to sit, sit beside (ad + teneo), to hold, keep, deor next to.

tain, occupy; to delay, amuse. Assido, ĕre, essi, intr. (ad + sido), Attingo, ĕre, igi, actum, tr. (ad

to sit down, to take one's seat. + tango), to touch, to reach, atAssisto, ěre, stiti, intr. (adt tain; to border upon; to engage

sisto,) to stand near or by; to in, touch upon briefly, touch take one's stand.

lightly upon. Assūmo, ĕre, mpsi, mptum, tr. Attribŭo, ère, ui, utum, tr. (ad+

jad+sumo), to take, assume, re- tribuo), to attribute, assign, be

ceive, choose; to usurp, arrogate. stow, give. Astringo, ěre, nxi, ictum, tr. Attritus, a, um, part. from attero.

(ad + stringo), to draw close, to Auctor, oris, m. (augeo), an aupress, bind, tie; to tiyhten, con- thor, contriver, maker, founder;

tract; to oblige, necessitate. a voucher, approver, instigator, Astūtia, ae, f. (astutus), shrewd- adviser, proposer; a reporter,

ness, craftiness,dexterity, adroit- informant; a doer, performer. ness, cunning, slyness.

Auctoritas, ätis, f. (auctor), au. At, conj., but, but yet. At often thority, dominion, power, juris

serves to introduce an objection diction : influence, force, weight; of a supposed opponent.

reputation; an ordinance, deAthēnae, àrum, f. pl., Athens, the cree (e.g. auctoritas senatus). capital of Attica.

Auctus, a, um, part. and adj. Atheniensis, e, adj. (Athenae), (augeo), enlarged, increased, ad

Athenian. Athenienses, ium, vanced, improved. m. pl., the Athenians.

Audacia, ae, f. (audax), boldness, Atque, conj. (ad +que), and, and courage; audacity, impudence,

also; than, as, after words ex- presumption.

Audaciter or Audacter, comp. | Aversus, a, um, part. and adj.

audacius, adv. (audax), boldly, (averto), turned away, averted, courageously, fearlessly, auda- opposite to; averse, unfriendly, ciousıy.

hostile, alienated. Audax, acis, adj., bold, courageous, | Averto, ĕre, ti, sum, tr. (a +

resolute, intrepid; audacious, verto), to turn away, avert, didaring, impudent.

vert ; to put to flight; to alienAuděo, ére, ausus, half dep., to ate, estrange.

dare, be so bold as. With facere, Avide, adv. (avidus), eagerly, aggredi, etc., omitted, to under- earnestly. take, attempt.

Avidus, a, um, adj. (aveo), eager, Audio, ire, ivi, itum, tr., to hear, desirous, earnest, ardent, greedy; listen to.

avaricious, covetous, ainbitious. Augěo, ēre, auxi, auctum, tr. and Avius, a, um, adj. (a + via), im

intr., to increase, augment, en- passable, inaccessible; unfrelarge; to advance, promote; to quented, lonely. grow, strengthen.

Avorsus, a, um. See Aversus. Augesco, ĕre, intr. incho. (augeo), Avorto. See Averto.

to begin to grow, to becoine Avus, i, m., a grandfather.

greater, to grow, increase. Aulus, i, m., a Latin praenomen. Aulus Postumius Albinus, a bro

B. ther of the consul Spurius Albinus.

Baebius, i, m., Caius Baebius, a Aurelia, ae, f., Aurelia Orestilla, tribune of the plebs. the wife of Catiline.

Baleāris, e, adj., Balearic, of the Auris, is, f., the ear.

Balearic islands. Aurum, i, n., gold; money. Barbărus, a, um, adj., barbaric, Ausus, a, um, part. from audeo. not Greek nor Roman, foreign; Aut, conj., or. Aut-aut, either barbarian, barbarous. Barbări, Non-aut, neither örum, m., barbarians, neither

Greeks nor Romans. Autem, conj., but, yet; and, more- Bellicosus, a, um, adj. (bellum), over; also, likewise.

warlike, martial. Autronius, i, m., Publius Autro- Bellicus, a, um, adj. (bellum),

nius, a Roman senator, confeder- military, warlike, martial. ate with Catiline.

Bellum, i, n., war. Belli domique Auxiliarius, a, um, adj. (auxil- =in war and in peace.

inm), aiding, helping, auxiliary. Belliēnus, i, m., Lucius Bellienus, Auxilior, āri, ātus, dep. (auxil- a Roman praetor.

ium), to assist, aid, help, succor. Belua, ae, f., a beast, an animal. Auxilium, i, n. (augen), assist- Bene, comp. melius, sup. optime, ance, aid, help, succor. Aux- adv., well, happily, successilia, pl., auxiliary troops, aux- fully. iliaries.

Benedico, ĕre, xi, ctum, tr. and Avaritia, ae, f. (avārus), avarice, intr. (bene + dico), to speak covetousness.

well of, commend, praise; to Aveɔ or Haveo, ēre, intr., to be bless.

fortunate, well. Ured chiefly in Benefacio, ĕre, fēci, factum, intr. the imperative, ave, avēto (have, (bene + facio), to do good, benehavēto), hail, be prosperous, fit, confer a favor. farewell.

Benefactum, i, n. (benefacio), a

or. nor.

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