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Sonitus, üs, m. (sono), a sound, stripped from a defeated enemy; noise, din.

booty, prey, spoil, plunder. Sons, tis, adj., guilty, criminal. Sponsio, onis, f. (spondeo), a Sordidus, a, um, adj. (sordes), promise, guarantee, agreement.

tilthy, dirty, foul, squalid; low, Spurius, i, m., a Roman praeno

base, mean : sordid, niggardly. Sors, tis, f. (sero), a lot; a cast- Statilius, i, m., Lucius Statilius,

ing or drawing of lots; fate, confederate with Catiline. destiny, chance, fortune, con- | Statim, adv. (sto), forth with, im. dition.

mediately, instantly. Sp., an abbreviation of Spurius. Stativus, a, um, adj. (sto), standSparus, i, m., a spear, dart, lance; ing, stationary. Stativa castra, a hunting-spear.

a standing or stationary camp. Spatium, i, n., a space, distance, Statóo, ĕre, ui, ütum, tr. (sto), interval; a path, course; a space to set up, raise, build, erect; to of time, time.

put, place, set, station, estabSpecies, ei, (specio), the outward lisb; to conclude, determine, re

appearance, outside, exterior; solve, decide; to appoint, assign, form, figure, appearance; look, ordain. show, seeming, semblance, pre- Status, űs, m. (sto), a standing, potence, color, pretext, cloak; an sition; posture, attitude; conimage, likeness.

dition, state, situation; station, Spectacŭlum, i, n. (specto), a rank. sight, show, spectacle ; a public Stimŭlo, åre, ävi, ätum, tr. (stimshow.

ulus), to goad, torment, vex, Spectātus, a, um, part. and adj. trouble, disturb, to spur on, in(specto), tried, tested, proved; cite, rouse up, stimulate. worthy, esteemed, looked up Stipātor, oris, m. (stipo), an atto.

tendant; plural, a retinue; atSpecto, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. freq. tendants. (specio), to look at, behold; to Stipendium, i, n. (stips +pendo), see, observe, watch, regard; to a tax, impost, tribute; the pay examine, test, try.

of soldiers; military service; a Speculātor, oris, m. (specŭlor), a campaign. Stipendin facere, to

scout, spy; searcher, investiga- perform military service. Stitor.

pendin emerēri, to serve out one's Specŭlor, äri, ätus, dep. (specŭla), time. to spy out, watch, observe, ex- Stirps, pis, m. and f., a root, amine, explore.

stem, stalk, of a tree, plant, etc.; Spero, äre, åvi, ātum, tr., to hope, source, origin, foundation ; stock, trust; to expect.

family, race, lineage. Ab stirpe, Spes, ēi, f., hope, expectation. from the root, utterly. Spinther, čris, m., Publius Corne- Strenŭe, adv. (strenuus), strenlius Lentulus Spinther, a Roman uously, vigorously, actively, aedile in B. C. 63.

promptly. Spiro, āre, ävi, ätum, intr., to Strenŭus, a, um, adj., active, breathe.

strenuous, energetic, vigorous, Spolio, āre, ävi, ätum, tr. (spo- prompt. quick, nimble. lium), to strip, roh, plunder, Strepitus, ūs, m. (strepo), a clashpillage, spoil; to deprive, de- ing, rattling, rustling, clattering; spoil.

a din, clamor, shouting, uproar, Spolium, i, n., the arms or armor hoise.



Strepo, ère, ui, itum, intr., to i Subsidium, i, n. (subsideo), the

make a voise; to clatter, rattle, troops stationed in reserve, rerustle, murmur, roar, ring. Stre- serve, reinforcement; support, pere voce, to vell, shout.

aid, assistance, help, protecStuděo, ére, ui, —, intr., to be

tion. eager, zealous; to apply one's Subvěnio, ire, vēni, ventum, intr. self; to be devoted to, to be at- (sub + venio). to come up or tached or favorable to, to favor; advance to one's assistance, to to desire, aim, strive after.

help, aid, succor, assist, relieve. Studium, i, n. (studeo), zeal, ardor, Subveniundum est, assistance

eagerness, fondness, inclination, should be given. desire, endeavor; devotion, fa- Subverto or Subvorto, ĕre, ti, vor, good-will; pursuit. Studia sum, tr. (sub + verto). to turn civilia, civil dissensions.

upside-down, upset, overturn; to Stultitia, ae, f. (stultus), folly, overthrow, subvert, demolish, foolishness, silliness.

destroy, ruin. Stultus, a, um, adj., foolish, silly. Succédo, ĕre, cessi, cossum, intr. Stuprum, i, n., defilement, dis- (sub + cedo), to mount, ascend;

grace; debauchery, lewdness, to approach, advance, inarch up; unchastity. Stupra frcere, to to follow, succeed.

commit acts of lewdness. Sucourro, ĕre, curri, cursum, Suaděo, ére, si, sum, tr. and intr., intr. (sub + curro), to run

to advise, persuade, exhort, rec- hasten to; to help, aid, assist, ommend.

succor, relieve. Sub, prep. with the accus. or ablat., Sudes, is, f., a stake.

under, underneath, beneath, at Sudor, oris, m., sweat; labor, toil, the foot of; on; at, during; difficulty, fatigue.

towards, close to, near, by. Suffodio, ĕre, födi, fossum, tr. Subactus, a, um, part. from Sub- (sub + fodio), to dig under, sap, igo.

undermine. Subdole, adv. (subdolus), some- Suffragatio, onis, f. (suffrāgor), a

what craftily, cunningly, or de- voting for one, interest, favor, ceitfully.

support, recommendation. Subdolus, a, um, adj. (sub + Sui, sibi, se, pers. pron., m. f. and

dolus), somewhat crafty, cun- n., of himself, herself, itself,

ning, sly, subtle or deceitful. themselves. Accus. and ablat., Subdüco, ěry, xi, ciüm, tr. (suh + sese, (i. e. se + se).

duco), to draw or haul up; to Sulla, ae, m., Publius Cornelius withdraw, draw off, lead away, Sulla, who, while consul elect, remove, steal.

was convicted of bribery. Subfodio, ěre. See Suffodio. Suila, ae, m., Servius Cornelius Subigo, ére, ēgi, actum, tr. (sub Sulla, brother of the preced

+ ago), to break up, dig up, ing, confederate with Catiline. plough; to put down, overcome, Sulla, ae, m., Lucius Cornelius conquer, subjugate, subdue, sub- Sulla, the celebrated Roman dicject; to incite, impel; to force, tator and opponent of Marius. compel, constrain.

Sullānus, a, um, adj. (Sulla), of Sublātus, a, um, part. from Tollo. Sulla, Sulla's, Sullan. Sublěvo, åre, ävi, ätum, tr. (sub Sulphur or Sulfur, ŭris, n., sul

+ levo), to lift up, raise up, sup- phur, brimstone. port; to assist, aid, sustain; to Sum, esse, fui, -, irreg. intr., to lighten,alleviate,mitigate,lessen. be, exist, live, stay, continue.

Summus, a, um, adj. (super, of store, to be present; to suffice,

supěrus), highest, very high; be sufficient. topmost, uppermost; the last; Supplementum, i, n. (suppleo), a greatest, supreme; inost emi- tilling up, supply, supplement;

nent, illustrious, distinguished. recruits, reintorcements. Summum, i, n. (suminus), the Supplex, ïcis, adj. (sub + plico), top. summit.

suppliant, supplicant, entreatSumo, ĕre, sumpsi, sumptum, tr., ing, beseeching, submissive,

to take, take up, receive; to as- huible. As a noun, a supplisume, maintain ; to undertake; ant, supplicant. to choose, select.

Supplicium, i, n. (supplex), a Sumptus, ūs, in. (sumo), expense, public prayer, an act of worship, charge, cost.

supplication, sacrifice, offering; Supellex, lectilis, f., household an bumble entreaty; punishment,

utensils, furniture, or goods. penalty, distress, suffering. Super, prep. with the accus. and Supplico, are, ävi, ätum, intr.

ablat., over, above, on, upon, be- (supplex), to kueel down, to yond, more than; of, on, about, pray or beg humbly, to beseech, concerning.

implore, supplicate; to worship. Super, adv., over, above; moreover, Supra, prep. with the accus. (su

besides. Salis superque, enough pěrus), above, over, upon, beand more than enough.

yond, more than. Superbia, ae, f. (superbus), haugh- Supra, adv. (supěrus), abore, be

tiuess, pride. arrogance. Por fore, previously; beyond, over,

superbiam, haughtily, proudly. morethan. Suprıi esse,to surpass. Superbus, a, um, adj., proud, Sura, ae, m. See Lentŭlus.

haughty, arrogint, insolent. Susceptus, a, um, part. from SusSuperior, us, a.lj. (comp. of supě. cipio.

rus), upper, higher, superior; Suscípio, ĕre, cēpi, ceptum, tr. preceding, tormer, past, previ. (sub + capio), to take, receive; ous; more eminent, illustrious, to undertake, assume, incur, or distinguished.

enter upon; to undergo, subunit Supěro, áre, ävi, ätum, tr. (su- to, suffer.

per), to surmount, overtop ; to Suspectus, a, um, part. and adj. be superior, surpass, exceed, (suspicio), mistrusted, outstrip, excel, outdo; to over- pected, exciting suspicion, suscoine, overpower, conquer, van- picious. quish, subdue; to remain over, Suspicio, önis, f. (suspicio), misabound, be abundant.

trust, distrust, suspicion. Supersto, äre,

to stand Suspicio, ĕre, pexi, pectum, tr. upon or over.

(suh-t specio), to look up or Supěrus, a, um, adj., comp. su- upward; to look up to, admire,

perior, super. supremus or sum- regard, esteem; to mistrust, sus.

mus, (super), above, upper. pect. Supervacaněus, a, um, adj. (su- Suspicor, äri, ätus, dep. tr. (sus

pervăco), needless, useless, su- picio), to mistrust, suspect, apperfluous, unnecessary.

prehend, surmise, suppose. Supervādo, ère, -, -, tr. (super Sustento, åre, ävi, ätum, tr.freq. + vado), to surmount, pass (sustiněo), to hold up, to uphold,

support, sustain, maintain, preSuppěto, ĕre, ivi, itum, intr. (sub serve; to hold out, endure; to

+ peto), to be at hind or in defer, delay.




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Sustiněo, ére, tinui, tentum, tr. Taeda, ae, f., the pitch-pine tree;

(sub + teneo), to uphold, bear a torch, firebrand. up, support, inaintain, sustain; Taedet, duit, or taesum est, imto check, restrain, hold back; to pers., it disgusts, offends, wearies. undergo, endure, withstand ; to Taedet me=I am weary of, deter, delay.

dispusted with. Sustollo, ére, -, -, tr. (subt, Taedium, i, n. (taedet), weariness,

tollo), to lift, raise, or take up; irksomeness, tediousness; loath

to take away, remove, destroy. inz, disguist. Suthul, indecl., n., a town in Nu- Taeter, tra, trum, adj. See Teter. midia.

Talis, e, adj., such, ot such a kind, Suus, a, um, porrere. adj. pron. sort, or quality, such-like; so

(sui), bis, her, its, their; his own, distinguished, great or eminent. etc.; hers, theirs. Suum, sua, 'Tam, alv., so, so much, so very. one's owv, one's property, effects, Tamen, conj., notwithstanding, rights. Sui, one's friends, rela- nevertheless, fo: all that, yet,

tives, people, party, soldiers. still, however. Syphax, acis, m., a king of Nu- . Tametsi, conj. (tamen + etsi),

midia, conquered by Scipio. though, although, notwithstandSyrtis, is, f., a sand-bank in the ing that. sea, quicksands, syrtis; partic- Tamquam or Tanquam, adv. (tam ularly two sandy gulfs on the + quam), as it, as, just as, as it porthern coast of Africa, Syrtis were, so to speak. major, now Sidra, and Syrtis Tana, ae, m.. å river of Numidia. minor, pow Cabes.

Tandem, adv. (tam + dem), at

length, at last, finally; pray, T.


Tantum, adv. (tantus), only, alone, T., an abbreviation of Titus.

merely; so, so much, so long, so Tabernacŭlum, i, n. (taberna), a greatly, to such a degree. tent.

Tantummodo or Tantum modo, Tabes, is, f. (tabeo), a wasting adv. (tantum + inodo), only,

away, consumption, corruption; alone, merely. a wasting disease, a plague, pes- Tantus, a, um, adj., so great, so tilence.

much, so many, such. Tanto, Tabesco, ěre, tabui, intr. incho. ablat., hy so much, the.

(tabev), to melt away; to waste, Tarde, (tardus), slowly, tarpine, dwindle away; to decay, dily. Janguish, decline, fade.

Tardus, a, um, adj., slow, tardy, Tabŭla, ae, f., a board, plank; å sluggish ; dull, stupid.

tablet, writing-tablet; a picture, Tarquinius, i, m., Lucius Tarpainting. Tabúlae, pl., writings, quinius, confederate with Catirecords, accounts. Tabulae no- line. vae, new accounts, an abolition Tectum, i, n. (tego), a roof, house, of debts.

dwelling, abode, shelter. Tacěo, ére, ui, įtum, intr., to he Tectus, a, um, part from Tego.

silent, hold one's peace, say Tego, ĕre, texi, tectum, tr., to rothing.

cover, hide, conceal, cloak, disTacitus, a, um, adj. (taceo), silent, guise ; to defend, protect, shelter.

in silence, still, quiet, mute; Telum, i, n., a missile, weapon; a unmentioned; concealed, unob- dart, spear, javelin ; a dagger, served.

poniard, sword.

Toměre, adv., by chance, at ran- | Terentius, i, m., Cnaeus Teren

dom, without design, intent, or tius, a Roman senator. purpose; casually, fortuitously, Tergum, i, n., the back. A (ab) rashly, thoughtlessly, inconsid- tergo, from behind, hehind, in erately.

the rear. Temeritas, ätis, f. (teměre), te- Terra, ae, f., the earth, the land ; &

merity, rashness, heedlessness, country. Orbis terrae (terrarum),

thoughtlessness, foolhardiness. the earth, the whole world. Temperantia, ae, f. (tempěro), Terracinensis, is, m., a Terracin

moderation, temperance, sobrie- ian, an inhabitant of Terraty, discreetness.

cina. Tempěro, äre, ävi, ätum, tr. and Terrěo, ēre, ui, itum, tr., to ter

intr. (tempus), to temper, mix rify, affright, alarm, frighten. in due proportion ; to initigate, Terribilis, e, adj. (terreo), frightsoften, regulate, moderate; to ful, terrible, dreadful, shockset bounds to, restrain; to be ing. moderate.

Terror, oris, m. (terreo), terror, Tempestas, ātis, f. (tempus), time, affright, dread, aların, dismay.

an occasion, season, period; a Tertius, a, um, num. adj. (ter), storm, tempest; commotion, dis- the third.

turbance, calamity, misfortune. Testamentum, i, n. (testor), a Templum, i, n., a temple; a con- testament, a last will.

secrated or sacred place, a sanc- Testis, is, m. and f., a witness. tuary.

Testor, äri, ätus, dep. (testis), to Tempto, äre, åvi, ätum, tr. freq. testify, witness, bear witness,

(tendo), to attack, assail, make attest; to show, prove, declare, an attempt upon ; to try, exam- aver; to call to witness, appeal ine, prove, put to the test; to to. attempt, essay; to urge, incite; Testūdo, inis, f., a tortoise; a tes

to tempt, sound, tamper with. tudo, a covering formed of the Tempus, õris, n., time; an occa- shields of the soldiers held over

sion, season, opportunity. In their heads; also, a movable tempore or ad tempus, in time, at shed under which besiegers the right time, seasonably.

worked. Tendo, ĕre, tetendi, tensum or Teter, tra, trum, adj., foul, offen

tentum, tr. and intr., to stretch sive, noisome, hideous, loathout, spread out, extend ; to go, some. march, travel, direct one's course; Tetrarches, ae, m., a tetrarch, to exert one's self, contend, en- ruler of the fourth part of a deavor, strive, aim at, tend.

country. Teněbrae, árum, f. pl., darkness, Thala, ae, f., a town in Numidia. gloom, obscurity.

Theraei, órum or on, m. pl., the Teněo, ére, ui, tentum, tr., to Theraeans, the inhabitants of

hold, keep, possess, occupy; to Thera, an island near Crete. detain, delay; to restrain, ab- Thesaurus, i, m., a hoard, store; stain, refrain; to guard, defend, a treasure; a treasury, treasuremaintain; to reach, attain, ob- chamber, magazine, repository, tain; to hold out, last, endure, store-house. continue; to

grasp, compre- Thirmida, ae, f., a town in Numihend.

dia. Tento, äre, ävi, ätum. See Temp. Thrax, acis, adj., Thracian. A. to.

a noun, a Thracian.

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