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August 31.

and promote in various ways, and in an

extraordinary degree, the welfare of man GRASSHOPPERS.

and animals.” The evils resulting from It was observed at the end of August, them occur partially when they abound 1742, great damage was done to the pas- beyond their natural limits, "God pertures in the country, particularly about mitting this occasionally to take place, Bristol by swarms of grasshoppers ; and

not merely with punitive views, but also the like happened in the same year at

to show us what mighty effects he can Pennsylvania to a surprising degree. produce by instruments seemingly the

most insignificant: thus calling upon us In 1476, “Grasshoppers and the great to glorify his power, wisdom, and goodrising of the river Isula did spoyle al Po- ness, so evidently manifested, whether he land.”+

relaxes or draws tight the reins by which

he guides insects in their course, and reGrasshoppers are infested by a species gulates their progress; and more particuof “insect parasites" thicker than a horse larly to acknowledge his overruling Prohair, and of a brown colour. It consumes vidence so conspicuously exhibited by his the intestines, and at first sight in the measuring them, as it were, and weighing body of the grasshopper, has been mis- them, and taking them out, so that their taken for the intestines themselves. numbers, forces, and powers, being annu

The eminent entomologist who men- ally proportioned to the work he has pretions this fact, observes that “ insects ge- scribed to them, they may neither exceed nerally answer the most beneficial ends, his purpose, nor fall short of it.” *

+ Gentleman's Magazine. + Bateman's Dooine.

• Kirby and Spence's Entomology.

THE VALLEY OF NIGHTINGALES.

A Scene near the Hotwells, Bristol.t

" Then said I, master, pleasant is this place

And sweet are those melodious notes I hear;
And happy they, among man's toiling race,
Who, of their cares forgetful, wander near.”

Bowles, To those who might not happen to know dred feet; the opposite side is not so bold, St. Vincent's rocks, Clifton, and the very but it is, nevertheless, extremely beautiful, beautiful scenery near the Hotwells, Bris- being clothed in many places with wood, tol, it might be desirable to state that the and has besides a VALLEY, through which river Avon winds here through a sinuous you may ascend to Leigh Down. This defile, on one side of which the rocks” valley has been named the “ Valley of rise perpendicularly in a bold yet irre- Nightingales," no doubt, in consequence gulár manner, to the height of many hun- of those birds making it their resort

“Where foliaged full in vernal pride

Retiring winds thy favourite vale ;
And faint the moan of Avon's tide,"
Remurmurs to the nightingale."

Č. A. Elton's Poems, Disappointment. In a note, Mr. Elton informs us that The vicinity of the Hotwells has been this stanza alludes to the “Valley of lately much improved by a carriage drive Nightingales opposite St. Vincent's rocks beneath and around those rocks. at Clifton.” The lovers of the picturesque will here find ample gratification. If, in + From “ Ornithologia ; or the Birds, a Poem, with the following poem, the truth in natural

an introduction to their natural history, and copious

notes, by James Jennings, author of Observations on the history be a little exceeded in reference Dialects of the West of England," 4c. &c. to a troop of nightingales, it is hoped that has been for some time ready for the press, but its the poetical licence will be pardoned. ed state of trade.

appearance is delayed in consequence of the dcpress

This work

Seest thou yon tall Rocks where, midst sunny light beaming,

They lift up their heads and look proudly around;
While numerous choughs, with their cries shrill and screaming,

Wheel from crag unto crag, and now o'er the profound ?
Seest thou yonder VALLEY where gushes the fountain ;

Where the nightingales nestling harmoniously sing; Where the mavis and merle and the merry lark mounting,

In notes of wild music, pow welcome the spring.
Seest thou yonder shade, where the woodbine ascending,

Encircles the hawthorn with amorous twine,
With the bryony scandent, in gracefulness blending;

What sweet mingled odours scarce less then divine !
Hearest thou the blue ring-dove in yonder tree cooing ;

The red-breast, the hedge-sparrow, warble their song ;
The cuckoo, with sameness of note ever wooing;

Yet ever to pleasure such notes will belong!
And this is the VALLEY OF NIGHTINGALES ;-listen

To those full-swelling sounds, with those pauses between,
Where the bright waving shrubs, midst the pale hazels, glisten,

There oft may a troop of the songsters be seen.
Seest thou yon proud ship on the stream adown sailing,

O'er ocean, her course, to strange climes she now bends;
Oh! who may describe the deep sobs or heart-wailing

Her departure hath wrought amongst lovers and friends ? The rocks now re-echo the songs of the sailor

As he cheerfully bounds on his watery way; But the maiden -ah! what shall that echo

her, When absence and sorrow have worn out the day? Behold her all breathless, still gazing, pursuing,

And waving, at times, with her white hand adieu ;
On the rock now she sits, with fixed eye, the ship viewing:

No picture of fancy--but often too true.
Dost thou see yon fush'd Hectic, of health poor remainder,

With a dark hollow eye, and a thin sunken cheek;
While AFFECTION hangs o'er him with thoughts that have pained her,

And that comfort and hope, still forbid her to speak ? * Yes, FRIENDSHIPS! AFFECTIONS! ye ties the most tender!

Fate, merciless fate, your connection will sever ; To that tyrant remorseless-all, all must surrender!

I once had a Son-HERE we parted for ever!
Now the sun, o'er the earth, rides in glory uncloud

The rocks and the valleys delightedly sing;
The Birds in wild concert, in yonder wood shrouded,

Awake a loud CHORUS to welcome the spring.
And this is the valley of nightingales ;-listen

To those full-swelling sounds, with those pauses between, Where the bright waving shrubs, midst the pale hazels, glisten,

There oft may a troop of the songsters be seen.

J.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
Mean Temperature ... 61 · 72.

The hot wells are, unfortunately, too often the last resor of the consumptive.
t A proinising youth who died some years since at Berbice.

[graphic]

Harvest-Home at Hawkesbury on Cotswold.

The last in-gathering of the crop
Is loaded, and they climb the top,
And there huzza with all their force,
While Ceres mounts the foremost horse:
“ Gee-up!" the rustic goddess cries,
And shouts more long and loud arise ;
The swagging cart, with motion slow,

Reels careless on, and off they go! HARVEST-HOME is the great August An account of this universal merry. festival of the country.

making may commence with a cor muniVol. II.--89.

cation from a lady, which the engraving graceful a stock, I ascertained two or is designed to illustrate.

three circumstances that she was good

natured, that she enjoyed the scene as a To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. downright English joke, and that she had

Westbury, Wiltshire, August 8, 1826. the most beautiful set of teeth I ever

Sir,—The jonrnal from whence I ex- beheld. What a stigma on all toothtract the following scene

was written doctors, tooth-powders, and tooth-brushes. nearly two years ago, during a delightful this simple festival

, and I felt my heart

There was something very affecting in excursion I made in company with one

near and dear," and consequently heave, and that the fields looked indisbefore your praiseworthy endeavours to

tinct for some minutes after we had lost perpetuate old customs had been made sight of its primitive appearance ; howpublic. Had my journey taken place

ever it may now, I thought, be considered during the present harvest month, the by the performers' as a "good joke," it trifle I now send shculd have been better had its origin, doubtless, in some of the worth your perusal, for I would have very finest feelings that can adorn humainvestigated for your satisfaction a local nity-hospitality, sociality, happiness, custom, that to me was sufficiently de- contentment, piety, and gratitude. lightful in a passing glance.

Our fair correspondent adds :-
I am, Sir, &c.

P.S.-Intelligence could surely be ob-
I. J.T.

tained from the spot, or the neighbourHAWKESBURY HARVEST HOME.

hood, of the manner of celebrating the

festival; it is probably peculiar to the September, 1824.--After dinner, at range of the Cotswold; and a more elaWotton-under-edge, we toiled up the side borate account of so interesting a custom and then struck off again towards the would, doubtless, be valuable to yourself, middle of the hills, leaving all beauty in sir, as well as to your numerous readers. the rear; and from thence, until our arri- I can only regret that my ability does not val' at Bath the next day, nothing is equal my will, on this or any other subworth recording, but one little pleasing ject, that would forward your views in incident, which was the celebration of a publishing your admirable Every-Day harvest-home, at the village of Hawkes. Book. bury, on the top of Cotswold.

The editor inserts this hint to his As we approached the isolated hamlet, readers in the neighbourhood of Cotswold, we were “aware" of a Maypole—that with a hope that it will induce them to unsophisticated trophy of innocence, oblige him with particulars of what is gaiety, and plenty; and as we drew near, passing under their eyes at this season saw that it was decorated with flowers every day. He repeats that accounts of and ribands Antering in the evening these, or any other customs in any part of breeze. Under it stood a waggon with the kingdom, will be especially acceptable. its full complement of men, women, children, flowers, and corn; and a handsome team of horses tranquilly enjoying their

Another correspondent has obligingly share of the finery and revelry of the complied with an often expressed desire scene; for scarlet bows and sunflowers

on this subject. had been lavished on their winkers with HARVESTING ON SUNDAY. no niggard hand. On the first horse sat a damsel, no doubt intending to re

London, August 4, 1826. present Ceres ; she had on, of course, a

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. white dress and straw bonnet--for could Sir,--As you request, on the wrapper Ceres or any other goddess appear in a of your last part, communications, &c., rural English festival in any other cos- respecting harvest, I send you the followtume? A broad yellow sash encompassed ing case of a very singular nature, that a waist that evinced a glorious and enor- came before the synod of Glasgow and mous contempt for classical proportion Ayr. and modern folly in its elaborate dimen- In the harvest of 1807, there was a sions.

great deal of wet weather. At the end During the rapid and cordial glance of one of the weeks it brightened up, and that I gave this questionable scion of 30 a drying wind prepared the corn for

being housed. The rev. Mr. Wright, We are informed on the authority of minister of Mayhole, at the conclusion of Macrobius, that among the heathens, the the forenoon service on the following sab- masters of families, when they had got in bath-day, stated to his congregation, that their harvest, were wont to feast with their he conceived the favourable change of the servants, who had laboured for them in weather might be made use of to save the tilling the ground. In exact conformity harvest on that day, without violating the to this, it is common among Christians, sabbath. Several of his parishioners avail. when the fruits of the earth are gathered ed themselves of their pastor's advice. in, and laid in their proper repositories, to At the next meeting of presbytery, how- provide a plentiful supper for the harvest ever, one of his reverend brethren thought men and the servants of the family. At proper to denounce him, as having vio- this entertainment, all are in the modern lated the fourth commandment; and a revolutionary idea of the word, perfectly solemn inquiry was accordingly voted by equal. Here is no distinction of persons, a majority of the presbytery. Against but master and servant sit at the same this resolution, a complaint and appeal table, converse freely together, and spend were made to the synod at the last meets the remainder of the night in dancing, ing: Very able pleadings were made on singing, &c., in the most easy familiarity. both sides, after which it was moved and Bourne thinks the origin of both these seconded,—“That the synod should find customs is Jewish, and cites Hospinian, that the presbytery of Ayr have acted in who tells us that the heathens copied after this manner, in a precipitate and informal this custom of the Jews, and at the end manner, and that their sentence ought to of their harvest, offered up their firstbe reversed.” It was also moved and se- fruits to the gods, for the Jews rejoiced conded,—“That the synod find the presby- and feasted at the getting in of the tery of Ayr have acted properly, and that harvest. it should be remitted to them to take such This festivity is undoubtedly of the further steps in this business as they may“ most remote antiquity. That men in all najudge best.” After reasoning at consi- tions, where agriculture flourished, should derable length, the synod, without a vote, have expressed their joy on this occasion agreed to set aside the whole proceedings by some outward ceremonies, has its of the presbytery in this business.* foundation in the nature of things. Sow

This subject reminds me of the follow. ing is hope; reaping, fruition of the exing verses to urge the use of “ the time pected good. To the husbandman, whom present."

the fear of wet, blights, &c. had harrassed DELAYS.

with great anxiety, the completion of his

wishes could not fail of imparting an enBy Robert Southwell, 1595.

viable feeling of delight. Festivity is bui Shun delays, they breed remorse ;

the reflex of inward joy, and it could Take thy time, while time is lent thee;

hardly fail of being produced on this oc Creeping snails have weakest force ;

casion, which is a temporary suspension Fly their fault, lest thou repent thee; Good is best, when soonest wrought,

of every care.* Lingʻring labours come to naught. Hoist up sail while gale doth last,

Mr. Brand brings a number of pasTide and wind stay no man's pleasure;

sages to show the manner of celebrating

this season. Seek not time, when time is past, Sober speed is wisdom's leisure.

One of the “Five hundred points of After wits are dearly bought,

husbandry” relates to August. Let thy fore-wit gnide thy thought.

Grant harvest-lord more, by a penny, or l'ime wears all his locks behind ;

twoo, Take thou hold upon his forehead;

To call on his fellowes the better to doo: When he flies, he turns no more,

Give gloves to thy reapers a Larges to crie, And behind his scalp is naked.

And daily to loiterers have a good eie. Works adjourn'd have many stays ;

Tusser. Long deinurs breed new delays.

“ Tusser Redivivus,” in 1744, says, I am, Sir,

“ He that is the lord of harvest, is geneYour obliged and constant reader, rally some stayed sober-working man,

R. R. who understands all sorts of harvest-work.

* Literary Panorama, 1807.

• Brand's Popular Antiquities.

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