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What's the odds ?-—while I am floundering here the gold fish will be gone; and as I always was a dab at hooking the right Numbers, I must cast for a Share of the SIX £30,000 on the 18th July, for it is but “ giving a Sprat to catch a Herring” as a body may say, and it is the last chance we shall have in England.
The above engraving is copied from this may be looked on with interest, as a one of the same size to a lottery bill of specimen of the means to which the lot1826: its inscription is verbatim the same tery schemers were reduced, in order to as that below the original. In after days, attract attention to “ the last."
COLLECTIONS RESPECTING LOTTERIES 1569.-THE FIRST LOTTERY. Queenes most excellent Majesties order,
to the entent that such Commodities as Dr. Rawlinson, a distinguished anti- may chance to arise thereof, after the quary, produced to the Antiquarian so- charges borne, may be converted towards ciety, in 1748, “ A Proposal for a very the reparations of the Havens and Strength rich Lottery, general without any Blankes, of the realme, and towards such other contayning a great No of good prices, as public good workes. The No of lotts well of redy money as of Plate and certain shall be foure hundred thousand, and no sorts of Merchandizes, having been valued more; and every lott shall be the summe and prised by the Commandment of the of tenne shillings sterling only, and no
more. To be filled by the feast of St. of charitable gifts to the corporation of Bartholomew. The shew of Prises ar to Reading, that a lottery was held in that be seen in Cheapside, at the sign of the town. “Whereas at a Lottery held within Queenes armes, the house of Mr. Dericke, the Borough of Reading, in the Year of Goldsmith, Servant to the Queen. Some our Ld. God 1619, Gabriel Barber Gent. other Orders about it in 1567-8. Printed Agent in the sd. Lottery for the Councell by Hen. Bynneman."
& Company of Virginia of his own good This is the earliest lottery of which we Will & Charity towarde poor Tradesmen have any account. According to Stow, ffreernen & Inhabitants of the sd. Borough it was begun to be drawn at the west of Reading, & for the better enabling door of St. Paul's cathedral, on the 11th such poor Tradesmen to support & bear of January, 1569, (11th of Elizabeth,) and their Charges in their several Places & continued incessantly drawing, day and Callings in the sd. Corporation from time night, till the 6th of May following * It to time for ever freely gave & delivered was at first intended to have been drawn to the Mayor & Burgesses of this Corpo“ at the house of Mr. Dericke," who was ration the Sum of forty Pounds of lawfull the queen's jeweller.T “Whether,” says Money of England Upon Special Trust & Maitland,“ this lottery was on account Confidence, that the sd. Mayor & Burof the public, or the selfish views of pri- gesses & their Successors shall from time vate persons, my author | does not men to time for ever dispose & lend these 40l. tion; but 'tis evident, by the time it took to & amongst Six poor Tradesmen after up in drawing, it must have been of great the rate of 061. 138. 4d. to each Man for concern. This I have remarked as being the Term of five Years gratis And after the first of the kind I read in England.' those five Years ended to dispose & lend Maitland does not seem to have been the sd. 401. by Such Soms to Six other acquainted with Dr. Rawlinson's com poor Tradesmen for other five Years & so munication of the printed “ Proposal" from five years to five years Successively for it to the society of Antiquaries, which, , upon good Security for ever Neverthelesse as it states that the “ commodities,” or 'provided & upon Condition that none of profits, arising therefrom were to be ap- those to whom the sd. Summs of mony propriated to the “ reparations of the shall be lent during that Term of five havens and strength of the realme,” obvi- years shall keep either Inn or Tavern or ates all doubt as to its being “ on account dwell forth of the sd. Borough, but there of the public."
during that time and terme, shall as other Inhabitants of the sd. Borough reside &
dwell. In 1586, 28th of the reign of Elizabeth, “A Lotterie, for marvellous rich and
“ Memorand, that the sd. Sum of 401. beautifull armor, was begunne to be
came not into the hands & charge of the drawn at London, in S. Paules church- Mayor & Burgesses until April 1626.”
This extract was communicated to the yard, at the great west gate, (an house of timber and boord being there erected for
“ Gentleman's Magazine” in 1778, by a that purpose,) on St. Peter's day in the correspondent, who, referring to this gift morning, which lotterie continued in of “ Gabriel Barber, gent., agent in the
“ If it be asked what drawing day and night for the space of said lottery,” says, two or three daies.”of this lottery it is become of it now? gone, it is supposed, is said, in lord Burghley's Diary, at the where the chickens went before during the end of Murden's State papers, '“ June, pious protectorship of Cromwell." 1586, the lottery of armour under the charge of John Calthorp determined.”ll In 1630, 6th Charles I., there was a This is the second English lottery of project“ for the conveying of certain which mention has been made.
springs of water into London and West
minster, from within a mile and a half of In 1619, 16th of James I., it appears, Hudsdon, in Hertfordshire, by the underfrom the following entry in the register takers, Sir Edward Stradling and Joha
Lyde." The author of this project was
one Michael Parker. “ For defraying the + Gentleman's Magazine, 1778.
expences whereof, king Charles grants • Stow, in his Annals.
them a special license to erect and pubi Gentleman's Magazine, 1799.
lish a lottery or lotteries ; according," says
• Maitland's London.
he record, “ to the course of other lot- through any of his parks, chases, lands, Series heretofore used or practised." &c., and to dig up the same gratis."* This is the first mention of lotteries íther in the Foedera or Statute-book. It 1653, during the commonwealth, * And, for the sole privilege of bringing there was a lottery at Grocers' Hall, which the said waters in aqueducts to London, appears to have escaped the observation they were to pay four thousand pounds of the inquirers concerning this species per annum into the king's exchequer : of adventure. It is noticed in an old and, the better to enable them to make weekly newspaper, called “ Perfect Acthe said large annual payment, the king count of the Daily Intelligence 16-23 grants them leave to bring their aqueducts November 1653,” by the following
for Claims for Lands in Ireland, Ordered, That a Lottery be at Grocers-Hall London, on Thursday 15 Decem. 1653, both for Provinces and Counties, to begin at 8 of the clock in the forenoon of the same day; and all persons concerned therein are to take notice thereof.
Under Charles II., the crown, with a indigent officers." + In those times, the view to reward its adherents who re crown exceeded its prerogative by issuing sided within the bills of mortality, and these patents, and the law was not put in had served it with fidelity during the in- motion to question them. terregnum, granted “Plate Lotteries;" by which is to be understood a gift of plate from the crown, to be disposed of in that
Book Lotteries. manner as prizes, with permission to sell During the reign of Charles II. lotteries tickets. According to the Gazette, in were drawn at the theatres. At VereApril 1669, Charles II., the duke of York, street theatre, which stood in Bear-yard, (afterwards' James II.,) and many of thé to which there is an entrance through a nobility were present “at the grand passage at the south-west corner of Linplate lottery, which, by his majesty's colns'-inn-fields, another from Vere-street, command, was then opened at the sign of and a third from Clare-market, Killithe Mermaid over against the mews.” grew's company performed during the This was the origin of endless schemes, seasons of 1661 and 1662, and part of under the titles of “ Royal Oak, 1663, when they removed to the new "Twelve-penny Lotteries," &c., which built theatre in Drury-lane; and the Verewill be adverted to presently. They may street theatre was probably unoccupied be further understood by an intimation, until Mr. Ogilby, the author of the now published soon after the drawing sanc- useless, though then useful “ Itinerarium tioned by the royal visitors, in these Angliæ, or Book of Roads,” adopted it, words, “'This is to give notice, that any as standing in a popular neighbourhood, persons who are desirous 10 farm any of for the temporary purpose of drawing a the counties within the kingdom of Eng. lottery of books, which took place in land or dominion of Wales, in order 10 1668. the setting up of a plate lottery, or any
Books were often the species of proother lottery whatsoever, may repair to perty held out as a lure to adventurers, by the lottery office, at Mr. Philips's house, way of lottery, for the benefit of the sufin Mermaid-court over against the mews ; fering loyalists. Among these, Blome's where they may contract with the trustees Recreations, and Gwillim's Heraldry, first commissioned by his majesty's letters edition, may be mentioned. In the Gapatent for the management of the said patent, on the behalf of the truly loyal,
Anderson's History of Commerce.
zette of May 18, 1668, is the following but others that are new, of equal value, advertisement: “ Mr. Ogilby's lottery of and like estimation by their embellisibooks opens on Monday the 25th instant, ments, and never yet published; with at the old Theatre between Lincoln's. some remains of the first impressions, reinn-fields and Vere-street; where all lics preserved in several hauds from the persons concerned may repair on Monday, fire; to set up a second standing lottery, May 18, and see the volumes, and put in where such the discrimination of fortune their money.” On May 25th is announced, shall be, that few or none shall return “ Mr. Ogilby's lottery of books (adven- with a dissatisfying chance. The wbole turers coming in so fast that they cannot draught being of greater advantage by in so short time be inethodically registered) much (to the adventurers) than the forsopens not till Tuesday the 2d of June; er. And accordingly, after publication, then not failing to draw; at the old The- the author opened his office, where they atre between Lincoln's-inn-fields and might put in their first encouragements, Vere-street."
(viz.) twenty shillings, and twenty more A correspondent, under the signature at the reception of their fortune, and also of " A Bibliographer," communicates to see those several magnificent volumes, the “ Gentleman's Magazine," from which their varied fortune (none being whence the notice respecting these book bad) should present them. lotteries is extracted, one of Ogilby's Pro * But, the author now finding more posals as a curiosity, in which light it is difficulty than he expected, since many of certainly to be regarded, and therefore it his promisers (who also received great has a place here, as follows :
store of tickets to dispose of, towards pro
motion of his business) though seeming A SECOND Proposal, by the author, for well resolved and very willing,yet straining
the better and more speedy vendition of courtesy not to go foremost in paying their several volumes, (his own works,) by monies, linger out, driving it oft till near the way of a standing Lottery, licensed the time appointed for drawing; wbich by his royal highness the duke of York, dilatoriness: (since despatch is the son! and assistants of the corporation of the and life to his proposal, his only advanroyal fishing
tage a speedy vendition :) and also obsertWhereas John Ogilby, esq., erected ing how that a money dearth, a silver a standing lottery of books, and complete- famine, slackens and cools the courage ei ly, furnished the same with very large, adventurers; through which hazy humous fair, and special volumes, all of his own magnifying medium shillings loome like designment and composure, at vast ex- crowns, and each forty shillings a tea pense, labour, and study of twenty years; pound heap. Therefore, according to the ihe like impressions never before exhibited present humour now reigning, he intends in the English tongue. Which, accord. io adequate his design ; and this seeming ing in the appointed time, on the 10th of too large-roomed, standing lottery, new May, 1665, opened; and to the general modelled into many less and more likely satisfaction of the adventurers, with no to be taken tenements, which shall not less hopes of a clear despatch and fair open only a larger prospect of pleasing advantage to the author, was several days hopes, but more real advantage to the adin drawing: when its proceedings were venturer. Which are now to be disposed stopt by the then growing sickness, and of thus: the whole mass of books or lay discontinued under the arrest of that volumes, being the same without addition common calamity, till the next year's more or diminution, amounting, according to violent and sudden visitation, the late their known value (being the prices they dreadful and surprising conflagration, have been usually disposed at) to thirteen swallowed the remainder, being two parts of three, to the value of three thousand • · Whereas some give out that they wuld be pounds and upward, in that unimaginable receive their books after they were drawn in the firs deluge. Therefore, to repair in some lottery, the author declares, and it will be attested manner his much
that of seven hundred prizes that were drawn, there commiserated
were not six remaining Prizes that suffered with his losses, by the advice of many his in the fire ; for the drawing being on the loth of May, patrons, friends, and especially by the in- 1665, the office did then continue open for the delivery
of the same (though the contagion mach ragel) sani citations of his former adventurers, he the latter end of July following; and opened again, resolves, and hath already prepared, not
to attend the delivery, in April, 1666, whither per only to reprint all his own former editions, open until the fire."
sons repaired daily for their prizes, and continues
thousand seven hundred pounds; so that
I Lot, Num.4. the adventurers will have the above said One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251. volumes (if all are drawn) for less than two Æsop's Fables the first and second vcí. val. 61. thirds of what they would yield in process
In all 31 Pound. of time, book by book. He now resolves
I Lot, Num. 5. to attemper, or mingle each prize with
One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 231. four allaying blanks; so bringing down, Virgil translated, with sculps, yal........ 5..
In all 30 Pound. by this ineans, the market from double
I Lot, Num. 6. pounds to single crowns. Tue Propositions.—First, whosoever And a Description of China, val. .,
One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251.
41. will be pleased to put in five shillings
In all 29 Pound. shall draw a lot, his fortune to receive the
1 Lot, Num. 7. greatest or meanest prize,or throw away his One imperial Bible with all the sculps, and a intended spending money on a blank. new Æsop, val.....
.. 281, Secondly, whoever will adventure deeper,
I Lot, Num. 8. putting in twenty-five shillings, shall re One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251. ceive, if such his bad fortune be that he
1 Lot, Num. 9. draws all blanks, a prize presented to him A royal Bible with all the sculps, val. by the author of more value than his
A Description of Chiva, val.
II. And a Homer complete, val..
91. money (if offered to be sold) though prof
In all 23 Pound fered ware, &c. Thirdly, who thinks fit
i Lot, Num. 10. to put in for eight lots forty shillings shall A royal Bible with all the sculps, val.
101 receive nine, and the advantage of their A Virgil complete, val...
51. free choice (if all blanks) of either of the Æsop's Fables the first and second vols. works complete, viz. Homer's Iliads and
61. Odysses, or Æsop the first and second
In all 21 Pound. volumes, the China book, or Virgil. Of
1 Lot, Num. 11. which,
One royal Bible with all the sculps, val... 101.
91. 1 Lot, Number 1.
In all 19 Pound. An imperial Bible with Chorographical and an
I Lot, Num. 12. hundred historical sculps, valued at. ... 251.
One royal Bible with all the sculps, val. .. 101.
61. Virgil translated, with sculps and annotations, And both the Æsops, val.. val.
In all 16 Pound. Homer's Iliads, adorned with sculps, val. ..51.
1 Lot, Num. 13. Homer's Odysses, adorned with sculps, val. 41. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val... 101. Æsop's Fables paraphrased and sculped, in A Virgil complete in English, val. 51. folio, val....
In all 15 Pound. A second Collection of Æsopick Fables, adorned
1 Lot, Num. 14. with sculps, never
One royal Bible with all the sculps, val. .. 101. [Imperfect.] A Description of China, val..
In ali 14 Pound. His Majestie's Entertainment passing through the city of London, and Coronation.
[Imperfect.] These are one of each, of all the books con
1 Lot, Num. 16. tained in the Lottery, the whole value...511. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val. .. 101. The Second Prize contains
The second volume of Æsop, val....... 31. 1 Lot, Num. 2.
In all 13 Pound. One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251.
1 Lot, Num. 17. Homer complete, in English, val. ..
91. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val... 101. Virgil, val. ..... 51. And an Entertainment, val...
21. Æsop complete, val..
In all 12 Pound. The Description of China, val...,
1 Lot, Num. 18. In all 49 Pound. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val. .. 101. The Third Prize contains
I Lot, Num. 19. 1 Lot, Num. 3.
One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, One royal Bible with all the sculps. 101.
51. Homer's Works in English, val.
91. One Virgil complete, val..... Virgil translated, with sculps and annotations,
In all 10 Pound. val.
1 Lot, Num. 20. The first and second vol. of Æsop, val.
61. One royal Bible with Chorographicai sculos, The Description of China, val..
51. Entertainment, val. 21. And a Homer's Iliads, val.
51. lo all 36 Pound.
In all 10 Pound.