Galileo’s Logic of Discovery and Proof: The Background, Content, and Use of His Appropriated Treatises on Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics

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Springer Science & Business Media, 6 dic 2012 - 333 pagine
This volume is presented as a companion study to my translation of Galileo's MS 27, Galileo's Logical Treatises, which contains Galileo's appropriated questions on Aristotle's Posterior Analytics - a work only recently transcribed from the Latin autograph. Its purpose is to acquaint an English-reading audience with the teaching in those treatises. This is basically a sixteenth-century logic of discovery and of proof about which little is known in the present day, yet one that arguably guided the most significant research program of the seventeenth century. Despite its historical and systematic importance, the teaching is difficult to explain to the modern reader. Part of the problem stems from the fragmentary nature of the manuscript in which it is preserved, part from the contents of the teaching itself, which requires a considerable propadeutic for its comprehension. A word of explanation is thus required to set out the structure of the volume and to detail the editorial decisions that underlie its organization. Two major manuscript studies have advanced the cause of scholarship on Galileo within the past two decades. The first relates to Galileo's experimental activity at Padua prior to his discoveries with the telescope that led to the publication of his Sidereus nuncius in 1610. Much of this activity has been uncovered by Stillman Drake in analyses of manuscript fragments associated with the composition of Galileo's Two New Sciences, fragments now bound in a codex identified as MS 72 in the collection of Galileiana at the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale in Florence.
 

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Indice

Table of Contents
METHOD IN THE GREEK AND LATIN TRADITIONS
NOTES
THE TERM INTENTION AND ITS VARIOUS KINDS
INSTRUMENTS OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWING
INVENTIVE VS JUDICATIVE SCIENCE
NOTES
Science and Opinion as Understood in MS 27
TOPICS RELATED TO SCIENTIFIC ARGUMENT
RHETORIC AND DIALECTICS
NOTES
Demonstration and Its Requirements in MS 27
FOREKNOWLEDGE IN GENERAL
PRINCIPLES AND SUPPOSITIONS IN DEMONSTRATION
3
SUBJECTS AND PROPERTIES IN DEMONSTRATION

THE POSSIBILITY ORIGIN AND CAUSES OF SCIENCE
THE NATURE AND ATTRIBUTES OF SCIENCE
CLASSIFICATION OF THE SCIENCES
MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES
OPINION AS RELATED TO SCIENCE
THE PROBABLE SYLLOGISM AND THE TOPICS
THE NATURE AND KINDS OF DEMONSTRATION
CAUSES AND EFFECTS
INDUCTION
THE PREMISES OF A DEMONSTRATION
Copyright

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