Language and Change in the Arab Middle East: The Evolution of Modern Arabic Political Discourse
Oxford University Press, 16 lug 1987 - 226 pagine
Middle Eastern society experienced sudden and profound change in the 19th century under the impact of European expansion and influence. But as Western ideas about politics, technology, and culture began to infiltrate Arab society, the old language proved to be an inadequate vehicle for transmitting these alien concepts from abroad. In this study of the rise of modern Arabic, Ayalon examines 19th-century linguistic change in the Eastern Arab world as a mirror of changing Arab perceptions and responses to the West as well as a guide to the emergence of modern Arabic concepts, institutions, and practices. Focusing on the realm of political discourse, Ayalon looks at a wide array of evidence--local chronicles, travel accounts, translations of European writings, Arab political treatises, newspapers and periodicals, and dictionaries--to show how shifts in the color, tone, and meaning of the Arab vocabulary reflected a new socio-political and cultural reality.
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1 Religious Communities and NationStates
2 Sultans Kings Emperors
3 Subjects and Citizens
4 The Sociopolitical EliteTraditional Standards of Seniority
5 The Sociopolitical EliteLeadership by Popular Election
6 Constitutions Laws Legislation
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Abū al-Su'ud al-Bāshā al-Bashir al-Hilal al-Janna al-Jawā’ib al-Jinan al-Muqattam al-Nahla al-Nashra al-Tahtawi al-Waqā'i al-Misriyya Allāh Arab writers arbāb assembly ayān Bayyā became Beirut Birjis Bāris Butrus Cairo common concept constitution council Dā'irat al-ma‘ārif denote designate Desmichels diwān E.g. Hadiqat al-akhbār Egypt Egyptian elected Europe European example foreign France French French Revolution hizb Ibn Khaldūn idea idem imbarātūr institutions Ishaq Islamic Istanbul Jabarti July jumhūriyya June Kanz king language Lebanese Mahmūd majlis malik Mamluk mashyakha meaning Middle East Middle Eastern milla modern monarchs Mudda Muhammad Muntakhabāt Muslim nā’ib Nazm nineteenth century notion nuwwab Ottoman Ottoman Empire Paris Parliament political Qalā'id Qalqashandi qānūn Qāsim Qurra ratiyya reference republic Rihla rulers semantic sense sha'b shari'a shaykh Shihâbi shūrā sovereigns Sultan Ta'rikh Tahtawi Takhlis term tion traditional translation Turk Turkish umma Voltaire wakil word wukalā Zarābī