Immagini della pagina

August 15.

that piece of cloth whereof was composed

the glorious garment of hypostatical union, ASSUMPTION, B. V.M.

where the worker was the Holy Ghost,

the hand the virtue of the Most High, the This Romish festival is retained in the wool the old spoils of Adam, the woof church of England calendar.

your own immaculate flesh, and the shuttle God's incomparable goodness, which

freely gave us the ineffable person of the Our old acquaintance Barnaby Googe word incarnate. shimes of this festival from Naogeorgus:

“ You are the container of the incom

prehensible; the root of the world's first, The blessed yirgin Marie's feast,

best, and most beautiful flower; the mohath here his place and time,

ther of him who made all things; the Wherein departing from the earth, nurse of him who provides nourishment she did the heavens clime;

for the whole universe; the bosom of him Great bundels then of hearbes to Church,

who unfolds all being within his breast; the people fast doe beare, The which against all hurtfull things,

the unspotted robe of him who is clothed the priest doth hallow theare.

with light as with a garment ; you are the Thus kindle they and nourish still,

sally-port through which God penetrated the people's wickednesse,

into the world; you are the pavilion of And vainly make them to beleeve the Holy Ghost; and you are the furnace whatsoever they expresse :

into which the Almighty hath particularly For sundrie witchcrafis by these hearbs darted the most ferveni sunbeams of his

ar wrought, and divers charmes, dearest love and affection. And cast into the fire, are thought

w All hail ! fruitful earth, alone proper to drive away all harmes,

and only prepared to bring forth the bread And every painefull griefe from man, corn by which we are all sustained and or beast, for to expell,

nourished; happy leaven,which hath given Farre otherwise than nature, or

relish to Adam's whole race, and seasoned the worde of God doth tell.

the paste whereof the true life-giving and soul-saving bread was composed; ark of

honour in which God himself was pleased There is a volume printed atAmsterdam, to repose, and where very glory itself be1657, entitled, “ Jesus, Maria, Joseph; came sanctified; golden pitcher, containor the Devout Pilgrim of the Everlasting ing him who provides sweet manna from Blessed Virgin Mary, in his Holy Ex- heaven, and produces honey from the rock ercises, Affections, and Elevations, upon to satisfy the appetites of his hungry peothe sacred Mysteries of Jesus, Maria, ple ; you are the admirable house of God's Joseph.” From this curious book an humiliation, through whose door he deamusing extract may be adduced, as a spe. scended to dwell among us; the living cimen of the language employed by certain book wherein the Father's eternal word writers of the Romish church in their ad- was written by the pen of the Holy Ghost. dresses to the virgin :

You are pleasing and comely as Jerusa“ You, O Mother of God, are the lem, and the aromatical odours issuing spiritual Paradise of the second Adam ; from your garments outvie all the delights the delicate cabinet of that divine mar. of Mount Lebanus ; you are the sacred riage which was made betwixt the two pix of celestial perfumes, whose sweet exnatures; the great hall wherein was cele- halations shall never be exhausted; you brated the world's general reconciliation; are the holy oil, the unextinguishable you are the nuptial bed of the eternal lamp, the unfading flower, the divinelyword; the bright cloud carrying him who woven purple, the royal vestment, the hath the cherubins for his chariot; the fleece imperial diadem, the throne of the diviniof wool filled with the sweet dew of hea- ty, the gate of Paradise, the queen of the ven, whereof was made that admirable universe, the cabinet of life, the fountain robe of our royal shepherd, in which he ever flowing with celestial illustrations. vouchsafed to look after his lost sheep; you " All hail ! the divine lantern encomare the maid and the mother, the humble passing that crystal lamp whose light outvirgin and the high heaven both together; shines the sun in its midday splendour; you are the sacred bridge whereby God the spiritual sea whence the world's himself descended to the earth ; you are richesi pearl was extracted; the radiant

VOL. II.-87.


[ocr errors]

sphere, enclosing him within your sacred PAGEANT OF THE ASSUMPTION folds, whom the heavens cannot contain

At Rouen. within their vast circumference; the celestial throne of God, more glistering than

It is related in Mr. Dawson Turthat of the glorious cherubims, the pure ner’s “Tour through Normandy," that temple, tabernacle, and seat of the formerly a pageant in honour of the divinity.

virgin was held in the archbishopric of “ You are the well-fenced crchard, the Rouen. Des Marêts, the governor of fruitful border, the fair and delicate gar. Dieppe, in 1443, established it in bonour den of sweet flowers, embalming the of the final expulsion of the English. The earth and air with their odoriferous fra- first master of the Guild of the Assumpgrance, yet shut up and secured from any tion was the founder of it, under whose enemy's entrance and irruption ; you are auspices and direction it was conducted. the holy fountain, sealed with the signet of About midsummer the principal inhathe most sacred Trinity, from whence the bitants used to assemble at the hotel de happy waters of life inflow upon the whole ville, or townhouse of Dieppe, and there universe ; you are the happy city of God, they selected the girl of the most exemwhereof such glorious things are everyó plary character to represent the Virgin where sung and spoken."*

Mary, and with her six other young women, to act the parts of the daughters of Sion. The honour of figuring in this holy

drama was greatly coveted; and the hisNOTRE DAME DES ANGES. toriau of Dieppe gravely assures us, that

the earnestness felt on the occasion mainly One of the highest mountains of the contributed to the preservation of that chain that encircles the territory of Mar- purity of manners and that genuine piety, seilles, has upon its summit a very singu- which subsisted in this town longer than lar rock, which appears exactly like the in any other of France! But the election ruin of an old castle. This mountain de- of the virgin was not sufficient : a repre, rived its name from a chapel about half- sentative of St. Peter was also to be found way up, dedicated to the holy virgin, among the clergy; and the laity were so under the name of “ Notre Daine des far favoured, that they were permitted to Anges," but destroyed during the revolu- furnish the eleven other apostles. tion. On the day of the Assumption, This done, upon the fourteenth of August there is held on the mountain in the vici- the virgin was laid in a cradle of the form nity of the chapel, what is called in the of a tomb, and was carried early in the Provençal tongue, a roumaragi, which is morning, (of the fifteenth,) attended by a country feast. The people from the her suite of either sex, to the church of St. neighbouring parts assemble on the spot, Jacques ; while, before the door of the dressed in their Sunday clothes, where master of the guild, was stretched a large they join in dancing, playing at bowls, of carpet, embroidered with verses in letters which the Provençaux are passionately of gold, setting forth his own good qualifond, quoits, running races, and other ties, and his love for the holy Mary. rural sports. Every village in Provence Hither also, as soon as lauds had been has a similar fête on some day in the sung, the procession repaired from the year. In case of the village being named church, and then it was joined by the goafter any saint, which is very common, as vernor of the town, the members of the St. Joseph, St. Barnabé, St. Zacharie, St. guild, the municipal officers, and the Louis, and many others, the roumaragi is clergy of the parish of St. Remi. Thus held on that saint's day. That on the attended, they paraded the town, singing mountain of Notre Dame des Anges is hymns, which were accompanied by a full held on the Assumption, on account of band. The procession was increased by the chapel having been dedicated to the the great body of the inhabitants; and its holy virgin. During the revolution there impressiveness was still further augmented was a general suspension of these festivals, by numbers of the youth of either sex, but to the great joy of the Provençaux, who assumed the garb and attributes of they were resumed under Napoleon.† their patron saints, and mixed in the im

mediate train of the principal actors. They }). Aikin’s Athenaeum,

then again repaired to the church, where Te Deum was sung by the full choir, in com


+ Miss I'lumptre.

memoration of the victory over the Eng. tended its arms, as if conscious of the aplish ; and high mass was performed, and proaching beatitude; then, after having the sacrament administered to the whole received the benediction, and been enparty.

circled by another angel with a crown of During the service, a scenic representa- glory, it gradually disappeared behind the tion was given of the Assumption of the clouds At this instant a buffoon, who Virgin. A scaffolding was raised, reach- all the time had been playing his antics ing nearly to the top of the dome, and sup- below, burst into an extravagant fit of porting an azure canopy intended to emu- joy; at one moment clapping his hands late the “spangled vault of heaven;" and most violently, at the next stretching himabout two feet below the summit of it ap- . self out as if dead. Finally he ran up to peared, seated on a splendid throne, an the feet of the old man, and hid himself old man as the image of the Father Al- under his legs, so as to show only bis mighty, a representation equally absurd head. The people called him Grimaldi, and impious, and which could alone be an appellation that appears to have betolerated by the votaries of the worst su- longed to him by usage; and it is a sinperstitions of popery. On either side gular coincidence, that the surname of the four pasteboard angels, of the size of men, noblest family of Genoa the Proud, thus floated in the air, and flapped their wings assigned by the rude rabble of a seaport in cadence to the sounds of the organ; to their buffoon, should belong of right to while above was suspended a large tri- the sire and son, whose mops and mowes angle, at whose corners were placed three afford pastime to the upper gallery at smaller angels, who, at the intermission Covent-garden. of each office, performed upon a set of Thus did the pageant proceed in all its little bells the hymn of " Ave Maria gra- grotesqué glory; and, while tiâ Dei plena per Secula," &c., accompanied by a larger angel on each side with These laboured nothings in so strange a style a trumpet. To complete this portion of Amazed th’ unlearned, and made the learned

smile, the spectacle, two others, below the old man's feet, held tapers, which were lighted the children shouted aloud for their faas the services began, and extinguished at vourite Grimaldi; the priests, accompas their close; on which occasions the nied with bells, trumpets, and organs, figures were made to express reluctance thundered out the mass; the pious were by turning quickly about ; so that it re- loud in their exclamations of rapture at quired some dexterity to apply the extin- the devotion of the virgin, and the whole guishers. At the commencement of the church was filled with a hoarse and conmass, two of the angels by the side of the fused murmuring sound. The sequel of Almighty descended to the foot of the this, as of most other similar representaaltar, and, placing themselves by the tions, was a hearty dinner, tomb, in which a pasteboard figure of the virgin had been substituted for her living representative, gently raised it to the feet This adoration of the virgin, so pr

Father. The image, as it mounted, valent in Romish worship, is adverted t from time to time, lifted its head and ex- in a beautiful passage of “Don Roderick.

How calmly gliding through the dark blue sky
The midnight moon ascends! Her placid bears,
Through thinly scattered leaves and boughs grotesque,
Mottle with mazy shades the orchard slope ;
Here, o'ér the chesnut's fretted foliage grey
And massy, motionless they spread, here shine
Upon the crags, deepening with blacker night
Their chasrns; and there the glittering argentry
Ripples and glances on the confluent streams.
A lovelier, purer light than that of day
Rests on the bills; and oh, how awfully
Into that deep and tranquil firmament
The summits of Auseva rise serene !
The watchman on the battlements partake
The stillness of the solemn hour; he feels

The silence of the earth, the endless sound
Of flowing water soothes him, and the stars,
Which in that brightest moonlight well nigh quenched,
Scarce visible, as in the utmost depth
Of yonder sapphire infinite are seen,
Draw on with elevating influence.
Toward eternity the attempered mind
Musing on worlds beyond the grave he stands,
And to the virgin mother silently
Breathes forth her hymn of praise.


NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Mean Temperature ... 63 · 62.

Mean Temperature . . 62. 65.

August 17.
August 16.

BALL AND Cross of St. Paul's.

August 17, 1736, died Mr. Niblet,

master of the copper mills at Mitcham, August 16, 1678, died Andrew Marvel, a man who " dared be honest in the worst Surrey, renowned in the “Gentleman's of times." He was the son of a clergyman made the ball and cross of St. Paul's ca

Magazine,” and in this column, for having at Hull in Yorkshire, where he was born

thedral, London.* in 1620. In 1633, he was sent to Trinitycollege, Cambridge; in 1657, he became assistant to Milton in his office of Latin

NATURALISTS CALENDAR. secretary to Cromwell; and at the restora

Meau Temperature . 63.52 tion he was chosen to represent his native town in the house of commons. His conduct was marked by inflexible

August 18. adherence to the principles of liberty,

CHRONOLOGY. and his wit as a writer was levelled at the corruptions of the court; ye: Charles marnock, aged forty-two, and Arthur,

August 18, 1746, William, earl of Kil11. courted his society for the pleasure of baron Balmerino, aged fifty-eight, were his conversation. He lived in a mean

beheaded on Tower-hill, as traitors, for lodging in an obscure court in the Strand, levying war against king George II., in where he was visited by lord Danby, at behalf of the pretender. the desire of the king, with his majesty's

At the foot of a flight of stairs in the request, to know in what way he could tower, lord Kilmarnock met lord Balmeserve hiin; Marvel answered, it was not in the king's power to serve him. Lord rino, and embracing him said, “ My lord,

I am heartily sorry to have your company Danby in the course of conversation assured him of any place he might choose; the sheriffs gave receipts for their bodies

in this expedition.” At the Tower-gates, Marvel replied, he could not accept the

to the lieutenant, who, as usual, said, offer without being unjust to his country by betraying its interests, or ungrateful earl of Kilmarnock bowed ; lord Balme

“ God bless king George,” whereon the to the king by voting against him. Before rino exclainned, “God bless king James.” lord Danby took leave he told him his They were preceded by the constable of majesty had sent him a thousand pounds the Tower hamlets, the knight-marshal's as a mark of his private esteem. Marvel did not need the assurance ; he refused men,

tipstaves, and the sheriff's officers, the money, and after his noble visiter followed by the tower warders, and a

the sheriffs walking with their prisoners, departed, borrowed a guinea which he wanted of a friend. This great man after guard of musqueteers. Two hearses and having served his constituents for twenty sion, which passed through lines of foot

a mourning coach terminated the processuccessive years in parliament, was buried at their expense in the church of St. Giles soldiers to the scaffold on the south side in-the-Fields.

• Gentleman's Magazine.

[ocr errors]

of the hill, around which the guards formed regret, and he frequently reproved his an area, and troops of horse wheeled off, friends for discovering either, upon his and drew up in their rear five deep. account. He walked several times round

The lords were conducted to separate the scaffold, bowed to the people, went apartments in a house facing the scaffold, to his coffin, read the inscription, and and their friends admitted to see them. with a nod, said “it is right;" he then The rev. Mr. Hume, a near relative of examined the block, which he called his the earl of Hume, with the rev. Mr. Fos-“ pillow of rest." Putting on his spec. ter, an amiable dissenting minister, who tacles, and taking a paper out of his never recovered the dismal effect of the pocket, he read it with an audible voice, scene, assisted the earl of Kilmarnock; and then delivering it to the sheriff, called the chaplain of the tower, and another for the executioner, who appearing, and clergyman of the church of England ac- being about to ask his lordship’s pardon, companied lord Balmerino, who on enter- he interrupted him with “ friend, you ing the house, hearing several of the spec- need not ask my forgiveness, the executators ask, " which is lord Balmerino ?" tion of your duty is commendable," and answered with a smile, “ I am lord Bal- gave him three guineas, saying, “Friend, merino, gentlemen, at your service.” Earl I never was rich, this is all the money I Kilmarnock spent an hour with Mr. Fos- have now, and I am sorry I can add ter in devotional exercises, and afterwards nothing to it but my coat and waistcoat," had a conference with lord Balmerino, which he then took off, together with his who on their taking leave said, “ My neckcloth, and threw them on his coffin. dear lord Kilmarnock, I am only sorry Putting on a flannel waistcoat, provided that I cannot pay this reckoning alone : for the purpose, and taking a plaid cap once more farewell for ever !"

out of his pocket, he put it on bis head, As lord Kilmarnock proceeded to the saying he died “ a Scotchman."

He scaffold attended by his friends, the mul- knelt down at the block, to adjust his titude showed the deepest signs of pity posture, and show the executioner the and commiseration. Siruck by the sym- signal for the stroke. Once more turning pathy of the immense assemblage, and to his friends, and looking round on the the rariety of dreadful objects on the crowd, he said, “ Perhaps some may stage of death, his coffin, the heading- think my behaviour too bold, but reblock, the axe, and the executioners, he member, sir, (said he to a gentleman who turned to Mr. Hume and said, “ Hume! stood near him,) that I now declare it is this is terrible," but his countenance and the effect of confidence in God, and a voice were unchanged. The black baize good.conscience, and I should dissemble over the rails of the scaffold was removed, if I should show any signs of fear." that the people might see all the circum- Observing the axe in the executioner's stances of the execution, and a single hand as he passed him, he took it from stroke from the headsman, separated him bim, felt the edge, and returning it, from the world.

clapped the executioner on the shoulder Lord Balmerino in the mean time to encourage him. He then tucked down having solemnly recommended himself to the collar of his shirt and waistcoat, and the Supreme Mercy, conversed cheerfully showed him where to strike, desiring him with his friends, took wine, and desired to do it resolutely, for “ in that,” said his them to drink to him “ ane degree ta lordship, will consist your kindness." haiven." The sheriff entered to inform Passing to the side of the stage, he him that all was ready, but was prevented called up the wardour, to whom he gave by the lordship inquiring if the affair was some money, asked which was his hearse, over with lord Kilmarnock.“

" It is," said and ordered the man to drive near. the sheriff. He then inquired, and being Immediately, without treinbling or informed, how the executioner performed changing countenance, he knelt down at his office, observed, “ It was well done;" the block, and with his arms stretched turning himself to the company, he out, said, “ O Lord, reward my friends, said, "Gentlemen I shall detain you no forgive my enemies, and receive my longer," and saluted them with unaffected soul,”, he gave the signal by letting them. cheerfulness. He mounted the scaffold fall. His firmness and intrepidity, with so easy an air, as to astonish the and the unexpected suddenness of the spectators. No circumstance in his whole signal, so surprised the executioner, that deportment showed the least fear or the blow was not given with strength

« IndietroContinua »