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keep them from the gallows. The re- was burnt amidst the loud acclamations mark is just. If there be not room in our of the young rogues generally. prayer-book, we have some services there All the wood, &c. which has been prewhich might better be dispensed with. It viously collected, is brought into the midwas not very decent in the late abolition dle of the close where the effigy of poor of holydays, to let the two Charleses hold Guy is burnt. A figure is made (similar their place, when the Virgin Mary and to one of those carried about ìondon the saints were deprived of the red letter streets,) intending to represent the conprivileges. If we are to have any state spirator, and placed at the top of a high service, it ought to be for the expulsion of pole, with the fuel all around. Previous the Stuarts. There is no other part of to lighting it, poor Guy is shot at by their history which England ought to re- all who have the happiness to possess guns member with sorrow and shame. Guy for the purpose, and pelted with squibs, Faux also might now be dismissed, crackers, &c. This fun continues about though the Eye of Providence would be a an hour, and then the pile is lighted, the real loss. The Roman catholics know the place echoes with huzzas, guns keep up effect of such prints as these, and there perpetual reports, fireworks are flying in can be no good reason for not imitating all directions, and the village bells merrily them in this instance. I would have no ring. The fire is kept up a considerable prayer-book published without that eye time, and it is a usual custom for a large of Providence in it.”
piece of “ real Wiltshire bacon" to be dressed by it, which is taken to the public
house, together with potatoes roasted in PURTON BONFIRE.
the ashes of the bonfire, and a jovial reTo the Editor of the Every-Day Book.
past is made. As the fire decreases, suc
cessive quantities of potatoes are dressed Dear Sir,—At almost every village in in the embers by the rustics, who seem to England, the fifth of November is re- regard them as the great delicacies of the garded in a very especial manner.
Some night. pay greater attention to it than others, but There is no restraint put on the loyal believe it is invariably noticed by all. zeal of these good folks, and the fire is
I have been present at Old Purton maintained to a late hour. I remember, bonfire, and perhaps the following short on one occasion, hearing the guns firing notice of it may not be uninteresting. as I lay in bed between two and three
I before stated (col. 1207) that the o'clock in the morning. The public-house green, or close, at Purton, is the spot allot- is kept open nearly all night. Ale flows ted for amusements in general. This is plentifully, and it is not spared by the also the place for the ceremonies on this revellers. They have a noisy chorus, highly important day, which I am about to which is intended as a toast to his majesty: describe.
it runs thus :Several weeks before, the boys of the
My brave lads remember village go to every house begging faggots; The fifth of November, and if they are refused they all answer Gunpowder treason and plot, together
We will drink, smoke, and sing, boys,
And our bells they shall ring, boys,
And here's health to our king, boys,
For he shall not be forgot.
Their merriment continues till morning,
when they generally retire to rest very They were once refused by a farmer, much inebriated, or, as they term it, (who was very much disliked by the poor“
merry," or top heavy." for his severity and unkindness,) and I hope to have the pleasure of reading accordingly they determined to make him other communications in your interesting repent. He kept a sharp look out over work on this good old English custom; his faggot pile, but forgot that something and beg to remain, else might be stolen. The boys got into
Dear Sir, &c. his backyard and extracted a new pump,
C. T. which had not been properly fixed, and October 20, 1826. -bore it off in triumph to the green, where it • Dr. Aikin's Atheneum.
If the collections formerly published as « State Poems" were to receive additions, There's powder enough the following from a journal of 1796,
And combustible stuff might be included as frolicsome and In thirty and odd triisty barrels ; curious.
We'll send them together
The Lord can tell whicher, SONG ON THE FIFTI OF NOVEMBER,
And decide at one blow all their quarrels.
When the king and his son Some twelvemonths ago,
And the parliament's gone, A hundred or so,
And the people are left in the lurch, The pope went to visit the devil,
Things will take their old station And if you'll attend,
In yon cursed nation You'll find, to a friend,
And I'll be the head of the church, Old Nick can behave very civil.
These words were scarce said, How do'st do, quoth the seer,
When in popt the head
Of an old jesuistical wight What a plague brought you here ;
Who cried you're mistaken I suppose 'twas some whimsical maggot
They've all sav'd their bacon,
And Jemmy still stinks of the fright.
Then Satan was struck,
And cried 'tis ill luck, You're welcome to hell,
But you for your news shall be thanked,
So he calld at the door
Six devils or more
And toss'd the poor priest in a blanket.
Mean Temperature ... 42. 32. All jesting aside,
His Holiness cried,
Michaelmas Term begius.
St. Leonard is retained in the church of Great Britain, that heretic nation,
England calendar and almanacs, from his Who so slyly behav'd
ancient popularity in Romish times. He In hopes to be sav'd
is the titular saint of many of our great By the help of a curs'd reformation
churches, and was particularly invoked in
behalf of prisoners. We shall never have done
A list of holydays published at WorIf we burn one by one,
cester, in 1240, ordains St. Leonard's fesa Nor destroy the whole heretic race;
tival to be kept a half-holyday, enjoins For when one is dead,
the bearing of mass, and prohibits all laLike the fam'd hydra's head,
bour 'except that of the plough. Another springs up in his place,
St. Leonard was a French nobleman in
the court of Clovis I., where he was con-, Believe me, Old Nick,
verted by St. Remigius," or Remy; beWe'll show them a trick,
came a monk, built an oratory for him. A trick that shall serve for the ponce, self in a forest at Nobilac, near Limoges, For this day before dinner,
lived on herbs and fruits, and formed a Or else I'm a sinner,
community, which after his death i was We'll kill all their leaders at once.
a flourishing monastery under the name of St. Leonard le Noblat.
He was reWhen the parliament sits
markable for charity towards captives and And all try their wits
prisoners, and died about 559, with the In consulting of old mealy papers, We'll give them a greeting
reputation of having worked miracles in the tyrant,
their behalf.* Shall break up their meeting And set them all cutting their capers.
* Alban Butler.
The legend of St. Leonard relates that And having got all things in fitness, there was no water within a mile of his Supplied with money and with witness; monastery, " wherfore he did do make a And makes a noble bold defence,
Backed with material evidence. pyt all drye, the which he fylled with water by his prayers--and he shone there
The proverb is, one cause is good
Until the other's understood. by so grete myracles, that who that was
They thunder out to little purpose, in prison, and called his name in ayde,
With certiorari, habeas corpus, anone his bondes and fetters were broken,
Their replicandos, writs of error,
To chancery they must remove it!
Till they go home and work for more, whom his prisoner was protected, deter- To spend as they have done before.
Poor Robin mined so to secure him against Leonard, as to “make hym paye for his raunsom
NATURALISTS' CALENDAK a thousand shyllynges.” Therefore, said " I shall go make a ryght
Mean Temperature ... 43 • 40. grete and depe pyt vnder the erth in my toure, and I shall cast hym therin boundeu
November 7. with many bondes ; and I shal do make
ORIGIN OF THE LONDON GAZETTI. a chest of tree vpon the mouth of the pyt, and shall make my knygntes, to lye therin On the 7th day of November, 1665, the all armed; and how be it that yf Leon- first “Gazette” in England was published arde breke the yrons, yet shall he not at Oxford; the court being there at that entre into it vnder the erth.” Having time, on account of the plague. On the done as he said, the prisoner called on St. removal of the court to London, the title Leonard, who at night“came and turned was changed to the “ London Gazette." the chest wherein the knyghtes laye armed, The “Oxford Gazette” was published on and closed them therein, lyke as deed Tuesdays, the London on Saturdays : and men ben in a tombe, and after entred these have continued to be the days of into the pyt with grete lyght,” and he publication ever since. spoke to the prisoner, from whom the The word gazette originally meant a chains fell off, and he “toke hym in his newspaper, or printed account of the armes and bare hym out of the toure-, transactions of all the countries in the and sette aym at home in his hous.” And known world, in a loose sheet or half other great marvels are told of St. Leonard sheet; but the term is with us confined as true as this.*
to that paper of news now published by
authority. It derived its name from The miracles wrought by St. Leonard
gazetta, a kind of small coin formerly curin releasing prisoners continued after his
rent at Venice, which was the usual price death, but at this time the saint has ceased
of the first newspaper printed there.* from interposing in their behalf even on his festival; which, being the first day of NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Michaelmas term, and therefore the day Mean Temperature . . 42 · 92 whereon writs issued since the Trinity term are made returnable, would be a convenient season for the saint's interpo.
November 8. sition,
LORD MAYOR OF LONDON. This day the long vocation o'er,
On this day the chief inagistrate elect And lawyers go lo work once more ; With their materials all provided,
of the metropolis is sworn into office at
Guildhall, and to-morrow is the grand That they may have the cause decided.
festival of the corporation.
Mean Temperature ... 44 • 27.
• Golden Legena.
* Buti r's Ci tonoiogical Exercisco.
the city, is the subject of the following
Now countless turbots and unnumbered soles
In the subjoined humorous account company, and tables laid through the of a former civic procession and festival, centre for persons of lower rank. One there are some features which do not advantage arose from the elevation at belong to the present celebrations. the west end of the hall, for the inscrip
tion under Beckford's statue was thereby Lord Mayor's Day, 1773.
rendered perfectly legible. Tables were To describe the adventures and incidents spread in the court of king's-bench, of this important day in the city andals, it which was provided with one chandelier is very necessary to revert to the preced- of forty-eight candles. All the seats were ing evening. It is not now as it was either matted, hung with tapestry, or formerly
covered with crimson cloth, and the whole
made a very noble appearance. “ That sober citizens get drunk by nine."
By eleven o'clock the windows from Had Pope lived in the auspicious Blackfriars-bridge, to the north end of reign of George III., he would have in- King street, began to exhibit such a numdulged us at least two hours, and found a ber of angelic faces, as would tempi a rhyme for eleven.
man to wish for the honour of chief maOn the evening of the 8th of Novem- gistracy, if it were only to be looked at ber, the stands of several livery companies by so many fine eyes. There was scarce clogged the passage of Cheapside and the a house that could not boast a Venus for adjacent streets. The night was passed its tenant. At fifteen minutes past ten in erecting the temporary sheds, sacred the common serjeant entered Guildhall, to city mirth, ruby gills, and round and in a few minutes the new lord-mayor, paunches. The earliest dawn of the preceded by four footmen in elegant morning witnessed the industry of the liveries of brown and gold, was brought scavengers ; and the broom-maker was, into the hall in a superb sedan chair. for once, ine first patriot in the city. Next came alderman Plomer, and then
the recorder, who was so mnch afflicted This service done, repair we to Guildhall.
with the gout, that it required the full At five in the morning the spits groaned exertion of his servant's strength to supbeneath the ponderous sirloins. These, port him. Mr. Alderman Thomas arnumerons as large, proved that the “roast rived soon after, then the two sheriffs, and beef of Old England" is still thonght an lastly Mr. Crosby. There being no other ornament to our tables. The chandeliers alderman, Mr. Peckham could not be in the hall were twelve in number, each sworn into his office. At twenty minutes provided with forty-eight wax candles ; past eleven the lord mayor left the hall, exclusive of which there were three large being preceded by the city sword and glass lamps, two globular lamps under mace, and followed by the alderman and the giants, and wax candles in girandoles. sheriffs. The breakfast in the council Hustings were raised at each end of the chamber, at Guildhall, consisted of six hall for the accommodation of the superior sirluins of beef, twelve (ureens of souf, mulled wines, pastry, &c. The late manner; and the man in armour exhibitlord-mayor waited at the end of King- ed to the delight of the little masters and street to join the procession. As soon as misses, and the astonishment of many a his carriage moved, the mob began to gaping rustic. The lord-mayor appeared groan and hiss, on which he burst into so to be in good health and spirits, and to immoderate a fit of laughter, evidently enjoy the applausive shouts of his fellowunforced, that the mob joined in one citizens, probably from a consciousness laughing chorus, and seemed to wonder of having deserved them. Mr.Gates, the what they had hissed at.
city marshal, was as fine as powder and The procession by water was as usual, ribbons and gold could make him; his but rather tedious, as the tide was con- horse, too, was almost as fine, and nearly trary. The ceremonies at Westminster- as stately as the rider. Mr. Wilkes came hall being gone through in the customary through the city in a chair, carried on manner, the company returned by water men's shoulders, just before the procession, to Blackfriars-bridge, where the lord. in order to keep it up, and be saluted mayor landed at about three o'clock, and with repeated shouts. The lord-mayor's proceeded in solemn state to Guildhall, coach was elegant, and his horses (longwhere the tables groaned beneath the tailed blacks) the finest that have been weight of solids and dainties of every kind seen for many years. There were a great in season: the dishes of pastry, &c. were number of constables rour Mr. Alderelegantly adorned with flowers of various man Townsend's coach; and a complaint sorts interspersed with bay-leaves; and has since been made, that he was grossly many an honest freeman got a nose-gay insulted. The night concluded as usual, at the city expense. A superb piece of and many went home at morning with confectionary was placed on the lord- dirty clothes and bloody faces.* mayor's table, and the whole entertainment was splendid and magnificent. During the absence of the lord-mayor, such Some recent processions on lord-mayor's of the city companies as have not barges day are sufficiently described by these paraded the streets in the accustomed lines :
Scarce the shrill trumpet or the echoing horn
But soon, as pleased they win their wat'ry way,
Behind, their posts, a troop attendant gain,
• Gentleman's Magazine.