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Kipton, on the border of Northampton- mass as to render it immovable by the shire, the body of a child about three tide. years old was discovered, and imme- On Tuesday, February 1, the river diately afterwards the body of its mother. presented a thoroughly solid surface over She was the wife of a soldier of the 16th that part which extends from Blackfriars regiment, returning home with her infant Bridge to some distance below Three after accompanying her husband to the Crane Stairs, at the bottom of Queenplace of embarkation. It was supposed street, Cheapside. The watermen placed they had been a week in the snow. notices at the end of all the streets lead
There was found lying in the road ing to the city side of the river, anleading from Longford to Upham, frozen nouncing a safe footway over, which to death, a Mr. Apthorne, à grazier, at attracted immense crowds, and in a short Coltsworth. He had left Hounslow at time thousands perambulated the rugged dusk on Monday evening, after having plain, where a variety of amusements drank rather freely, and proposed to go were provided. Among the more curious that night to Marlow.
of these was the ceremony of roasting a On his return from Wakefield market, small sheep, or rather toasting or burning Mr. Husband, of Holroyd Hall, was it over a coal fire, placed in a large iron frozen to death, within little more than pan. For a view of this extraordinary a hundred yards of the house of his spectacle, sixpence was demanded, and nephew, with whom he resided.
willingly paid. The delicate meat, when Mr. Chapman, organist, and master of done, was sold at a shilling a slice, and the central school at Andover, Hants, termed “ Lapland mutton."
There were was frozen to death near Wallop, in that a great number of booths ornamented county.
with streamers, flags, and signs, and A young man named Monk, while within them there was a plentiful store driving a stage-coach near Ryegate, was of favourite luxuries with most of the thrown off the box on a lump of frozen multitude, gin, beer, and gingerbread. snow, and killed on the spot.
The thoroughfare opposite Three Crane
Stairs was complete and well frequented. The thermometer during this intense It was strewed with ashes, and afforded frost was as low as 7o and go of Fahren- a very safe, although a very rough path. heit, in the neighbourhood of London. Near Blackfriars Bridge, however, the There are instances of its having been way was not equally severe; a plumber, lower in many seasons, but so long a named Davis, having imprudently vencontinuance of very cold weather was tured to cross with some lead in his never experienced in this climate within hands, sank between two masses of ice, the memory of man.
and rose no more. Two young women
nearly shared a similar fate; they were Frost Fair-1814. rescued from their perilous situation by
the prompt efforts of two watermen. On Sunday, the 30th of January, the Many a 'fair nymph indeed was emimmense masses of ice that foated from braced in the icy arms of old Father the upper parts of the river, in conse- Thames;—three young quakeresses had quence of the thaw on the two preceding à sort of semi-bathing, near London days, blocked up the Thames between Bridge, and when landed on terra-firma, Blackfriars and London Bridges ; and made the best of their way through the afforded every probability of its being Borough, amidst the shouts of an adfrozen over in a day or two. Some ad- miring populace. From the entire obventurous persons even now walked on struction the tide did not appear to ebb different parts, and on the next day, for some days more than one half the Monday the 31st, the expectation was usual mark. realized. During the whole of the after- On Wednesday, Feb. 2, the sports were noon, hundreds of people were assembled repeated, and the Thames presented a on Blackfriars and London Bridges, to complete “ Frost Fair." The grand see people cross and recross the Thames “mall” or walk now extended from Blackon the ice. At one time seventy per- friars Bridge to London Bridge; this was sons were counted walking from Queen- named the “ City-road," and was lined hithe to the opposite shore. The frost on each side by persons of all descriptions. of Sunday night so united the vast Eight or ten printing presses were erected
and numerous pieces commemorative of Friday, Feb. 4. Each day brought a he "great frost” were printed on the fresh accession of “pedlars to sell their ice. Some of these frosty typographers wares;" and the greatest rubbish of all displayed considerable taste in their spe- sorts was raked up and sold at double and cimens. At one of the presses, an orange- treble the original cost. Books and toys, coloured standard was hoisted, with the labelled “ bought on the Thames,” were watch-word “ ORANGE BOVEN," in large in profusion. The watermen profited characters. This was in allusion to the exceedingly, for each person paid a toll of recent restoration of the stadtholder to twopence or threepence before he was the government of Holland, which had admitted to “ Frost Fair;" some douceur been for several years under the dominion was expected on the return. Some of of the French. From this press the fol- them were said to have taken six pounds lowing papers were issued.
each in the course of a day. “ FROST FAIR.
This afternoon, about five o'clock, three “ Amidst the arts which on the Thames ap- persons, an old man and two lads, were pear,
on a piece of ice above London-bridge, To tell the wonders of this icy year,
which suddenly detached itself from the Printing claims prior place, which at one main body, and was carried by the tide view
through one of the arches. They laid Erects a monument of Tuat and You.” themselves down for safety, and the Another :
boatmen at Billingsgate, put off to their
assistance, and rescued them from their “ You that walk here, and do design to tell Your children's children what this year be- impending danger. One of them was
able to walk, but the other two were carfell, Come, buy this print, and it will then be seen
ried, in a state of insensibility, to a publicThat such a year as this has seldom been.”
house, where they received every atten.
tion their situation required. Another of these stainers of paper addressed the spectators in the following at night, and the effect by moonlight was
Many persons were on the ice till late terms : Friends, now is your time to
singularly novel and beautiful. The bosupport the freedom of the
som of the Thames seemed to rival the the press have greater liberty? here you frozen climes of the north. find it working in the middle of the
Saturday, Feb. 5. This morning augured Thames; and if you encourage us by unfavourably for the continuance of buying our impressions, we will keep it
“Frost Fair." The wind had veered going in the true spirit of liberty during to the south, and there was a light fall of the frost.” One of the articles printed
The visitors, however, were not and sold contained the following lines :
to be deterred by trifles. Thousands “Behold, the river Thames is frozen o'er, again ventured, and there was still much Which lately ships of mighty burden bore ; life and bustle on the frozen element; the Now different arts and pastimes here you see, footpath in the centre of the river was But printing claims the superiority.” hard and secure, and among the pedes.
The Lord's prayer and several other trians were four donkies; they trotted a pieces were issued from these icy printing nimble pace, and produced considerable offices, and bought with the greatest merriment. At every glance, there was a avidity.
novelty of some kind or other. Gaming On Thursday, Feb. 3, the number of was carried on in all its branches. Many adventurers increased. Swings, book- of the itinerant admirers of the profits stalls, dancing in a barge, suttling-booths, gained by E O Tables, Rouge et Noir, playing at skittles, and almost every ap- Te-totum, wheel of fortune, the garter, pendage of a fair on land, appeared now on &c. were industrious in their avocations, the Thames. Thousands flocked to this and some of their customers left the lures singular spectacle of sports and pastimes. without a penny to pay the passage over The ice seemed to be a solid rock, and a plank to the shore. Skittles was played presented a truly picturesque appearance. by several parties, and the drinking tent: Thę view of St. Paul's and of the city were filled by females and their compawith the white foreground had a very sin- nions, dancing reels to the sound of fidgular effect ;-in many parts, mountains dles, while others sat round large fires of ice upheaved resembled the rude in- drinking rum, grog, and other spirits terior of a stone quarry,
Tea, coffee, and eatables, were provider
in abundance, and passengers
were invited were nine men in it, but in their alarm to eat by way of recording their visit. they neglected the fire and candles, which Several tradesmen, who at other times communicating with the covering, set it were deemed respectable, attended within a flame. They succeeded in getting their wares, and sold books, toys, and into a lighter which had broken from its trinkets of almost every description. moorings. In this vessel they were
Towards the evening, the concourse wrecked, for it was dashed to pieces thioned; rain began to fall, and the ice to against one of the piers of Blackfriars crack, and on a sudden it floated with Bridge: seven of them got on the pier the printing presses, booths, and merry- and were taken off safely; the other two makers, to the no small dismay of pub- got into a barge while passing Puddlelicans, typographers, shopkeepers, and dock. sojourners.
On this day, the Thames towards high A short time previous to the general tide (about 3 p. m.) presented a miniature dissolution, a person near one of the idea of the Frozen Ocean ; the masses of printing presses, handed the following ice floating along, added to the great jeu d'esprit to its conductor; request-' height of the water, formed a striking iog that it might be printed on the scene for contemplation. Thousands of Thames.
disappointed persons thronged the banks; To Madam Tabitha Thaw. and many a 'prentice, and servant maid, “ Dear dissolving dame,
sighed unulterable things," at the sud
den and unlooked for destruction of « FATHER Frost and Sister SNOW
“ Frost Fair." have Boneyed my borders, formed an idol of ice upon my bosom, and all the Lads of ice yet floated, and numerous lighters,
Monday, Feb. 7. Immense fragments of London come to make merry : now as
broken from their moorings, drifted in you love mischief, treat the multitude different parts of the river, many of them with a few CRACKS by a sudden visit, and
were complete wrecks. The frozen eleobtain the prayers of the poor upon both
ment soon attained its wonted fluidity, banks. Given at my own press, the 5th and old Father Thames looked as cheerful Feb. 1814. Thomas THAMES.”
and as busy as ever. The thaw advanced more rapidly than indiscretion and heedlessness retreated,
The severest English winter, however Two genteel-looking young men ven- astonishing to ourselves, presents no views tured on the ice above Westminster
comparable to the winter scenery of more Bridge, notwithstanding the warnings of northern countries. A philosopher and the watermen. A large mass on which they stood, and which had been loosened poet of our own days, who has been also by the flood tide, gave way, and they Germany:
a traveller, beautifully describes a lake in floated down the stream. As they passed under Westminster Bridge they cried Christmas out of doors at Ratzburg. piteously for help. They had not gone far before they sat down, near the edge;
By S. T. Coleridge, Esq. this overbalanced the mass, they were The whole lake is at this time one mass precipitated into the flood, and over- of thick transparent ice, a spotless mirror whelmed for ever.
of nine miles in extent! The lowness of A publican named Lawrence, of the the hills, which rise from the shores of the Feathers, in High Timber-street, Queen- lake, preclude the awful sublimity of Alhithe, erected a booth on the Thames pine scenery, yet compensate for the want opposite Brook's-wharf, for the accom- of it, by beauties of which this very lowmodation of the curious. At nine at night ness is a necessary condition. Yesterday he left it in the care of two men, taking I saw the lesser lake completely hidden away all the liquors, except some gin, by mist; but the moment the sun peeped which he gave them for their own use. over the hill, the mist broke in the mid
Sunday, Feb. 6. At two o'clock this dle, and in a few seconds stood divided, morning, the tide began to flow with leaving a broad road all across the lake; great rapidity at London Bridge ; the and between these two walls of mist the thaw assisted the efforts of the tide, and sunlight burnt upon the ice, forming a the booth last mentioned was violently road of golden fire, intolerably bright! hurried towards Blackfriars Bridge. There and the mist walls themselves partook of
the blaze in a multitude of shining co- It was indeed for all of us, to me. lours. This is our second post. About a It was a time of rapture ! clear and loud month ago, before the thaw came on,
The village clock tolled six! I wheel'd about there was a storm of wind ; during thé Proud and exulting, like an untired horse whole night, such were the thunders and That cared not for its home. All shod with howlings of the breaking ice, that they we bissed along the polished ice, in games
steel have left a conviction on my mind, that there are sounds more sublime than any And woodland pleasures, the resounding
Contederate, imitative of the chase sight can be, more absolutely suspending liorn, the power of comparison, and more utterly The pack loud bellowing and the hunted absorbing the mind's self-consciousness in
hare. its total attention to the object working So through the darkness and the cold we upon it. Part of the ice, which the vehe- flew, mence of the wind had shattered, was And not a voice was idle ; with the dia, driven shoreward, and froze anew. On Meanwhile the precipices rang aloud, the evening of the next day at sunset, the
The leafless trees and every icy crag. shattered ice thus frozen appeared of a
Tinkled like iron, while the distant hills deep blue, and in shape like an agitated Of melancholy-not unnoticed, while the
Into the tumult sent an alien sound sea; beyond this, the water that ran up between the great islands of ice which Eastward, were sparkling clear, and in the had preserved their masses entire and
west smooth, shone of a yellow green; but all The orange sky of evening died away. these scattered ice islands themselves were of an intensely bright blood colour-they Into a silent bay, or sportively
Not seldom from the uproar I retired seemed blood and light in union! On some of the largest of these islands, the
Glanced sideway, leaving the tumultuous fishermen stood pulling out their immense To cut across the image of a star
throng nets through the holes made in the ice for That gleamed upon the ice; and oftentimes this
purpose, and the men, their net poles, Where we had given our bodies to the wind, and their huge nets, were a part of the And all the shadowy banks on either side glory-say rather, it appeared as if the rich Came sweeping through the darkness, shuncrimson light had shaped itself into these ning still forms, figures, and attitudes, to make a The rapid line of motion, then at once glorious vision in mockery of earthly Have I, reclining back upon my beels, things.
Stopped short ; yet still the solitary cliffs The lower lake is now all alive with Wheeled by me even as if the earth had
rolled skaters and with ladies driven onward
With visible motion her diurnal round ! by them in their ice cars. Mercury surely Behind me did they stretch in solemn was the first maker of skates, and the
train wings at his feet are symbols of the in- Feebler and feebler, and I stood and vention. In skating, there are three pleas- watched ing circumstances the infinitely subtle Till all was tranquil as a summer sea. particles of ice which the skaters cut up,
Wordsworth. and which creep and run before the skate like a low mist and in sunrise or sunset
Skating. become coloured ; second, the shadow of the skater in the water, seen through the
The earliest notice of skating in Engtransparent ice; and third, the melan- land is obtained from the earliest descrip
Its historian relates choly undulating sound from the skate tion of London. not without variety; and when very many that, when the great fenne or moore are skating together, the sounds and the (which watereth the walles of the citie on noises give an impulse to the icy trees, the north side) is frozen, many young and the woods all round the lake trinkle.
men play upon the yce.” Happily, and probably for want of a term to call it by,
he describes so much of this pastime in In the frosty season when the sun Moorfields, as acquaints us with their Was set, and visible for many a mile,
mode of skating : “ Some,” he says, The cottage windows through the twilight “stryding as wide as they may, doe slide blazed,
swiftly," this then is sliding; but he proI heeded not the summons ;-happy time ceeds to tell us, that “ some tye bones to
their feete, and under their heeles, and
LARKING. that one of their sports was for two to start a great way off opposite to each It appears that our ingenious neighother, and when they met
, to lift their bours, the French, are rivalled by the poles and strike each other, when one or
lark-catehers of Dunstaple, in the mode both fell, and were carried to a distance of attracting those birds. from each other by the celerity of their motion. Of the present wooden skates,
To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. shod with iron, there is no doubt, we ob
6, Bermondsey New Road, tained a knowledge from Holland.
Sir, The icelanders also used the shank
January 18, 1826. bone of a deer or sheep about a foot long, In the present volume of your Everywhich they greased, because they should Day Book, p. 93, a correspondent at Abnot be stopped by drops of water upon beville has given an account of larkthem. t
shooting in that country, in which he It is asserted in the “ Encyclopædia mentions a machine called a miroir, as Britannica,” that Edinburgh produced having been used for the purpose of atmore instances of elegant skaters than tracting the birds within shot. Perhaps perhaps any other country, and that the you are not aware that in many parts of institution of a skating club there contri- England a similar instrument is employed buted to its improvement. “ I have for catching the lark when in flight, and at however seen, some years back," says Dunstaple. At that place, persons go Mr. Strutt, “ when the Serpentine river out with what is called a larking glass, was frozen over, four gentlemen there which is, if I may so term it, a machine dance, if I may be allowed the expression, made somewhat in the shape of a cucuma double minuet in skates with as much ber. This invention is hollow, and has ease, and I think more elegance, than in holes cut round it, in which bits of looka ball room; others again, by turning and ing-glass are fitted ; it is fixed on a pole, winding with much adroitness, have rea- and has a sort of reel, from which a line dily in succession described upon the ice runs; this line, at a convenient distance, is the form of all the letters in the alphabet." worked backward and forward, so as to The same may be observed there during catch the rays of the sun : the larks seeing every frost, but the elegance of skaters on themselves in the glass, as some think, that sheet of water is chiefly exhibited in but more probably blinded by the glare quadrilles, which some parties go through of it, come headlong down to it, a net is with a beauty scarcely imaginable by drawn over them, and thus many are those who have not seen graceful skating. taken, deceived like ourselves with glitIn variety of attitude, and rapidity of tering semblances. Yes ! lords as we deem movement, the Dutch, who, of necessity, purselves of the creation, we are as easily journey long distances on their rivers and lured by those who bait our passions or canals, are greatly our superiors. propensities, as those poor birds. This
simple truth I shall conclude with the folNATURALISTS' CALENDAR. lowing lines, which, be they good, bad, Mean Temperature ... 36. 35. or indifferent, are my own, and such as
they are I give them to thee:-
* Fitzstephen. † Fosbroko's Dict, of Antiquities,