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fruiterers, and chandlers, speculate in the think it might be sold, with a reasonable “new article," and provide a store of it profit, at sixpence or eightpence a pound. to meet a probable demand ? I should
Drawing of the Lottery in Guildhall, 1751.
DEATH OF THE LOTTERY. count or other, the pathetic appeal of the In the spring, and for three weeks benevolent contractors was disregarded, after midsummer, 1826, the lottery-office and the gentlemen about to be “turned keepers incessantly plied every man, off," were as unheeded, and as unlamented woman, and child in the United Kingdom, as criminals, who say or sing in their last and its dependencies, with petitions to
moments make a fortune in “ the last lottery that
" Gentlefolks all can be drawn.” Men paraded the streets
Pity our fall! with large printed placards on poles, or
Have pity ail, pasted on their backs, announcing “ All
Pity our fall!” Lotteries End for Ever! 18th of July." At length the stoney-hearted public The walls were stuck, and hand-bills were respectfully" informed that “ the thrust into the hands of street passengers, lords of the treasury had issued a with the same heart-rending intelligence, prieve," and that the “ drawing" and and with the soleinn assurance that the quartering” and so forth was, postdemand for tickets and shares was im- poned from Tuesday, 18th July," to some mense! Their prices had so risen, were so dull day in October, “when Lotteries rising, and would be so far beyond all cal- will finish for ever ?" culation, that to get shares or tickets at all, they must be instantly purchased! As Of late years lotteries have been drawn the time approached, a show was got up to at Coopers’-hall. Formerly they were proclaim that the deplorable “ Death of drawn at the place, and in the manner the Lottery," would certainly take place exhibited in the preceding representation, on the appointed day ; but on some ac. after an engraving by Cole.
thoroughly explored, and divided and sub
divided : names and numbers have been PHRENOLOGICAL ILLUSTRATIONS. Ву George Cruikshank. London: Pub- globe of the microcosm accurately mea
assigned to each portion, and the entire lished by George Cruikshank, Myddel- sured, and mapped, “ according to the ton-terrace, Pentonville. 1826.
latest surveys." “ In the name of wonder,” a reader Mr. Cruikshank's “ Illustrations of may inquire, “is the Every-Day Book to Phrenology” form a more popular introbe a Review.". By, no means;-but duction to the science than its most ardent
George Cruikshank” is a “ remarkable admirers could possibly hope. He acperson;" his first appearance in the cha- knowledges his obligations to doctors racter of an author is a “remarkable Gall and Spurzheim, and implicitly adopts event,” in the August of 1826; and, as their arrangement of the “organs;" a such, deserves a “ remarkable notice." word, by the by, that signifies those con
Every reader is of course aware, that, vexities which may be seen by the eye, as certainly as a hazel-rod, between the or touched by the finger, on the exterior fingers of a gifted individual, discovers the of the greater convexity called the head; precious metals and waters beneath and which are produced, or thrown up ihe earth, so certainly, a phrenological thereon, by the working or hearing of the adept, by a discriminating touch of the ideas internally. From this process it nodosities on the surface of the head, appears that a man “ bores" his own detects the secret sources, or “ springs of head, so as to form concavities within and human action." To what extent Mr. convexities without; and, in the same way, Cruikshank has attained this quality, or by the power of speech, “ bores” the whether he is under obligations to Dr. heads of his friends. The term “ to bore,” Combe for " a touch" of his skill, or has however, as commonly used, signifies “to bowed his head to Mr. De Ville for “a bother,” or “ perplex and confound," and cast” in plaster, is not so clear, as that his therefore is not admitted in the nomen
Phrenological Illustrations” will be as clature of “phrenology,” which condepopular, and assuredly as lasting as the scends to level every bump," to the science itself—"Cruikshank and Cranio- right understanding of the meanest calogy-for ever!"
pacity: Be it observed, however, that “Cranio- of Mr. Cruikshank's proficiency or rank logy," which alliterates so well with in the phrenological school, the writer of “ Cruikshank," was only a proper'
p” this article is incompetent to judge; but, term, while the disciples of doctors Gall as regards his present work, whether hé and Spurzheim were traversing the exte- be a master, or only a monitor, is of little rior of the cranium; but after they had consequence; he seems well grounded in gained a knowledge of the interior, and rudiments, and more he does not profess classified and arranged their discoveries, to teach. Instead of delivering a mapped they generalized the whole, and relin- head in plaister of Paris with his book, he quished the term “ craniology” for the exhibits an engraving of three denomination" phrenology.” This change polls,” or polls sufficiently bare to discover was obviously imperative, because“ cranio- the position of every convexity or “organ" logy” signifies no more than an acquaint. whereon he duly marks their numbers,
ance with the outside of the head, and according to the notation of doctors Galí • “phrenology” implies familiarity with its and Spurzheim. From hence we learn contents.
that we have nine propensities, nine senStill, however, the incipient phrenolo- timents, eleven knowing faculties, and gist must avail himself of “ craniology,” four reflecting faculties. Adhering to the as an introduction to the nobler science. doctrinal enumeration and nomenclature To him it is as necessary a guide as topo- of the “organs” worked out, or capable graphy is to a student in geology, who of being worked out, by these propensiwithout that requisite, and supposing him ties, sentiments, and faculties, on every ignorant of the characters of mountains human head, he wisely prefers the Bacomay lose his way, and be found vainly nian as the best method of teaching“ the boring Schehalion, or sinking a shaft new science,” and exhibits the effects of within the crater of an exhausted volcano. each of the thirty-three “ organs” in six To prevent such mistakes in “phrenolo- sheets of etchings by himself
, from his gy." the estate under the har" has been own views of each “ organ.”
It is now proper to hint at the mode his “followers." On this third example wherein the artist has executed his design, may be quoted what Mr. Cruikshank says and to take each organ according to its of another organ, “Inhabitiveness. To this number, and under its scientific term. organ is ascribed, in man, Self Love, and
in other animals, Physical height. The 1.-AMATIVENESS.
artist has endeavoured to give his idea of Mr. Cruikshank seems to imagine that inhabitiveness in plate 2.” On comparing this organ may induce a declaration of the anecdote last related, with the artist's undivided attachment to an intermediate idea in the plate he refers to, it is clear object, in order to arrive at the object that, on this occasion, his view might have sincerely desired: under the circum- been more elevated. In the last-mentioned stances represented, this deviation of bull, “ Inhabitiveness" seems to have been “ amativeness” may be denominated the prevailing organ. Separately consi“ cupboard love."
dering the three animals, and their geneII.-PHILOPROGENITIVENESS.
ral character, and the tempting objects
by which each was surrounded, without The tendency of this perplexing organ their inanifestation of any action to denote hastens the necessity of extending our the existence of “ destructiveness," a ques“ colonial policy.” This sketch is full of tion arises, whether counteracting
organs life and spirit.
may not be cultivated in such animals, to III.-INHABITIVENESS.
the extent of neutralizing the primary The subject of the artist's point, a
developement. nant for life," doubtless has an amazing VII.-CONSTRUCTIVENESS. developement of the organ.
This is so elegant an exhibition of the IV.-ADHESIVENESS
propensity in connection with certain veIs “ enough to frighten a horse.” This getable tendencies, that it is doubtful wheorgan will be further observed on pre- sap in plants, may not admit of classifi
ther developements from the action of the sently,
cation with our own. V.-COMBATIVENESS.
VIII.-COVETIVENESS. Its vigorous cultivation is displayed
In this representation, the countenance with much animation.
of a boy is frightfully impressed by the VI.-DESTRUCTIVENESS.
incessant restlessness of the “organ," com
bined with cautiousness." See No. XU. A familiar illustration of this organ is derived from a common occurrence in
IX.-SECRETIVENESS. almost every market-town. Its contem. Exhibits one of the advantages of this plation, and a few recent incidents, sug- propensity” in the sex. gest a query or two. A bull ran into a
X.-SELF Love. china shop, but instead of proceeding to
Narcissus himself could not be more the work of demolition, threw his eye around the place, thrust his horn under the strongly marked, than this “ heart-breakarın of a richly painted vase, and ran
ing” personage. briskly into the street with his prize. Was XI.-APPROBATION. See No. XXXIII. this act ascribable to the organ of“ colour,"
XII.-CAUTIOUSNESS. or that of “ covetiveness?" An ox walked
Prudence and indecision are here united into a well-furnished parlour, and withdrew without doing further mischief than by a decisive touch. The accessory, who ogling himself in the looking-glass. Were assists this procedure of the human unthese “stolen” looks occasioned by
derstanding," is exceedingly vetiveness,” or “self-love?" Another of
- light and airy; the bos tribe rapidly passed men, women,
Brisk as a bee, blithe as a fairy.' and children, ran up the steps to an open
XIII.-BENEVOLENCE. street door, hurried through the passage, A “benevolent” individual, receiving ascended every flight of the stair-case, loud acknowledgments from the object of nor stopped till he had gained the front his favours. attic, from whence he put his head through the window, and looked down from his
XIV._VENERATION. proud eminence, over the parapet, upon Mr. Cruikshank says, that “Dr. Gall
observed this organ chiefly in persons with which he is confident no loyal man will bald heads." The artist satisfactorily ex- offer an objection.” emplifies, that when its absence occurs in
XXIII.-COLOUR Englishmen, it is a rare exception to the national character.
As a specimen of art, this is the most
successful of the illustrations. XV.-HOPE
XXIV.-SPACE. This sentiment is always allegorized with an anchor, and Mr. Cruikshank re
An enlarged view of a deep seated orpresents a poor animal under its influ- gan, bottomed on the character of a people
whom we have outrivalled. ence,“ brought to an anchor.” XVI.-IDEALITY.
XXV.-ORDER, Mr.Cruikshank says, that “Mr. Forster This organ as a ruling power, is placed calls this the organ of mysterizingness. It by Mr. Cruikshank in the hand; its deis supposed that a peculiar developement velopement manifestly generates “ Veneof this organ, which is remarkably con- ration.” spicuous in all poets, occurs in persons
XXVI.-TIME. who are disposed to have visions, see In Mr. Cruikshank's words, “ the arghosts, demons, &c.” The artist repre- tist's illustration of it will be familiar to sents certain appearances, which will be every one." recognised as a familiars.”
A portrait of an individual in whom
XXVIII.-TUNE. Mr. Cruikshank exemplifies the latter opinion, by the surprise of a female on
This organ, according to the artist, proreceiving an unexpected offer." It
duces rectitude in the dog. will not surprise the reader if he looks at
XXIX.-LANGUAGE. the print.
The organ of “ Comparison” is exem“ Firmness,” he regards in the light of plified by full developements from “ Long “ a character now being consigned rapidly Acre,” and “ Little St. Martin's-lane, to oblivion.” But, “ while there is life within one door from the residence of there is hope," and the character alluded “ Mr. Thomas Rodd, bookseller, Great to cannot be destroyed without the anni. Newport-street,” whose stock of books, hilation of “ adhesiveness,” which Mr. large as it is, cannot furnish any thing Cruikshank defines in the language of the like the “ words that burn,” in the artist's science, and “has endeavoured to give a representation of “ LANGUAGE."* strong but faithful illustration of, in plate
XXXI.-CAUSALITY. 2;" a representation, alas! too accurate. See No. IV.
“ This is nothing more than the organ XIX.-INDIVIDUALITY,
of Inquisitiveness," and the artist himself A more select specimen could not have
exercises it, by gently feeling his reader's been produced.
• Mr. Rodd seldom adventurea in paper and print,
yet he has put forth a " second edition, with consis This is well represented. Persons,"
derable additions," of a curious and useful little vosays Mr. Cruikshank, “ endowed with lume bearing the modest title of : An Attempt at a this organ, are fond of seeing pictures, cated to the Society of Antiquarians. By Roger &c." They may likewise be frequently Wilbraham, Esq. F. R. S. and $. A. London, 1826," detected in jelly-rooms, and the upper
royal 18rno. pp. 120
If a person desires to collect books, or to be ac. boxes of the theatres.
quainted with the writers on any given subject,
ancient or modern, rare or common, I know of no XXI.-SIZE.
one to whom he can apply more successfully, or
on whom he can rely for judgment and integrity Remarkably developed in 6 a great more implicitly, than Mr. Thomas Rodd, His mind man now no more!"
is as well stored with information, as dis shop is
with good authors, in every class of literature ; and he XXII.-Weight.
is as ready to communicate his knowledge gratui
tously, as he is to part with his books at reasonable A compliment from the artist, to
prices " to those who choose to buy them."-Editor.
letter he had received about ten minutes There is great difficulty in defining this before, and to his surprise, observed on
its inner side, which had been uppermost organ. Mr. Cruikshank's representation of it is humorous.
on the table, several spots which seemed
to be blood. They were fresh and wet, XXXIII.-IMITATION.
and of a brilliant scarlet colour. They This is an admirable exhibition of the could not be red ink, for there was none organ, as we may imagine it to be culti- in the house; nor could they have been vated by “ Mr. Mathews-At home !" with formed on the paper by any person, for decided “ APPROBATION." See No. XI. no one had entered the room; nor had he
Having hastily gone over the organs of moved from the chair wherein he sat. The the science, we have an additional one, appearances seemed unaccountable, till “ The Organ of DRAWING.” Mr. Cruik- considering that the window sashes shank says, he“ cannot satisfy himself as were thrown up, and recollecting an anecto the precise seat of this organ, or as to dote in the “ Life of Peiresc,” he was perthe extent of its sphere of activity, but he suaded that they were easily to be achas attempted an illustration of it." He counted for; and that they were a specithinks it not improbable “ that the pos- men of those “ showers of blood," which session of this special faculty, now only terrified our forefathers in the dark ages, at his fingers' ends, may enable him to and are recorded by old chroniclers. venture again" if his present efforts are It is related, for instance, that in the successful Why they should not be it is fifth century, “at Yorke, it rained bloud;" difficult to conceive; for however whimsic and in 697,"corne, as it was gathered in cal and ludicrous his “ Phrenological Il. the harvest time, appeared bloudie," and lustrations" may sometimes be, they are “in the furthermost partes of Scotland it so connected with the vocabulary of the rayned bloud."* In 1553, it was deemed science at the commencement of his pub- among the forewarnings of the deaths of lication, as to form the horn-book, the Charles and Philip, dukes of Brunswick, primer, the reading made easy, and the that there were drops of bloude upon grammar of phrenology.
hearbes and trees." + Such a production as this, at such a price, (eight shillings plain, and twelve
As a solution of the origin, or cause of shillings coloured,) from such an artist, bloody spots on the paper, the anecdote could not have been expected. His ini- in Gassendi's “ Life of Peiresc" is added. mitable powers have hitherto entertained
“Nothing in the whole year, 1608, did and delighted the public far more to the more please him,—than that he observed emolument of others than himself; and and philosophized about—the bloody rain, now that he has ventured to “take a be- which was commonly reported to have nefit" on his own account, there cannot fallen about the beginning of July; great be a doubt that his admirers will encou- drops thereof were plainly to be seen, both rage “ their old favourite" to successive in the city itself, upon the walls of the endeavours for their amusement and in- churchyard of the great church, which is struction. His entire talents have never near the city wall, and upon the city walls been called forth; and some are of a far themselves; also upon the walls of vilhigher order than even the warmest friends lages, hamlets, and towns, for some miles to his pencil can conceive.
round about; for in the first place, he Though the work is to be obtained of went himself to see those wherewith the all the booksellers in London, and every stones were coloured, and did what he town in the united kingdom, yet it would could to come to speak with those husbe a well-timed compliment to Mr. Cruik- bandmen, who beyond Lambesk, were shank if town purchasers of his “Phreno- reported to have been so affrighted at the logical Illustrations” were to direct their falling of the said rain, that they left their steps to his house, No. 25, Myddelton Ter- work, and ran as fast as their legs could race, Pentonville.
carry them into the adjacent houses.
Whereupon, he found that it was a fable SHOWERS OF BLOOD.
which was reported, touching those hus
bandmen. Nor was he pleased that the On the 25th of August, 1826, the editor of the Every-Day Book, while writing in