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enough to wound him very deep; another

August 20. blow immediately given rendered him insensible, and a third completed the

CHRONOLOGY. work of death.

On the twentieth of August, 1589,

James VI. of Scotland afterwards James Lord Balmerino had but a small estate. I. of England married the princess Anne His lady came to London, and frequently of Denmark, daughter to Frederick II. attended him during his confinement in She became the mother of the ill-fated

Charles I. the Tower. She was at dinner with him when the warrant came for his execution

LOVE TOKENS. the Monday following. Being very much shocked, he desired her not to be con

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. : cerned. “ If the king had given me Sir, It was the custom in England in mercy,” he said, “I should have been " olden tyme," as the ancient chronicles glad of it; but since it is otherwise, I am have it, for “enamoured maydes and very easy, for it is what I have expected, gentilwomen," to give to their favourite and therefore it does not at all surprise swains, as tokens of their love, little me.” She was disconsolate, and rose handkerchiefs about three or four inches immediately from table; on which he square, wrought round about, often in started from his chair, and said, “ Pray, embroidery, with a button or tassei a: my lady, sit down, for it shall not spoil each corner, and a little one in the centre. my dinner."

The finest of these favours were edged with narrow gold lace, or twist; and

then, being folded up in four cross folds, NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

so that the middle might be seen, they Mean Temperature ...64 · 17.

were worn by the accepted lovers in their hats, or at the breast. These favours became at last so much in vogue, that

they were sold ready made in the shops August 19.

in Elizabeth's time, from sixpence to six

teen-pence a piece. Tokens were also EARWIGS.

given by the gentlemen, and accepted by It is ncted in the “Historical Chro, old comedy of the time :

their fair mistresses; thus ascribed in an nicle” of the “Gentleman's Magazine," on the nineteenth of August, 1755, under

Given earrings we will wear

Bracelets of our lover's hair ; the head, Strond," that at that time

Which they on our arms shall twist there were such quantities of earwigs in

(With our names carved) on our wrists. that vicinity that they distroyed not only

I
am,

&c. the flowers and fruits, but the cabbages,

H. M. LANDER. were they ever so large. The houses, King's Bench Walk, Temple. especially the old wooden buildings, were swarming with them. The cracks and crevices were surprisingly full

, they

For the Every-Day Book. dropped out in such multitudes that the

AN EVENING WALK. floors were covered; the linen, of which

Love Lane. they are very fond, were likewise full, as « Tis fitter now to ease the brain, was also the furniture, and it was with To take a quiet walk in a green lane. . caution that people eat their provisions,

Byron. for the cupboards and safes were plenti- This observation of our matchless bard, fully stocked with the disagreeable in- the idol and delight of our own times, truders.

though just, few I fear follow--either from want of inclination, or what is as bad,

want of time. But there are some whose NATURALISTS' CALENDAR

hours of toil, mental and bodily, do not Mean Temperature ....62 • 72.

preclude thern from seeking the tranquil haunts of nature. With me, after

nervous irritability and mental exciteGentleman's Magazine,

'ment, it has been, and is a favourite en

joyment, to quit the dusky dwellings of our eyes have met, and thoughts too full man, and wander among the fields and for utterance, found answers there. Those green lanes of our southern shore, while days are gone; yet I love to wander there the sun is declining, and stillness begins alone, even now; to press the grass that to settle around.

has been pressed by her feet, to .pluck Listlesssly roving, whither I cared not, the flower from the hedge where she I have sauntered along till I felt my un- plucked it, to look on the distant hills quiet sensations gradually subside, and a that she looked on, rising in long smoothi pleasing calmness steal upon me. I waves, when not a sound is heard save the know of nothing more annoying than “ kiss me dear,” which some chaffinch that nervous thrilling or trembling, which is warbling to his mate, or the trickling of rups through the whole frame after the wateis seeking their sandy beds in the ! mind has been troubled; it seems to me bollows beneath the hedgerows. I like the bubbling and restless swell of strolled thither a few evenings ago: the sun the ocean after a storm-one mass of was softly sinking, and the bright crimson fretful and impatient water, knowing which surrounded him, fading into a faint not how to compose itself. But to come orange, tinged here and there with small to the green fields. There is a lane leading sable clouds; the night-cloud was adfrom the grove at Camberwell called vancing slowly darkly on; afar in the Love-lane; it is well so called-long, horizon were winding, and quiet, with scenery around beautifully soft--the lover might wander

The light-ships of the sky with the mistress of his soul for hours in

Sailing onward silently. undisturbed enjoyment. This lane is dear to me, for with it is linked all my

One bird, the lark, was singing liis early associations--the bird—the butterfly evening song among the cool grass; softly, —the wild white rose-my first love. sweetly, it died away, and all was silent The bird is there still, the butterfly hovers deep tranquillity; a pteasing coolness here, and the rose remains; but where is came on the faint breeze over the neighny first love? I may not ask. Echo will bouring fields, pregnant, with odours,

“ where!" yet I may in refreshing as they were fragrant. It was imagination behold her-I call up the twilight; the green of the distant hills shadowy joys of former times, and like changed to a greyish hue, their outlines the beautiful vision in “ Manfred,” she were enlarged, the trees assumed a more stands before me:

gigantic appearance, and soft dews began

to ascend; faint upshootings of light in A thousand recollections in her train the eastern' horizon foretold the rising of Of joy and sorrow, ere the bitter hour the moon; she appeared at length above Of separation came, never again

the clouds, and a deeper stillness seemed To meet in this wide world as we have met, to come with her, as if nature, like man To feel as we have felt, to look, to speak,

at the presence of a lovely women, was To think alone as we have thought allow'd.

hushed into silent' admiration; the grey What happy feelings have been ours

clouds rolled away on each side of her

as rolls the white foam of the ocean before in that quiet lane! We have wandered arm in arm, gazed on the scenery, listened the bows of the vessel; her course was to the bird. We have not spoken, but begun, and,

“Silently beautiful, and calmly bright
Along her azure path I saw her glide
Heedless of all those things that neath her-light
In bliss or woe or pain or care abide.
Wealth, poverty, humility, and pride,
All are esteemed as nothing in her sight,
Nor make her for one moment turn aside.
So calm philosophy unmoved pursues
Throughout the busy world its quiet way;
Nor aught that folly wiles or glory woos,
Can tempt awhile its notice or its stay :
Above all earthly thoughts its way it goes
And sinks at length in undisturbed repose.""

Hut answer,

Coldly and calmly the full orb glided order to be placed in her new building in through the stillness of heaven. My the gardens at Richmond." thoughts were of the past, of the millions On the twenty-first of August, in the who had worshipped her, of the many she same year, we learn that the figures her had inspired—of Endymion, of the beau- majesty had ordered for Merlin's cave tiful episode of Nisus and Euryalus in were placed therein, viz. 1.--Merlin al a Virgil, of Diana of the Ephesians, of the table with conjuring books and mathemabeautiful descriptions of her by the poets tical instruments, taken from the face of of every age, of every clime. The melan- Mr. Ernest, page to the prince of Wales; choly yet pleasing feeling which came on 2.--King Henry VIIth's queen, and 3. me I can hardly describe: my disquietude Queen Elizabeth, who come to Merlin had ceased; an undisturbed calmness for knowledge, the former from the face succeeded it; my thoughts were weaned of Mrs. Margaret Purcell, and the latter from the grosser materiality of earth, and from Miss Paget's; 4.-Minerva from were soaring upward in silent adoration. Mrs. Poyntz's; 5.-Merlin's secretary, I felt the presence of a divinity, and was from Mr. Kemp's, one of his royal highfor a moinent happy. Ye who are care- ness the duke's grenadiers; and 6.-a worn, whose minds are restless, go at witch, from a tradesman's wife at Richthe peacefuil hour of eve to the green mond. Her majesty ordered also a choice fields and the hedge-clothed lanes. If you collection of English books to be placed are not poets, you will feel as poets; if therein; and appointed Mr. Stephen you doubt, you will be convinced of Duck to be cave and library keeper, and Supreme Power and Infinite Love; and his wife to an office of trust and employbe better in head and heart for your ment.* journey.

S. R. J.

Stephen Duck was a versifying thrasher,

whom she got appointed a yeoman of the SONG.

guard, and afterwards obtained orders for,

and the living of Byfleet, in Surrey. The BY SAMUEL DANIEL, 1590. poor fellow sought happiness at the wrong Love is a sickness full of woes,

end, and drowned himself in 1756. All remedies refusing ; A plant that most with cutting grows,

Contentment, rosy, dimpled maid,
Most barren with best using.

Thou brightest daughter of the sky,
Why so ?

Why dost thou to the hut repair,
More we enjoy it, more it dies,

And from the gilded palace fly?
If not enjoyed it sighing cries
Heigh ho!

I've trac'd thee on the peasant's cheek;

I've mark'd thee in the milkmaid's smile; Love is a torment of the mind,

I've heard thee loudly laugh and speak, A tempest everlasting ;

Amid the sons of want and toil.
And Jove hath made it of a kind
Not well, nor full, nor fasting.

Yet, in the circles of the great,
Why so ?

Where fortune's gifts are all combined, More we enjoy it, more it dies,

I've sought thee early, sought thee iate, If not enjoyed it sighing cries

And ne'er thy lovely form could find.
Heigh ho !*

Since then from wealth and pomp you flee,
I ask but competence and thee!

Lady Manners.
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
Mean Temperature ... 61 · 92.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

Mean Temperature ... 61. 65.
August 21.
MERLIN'S CAVE, AND STEPHEN Duck.

August 22.
Weare told on the thirtieth of June,1735,

BATTLE OF BUSWORTH. that her majesty (the queen of George II.) ordered “ Mr. Rysbrack to make the This is the anniversary of the memorabustos in marble of all the kings of Eng- ble conflict wherein Richard III. lost his land froin William the Conqueror, in life and crown. • Communicated ty C. T.

• Centleman's Magazine.

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King Richard's well. For the Every-Day Book. reckoned backwards. The kalends are the The well of which the above is a repre- first day of the month. Thus the first sentation, is situate on the spot where the of Şeptember being the kalends of Sepcelebrated battle of Bosworth field was tember, the thirty-first of August would be fought, by which, the long-existing ani- pridie kalendarum, or the second of the mosities between the rival houses of York kalends of September ; the thirtieth of Auand Lancaster were finally closed. The gust would then be the third of the kaking is said, 'during the heat of the en- lends of September. Pursuing this train gagement, to have refreshed himself with the twenty-second of August, and the xi water from this spring. A few years ago of the kalends of September will be found a subscription was entered into, for the to correspond. purpose of erecting some memorial of this The battle of Bosworth field was fought circumstance, and the late learned Dr. on the twenty-second of August, 1485, Parr being applied to, furnished an in. on a large fat spacious ground,” says scription, of which the following is a Burton, three miles distant from this copy.

town." Richmond, afterwards Henry VII.,

landed at Milford-haven on the sixth of AQVA .EX. HOCPVTEO. HAVSTA

August, and arrived at Tamworth on the eighteenth. On the nineteenth he had an interview with his father-in-law, lord

Stanley, when measures were converted ACERRIME. ATQVE. INFENSISSIME

for their further operations. On the twenET . VITA . PARITER . AC.SCEPTRO

tieth, he encamped at Atherstone,and on the

twenty-first, both armies were in sight of AVTE. NOCTEM . CARITVRVS

each other the whole day. Richard enterII KAL. SEPT. A. D. MCCCCLXXXV.

ed Leicester with his army on the six-' TRANSLATION,

teenth, having the royal crown on his Richard the III. King of England, head; he slept at Elmesthorpe on the most eagerly and hotly contending with night of the seventeenth. On the eighteenth Henry, Earl of Richmond, and about to he arrived at Stapleton, where he continued lose before night both his sceptre and his till Sunday the twenty-first. The number life, quenched his thirst with water drawn of his forces exceeded sixteen thousandfrom this well.- August 22, 1485. those of Richmond did not amount to

The Roman month was divided into five thousand. On each side the leader adkalends, nones, and ides, all of which were dressed his troops with a splendid oration,

SITIM. SEDAVIT
EICARDVS. TERTIVS .REX. ANGLIAE
CV.HENRICO. COMITE.DE,RICHMONDIA

PRAELIANS

which was scarcely finished" says an old his- from Dr. Parr to Mr. Nichols, dated torian, but the one army espied the other. Hatton, September 13, 1813, removes Lord! how hastily the soldiers buckled these apprehensions : their helms ! how quickly the archers bent “As to Bosworth Field, six or seven their bows and brushed their feathers ! years ago I explored it, and I found how readily the billmen shook their bills Dick's Well, out of which the tradition is and proved their staves, ready to approach that Richard drank during the battle. It and join when the terrible trumpet should was in dirty, mossy ground, and seemed sound the bloody blast to victory or to me in danger of being destroyed by the death!" The first conflict of the archers cattle. I therefore bestirred myself to being over, the armies met fiercely with have it preserved, and to ascertain the sword and bills, and at this period Rich- owner. The bishop of Down spoke to mond was joined by lord Stanley, which the archbishop of Armagh, who said that determined the fortune of the day. the ground was not his. I then found

In this battle, which lasted little more it not to be Mrs. Pochin's. Last year I than two hours, above one thousand per- traced it to a person to whom it had been sons were slain on the side of Richard. Of bequeathed by Dr. Taylor, formerly rector Richmond's army, scarcely one hundred of Bosworth. I went to the spot, accomwere killed, amongst whom, the principal panied by the rev. Mr. Lynes, of Kirkbyperson was sir William Brandon, his stand- Malory. The grounds had been drained. ard bearer. Richard is thought to have des- We dug in two or three places without pised his enemy too much, and to have been effect. I then applied to a neighbouring too dilatory in his motions. He is univer- farmer, a good intelligent fellow. He sally allowed to have performed prodigies told me his family had drawn water from of valour, and is said to have fallen at last it for six or seven years, and that he by treachery, in consequence of a blow would conduct me to the very place. I from one of his followers. His body was desired bim to describe the signs. He thrown across a horse, and carried, for said there were some large stones, and interment, to the Greyfriars at Leicester. some square wood, which went round the He was the only English monarch, since well at the top. We dug, and found the conquest, that fell in battle, and the things as he had described them; and, second who fought in his crown. Henry having ascertained the very spot, we V. appeared in his at Agincourt, which rolled in the stones, and covered them was the means of saving his life, (though, with earth. Now lord Wentworth, and probably, it might provoke the attack,) by some other gentlemen, mean to fence the sustaining a stroke with a battle-axe, place with some strong stones, and to which cleft it. Richard's falling off in put a large stone over it with the followthe engagement, was taken up and se, ing inscription ; and you may tell the creted in a bush, where it was discovered story if you please. by sir Reginald Bray and placed upon

“ Yours, &c. Henry's head. Hence arises the device

“ S. Parr.of a crown in a hawthorn bush, at each end of Henry's tomb in Westminster- ing notice of the battle of Bosworth by

The inscription is given in the precedabbey.

In 1644, Bosworth field became again G. J., who likewise obligingly transmitted the scene of warfare; an engagement, or

the drawing of the well in its present

state. rather skirmish, taking place between the parliamentary and royal forces, in which the former were victorious without the

The editor is highly favoured by the loss of a single individual.

interesting communication from a gentleG. J.

man profoundly erudite in genealogical

lore. The late Mr. William Hutton, the his

For the Every-Day Book. torian of Birmingham, wrote an account The ravages inflicted by the all-subduof “ The Battle of Bosworth Field," ing hand of time are not more distinctly which Mr. Nichols published, and subse- traceable in the deserted hall of the disquently edited with considerable addi- mantled castle, and the moulding fane of tions. Mr. Hutton apprehended that the the dilapidated abbey, than in the down. famous well where Richard slaked his fall or extinction of ancient and distins thirst would sink into oblivion. A letter guished races of nobility, who in ages

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