Immagini della pagina

long past by have shook the senate and Baron Clinton.
fieid, have scattered plenty o'er a smiling Baron Dacre.
land, or, as alas! is too frequently the Baron de la Zouche.
melancholy reverse, shut the gates of Baroness Willoughby d'Eresby.
mercy on mankind,

Baroness Grey de Ruthyn.
Considerations of this nature have Baron Stourton.
suggested a review of the few families

List of Families now invested with the remaining in our peerage, whose ancestors Dignity of Peerage, whose Ancestors in enjoyed that distinction.

the Male Line, enjoyed the Peerage be“ Ere yet the fell Plantagenets had spent

fore the Accession of Henry VII. Their antient rage on Bosworth's purple field."

Where a well-grounded doubt exists, The protracted duration and alternated

an asterisk is prefixed to the name. reverses of the contest between the houses

Howard of Lancaster and York, added to the ran

* Spencer corous inveteracy indispensably inherent

Montagu in a barbarous age, will account for the

Clinton comparatively rare sprinkling of the im

Talbot mediate descendants of the followers and

Stanley councillors of the Plantagenets in our

Hastings present house of peers. In France, on

Grey the other hand, the contemporary struggle

Berkeley for the throne laid between an indisputed

Windsor native prince, Charles VII. and a foreign

Lumley competitor, our Henry VI. The cour

West tesies of war (imperfect even as they

Neville existed in those days) were allowed fairer

Devereux play, and those who escaped the immedi

Courtenay ate edge of the foeman's sword were not

Stourton handed over to the axe of the executioner.

Clifford The awful mortality which befell one

Willoughby eminent branch of our gallant Plantage

Basset nets at the period in question, is recorded in emphatic terms by their animated and

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. faithful chronicler, Shakspeare:

Mean Temperature ... 62.50.
"Two of thy name, both dukes of Somerset,
Have sold their lives unto the house of York,
And thou shalt be the third, if this sword hold.”

August 23.
List of English Peerages now existing

CHRONOLOGY. on the Roll, of which the Date of Creation is prior to the Accession of Henry VII.

August 23, 1305, sir William Wallace,

“ the peerless knight of Elleslie,” who Duke of Norfolk.

bravely defended Scotland against Ed. Duke of Beaufort, as Baron de Bote- ward 1. was executed by order of that tourt.

monarch on Tower-bill. This distin Marquis Townshend, as Baron de guished individual is popular in England Ferrars.

five hundred years after his death, through Marquis of Hastings, as Baron Hast- the well-known ballad ings. Earl of Shrewsbury.

“ Scots wha hae wi' Wallace bled," &c. Earl of Berkeley, as Baron Berkeley." Earl Delawarr, as Baron Delawarr and


Earl of Abergavenny, as Baron Aber- Swallows are now preparing for their gavenny.

departure. On this day, in 1826, the Baroness de Roos.

editor observed hundreds of them collecting Baron Le Despencer.

so high in the air that they seemed of the Baron de Clifford.

size of Aies; they remained wheeling Baron Audley

about and increasing in number upwards


of an hour before dusk, when they all bics, who describes the practice being took their flight in a south-western direc- that of certain men going about to collect tion.

donations for the crow, and singing or

sayingCHELDONIZING, OR SWALLOW SINGING. My good, worthy masters, a pittance bestow,

Some oatmeal, or barley, or wheat, for the To the Editor oj the Every-Day Book.

crow; Sir,—The recent, and it is hoped still As fortune your pockets may happen to fill.

A loaf or a penny, or e'en what you will, continued subscriptions in aid of suffering humanity, induce an observation, that to From the poor man a grain of his salt may the very remote origin of collecting general suffice, alms, may be traced most of the mumme- For your crow swallows all, and is not very ries practised in Christendom in the gothic centuries, and in the English counties, And the man who can now give his grain even till within our own memory. Among

and no more, the Rhodians one method of soliciting May another day give from a plentiful store. eleemosynary gifts, called cheldonizing, or swallow-singing, is corroboratory of the Come, my lad, to the door, Plutus nods to our assertion. This benevolence, or voluntary And our sweet little mistress comes out with contribution, was instituted by Cleobulus

a dish; of Lindos, at a time when public necessity. She gives us her figs, and she gives us a smile, drove thé Lindians to the expedient of Heaven bless her, and guard her from sorrow soliciting a general subscription. Theog- and guile; nis speaks of cheldonizing as taking place among the sacred rites practised at And send her a husband of noble degree, Rhodes in the month Boëdromion, or And a boy to be danc'd on his grand-daddy's August, and deriving its name from the

knee; customary song :

And a girl like herself to rejoice her good

mother, The swallow, the swallow is here,

Who may one day present her with just such With his back so black, and his belly so

another. white; He brings on the pride of the year,

God bless your dear hearts all a thousand times With the gay months of love and the days

o'er! of delight.

Thus we carry our singing to door after door ;

Alternately chanting, we ramble along,
Come, bring out the good humming stuff, And treat all who give, or give not, a song.
Of your nice tit-bits, let the swallow par.


thus concludesOf good bread and cheese give enough, And a slice of your right Boëdromion cake. My good, worthy masters, a pittance bestow,

Your bounty, my good, worthy mistresses, Our hunger, our hunger it twinges,

throw; So give my good masters, I pray;

Remember the crow, he is not very nice, Or we'll pull off your door from its hinges, Do but give as you can, and the gift will And, ecod! we'll steal young madain away.

suffice. She's a nice little pocket-piece darling, Pamphilius of Alexandria, in his chap

And faith 'twill be easy to carry her hence; ter on names, says these men making Away with old prudence so sparling, collections for the crow, were called coroAnd toss us down freely a handful of pence. nistæ, or crow-mummers; and their songs

were named coronismata, as Hagnooles, Come, let us partake of your cheer,

the Rhodian, relates in his work, entitled And loosen your purse strings so nearty; “ Coronistæ.” No crafty old grey beards are here,

I am, &c. And see we're a merry boy's party,

J, H. B... And the swallow, the swallow is here ! Plutarch refers to another Rhodian

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. custom, which is particularly mentioned Mean Temperature ... 62 · 92. by Phænix of Colophon, a writer of iam


August 24,

of the sea with two horns in his head and

chased her, roaring and gaping all the St. BARTHOLOMEW,

way at her heels, and she was sure it was For St. Bartholomew, see vol. i. col. not far off.” A man called Wills Tom, an

old schoolmaster, said if he could see it 1131.

he would " cunger the diel," and got a

bible and an old sword. The pig imMASSACRE OF ST. BARTHOLOMEW mediately started hehind his back with a This horrible slaughter is noticed in the loud grumph, which put him into such a same volume at the same place. For fright, that his hair stood upright in his particulars of the probable amount of the head, and he was obliged to be carried persons massacred, and the different from the field half dead.

The whole crowd ran some one way accounts of historians, the reader is referred to a most able article in the “ Edin. and some another; some reached the burgh Review, June, 1826," on the extra- house-tops, and others shut themselves in ordinary misrepresentations of the event barps and byres. At last one on the houseand its perpetrators in Mr. Lingard's top called out it was “the Gudeman o' “ History of England.”

the Brow's grumphy," he having seen it before. Thus the affray was settled, and

the people reconciled, although some A RESIDENT IN THE FLEET. still entertained frightful thoughts about On the twenty-fourth of August, 1736, à it, and durst not go over the door to a remarkably fat boar was taken up in com- neighbour's house after dark without one ing out of Fleet Ditch into the Thames: to set or cry them. One of the crowd it proved to be a butcher's, near Smith- who had some compassion on the creafield-bars, who had missed him five ture, called out, "give it a tork of straw months, all which time, it seems, he had to eat, it will be hungry." been in the common sewer, and was im- Next day the pig was conveyed over proved in price from ten shillings to two the Lochar, and on its way home, near guineas.*

the dusk of evening, it came grunting up

to two men who were pulling thistles on THE FIRST PIGS IN SCOTLAND.

the farm of Cockpool. Alarmed at the

sight, they mounted two old horses they Within the last century (probably about had tethered beside them, intending to 1720) a person in the parish of Ruthwell, make their way home, but the pig getting in Dumfriesshire, called the “Gudeman between them and the houses, caused o' the Brow,” received a young swine as them to scamper out of the way and land e present from some distant part; which in Lochar moss, where one of their horses seems to have been the first ever seen in was drowned, and the other with difficulty that part of the country. This pig having relieved. The night being dark, they durst strayed across the Lochar into the adjoin- not part one from the other to call for asing parish of Carlavroc, a woman who sistance, lest the monster should find them was herding cattle on the marsh, by the out and attack them singly; nor durst sea side, was very much alarmed at the they speak above their breath for fear of sight of a living creature, that she had being devoured. At day-break next mornnever seen or heard of before, approach- ing they took a different course, by Cuming her straight from the shore as if it had longon castle, and made their way home, come out of the sea, and ran home to the where they found their families much village of Blacksbaw screaming: As she alarmed on account of their absence. They ran, the pig ran snorking and grunting said that they had seen a creature about after her, seeming glad that it had met the size of a dog, with two horns on its with a companion. She arrived at the head, and cloven feet, roaring out like a village so exhausted and terrified, that lion, and if they had not galloped away, before she could get her story told she it would have torn them to pieces. One fainted away. By the time she came to of their wives said, “ Hout man, it has herself, a crowd of people bad collected been the Gudeman of the Brow's grumto see what was the matter, when she told phy; it frightened them a' at the Black them, that “There was a diel came out shaw yesterday, and poor Meggie Ander

son maist lost her wits, and is ay out o' • Gentleman's Magazine.

ae fit into anither sin-syne."

The pig happened to lay all niglit: NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. among the corn where the men were pul- Mean Temperature ...61 : 80. ling thistles, and about day-break set forward on its journey for the Brow. One Gabriel Gunion, mounted on a long

August 25. tailed grey colt, with a load of white fish in a pair of creels swung over the beast, ISLINGTON CATTLE MARKET. encountered the pig, which went nigh among the horse's feet and gave a snork August 25, 1746, a distemper which The colt, being as much frightened as

arose among the horned cattle, broke out Gabriel, wheeled about and scampered afresh in the parts adjacent to London, off sneering, with his tail on his “riggin," and the fair for the sale of Welsh cattle at full gallop. Gabriel cut the slings and near Islington was kept at Barnet." * dropt the creels, the colt soon dismounted his rider, and going like the wind, with IMPORTANT TO HOUSEKEEPERS. his tail up, never stopped till he came to Barnkirk point, where he took the Solway

The following letter from a lady claims Frith and landed at Bownes, on the Cum- the attention of every good housewife at berland side. Gabriel, by the time he this particular season. got up, saw the pig within sight, took to

BLACKBERRY JAM. his heels, as the colt was quite gone, and reached Cumlongon wood in time to hide To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. himself, where he staid all that day and night, and next morning got home alınost

Westbury, Wiltshire, Aug. 15, 1826. exhausted. He told a dreadful story!

Sir,—The importance that I attach to The fright caused him to imagine the pig the above sweet subject,—the uses of" a as big as a calf, having long horns, eyes jam" eren may be important,-induces me like trenchers, and a back like a hedge to offer you the option of republishing a hog. He lost his fish; the colt was got few lines on the occasion, which first apback, but never did more goud; and peared in a very condensed form last Gabriel fell into a consumption, and died autumn, in the #1 Examiner” newspaper. about a year afterwards.

I am anxious to obtain further celebrity, About the same time a vessel came to and a wider circulation of the merits Glencaple quay, a little below Dumfries, which this wholesome dainty justly, lay. that had some swine on board ; ope of claim, and the success that attended my them having got out of the vessel in the former little notice of it, encourage me night, was seen on the farm of Newmains to persevere; for I was informed that after next morning. The alarm was spread, the publication alluded to, the “ Herald” and a number of people collected. The copied it, and that subsequently it was animal got many different names, and at cried in the streets of your dingy metrolast it was concluded to be a “brock"

polis. (a badger). Some got pitchforks, some

can only judge of the prevailing clubs, and others old swords, and a hot quantity of the kindly blackberry, by the pursuit ensued; the chase lasted a con

vast profusion that enriches our woody siderable time, owing to the pursuers los- vales, where nature seems resolved to ing heart when near their prey and re- solace herself for the restrictions to which treating. One Robs Geordy having rather she has been confined by the dreary a little more courage than the rest, ran downs that skirt our beautiful vicinity; “neck or nothing,' forcibly upon the and where Falstaff must surely have orianimal, and run it through with a pitch- ginated his happy expression of reasons fork, for which he got the name of “- stout being plenty as blackberries!" But I am hearted Geordy" all his life after. A man, keeping you too long from the subject. nearly a hundred years of age, who was The method of preparing the delicate alive in 1814, in the neighbourhood where

conserve that forms so large a portion of this happened, declared that he remem

my children's favourite adjunctive allbered the Gudeman of the Brow's pig, ment, is so simple, that it can be achieved and the circumstances related, and he by the meresi novice in the nice departsaid it was the first swine ever seen in

ment of “ domestic management." that country.* * Henderson on the Breeding of Swine 1814, 8vo.

Gentleman's Magazine,

[ocr errors]

Boil the blackberries with half their ceive their first taste for Shakspeare while weight of coarse moist sugar for three being fed, like their great prototype in the quarters of an hour,* keeping the mass “ Midsummer Night's Dream,” with stirred constantly. It is a mistake to sup- blackberries ! Dewberries," which Tipose that a stewpan is a necessary vehicle tania ordered for the refreshment of her on the occasion; the commonest tin favourite, are so nearly allied to their saucepan will answer the purpose equally glossy neighbours, that when the season well. The more luxurious presa es is far advanced the two are not easily disbeing made with white sugar, and that tinguished. Shakspeare, who knew every of equal weight with the fruit, are neces- thing, was of course aware that the dewsarily unwholesome; but the cheapness berry ripens earlier than the blackberry; of this homely delicacy, besides its sana- namely, in the season for “ apricots.” It tive properties renders it peculiarly desir- must be confessed that nothing but the able for scantily furnished tables. It has associations that are connected with the been a

staple commodity" in my family elegant and romantic name dewberry," for some years past, and with the excep- fit only for the mouth of a fairy to protion of treacle, I find it the most useful nounce, could induce me to give a prealiment in “regulating the bowels" of my ference to the latter; they are not so nuchildren ;-you as a “ family man,” sir, merous, nor consequently so useful. I will excuse, nay, appreciate the observa- own I am sanguine respecting the general tion, and all your readers who have introduction of blackberries into the Lon"their quivers full of them,” will not dis- don street cries. What an innovation they dain the gratis prescription that shall would cause ! what a rural sight, and supersede the guinea fee! Indeed, to sound, and taste, and smell, would they the sparing use of butter, and a liberal introduce into that wilderness of houses! indulgence in treaple and blackberry jam, What a conjuring up of happy feelings I mainly attribute the extraordinary almost as romantic as those that are inhealth of my young family. The prodigal spired by “ bilberries, ho!" When I use, or rather the abuse, of butter that resided in London, I recollect the wild, pervades all classes, has often surprised and exquisite, and undefinable sensations me: the very cottage children, whose that were excited by the peculiar and tattered apparel bespeaks abject poverty, un-city-like cry of these “ whorts."* I I continually meet munching their used to look out at the blue-frocked boys hunks" of bread, smeared with butter; who sold them, with their heavy country how much should I rejoice to see, because faces; capacious gabardines, I know its superiority in every respect, my hinted of Caliban; round hats, that favourite jam substituted ! But cottage knew no touch of form ; and unaccountchildren are far from being objects of my able laced up boots ; with as much compassion, for they live in the “coun- astonishment, as if I had beheld and iry," which comprehensive word conveys heard purveyors from the wilderness delicious ideas of sun, fresh air, exercise, shouting " Manna !" which we all know flowers, shady trees, and this wholesome is “ angel's food !" fruit clustering about them, and inviting I have taken up sadly too much of your their chubby fingers at every healthful time, sir, I feel assured. I intended but step. My pity is reserved for their for- to name the method of making blackberry lorn little brethren, doomed to breathe jam, to assure you of its salubrity, and the unwholesome atmosphere of crowded to request you to recommend its general manufactories, and close narrow alleys in use :-and I have only now to request populous cities! What a luxury would a that you will not suffer the very imperfect supper be twice a week, for instance, to manner in which I, who cannot write for poor

little « bottoms in Spital. the public eye, have handled the subject fields. Who knows but they might re- to deter you from doing it justice.

[ocr errors]



I am, Sir,

Yours respectfully, • If the berries be gathered in wet weather, an

I.J. T. hour will not be too long a time to boil them.

+ I have heard of the distress among the weavers, P.S. It has just occurred to me to say, and nearen forbid that I should speak lightly of their calamities !—But eat they noust, and eat they do ; and why should not grocers, confectioners, if reduced to bread, so called, butter, or cheese, is included; it is this I regret, for jam would be cheaper * As they are called, near the incultivated monsas well as more wholesome, and should be purchased

Worlleterrey is the at the shops as other of onsumption are.

land waste where they grow.
correct namnc.

« IndietroContinua »