Immagini della pagina
PDF
ePub
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

CONTENTS OF VOLUME VI.

CHAPTER XLVI.

CAMPAIGN OF FRIEDLAND AND TILSIT.

Negotiations and preparations of both parties during the suspension of hostilities
in Spring 1807 — Vast efforts of the Russians and French to recruit their armies, and
prodigious force which the latter collected on the Vistula-Reduction of all the re-
maining Silesian fortresses-Siege and capture of Dantzic-Advance of Napoleon
against the Russians-- Battle of Heilsberg--Great and decisive battle of Friedland
Armistice and negotiations at Tilsit-interview between Alexander and Napoleon on
the raft on the Niemen- Articles of the treaty of Tilsit-Its secret articles, particu-
larly regarding the Danish and Portuguese fleets, and the partition of Turkey by
France and Russia—perfidious abandonment of Turkey by Napoleon, and half measures
pursued by him regarding Poland.-P. 205-327.

CHAPTER XLVII.

CONTINENTAL SYSTEM AND IMPERIAL GOVERNMENT OF

NAPOLEON.

Change in Napoleon's plans for the subjugation of England - His vast designs for
a maritime confederacy, and the increase of his naval force-Berlin and Milan De-
crees-Their Objects and Tendency--Retaliatory Measures adopted by the British
Government-Orders in Council-Debates on the Subject in Parliament-Return of
Napoleon to Paris-His Legislative Measures there, and General System of Govern-
ment-Slavish Conduct of the Legislature, and Despotic Character of his Administra-
tion-Centralization System-Re-establishment of Titles of Honour-Total Sup-
pression of the Liberty of the Press-System of Fusion of the Ancient and Modern
Noblesse--Court Etiquette-Internal Prosperity of France from the Continental
System, and Contributions on other States—Establishment of State Prisons or Bas.
tiles-Finances of the Empire-Rigour of the Conscription Laws—Imperial System
of Education-Lyceums and Military Schools-Universal Abandonment of Republic
can Ideas in France, and Transition, by General Consent, to a Centralized Despotism
-Reflections on the Causes of this Change, and the different Character of the Eng-
lish and French Revolutions.-P. 328-441.

CHAPTER XLVIII.

FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS OF EUROPE FROM THE PEACE OF TILSIT

TO THE OPENING OF THE SPANISH WAR.

State and Policy of Russia after the Peace of Tilsit-Establishment of the Grand
Duchy of Warsaw and Kingdom of Westphalia-State and Wise Measures of Prussia-
Rise of the Tugenbund or Secret Societies-Austria-Its Policy and Statistics at this

period-Sweden-Conquest of Pomerania and Fall of Stralsund- Reasons which led
to the Copenhagen Expedition ---Its decisive and important success-Sensation which
it excited in Europe-Soon justified by the conduct of Napoleon to Portugal-Argu-
ments for and against the Expedition in Parliament-Rupture of Russia with Eng.
land-And cordial Accession of Denmark to the League against Great Britain-
Affairs of Russia and Turkey, and Renewal of the War between them--Further En-
croachments of France on Holland, Germany, and Italy-Danger of England, and
rast importance of the blow against the designs of Napoleon already struck by the
Copenhagen Expedition.-P. 442-512.

CHAPTER XLIX.

PROXIMATE CAUSES OF THE PENINSULAR WAR.

Early formation of ambitious designs by Napoleon against the Monarchs of the
Peninsula-Which are approved of by Alexander at Tilsit-Commencement of the
French Intrigues at Madrid and Lisbon, as soon as Napoleon returns to Paris-Cha-
racter of the leading Political Characters in the Peninsula-Secret Treaty of Fon-
tainbleau between Napoleon and Charles IV.–Napoleon's perfidious designs against
both the Peninsular Thrones-Expedition of Junot into Portugal-Seizure of Lisbon,
and Embarkation of the Royal Family there for the Brazils-Occupation of the whole
country by Napoleon, in defiance of the Treaty of Fontainbleau-Progress of the In-
trigues in Spain-Arrest of Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias-Entrance of the French
troops into Spain, and seizure of its frontier fortresses--The Prince of Peace seeing
himself outwitted, prepares for war, Tumult at Aranjuez and abdication of Charles
IV.-Continued advance of the French troops, and their entry into Madrid-Napoleon
comes to Bayonne-Whither by his advice the Prince of Asturias also comes-And is
followed by Charles IV., the Queen, and the Prince of Peace-Treacherous conduct
of the French Emperor to all these parties--Ferdinand is forced and Charles IV, in-
duced to resign their rights to the Spanish crown-Tumult at Madrid - Prodigious
sensation which it excites throughout the Peninsula, Napoleon confers the crown of
Spain on his brother Joseph-- Assembly of Notables at Bayonne-Reflections on the
unparalleled fraud and duplicity of the French Emperor in these proceedings.-P.
513-623.

CHAPTER L.

CAMPAIGN OF 1808 IN SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.

Political character and situation of the Spanish and Portuguese nations, and phy-
sical conformation of the country they inhabit-Causes which have led to this pecu-
liar and durable character_Church-Army- And Civil Government--Strength, dis-
cipline, and character of the French army at this period—And of the British-
Spanish and Portuguese-Commencement of the insurrection in Spain-Its universal
character, and partial sanguinary excesses-Constitution of Bayonne, and proceedings
of the Spanish grandees there-Arrival of Joseph at Madrid-Debates on the Spanish
war in the British Parliament, and universal joy in the British Isles-Operations of
the French in Castile and Arragon-Battle of Rio Seco-Unsuccessful Siege of Sara-
gossa— Defeat of Moncey at Valencia-Surrender of Dupont in Andalusia-Defeats of
the French in Catalonia and at Gerona–Retreat of Joseph and the French troops
from Madrid and all parts of Spain behind the Ebro-Insurrection in Portugal -
Operations of Junot there-Expedition of Sir A. Wellesley to its shores—Action of
Roliga, Battle of Vimeira and Convention of Cintra-Senseless clamour in Great
Britain on the subject- Advance of the English army under Sir John Moore into
Spain-Interview of Napoleon and Alexander at Erfurth-Its secret objects-- Vast
forces which he sends into the Peninsula-Great conscription in France-- Arrival of
Napoleon on the Ebro-Winter campaign in the north of Spain— Battles of Espinosa-
Burgos—Tudela-and dispersion of the Spanish armies—Forcing of the Somo-Sierra
Pass and fall of Madrid - Napoleon's arrival there--Advance of Sir John Moore to
Sahagun-Rapid march of Napoleon to surround him-Important effects of this move-
ment, Retreat to Corunna, and hardships undergone by the troops during it-Battle
of Corunna, and death of Sir John Moorc-Reflections on the campaign, and the im-
portant consequence of his operations.-P. 624-881.

« IndietroContinua »